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liam Brown, a student of that society, about the year 1620 " From this piece, as a specimen of the temple-masques in this view, I make no apology for my anticipatiOn in transcribing the following ode, which Circe sings as a charm to drive away sleep from Ulysses, who is discovered repofing under a large tree. It is addressed to Sleep.
T H a C H A R M E-
Poppy and mandragoras,
With like simples not a fewe,
Hye thee thither, gentle Sleepel
of English poets, there was a correspondencc between sir Fulke Greville and Daniel the poet, concernin improvements and reformations propose to be made in these court-interludes. But this subject will be more fully examined, and further pursuicd, in its proper place.
After the Relloration, when the dignity of the old monarchical manners had suffered a long eclipse from a Calvinistic usurpation, a feeble effort was made to revive these liberal and elegant amusement: at Whitehall. For about the year 1675, queen Catharine ordered Crowne to write assPastoral called CALlSTO, which was acted at court by the ladies Mary and Anne daughters of the duke of York, and the young nobility. About the same time lady Anne, afterwards queen, plaid the part of Semandra, in Lee's MlTHRlDATES. The young noblemen were instructed by Betterton, and thc princesses by his wife; who perhaps conceived Shakespeare more fully
Thrice I charge thee by my wand,
Thrice with moly from my hand
Doe I touch Ulysses' eyes,
And' with th' iaspis. Then arise
' Sagest-Greeke'J . In praise of this song it will be sufficient to say, that it re. minds us of some favorite touches in Milton's COMUS, to which it perhaps gave birth. Indeed one cannot help observing here in general, although the observation more properly belongs to another place, 'that a masque thus recently exhibited on the story of Circe, which there is reason to think had acquired some popularity, suggested to Milton the hint of a masque on the story of Comus. It would be superfluous to point out minutely the absolute similaritypf the two chaq racters: they both deal in incantations conducted by the same mode of operation, and producing effects exactly parallel. From this practice of performing interludes in theinns of
court, we may explain a passage in Shakespeare: but the present establishment of the context embarrasses that explanation, as it perplexes the sentence in other respects. ln the SECOND PART OF HENRY THE FOURTH, Shallow is boasting to his cousin Silence of his heroic exploits when he studied the law at Clement's-inn. " I was once of Clement's " inn, where I think they will talk of mad Shallow yet. " Sil. You were called lusty Shallow then, cousin. Shal. I " was called any thing, and I would have done any thing, " indeed too, and roundly too. There was I, and little " John Doit of Staffordshire, &c. You had not feur _ U such swinge-bucklers in the inns of court again. We . *' knew where all the Bona Roba's were, &C.-Oh_, the mad " days that I have spentfll" Falstaffe then enters, and, is recognised by Shallow, as his brother-student at Clement's
inn; on which, he takes occasion to resume the topic of his juvenile frolics exh-ibited in London fifty years ago. " She's " old, and had RobinNight work, before I. came to Cle" ment's inn.-Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst That that " this knight andI have seen! Hah, Sir John, See." Falstaffe's recruits are nextlbrought forward to be inrolled. One of them is ordered to handle his arms: when Shallow says, still dwelling on the old favorite theme of Clement-'sinn, " He is not his craft-master, he doth not do it right. I " remember at Mile-End Green, when I lay at Clement's-inn, "* l was then Sir Dagonet in ARTHUR's Snow, there was a
"- little quiver fellow, and he would manage you his piece '
l" thus, See." Does he mean, that he acted sir Dagonet at Mile-end Green, or at Clement's-inn? By the application of a parenthesis only, the passage will be cleared from ambiguity, Fand the sense I would assign will appear tov be just. "' I re-" member at Mile-end Green, (when I* lay at Clement's-inn, " I was then Sir Dagonet in ARTHUR's Snow,)*there was a. '" little quiver fellow, one." That is, "- I remember, when " I. was a very young man. at Clement's-inn, and. not fit to " act any higher- part than Sir Dagonet in- the interludes " which we used to play in the society, that among the soldiers '" who were exercised in-Mile-end Green, there was one remark-'" able fellow, &c'." The performance of this part of Sir Dagonet was another of- Shallow's feats at Clement-'s-inn, on which he delights to expatiate: a circumstance, in= the mean time, qui-te foreignto the purpose of what he issaying, but "introduced, on that account, to heighten the ridicule of his character. just as he had told Silence, a little befone, that he saw Schoggan's head broke by Falstaffe at the court-gate,
,stantly appointed. At a Christmas celebrated in the hall of
the Middle-temple, in the year 163 5, the jurisdiction, pri-vileges, and parade, 'of this mock-monarch, are thus circumstantially described', He was attended by his lord keeper, lord treasurer, with eight white staves, a captain of his band of pensioners and of his guard; and with two chaplains, who were so seriously impressed with an idea of his regal dignity, that when they preached before him on the preceding Sunday in the Temple church, on ascending the pulpit, they saluted him with three low bows. He dined, both in the hall, and in his privy-chamber, under a cloth of estate. The pole-axes for his gentlemen pensioners were borrowed of lord Salisbury. Lord Holland, his temporary Justice in. Eyre, supplied him with venison, ondemand: and the lord mayor and sheriffs of London, with wine. On twelfth-day, at going to church, he received many petitions,
' That Mile-end green-was the place for ," in the 'somer season." &e. Berner's
public sports and exercises, we learn from Froissart. In the affair of TYlerand Straw he says, " Then the kynge sende to them U that they shulde all drawe to a fayte " playne place, called Mylc-end, where the ." people of the cytie did sport themselves
TRANSL. tom. i. c. 383. s. 262. a.
S See also Dugd. Oluc. jurid. p. 15', where many of the circumstances os this officer are described at large: who also mentions, at Lincoln's-inn, a KlNG or 'run Cocxers on childermas-day, cap. 64.
P- 247- _ wh1ch.
which he gave to his master of requests: And, like other kings, he had a favorite, whom, with others, gentlemen of high quality, he kni'ghted at returning from church. His expences, all from his own purse, amounted to two thousand pounds ". We are also told, that in the year 163 5, " On Shrovetide at night, the lady Hatton 'feasted the king, " queen, and princes, at her house in Holborn. The Wed'" nesday before, the PRXNCE or THE TEMPLE invited the " prince Elector and his brother to a Masque at the Temple', " which was very compleatly fitted for the variety of the " scenes, and excellently well performed. Thither came the " queen with three of her ladies disguised, all clad in the " attire of citizens-This done, the PRINCE was deposed, " but since the king knighted him at Whitehall '*."
But these spectacles and entertainments in our law-societies, not so much because they were romantic and ridiculous in their mode of exhibition, as that they were institutions celebrated for the purposes of merriment and festivity, were suppressed or fuspended under the false and illiberal ideas of reformation and religion, which prevailed in the fanatical court of Cromwell. The countenance afforded by a polite court to such entertainments, became the leading topic of animadverfion and abuse in the miserable declamations of the puritan theologists; who attempted the business of national reformation without any knowledge of the nature of society, and whose censures proceeded not so much from principles of a purer morality, as from a narrowness of mind, and from that ignorance of human affairs which necessarily accompanies the operations of enthusiasm.
1' STMFrotns's LETTERS, ut supr. vol. i. p. 507. The writer adds, " All 4' this is done, to make them fit to ive the U prince clcctor a royal entertainment, U with malks, dancings, and some other U exercises of wit in orations or arraing1' ments, that day they invite him."
l T his. I think, was Davenant's Tu
UMPl-ls or ance n'AMoun, written at