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The following degrees were conferred

November 17. in Norember last:-

Ductors in Divinity-Rev. W. Jack Queen's College. - In pursuance of the son, late Fellow of Queen's College. will of the late Kane Fitzgerald, Esq.,

Masters of Arts-D. Vawdrey, Fellow an Exhibition of £60 a year, open to of Brazennose; Rev. F. F. Beadon, natives of Middlesex, and tenable under Oriel.

conditions for seven years, has been reBachelors of Arts_T. Niblett, Exeter; cently founded in Queen's College, OxT. H. Murray, Worcester.


The following degrees were conferred:November 10.

Masters of Arts -- Rev. E, R. Berrens, The following gentlemen were elected

St. Mary's Hall; Rev. T. Bell, UniverFellows of All Souls' College :- Fre-sity; Rev. E. Ashe, Balliol; Rev. R. derick Anson (student), and Arthur

M. Ashe, Trinity; Rev. T. Paleson, Isham, B. A., Christ Church ; and Fal

Exeter; Rev. E. Meade, Wadham; liott Baugh, B.A., Exeter College,

Rev. H. Flesher, Lincoln. And in Jesus The following degrees were conferred :-

College: T. Shaw, Brazennose Grand Bachelors of Arts The Earl of Lincoln, Comp. ; Rev. H. Purrier, Worcester ; Christ Church, Grand Comp; W. How- N. W. Goodenough, student of Christ ley, New College; H. Blackall, student of Church. Christ Church; C. B. Brown, Trinity.


Friday, November. 2, 1832 R. Buckley, St. Peter's; R. W. Sedg

wick, Trinity. The Marquis of Granby; the Viscount

Bachelor in Civil Law-Rev. H. J. Megland; the Hon. George Murray, Willianis, St. John's. eldest son of Lord Glenlyon; the Hon. Charles Maynard; Lord Claud Hamil

Bachelor in Physic-George Shann, ton; Lord John Beresford; the Hon:

Trinity. Orlando Forrester, and Sir John Nels

Bachelor of Arts William Hodgson, thorpe, were admitted members of Trinity At the same congregation a grace passed

Queen's; Jolin Crosby Umpleby, Queen’s. College. November 9.

the Senate to appoint Mr. Graham, of

Jesus college, and Mr. Jackson, of St. The Cambridge Philosophical Society John's college, Classical Examiners of held a general meeting on Tuesday last, the Questionists who are not Candidates the 6th inst., for the purpose of formally for Honours. accepting the charter lately granted to At a recent meeting of the Observa. them by his Majesty; and the occasion tory Syndicate it was stated, that at a was afterwards celebrated by a public din sale of certain property, at Balsham, a ner at the Eagle Inn, These who liave short time previous, a lot consisting of watched the progress of the society, and two inclosures of arable land, was purconsulted the volumes of the original chased by Mr. E. M. Smith, who found memoirs it has published, will rejoice at it to be situate very near the Plumian an event which has placed it on an Homestall, and nearly surrounded by the honourable and permanent foundation. land belonging to that estate. Mr. Smith

The subject of the Norrissian prize therefore purchased the lot under the imessay for the ensuing year is “ The conduct pression that the University might deem and preaching of the Apostles in evidence it a desirable addition to the Plumian esof the Truth of Christianity."

The Syndicate agreed that it was At a congregation on Friday last, the highly desirable that the lot should be following degrees were conferred : purchased as permanent addition to the

Honorary Master of Arts-T. Spring Plumian estate, and on Friday last a Rice, Trinity.

grace passed the Senate, agreeing to grant Master of Arts-Rev. R. Bond, Cor- the necessary sum to the Plumian Truspus Christi; Rev. W. Butler, Trinity; tees from the common chest.


November 16.

Frederick, Duke of Gloucester, Chancel

lor of the University, be Patron of the The Rev. Humphry Senhouse Pindar, Society. M.A., Junior Fellow of Gonville and 3. That his Royal Highness, Augustus Caius college, has been elected a Senior Frederick, Duke of Sussex, the Right Fellow of that society.

Hon. Philip, Earl of Hardwicke, High John Mills, jun. Ésq. B. A. of Pem- Steward of the University, and the Vicebroke college, was, on Wednesday last, chancellor of the said University, be Viceelected a Foundation Fellow of that society. Presidents.

At a congregation on Wednesday last, 4. That there always be a Council to the following degrees were conferred : manage the concerns of the body corpo

Bachelor in Divinitg-Rev. C. Davies, rate, and that the said Council consist of St. John's.

a president, three vice-presidents, one Honorary Master of Arts-Hon. R. treasurer, not more than three secretaries, Devereux, Downing.

and not more than twelve, nor less than Masters of_Arts Rev. J. Wollen, seven other Fellows, to be elected out of St. John's; Rev. W. J. Dampier, St. the Fellows of the said body corporate. John's.

5. That general meetings of the body A meeting of the Philosophical Society corporate be held once in the year, or ofwas held on Monday evening, Professor tener, for the purpose of electing the Sedgwick, the president being in the officers and Council of the Society, and chair. A number of presents made to determining the period of their continuing the society were noticed ; among which, in office, of enacting such bye laws as were stuffed specimens of the Guillemot, seem useful and necessary for the regulaPuffin, and Razor bill, presented by R, tion of the said body corporate-of fixing W. Rothman, Esq. Fellow of Trinity the days on which the ordinary meetings college ; celtic weapons found in Ireland, of the Society shall be held of deterpresented by the Rev. R. Murphy, Fel- mining the mode in which Fellows and low of Caius college ; recent parts of the Honorary Members shall be elected, adTransactions of the Royal Societies of mitted, or expelled, and of managing the London and Edinburgh, the Royal Asi- affairs of the said body corporate. atic Society, the American Philosophical That the Fellow who has filled the Society, the Societies of Brussels, and office of President for two successive and Geneva; also several works present years, shall not be again eligible to the ed by individuals. A communication, by same situation until the expiration of one Mr. Greene, was laid before the society, year from the termination of his office. on the laws of the equilibrium of fluids 7. That it be lawful at the General analogous to the electric fluid ; and a Meetings of the body corporate to alter and memoir by Augustus De Morgan, Esq. revoke former bye laws, and to make such of Trinity college, on the general equa new bye laws as they shall think good tion of surfaces of the second order. Af- and expedient. ter the meeting, Professor Henslow gave 8. That no such General Meeting shall an account of various observations of (without the consent of the Council) have Geology and Natural History made in the power of altering or repealing any the course of a residence at Weymouth bye laws, or making any new one, unless during the past summer; noticing espe the Fellow or Fellows of the Society, cially the burning cliff, the “ dirt bed ;” desirous of altering or repealing any bye among the strata, the remains of fossil law, or of making any new one, shall trees in a vertical position, and the va have given to the Council one month's rious “faults,” dislocations, and contor- previous notice of such, his or their intions in the position of the strata, This tention. account was illustrated by numerous dia 9. That no bye law shall on any pregrams and coloured drawings.

tence whatsoever be made in opposition The following is an abstract of the laws to the true intent of the charter, the laws and regulations of the Cambridge Philo- of the realm, or the statutes of the Unisophical Society, prescribed by the new versity of Cambridge. charter.

10. That the Council (in conformity 1. That the Society consist of such with the charter and bye laws of the SoGraduates of the University as are now Fel- ciety) have the sole management of the lows, or shall at any time hereafter become funds and affairs of the Society, and do Fellows thereof, agreeably to the bye- all such acts as shall appear to them nelaws of the Society.

cessary to carry into effect the objects 2. That his Royal Highness, William and views of the body corporate.

11. That the whole property of the longing to the said body corporate be body corporate be vested in the Fellows made, except with the approbation and thereof; but that no disposition of any concurrence of a general meetiug. lands, tenements, or bereditaments be



UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.- On Thurs UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREW'g. - The day, November 15th, Henry Cockburn, Rev. David Scott, M.D., Minister of Esq., his Majesty's Solicitor-General for Corstorphine, in the Presbytery of EdinScotland, was unanimously re-elected Lord burgh, has been appointed Professor of Rector for the ensuing year. The Lord Oriental Languages. Rector of the University is not appointed UNIVERSITY OF A BERDEEN.— The Lord by the Senatus Academicus, but by the Viscount Arbuthnot has been re-elected whole body of Matriculated Students. Lord Rector of the King's College for

UNIVERSITY EDINBURGII.—The the ensuing year; and R. W. Duff, Esq., Chair of Natural Philosophy, vacated by James Urghart, Esq., and Charles Banthe death of Sir John Leslie, is in the nerman, Esq., Assessors. gift of the Town Council. Sir John We regret to announce the death of Herschell has been invited to become a Professor Sir John Leslie, who expired candidate for it; but, in a communication on the afternoon of the 3d inst., after a made by him to the Lord Provost, while very short illness, at his seat of Coats, in he expresses his deep sense of the honour Fife. The death of this distinguished done him by the invitation, he states, as philosopher will create a mighty blank in the ground of his refusal, that the nature the scientific world. For original genius, of his present pursuits requires his resi- profound literature, and inventive power, dence for some years in a distant settle- perhaps he had not an equal in modern ment.



The University of New York was to Leiber, a German, to Lecture on the his. be opened during the month of November tory of Commerce, Agriculture, and Mafor the reception of students. Amongst nufacture. the Professors appointed, is Dr. Francis




It is our intention, in a future number, subscribers, at three guineas each, per anto devote some of our columns to the con

These subscribers have the same sideration of this National establishment. privileges as the incorporated members, Our present limits will only permit us to except that they have no share in the potice, in a very brief manner, some facts government of the Society, and they can respecting it, which may be entertaining neither be present at its meetings, nor to the public.

take a book from the library. The Society now consists of life and A new descriptive catalogue of the honorary members, and its government minerals belonging to the Society's colis vested in the former, who have paid a lection, drawn up by Sir Charles Giesecke, certain sum in lieu of all subscriptions. has just been printed, and will, we underThe present admission fee of a member is stand, be sold to the members and the thirty guineas. A new bye-law has just public at cost price. been made, which admits a class of an Our partiality to the chemical departnual subscribers, called associate annual ment of the Society, will induce us to

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give a brief notice of some interesting We shall, lastly, notice a paper of Profacts lately discovered by Professor Davy, fessor Davy's entitled, “On a simple which, we apprehend, are scarcely known electro-chemical method of ascertaining among scientific men. The Society, not the presence of different metals; applied long since, published a paper of his, “On to detect minute quantities of metallic a new Acid (the Fulminic) and its com- poisons.” binations." Whilst examining these sub The voltaic arrangement used by the stances, he discovered a new fulminating author, consisted of small slips of differsilver, having the common properties of ent metals, generally of zinc and platina, Howard's compound, but distinguished placed in contact, and forming a circuit from it, by spontaneously exploding in with the interposed fluid containing the Chlorine

gas. A single grain of this poisonous metal, which is presently depofulminate is sufficient to produce about sited on the negative surface, in the 100 separate explosions in this gas, and metallic state. The zinc and platina about 1000 explosions may be produced employed were commonly in the form of in about a half ounce phial of the gas. foil, sometimes, however, a small platina The fulminate is instantly exploded when crucible, or spatula was used. It is genedropped into mixtures of gases containing rally necessary to mix a drop or two of 1-100 of chlorine gas.

Hence it is a acid with the metallic compounds that are delicate test of the presence of this gas, to be submitted to this test, and that are and will probably admit of application as brought in contact with the platina, when a substitute for the fulminating compounds on applying the zinc foil, the platina beat present used in the percussion locks of comes coated with the reduced metal. guns. The new fulminate of silver, ac The author details many experiments cording to the Professor's analysis, con- proving the efficacy of his method to de. tains two proportions of fulminic acid and tect the different combinations of arsenic, one of oxide of silver, and is the bifulmi- mercury, lead, and copper; and notices nate, whereas Howard's compound, con the precautions to be observed in the case tains only half as much of the same acid of each metal. He was enabled not only and is the fulminate.

to detail the presence of arsenic, but to In the course of some recent experi. exhibit its characteristic properties, when ments on the new test for chlorine gas, only 1-500, and in some instances, when Mr. Davy was led to examine the gases the very minute quantity of 1-2500 of a produced by the mutual action of nitric grain was deposited on the platina. acid and different chlorides, and also of The author's electro-chemical method the nitric and muriatic acids on each was found competent to detect very miother, by which he discovered a new gas nute quantities of the different metals, composed of equal volumes of chlorine when their compounds were mixed with and nitrous gases, hence he has called a number of vegetable and animal subit chloro-nitrous gas.

It may be made stances. Thus, the presence of arsenic by treating fused chloride of sodium, po. was readily discovered when mixed with tassium, or calcium, in powder, with as the ordinary articles of food, as wheaten much strong nitrous acid as is sufficient flour, bread, starch, potatoes, rice, peas, to wet it. This gas is of a pale reddish soup, sugar, gruel, tea, vinegar, milk, yellow colour, and has an odour some eggs, gelatine, wines; also when mixed what resembling that of chlorine, but with the principal secretions of the aliless pungent.

From its strong affinity mentary canal. Arsenious acid was defor moisture, it fumes when brought in tected with great ease, when mixed with contact with the air. In its ordinary butter, lard, oils, &c. The results were state of dryness, it destroys vegetable precisely similar with corrosive sublimate, colours, but it first reddens litmus paper, the acetate of lead, and the sulphate of before the colour is removed. Chloro- copper when added in very small quantities, nitrous gas does not support combustion, to the most complicated mixtures of orbut the bifulininate of silver explodes in it. ganic substances. And in instances where It is readily absorbed by water, and in the common tests do not act at all, or only quantity, and the acid thus obtained, re act fallaciously, the electro-chemical mesembles very closely aqua-regia or nitro- thod acts with the greatest certainty. muriatic acid, the common solvent of gold.


The first meeting of the Belfast Na. The following donations were presented : tural History Society, in the present ses -A fine specimen of a vertical section sion, took place on Wednesday, the 20th of an orthoceratite, from Castle Espie of October, when an address was delivered quarry, by James Birch Gilmour, Esq., by the Rev. T. D. Hincks, M.R.I. A. Maxwell's Court, near Comber; a numIn commencing it, he took occasion to ber of native insects, which are now in notice the facility with which knowledge course of scientific arrangement in the may now be acquired, contrasted with the Museum, collected in the neighbourhood difficulties which formerly retarded its ac of Belfast, by Mr. A. H. Halliday, Dr. quisition; then dwelt on the humble Templeton, Mr. G. C. Hyndman, and commencement of the Natural History Mr. R. Patterson ; a flying fish, and the Society here, when it consisted of only jaws of a shark, taken on the passage eight members ; and after touching on from New Orleans to Belfast, presented some of the different steps by which its by Mr James Vance; two alligators, progress had been marked, dwelt at con both of which were living when received, siderable length on the vast range of ob- from William Vance, Esq. New Orjects which the science embraces, and the leans; the one which still survives, was elevated pleasure which it affords. This exhibited, and appears about two feet address was delivered by Mr. Hincks at and a half in length; a guana, small the request of the Society's Council ; and stuffed shark, a fine fan coral, and some to all the members it appeared highly shells, presented by Dr. Archer, of Liver. gratifying to behold the same gentleman, pool. Above one hundred members and who had so long presided over their meet. visitors were present on this interesting ings 'at a former period, come forward occasion. It was announced that the new from amidst of other engrossing avoca- subscriptions to the building fund since tions, as the unwearied promoter of na the 1st of October, amounted to 361. 158., tural science. In the course of the re and that a considerable augmentation was marks which the address elicited, Dr. expected, upon the opening of the MuDrummond, the president of the society, seum for public exhibition, which will be mentioned that he had long conceived in the course of a fortnight or three that a popular course of lectures, illus-' weeks. The first private meeting of the trative of the facts adduced in Paley's Society was fixed for Wednesday evenNatural Theology, would be desirable; ing, the 6th November, when Mr. E. and that he might, perhaps, take ooca Getty read a paper on the varieties of grain sion in the course of the present winter, lately under cultivation in the Belfast to deliver a course of about forty lec- Botanic Garden. We understand that tures on those parts of the animal struc a paper was also read by Dr. H. Purdon, ture and economy alluded to in that work. on the 21st November.


At a General Annual Meeting, held COUNCI-George Papworth, Esq., at their House, Lower Abbey-street, on Robert L. West, Esq., John G. Multhe 18th day of October, 1832, the fola vany, Esq. Joseph Peacock, Esq. lowing officers, &c. were elected :

AUDITORS-George Petrie, Esq., and PRESIDENT—Martin Cregan, Esq. Thomas J. Mulvany, Esq. Professor of Painting, and Trustee, in House COMMITTEE- Thomas Kirk, the room of William Cuming, Esq., who Esq., Professor of Sculpture, and Trusresigned.

tee, George Papworth, Esq., Thomas SECRETARY-George Papworth, Esq., J. Mulvany, Esq. Professor of Architecture, and Trustee. VisitERS-Samuel Lover, Esq., Ro

KEEPER—— Thomas J. Mulvany, Esq. bert L. West, Esq., Thomas Kirk, Esq., Professor of Perspective.

George Petrie, Esq. TREASURER—John G. Mulvany, Esq. AssociaTES— T. Bridgeford and Ma

LIBRARIAN---George Petrie,' Esq., thew Kendrick. M.R.I.A.

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