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the great and the terrible day of the LORD come. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be delivered : for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the Lord hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
BY MICAH. Micah, iv. 1–5: But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. And
many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks : nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid : for the mouth of the Lord of hosts hath spoken it. For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the Lord our God for ever and ever. do. v. 2-4: But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall be come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth : then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide : for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
BY HAGGAI. Hag. ii. 6, 7, 9: For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land ; and I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the Lord of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.
BY ZECHARIAH. Zec. iii. 8–10: Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee : for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH. Forbehold the stone that I have laid before Joshua ; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. In that day, -saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree. do. vi. 12, 13: And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord: even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne ; and he shall be a priest upon his throne : and the counsel of peace shall be between them both. do. ix. 9—12: Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem : behold, thy King cometh unto thee : he is just, and having salvation ; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth. As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water. Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope : even to day do I declare that I will render double unto thee. do. xii. 10–14: And I will
the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications : and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; all the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart. do. xiii. 1: In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.
BY MALACHI. Malii. 1-4: Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts. But who may abide the day of his coming ? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' sope: and he shall sit
as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the song of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years. do. iv. 2–6: But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your
feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the LORD of hosts. Remember
ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: and he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with
From comparing these prophecies one with another, it appears that they all centre in one illustrious person ; both as the language in which the deliverance is foretold by several of them is so much the same, and as there is no mention made of a succession of such deliverers, or a plurality, whose kingdom should be extensive and perpetual; to which may be added, that there was a very universal expectation of a Messiah raised in consequence of these predictions.
The sum of the whole is this, the prophecies of the Old Testament foretell that there should be a more glorious person, descended from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who should be born at Beth-lehem, of a virgin, of the family of David, then in its decline, before the Jews ceased to be a people, while the second temple was standing, and about 500 years after Ezra's time; who, though appearing in mean circumstances, should be introduced by a remarkable forerunner, whose business it should be to awaken the attention and expectation of the people : he (i.e. this illustrious person so to be introduced) should himself be eminent both for the piety, wisdom, and benevolence of his character, and the miraculous works he should perform ; yet that, notwithstanding all this, he should be rejected, and put to death by the Jews ; but should afterwards be raised from the dead, and exalted to a glorious throne, on which he should through all generations continue to rule, at the same time making intercession for sinners : that great calamities should for the present be brought on the Jews for rejecting him, whereas the kingdom of God should by his means be erected among the Gentiles, and diffuse itself even to the ends of the earth, wherever it came destroying idolatry, and establishing true religion and righteousness. In a word, that this great person should be regarded by all who believe in him as a divine teacher, by whom all that obey him should be established in the divine favour, and fixed in a state of complete and perpetual happiness. THE PROPHECIES OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR,
JESUS CHRIST. CHRIST foretold many things which he could not have foreseen by human prudence, which therefore plainly argued a divine revelation of them to him, considering how expressly they were afterwards accomplished.
1: Relating to his own death, with the various circumstances of it.
Mat. xvi. 21 : From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and Chief Priests and Scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. do. xx. 18, 19: Bebold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the Chief Priests and unto the Scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him : and the third day he shall rise again. do. xxvi. 23, 31: And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. "MARK, X. 33, 31: Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the Chief Priests, and unto the Scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and sball deliver him to the Gentiles: and they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him : 'and the third day he shall rise again. do. xiv. 30 : And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. John, iii. 14, 15: And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. do. xii. 32, 33: And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die. 2. His own resurrection on the third day, or, which according to
the Jewish manner of speaking was equivalent to it, after three days and three nights. Compare 1 Kings, xx. 29; 2 CHR. X. 5, 12; Luke, ii. 21; Est. iv. 16; do. v. 1; Exod. xxiv. 18.
Mat. xii. 40 : For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. do. xvi. 21: From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how that he
must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and Chief Priests and Scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. do. xxvi. 32: But after I am risen Rain, I will go before you into Gallee do. xxvi. 63, 64: Saying Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was pet alire, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third dar, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead : so the last error shall be worse than the first. Jonx, ii. 18–21: Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign showest thon unto, as, seeing that thou doest these things Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days ? But he spake of the temple of his body.
3. His ascension into Heaven Johx, vi. 62: What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before 4. The mission of the Spirit on his disciples, to enable them to per
form miraculous gorks. MARK, xvi. 17, 18: And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues ; they shall take up serpents ; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover. Luke, x. 18, 19: And be said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy : and nothing shall by any means hurt you. do. xxiv. 49 : And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high. John, xiv. 12, 16, 17, 26 : Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do ; because I go unto my Father. I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever; even the Spirit of truth ; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him : but ye know him ; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. do. xv. 26: But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he sball testify of me. do. xvi. 7, 13: Nevertheless: I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away :