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Prophefies of apparent impoffibilities were common in Scotland: such as the removal of one place to another. Under this popular prophetic formulary, may be ranked the prediction in Shakespeare's MACBETH, where the APPARITION says, that Birnam-wopd shall go to Dusinane. In the same strain, peculiar to his country, says our author,

When the Bas and the isle of May
Beis set upon the mount Sinay,

When the Lowmound besyde Falkland
Beis liftit to Northumberland.

But he happily nvails himself of the form, to introduceca

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hawking, and hunting; and not as aspecie'
of aming. See also, Into. p. '46. st. v.
ards are mentioned in a statute of Henry
the seventh, xi. ch. vii. cap. ii. That is,
in 1496. Du Cange cites two Greek wri-
ters, who mention card.playing as one of
the games of modern Greece, at least be-
sore the year 1498. GLOS'. Gn. torn. ii.
V. XAPTIA. p. 1734. It seems highly
robable, that the Arabians, so famous
For their ingenu'ity, more especially in what-
ever related to numbers and calculation,
Were the inventors of cards, which they
communicated to the Constantinopolitan
Greeks. Carpentier says, that cards, or
folio Inshria, are rohibited in the STA-
'run CIUMXN. aonze. cap. xxx. p. 61.
But the age of these statutes has not occured
to me. SUPPLEM. LAT. G'.oss. Du
Cange, V. CAR'HE. tom. i. p. 842.
. Benedictus Abbas has preserved a very
citie-as edtct, which shewe the state 9!

gaming in the christian army. commanded
y Richard the first king of England, and
Philip os France, during the crusade in
the year 1190. No person in the army is
permitted to play at any sort of game for

"money, except Knights and Clergymen;

who in one whole day and night shall not, each, lose more than twenty shillingt: on pain os sorseiting one hundred shillings. to the archbishops of the army. The two kings may play for what they please: but their attendants, not for more than twenty shillin s. Otherwise, they are to be whip-t ped na ed through the army for three days, &e. Vt'r, RlC- i. p. 610. edit. Hearn. tom. ii. King Richard is described play. ing at chess in this expedition. MSS, Harl. 4690.

And kyng Rychard slode and playe

Att the chcsse in hys galleye.

l Earn. Gain.

8 lbid. SlGQIAT-_H- i.

'WB S

was fiattered, not instructed, by his preceptors. His unguarded youth was artfully exposed to the most alluring temptationsh. It was in this reign, that the nobility of Scotland began to frequent the court; which soon became the theatre of all those idle amusements which were calculated to solicit the attention of a young king. All these abuses are painted in this poem with an honest unreserved indignation. It must not in the mean time be forgotten, that James possessed eminent abilities, and a love of literature; nor is it beside our present purpose to obserVe, that he was the author of the celebrated ballad called CHRtST's KIRK ON THE GREEN'.

The COMPLAYNT or THE PAPINGO is a piece of the like tendency. In the Prologue, there is a curious and critical catalogue of the Scotch poets who flourished about the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries. As the names and works of many of them seem to be totally forgotten, and as it may contribute to throw some new lights on the neglected history of the Scotch poetry, I shall not scruple to give the passage at large, with a few illustrations. Our author declares, that the poets of his own age dare- not' aspire to the praise of the three English poets, Chaucer, Gower, and Lydgate. He then, under the same idea, makes: a transition- to. the' most distinguished poets, who formerlyflourished in Scotland.

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Or quho can now the wprkis c'ontrefait'ff
Of KENNEDIE ', with termis aureait?

Or of DUNBAR, quhallanguage had at large,
As may be sene intyll' his GOLDlN TARGE "P

WNTYN ", MERSERO, ROWL', HENDERSON', HAY', and

HOLLAND ',

T hocht thay be deid, thair libellis bene livand ',
Whilk to reheirs makis redaris to rejoise.
Allace for one quhilk lamp was of this land,
Of eloquence the flowand balmy strand ',

And in our Inglis rhetorick the rose,

As of rubeis the carbuncle bene chose,

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l I suppose Walter Kennedie, who wrote a Ecem in Scottish metre, whether printed I now not, on the Pasiion of Christ. MSS. Coll. Gresham, 286. Some of Kennedie's poems are in MSS. Hyndford, The Flyring between Dunbar and Kennedy is in the Eveacaaeu. See Dunbar, ut supr. p. 7. And ibid. p. 274.. And Kenne y's Pnnls or Aca, ibid. p. 18 . He exceeds his cotemporary Dunbar in moothness of versification.

m The poem examined above, p. 264.

" He flourished about the year '320. He was driven from Scotland under the devastations of Edward the first, and took refuge [at Paris. He wrote a poem, called the Complaint qf 'be Mishrier q/'lyir Country, printed at Paris, 1511. Dempst. xv. 1034..

o Merse' is celebrated by Dunbar, LAMENT For. 'rue Deru or 'rue MAKxuus,or Por'rs. See Anc. Scorrtsu Poems, nt supr. p. 77.

That did in lnve so lyle wryte,

So schort, so quick, of sentens hie. See, in that Collection, his PBRRBLL m PAIAMOURS. p. 156.

P Dunbar mentions Rowll of Aberdeen, and Rowll of Corstorphine, " twa bettir " fallowis did no man fie." Ibid. p. 77.

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And as Phebus dois Cynthie precell ;
'So GAWIN DOWGLAS, bischop of Dunkell,

Had, quhen he was into thissisi'land on lyve,
Above vulgar poctis prorogatyve,

Both in practick and speculatioun.

I say no more: gude redaris may discryve

His Worthy workis, in noumer mo than fyve.
And speciallie the trew tranfiatioun

Of Virgill, quhilk bene consolatioun

To cunnyng men to knawe his greit ingyne,
As weill in science natural] as devyne.

And in the court bene present in their dayis,
That ballatis brevis' lustally and layis,
Whilkis to our princis daylie thay do present.
ho can say more than schir JAMES INGLIS sayis

-In ballatis, farfis, and in plesand playis *?

Bot CULTROSE has his pen maid impotent,

Kid in cunnyngy and practick richt prudent.
And STEWART quhilk desireth one statlie style
Full ornate workis daylis dois compyle.

STEWART of Lome will carþ richt curiousiie 2,
GALBRAITH, KYNLOICH ', quhen thay tham lyst applie
Into that art, ar craftie of ingyne.

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Bot now of late is start up haistelie,

One cunnyng clarke, quhilk wrytith craftelie:
One plant of poets callit BALLENDYNE ";
Whose ornate workis my wit can nocht defyne:
Get he into the court auctorite,

He will precell Wntyn and Kennedie ®.

The Scotch, from that philosophical and speculative cast which characterises their national genius, were more zealous and early friends to a reformation of religion than their neighbours in England. The pomp and elegance of the catholic worship made no impression on a people, whose devotion sought only for solid edification; and who had no notion that the interpofition of the senses could with any propriety be admitted to cooperate in an exercise of such a nature, which appealed to reason alone, and scemed to exclude all aids of the imagination. It was natural that such a people, in their system of spiritual refinement, should warmly prefer the severe and rigid plan of Calvin: and it is from this principle, that we find most of their writers, at the restoration of learning, taking all occasions of censuring

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