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ln another part of the Prologue we have these pathetic lines, which seem to flow warm from the heart, to the memory of the immortal Chaucer, who I believe was rather Occleve's model than his master, or perhaps the patron and encourager of his studies.

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Occleve seems to have written some of these verses immediately on Chaucer's death, and to have introduced them long afterwards into this Prologue.

It is in one of the royal manuscripts of this poem in the British Museum that Occleve has left a drawing of Chaucer s:

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according to which, Chaucer's portraiture was made on _his monument, in the chapel of Saint Blase in Westminsterabbey, by the benefaction of Nicholas Brigham, in the year 15 563. And from this drawing, in 1598, john Speed procured the print of Chaucer prefixed to Speght's edition of his works; which has been since copied in a most finished engraving by Vertue'fi Yet it must be remembered, that the same drawing occurs in an Harleian manuscript written about Occleve's age ', and in another of the Cottonian department 'fly Occleve himself mentions this drawing in his CONSOLATIO SERVILIS. It exactly resembles the curious picture on board of our venerable bard, preserved in the Bodleian gallery at Oxford. I have a very old picture of Chaucer on board, much like Occleve's, formerly kept in Chaucer's house, a quadrangular stone-mansion, at Woodstock in Oxfordshire ; which commanded a prospect of the ancient simagnificent royal palace, and of many beautiful scenes in the adjacent park: and whose last remains, chiefly consisting of what was called Chaucer's bed-chamber, with an old carved oaken roof, evidently original, were demolished about fifteen years ago. Among 'the ruins, they found an ancient gold coin of the city of Florence'. Before the grand rebellion, there was in the windows of the church of Woodstock, an escucheon in painted glass of the arms of sir Payne Rouet, a knight of Henault, whose daughter Chaucer married.

Occleve, in this poem, and in others, often celebrates Humphrey duke of Glocestermz who at the dawn of science

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was a singular promoter of literature, and, however unqualified for political intrigues, the common patron of the scholars of the times. A sketch of his character in that view, is therefore too closely connected with our subject to be censured as an unnecessary digression. About the year 1440, he gave to the university of Oxford a library containing six hundred volumes, only one hundred and twenty of which were valued at more than one thousand pounds. These books are called Navi Tractatus, or New Treatises, in the universityregister", and said to be admirandzsi apparatm ®. They were the most splendid and costly copies that could be procured, finely written on vellum, and elegantly embellished with miniatures and illuminations. Among the rest was a translation into French of Ovid's Metamorphoses'. Only a single specian of these valuable volumes was suffered to remain: it is a beautiful manuscript in folio of Valerius Maximus, enriched with the most elegant decorations, and written in Duke Humphrey's age, evidently with a design of being. placed in this sumptuous collection. All the rest of the books, which, like this, being highly ornamented, looked like missals, and conveyed ideas of popish superstition, were destroyed or removed by the pious visitors of the uniyersity in the reign of Edward the sixth, whose zeal was equallcd only by their ignorance, or perhaps by their avarice. A great number of clasiics, in this grand work of reformation, were condemned as antichristianq. 'In the library of Oriel college at Oxford, we find a manuscript Commentary on Genesis, written by John Capgrave, a monk of saint Austin's monastery at Canterbury, a learned theologist of the fourteenth century. It is the author's autograph, and the work

is dedicated to Humphrey duke of Gloccster. In the superb initial letter of the dedicatory epistle is a curious illumination of the author Capgrave, humbly presenting his book to his patron the duke, who is seated, and covered with a sort

l Reg. F. sol. 52. 53. b. Fpist. 142. 4 Some however had been before stolen 0 Ibid. sol. 57. b. 60. a. Epist. 148. or_ mutllated. Leland, coll. p. 58. I' Leland. coll. p. 58. edit. 1770. edit. 1770.

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of hat. duke Humphrey.

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formers of the young Edward *.

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f Cod. MSS. 32.

I He gave also Capgrave SUPER ExoDUM ET REGUM LIBROS. Registr.Univ. Oxon. F. sol. 67. b.

' Supr. vol. i. See DlSSERTAT. i. Signat. F. 2. We are told in this abbot's GESTA, that soon after his installment he built a library sor his abbey, a design which had long employed his contemplation. He covered it with lead; and expended on the bare walls, besides desks, glasing, andembattelling, or, to use the expressions of my chronologer, :."a{ucta mitnsiaciane, crestariane, position dismrum, upwards of one hundred and twenty pounds. Apud Hearne's OTTERBOURNB, vol. i. Przesat. Append. p. cxxiii. ed. Oxon. 1732. He sounded also a library sor all the students of his monastery at Oxford. Ibid. p. cxiii. And to each of these students he allowed an annual pen

'sion, at his own expence, of thirteen shil-
lings and four-pence. Ibid. p. cxviii. See
also . cxxix. A grand transcript of the
Posti a of Nicholas de Lyra on the bible

was begun during his abbacy, and at his
command, with the most splendid ornaments
and hand-writing. The monk who record:
this important anecdote, lived soon after
him, and speaks of this great undertaking,
then unfinished, as if it was some magnifi-
cent public edifice. " God grant, says he,
" that this work in our days may receive a
" happy consummation l" lbid. p. cxvi.
u Among other things, he expended forty
pounds in adorning the roos and walls of
the Virgin Mary's chapel with pictures.
Ges-r. ut supr. py. cx. He gave to the
choir of the church an Organ ; than which,
says my chronicler, there was not one to
be sound in any monastery in England, more
beautiful in appearance, more pleasing for
its harmony, or more curious in its con-
struction. It cost upwards of fifty pounds.
Ibid. p. cxxviii. His new buildings were
innumerable: and the lVlASTER OF THE
WORKS was os his institution, with an am-
ple salary. lbid. p. cxiii. '
* Leland, Script. Brit. p. 437.

abbot

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