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mous Florentine library*'.

It is obvious to remark thc popularity which must have accrued to these politer studies, while they thus paved the way to the most opulent and honourable promotions in the church: and the authority and estimation with which they must have been surrounded, in being thus cultivated by the most venerable ecclesiastics. It is indeed true, that the dignified clergy of the early and darker ages were learned beyond the level of the people '. Peter de Blois, successlvely archdeacon of Bath and London, about the year 1160, acquaints us, that the palace of Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, was perpetually silled with bishops highly accomplished in literature: who passed their time there, in reading, disputing, and deciding important questions of the state. He adds, that these prelates, although men of' the world, were Latin Epistleswf DeBlois, from which these anecdotes are taken, are full of good sense, observations on life, elegant turns, and ingenious allusions to the claffics. He tells Jocelyne, bishop of Salisbury, that he had long wished to see the bishop's two nephews, according to promise: but that he feared he expected them as the Britons expected king Arthur, or the Jews the Messiah d. He describes, with a' liveliness by no means belonging to the archdeacons of the twelfth century, the difficulties, disappointments, and inconveniencies, of paying attendance at court '. In the course of his correspondence, he quotes Wntilian, Cicero, Livy, Sallust, Seneca, Virgil, (Dintus-Curtius, Ovid, Statius, Suetonius, Juvenal, and Horace, more frequently and familiar-ly than the fathers '. Horace seems his favorite. In one of the letters, he quotes a passage concerning Pompey the Great, from the Roman History of Sallust, in six books, now lost, and which appears at present only in part among the frag

professorship at Cambridge. Croke dedicated to archbishop Wareham his INTRODUCTIONES m Ruomru'rn Guecn, printed in the shop of Eucharius Cervicornius, at Cologne, 1520.

With regard to what has been here said concerning the practice of educating boys in the samilies of our bishops, it appears that Grosthead, bishop of Lincoln in the thirteenth century, educated in this manner _most of the nobility in the kingdom. who were placed there in the character of pagcs : " Filios Nobilium procerurn regni, quos " secum habnit nomcennos." joh. de Athena.inCONSTrr.OTTonon. Tit. 23. in Voc. BARON es. CardinalWolsey, archbishop os York, educated in his house many of the young nobility. Fiddes's WOLSBY.

. 100. See what is said above of the quality ofpope Leo's Cvnlcuuinu, p. 411. Fiddes cites a record remaining in the family of the earl of Arundel, written in '1620, which contains instructions how the youn er son of the writer, the earl of Arundel, ould behave himself in the family of the bish0p of Norwich. whither he is sent for education as page: and in which his lordship observes, that his grandfather the dulce of Norfolk, and his uncle the earl of Northampton, were bath bred as page: will' dish-opp. Fiddes, ibid. Reconos. No. 6. c. 4. pag. 19. Sir Thomas More was educared as a page with cardinal Moreton, archbishop of Canterbury, about 1490.

who was so struck with his genius, that he would often say at dinner, Tth tbi/d ber: waiting at table i: sh 'very ingenious, that be rwill one day pro-U: an rx'raordina'y man. Mori U'ror. cited by Stapleton, p. 157. 138. And Roper's Mou, p. 27. edit. ut supr.

Y Many of them were sent into Italy by Laurence of Medicis, particularly john Lascaris. Varillas says, that Bajazet the second understood Averroes's commentaries on Aristotle. Aercno-r. de Florence, p. 183. P. jovii ELOG. c. xxxi. p. 74.. Lascaris also made a voyage into Greece thy command of Leo the tenth; and brought with him some Greek boys, who were to be educated in the college which that pope had founded on mount Qgirinal, and who were intended to propagate the genuine and native pronunciation of the Greek tongue. jov. ut supr. c. xxxi.

1 The inferiour clergy were in the mean time extremelyi norant. About the year 1300, pope Bomsace the ei hth published an edict, Ordering the incum ents of ecclefialtic benefices to quit their cures for a certain time, and to study at the universities. [See his ten Consrrrvnonns, in the BULLARlUM MAGNUM of Lacrtius Cherubinus, tom. i. p. 198. seq. Where are his Erection: fludiorum gmeralium in (il-vital: Firmann, Ram/t', et Avmim/e, A. D. [303.] Accordingly our episcopal registers are full of licenccs granted for this purpose. The


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ments of that valuable historian 3. In the NUGJE CURlA-'

LIUM of MAPES, or some other manuscript Latin tract written by one of the scholars of the twelfth century, I remember to have seen a curious and striking anecdote, which in a

i Ensr. li. Yol. 24. a.

* t' Ut ad ministeriales curia: redeam, " apud forinsecos janitores biduanam sorte '* gratiam aliquis multiplici obsequio me" rebitur.-Regem dormire, aut azgrotare, " aut esse in consiliis, mentientur.-Ostia" rios camere confundat altiflimns! Si " nihil dederis ostiario actum est. Si nibi] " attuIeri: ibir, Homere, form. Post primum " Cerberum, tibi fixperest alius horribilior " Cerbero, Briareo terribilior, nequior Pyg*' malione, crudelior Minotauro. Oganta" cunque tibi mortis neceflitas, aut discri

' " men exhaeredationis incubat, non intrabis

'4 ad regem." Ensr. xiv. fol. 8. b.

s Latin and French, the vemacular excepted, were the only lnnguages now known. Foliot bishop of London, cotemporary with De Blois and Becket, was

esteemed, both in secular and sacred litera-' ture, the most consummate prelate of his time. Becket, EPISTOL. lib. iii. 5. Walter Mapes, their cotemporary, giving Foliot the same character, says he was 'riuu M pt'itifflmu: [inguarum Latint, GalIicee, Anglire, et lucidzfflme difirhu in singulir. Apud. MSS. JAMBS, xiv. p. 86. Bibl. Bodl. [Ex Nucis CURIALJ

I! 4' De magno Pompeio resert Salluflius, " quod cum alacribus saltu, cum Velocibus U cursu, cum validis vecte certabat, '&c. " See." EPIST. xciv. fol. 45. a. Part of this passage is cited by Vegetius, a favorite author of the age of Peter de Blois. De Rs MlLlT. lib. i. c. ix. It is exhibited by the modern editors of Sailust, as it stands in V egctius. '


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