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mendicants', he was severely censured, and perhaps sufpended by Nykke his diocesan, a rigid bishop of Norwich, from exercising the duties of the facerdotal function. Wood says, he was also punished by the bishop for “ having “ been guilty of certain crimes, AS MOST Poets are h.” But these persecutions only served to quicken his ludicrous difposition, and to exasperate the acrimony of his fatire. As his sermons could be no longer a vehicle for his abuse, he vented his ridicule in rhyming libels. At length, daring to attack the dignity of cardinal Wolsey, he was closely pursued by the officers of that powerful minister; and, taking shelter in the sanctuary of Westminster abbey, was kindly

Gaguine. See p. 47. 162. The Popingay. is printed in his works, p. 260. Apollo A noble pamphelet of foveraintie. The Play that whirled up his chare. The mayden oft of Magnificence, abovementioned. Mater's Kent. Of lovers teftaments. Of Jollas of Myrth to maistres Margery. The Pere and Phillis. The boke of honorouse aflate : grinacion of Mannes Lyfe, from the French, Of royall demenaunce : How to file synne : perhaps of Guillaume, prior of Chalis. How to Speks well, How to dye when se [See supr. p. 120.) But it fhould be ob will. A translation of Diodorus Siculus, ferved, that Pynfon printed Peregrinatio cute of freshe Latin, that is, of Poggius humani generis, 1508. 4to. The triumphes Florentinus, containing fix books. MS. of the redde rose, containing many stories C.C. C. Camb. viii. 5. Poggius's verfon long unremembered. Speculum principis, a was first printed at Venice, 1476. Caxmanual written while he was creauncer, or ton in his Preface to Virgil's ENEIDOS, tutor, to Henry the eighth, when a boy. says that Skelton “ translated diverse other The Tunnyng of Elinour Rummyng.


“ workes out of Latyn into Englysh,” bep. 123

Colin' Clout. See p. 179. John side Tully's Epistles, and Diodorus Sicu-
I've. Foforth Jacke. Verses to maistres Jus. Bale mentions his Invettiva on Wil-
Anne. Epitaph of one Adam a knave. See Jiam Lily the grammarian. I know nothing
p. 271. The balade of the muftarde tarte. more of this, than that it was answered by

The fate of Philip Sparrowe. See p. 215. Lily in Apologia ad Joh. Scheltonum. Pr.
The grounting of the fwyne. The mournyng “ Siccine vipereo pergis me, &c.” The
of the mapely rote. A prayer to Moyfe's piece of Skelton most frequently printed
hornes. The paiants [pageaunts) played in was, I believe, his ELINOUR RUMMYNG,
joyous garde, that is, in king Arthur's or Rumpkin. The last of the old editions
castle, so called in the romance of MORTE is, in 1624. 4to. In the title page, is the
ARTHUR. The fenestrall [window] of picture of our genial hoftefs, a defornied
caftell Angel. The recule of Rosamundes old woman, holding a pot of ale, with
bowre. Hor dame Minerva firft found the this infcription.

The myller and his joly mate, or When Skelton wore the lawrel crown wife. Marione clarion. Of the Bonhoms

My ale put all the alewives down. of Afhrige near Berkhamstead, where is the fange royall of Christ's blode, that is, the See Davics's CRITICAL HISTORY OF real blood of Christ. He profeffes to have PAMPHLETS, p. 28. 86. received many favours from this monaftery. s See WORKS, P. 200. 202. &c. The nacion of foles. The boke of three fooles ATK. Oxox, i. 22. feq. VOL. II.

x x


entertained and protected by abbot Ilip', to the day of his death. He died, and was buried in the neighbouring church of faint Margaret, in the year 1529.

Skelton was patronised by Henry Algernoon Percy, the fifth earl of Northumberland, who deserves particular notice here; as he loved literature at a time when many of the nobility of England could hardly read or write their names, and was the general patron of such geniụs as his age produced. He encouraged Skelton, almost the only professed poet of the reign of Henry the seventh, to write an elegy on the death of his father, which is yet extant. But still stronger proofs of his literary turn, especially of his singular "passion for poetry, may be collected from a very splendid manuscript, which formerly belonged to this very

diftinguished peer, and is at present preserved in the British Museum. It contains a large collection of English poems, elegantly engrossed on vellum, and superbly illuminated, which had been thus fumptuously transcribed for his use. The pieces are chiefly those of Lydgate, after which foHow the aforesaid Elegy of Skelton, and some smaller compofitions. Among the latter are a metrical history of the family. of Percy, presented to him by one of his own chaplains ;. and a prolix series of poetical inscriptions, which he caused. to be written on the walls and ceilings of the principal apartments of his castles of Lekinfield and Wreslil'. His

i His Latin epitaph or elegy on the Death of Henry the seventh, is addrefled to Idlip, A. D. 1512. p. 285. * MSS. Reg. 18 D. 11.

See fupr. p. 126. And MSS. C. C. C. Cant. 168. Three of the apartments in Wrestill Caftle, now destroyed, were adorned with POETICAL INSCRIPTIONS. These are called in the manuscript abovementioned, “ PROVERBES in the LODG“ Ings in WRESSILL."

1. “ The proverbes in the fydis of the « innere chamber at Wreffill.” This is a poem of twenty-four Aanzas, each containing seven lines : beginning thus,

* When it is tyme of cofte and greate:

expens, “ Beware of waste and spende by meafure :: “ Who that outrageously makithe his dis

pens, “ Causythe his goodes not long to endare,

&c. 2. “ The counsell of Ariftotill, whiche “ he gayfe to Alexander, kynge of Maffy“ dony; whiche are wrytyn in the syde of “ the Utter Chamber above the house in the Garden at Wrefyll.” This is in diftichs of thirty-eight lines; beginning thus,


cultivation of the arts of external elegance appears, from the ftately fepulchral monuments which he erected in the minster, or collegiate church, of Beverly in Yorkshire, to the memory of his father and mother, which are executed in

" Punyshe moderatly and discretly correcte, room mentioned by Leland, where the Ge“ As well to mercy as to justice havynge a nealogy was kept ; the following jingling respecte, &c.

reflections on the family motto (in thirty 3. “The proverbis in the fyde of th’Utter distichs) will not appear quite so misplaced « Chamber above of the hous in the gar * Esperaunce en Dyeu, “ dying at Wrefyll.” A poem of thirty “ Truste in bym he is most trewe. stanzas, chiefly of four lines, viz.

En Dieu esperance, “ Remorde thyne ey inwardly,

“ In hym put thyne affiance. “ Fyx not thy mynde on Fortune, that de. lythe dyversly, &c.

Efperaunce in the worlde? nay;

• The worlde varieth every day. The following apartments in Lekinfield had poetical infcriptions: as mentioned in

Esperaunce in riches ? nay, not so,

" Riches slidithe and sone will go. the laid manuscript. « PROVERBS in the 66 LODGINGS at LEKINGFIELD."

Esperaunce in exaltacion of honoure? 1. “ The proverbis of the garett over “ Nay, it widderithe . . , lyke a floure. " the Bayne at Lekyngfelde.” This is a

Esperannce in bloode and highe lynager dialogue in 32 stanzas, of four lines, be

« At mofte nede, bet esy avauntage. tween “ the Parte Sensatyve,” and “ the “ Part Intellectyve;" containing a poetical

The concluding diftich is, comparison between sensual and intellectual

" Esperaunce en Dieu, in hym is all; pleasures.

“ Be thou contente and thou art above 2. “ The proverbis in the garet at the

Fortune's fall." "new lodge in the parke of Lekingfelde.” This is a poem of 32 ftanzas, of four lines,

“ The proverbis in the roufe of my

“ Lorde Percy closett at Lekyngfelde." A being a discant on Harmony, as also on the manner of Singing, and playing on most

poetical dialogue, containing inftructions of the instruments then used: i.e. the Harps,

for youth, in 142 lines.

5. “ The proverbis in the roufe of my Claricordes, Lute, Virgynall, Clarifym,

Lordis library at Lekyngefeldé." Twentyballis, Clarion, Shawme, Orgayne, Re

three stanzas of four lines, from which corder. The following stanza relates to

take the following fpecimen :
the SHAWME, and shews it to have been
used for the Bass, as the RECORDER

" To
every geve

thou no credens. for the Meane or Tenor.

Prove the cause, or thou give sentens. .66 A SHAW.ME makithe a sweete founde

“ Agayn the right make no dyffens, for he tunithe .BASSE,

66 So hast thou a clene consciens." « It mountithe not to hy, but kepithe rule 6. « The counsell of Ariftotell, whiche and {pace.

he gave to Alexander kinge of Mace. Yet yf it be blowne with a too vehement “ dony; in the fyde of the garet of the wynde,

gardynge in Lekynfelde." This cono It makithe it to misgoverne out of his fifts of nine Atanzas, of eight lines: Take kynde.

the last stanza but one: B.“ The proverbis in the rooffe of the “ Punishe moderatly, and discretly correct, * hyest chawmbre in the gardinge at Le “ As well to mercy, as to justice havynge a kingfelde." If we suppose this to be the respect;

X x 2



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the richest style of the florid Gothic architecture, and remain to this day, the conspicuous and striking evidences of his taste and magnificence. ' In the year 1520, he founded an annual ftipend of ten marcs for three years, for a preceptor, or professor, to teach grammar and philosophy in the monastery of Alnewick, contiguous to another of his magnificent castles. A further instance of his attention to letters and studious employments, occurs in his HỌUSHOLD-BOOK, dated 1512, yet remaining ; in which the LIBRARIES of this earl and of his lady are specified": and in the fame curious monument of antient manners it is ordered, that one of his chaplains should be a MAKER OF INTERLUDES °. With so much boldness did this liberal nobleman abandon the example of his brother peers, whose principal occupations were hawking and tilting; and who despised learning, as an ignoble and petty accomplishment, fit only for the purposes of laborious and indigent ecclefiaftics. Nor was he totally given up to the pursuits of leisure and peace: he was, in the

« So Thall ye have meryte for the punysh

ment, “ And cause the offender to be fory and

penitent. e If ye be movede with anger or hastynes, “ Pause in youre mynde and your yre reprefs: “ Defer vengeance into your anger aswa

gede be; “ So shyll ye mynyster justice, and do dewe

equyte." This castle is also demolished. One of the ornaments of the apartments of the old caftles in France, was to write the walls all over with amorous SONNETS.

m From the Receiver's accompts of the earl's eftates in Com. Northumb. A. XV. Henr. viii. A. D. 1527. “ SOLUCIONES DENARIORUM per


Et in denariis per dominum “ receptorem doctori Makereli Abbati mou nasterii de Alnewyk folutis, de exitibus. " hujus anni, pro folucione vadii unius

PEDAGOGI, five Magistri, existentis.

“ infra Abbathiam predictam, et docentis “ ac legentis GRAMMATICAM et Phi

LOSOPHIAM canonicis et fratribus mo. “ nasterii predi&ti, ad x marcas per annum

pro termino iij annorum, virtute unius “ warranti, cujus data eft apud Wresfilt “ xxmo die Septembris anno xij Regis pre" di&ti, figno manuali ipfius Comitis fig“ nati, et penes ipsum Abbatem rema" nentis, ultra vj lib. xiijs. iv d. fibi al

locatas anno xiij Henr. viiju, et vj lib. " xiijs. iiijd. fimiliter fibi allocatas in anno “ xiiij ejusdem Regis ut per ii acquietan« cias inde confectas, et penes Auditorem

remanentes.". From EVIDENCES of the PERCY FAMILY, at Sion-house. C. iii. Num. 5. 6. Communicated by doctor Percy,

Pag. 44. P. Cop.

Pag. 378. I am indebted to the usual kindness of Dr. Percy for all the notices relating to this earl. See his Preface to the HOUSHOLD Book, pag. xxi. seq.

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year 1497, one of the leaders who commanded at the battle of Blackheath against lord Audley and his partisans; and was often engaged, from his early years, in other public services of trust and honour. But Skelton hardly deserved such a patronage.

It is in vain to apologise for the coarseness, obscenity, and fcurrility of Skelton, by saying that his poetry is tinctured with the manners of his age. Skelton would have been a writer without decorum at any period. The manners of Chaucer's age were undoubtedly more rough and unpolished than those of the reign of Henry the feventh. Yet Chaucer, a poet abounding in humour, and often employed in describing the vices and follies of the world, writes with a degree of delicacy, when compared with Skelton. That Skelton's manner is gross and illiberal, was the opinion of his cotemporaries; at least of those critics who lived but a few years afterwards, and while his poems yet continued in vogue. Puttenham, the author of the ARTE OF ENGLISH POESIE, published in the year 1589, speaking of the species of short metre used in the minstrel-romances, for the convenience of being sung to the harp at feasts, and in CARoLs and ROUNDS, « and such other light or lascivious poems which are com

monly more commodiously uttered by those buffoons or « Vices in playes than by any other person,” and in which the sudden return of the rhyme fatigues the ear, immediately subjoins : “ Such were the rimes. of Skelton, being indeed “ but a rude rayling rimer, and all his doings ridiculous; he " used both short distaunces and short measures, pleasing “ only the popular care °.” And Meres, in his PALLADIS

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