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haps have been much more difficult to Lyndefiay than the Latin original, may be called such: yet Orosius was early translated into French ® and Italian '. For the story of Alexander the Great, our author seems to refer to Adam Davie's poem on that subject, written in the reign of Edward the second': a work, which I never remember to have seen cited before, and of which, although deserving to be printed, only two public manuscripts now remain, the one in the

library of Lincoln's inn, and the other in the Bodleian library at Oxford. si '

Alexander the conqueror,

Geve thou at lenth wa-ld reid his ring '*,
And of his cruell conquesiing,

At lenth his LYFE thare thow may lukei.

He acquaints us, yet not from his own knowledge, but on the testimony of other writers, that Homer and Heswd were

the inventors in Greece, of poetry, medicine, music, and astronomy k.

EXPERIENCE departs from the poet, and the dialogue is

ended, at the approach of the evening; which is described with these circumstances.

Behald, quhow Phebus downwart dois discend,
Toward his palice in the occident !-

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have been Mattheus Pal'merius a'boVemen- k SiGNAT. K. iii. tioned, author of the cu-TA m Vlu,


The dew now donkis1 the rofis redolent:
The mariguldis, that all day wer rejoyfit

Of Phebus heit, now craftily ar closit m.-
The cornecraick in the croft, I heir hir cry ;
The bat, the howlatt ", feebill of thare eis,
For thare pastyme, now in the evinning flies.
The nichtingaill with myrthfull melody

Her naturall notis, peirsit throuch the sky *.

Many other passages in Lyndesay's poems deserve attention." Magdalene of France, married to James the fifth of Scotland ', did not live to see the magnificent preparations. made for her public entry into Edinburgh. In a poem, called theDEITH or querne MAGDALENE, our author, by a most striking and lively prosopopeia, an expostulation with DEATH, describes the whole order of the procession. I will' give a. few of the stanzas.

THEIEF, saw thou not the greit preparativis
Of Edinburgh, the nobill famous toun? ct
Thow sawe the peple labouring for thare livis,

To make tryumph with trumpe and clarioun !--
a! as as as as as as as ale

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P Not inelegantly, he compares James * Men, actar: disguised. making frequent and dangerous voyages

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Ful galzeartlie in schort clothing of grene, &e.-
eze as 'e are it- an are are are as

Syne next in ordour paffing throw the toun,
Thou suld have herd the din of instrumentis,
Of tabrone, trumpet, schalme, and clarioun,
With reird ' reboundand throw the elementis ;
'The heraulds with thare awfull vestimentis,
With maseris "' upon ather of thare handis,

To rewle the prois, with burneist silver wandis.

Thow shuld have hard ' the ornate oratouris,
Makand hir hienes salutatioun,

Boith of the clergy toun and counsalouris,]
With mony notable narratioun.

Thow suld have sene her coronation,

In the fair abbay of the holie rude,

In presence of ane myrthfull multitude.

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of saying plainly that the queen's death prevented the superb ceremonies which would have attended her coronation, these stanzas have another merit, that of transmitting the ideas of the times in the exhibition of a royal entertainment z.

Our author's COMPLAYNT contains a curious picture, like that in his DREME, of the miserable policy by which Scotland was governed under James the fifth. But he diversifies and enlivens the subject, by supposing the public felicity which would take place, if all corrupt ministers and evil counsellors were removed from the throne. This is described by striking and picturesque personifications.

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' The curious reader may compare V The " ordynaunce of the entre of quene Isabell " into the towne of Paris," in Froissart. Bemers'sTransl. tom. ii. c. clvii. f. 172. b.

aSicrt/i'r. G. i. 4

b I here take occasion to exPlain the two following lines.

Als Jhone Makray, the kingis fule,

_ Gat dowbyll garmountis agane the zule. That is, " The king's fool got two suits " of apparel, or garments doubly thick, ** to wear at Christmas." SlGNAT. G.i.'

Zule is Christmas. So James the first, in his declaration at an assembly of the Scorch Kirk at Edinburgh, in 1590, " The' " church of Geneva keep Pastbe and " YULE," that is, Eq/Per and CHRisTMAS. Ca-lderwood's HIST- CH. SCOT. p. 256. Our author, in The COMPLAYNT or 'rue PAPTNGO, says that his bird sung well

enough to be a minstrel at Christmas. SraNAT. A. iii.

Scho micht have bene ane menstrall at the zu/e.

Ss2 ' ' Thus

I know not whether it be worth observing, that playing

'at cards is mentioned in this poem, among the diversions, or games, of the court. * *

Thar was no play but CARTIS and dice '.

And it is mentioned as an accomplishment in the character of a bishop.

Bot geve t'hay can play at the CAIRTIS '.

Thus, in the year 1503, James the fourth of Scotland, at an interview with the princess Margaret in the castle of Newbattle, finds her playing at cards. '* The kynge came " prively to the said castell, and entred within the chammer " [chamber] with a small cumpany, whare he founde the " quene playing at the CARDES

Thus Robert of Brunne, in his bhronicle,
speakin of King Arthur keeping Christ-
mas at Earl-t.

On Bole day mad he fefl:
With many barons of his geste.

See Heame's Ron. Grouc. vol. ii. p.
678. And Leland's I'rm. vel. ii. p. 116.
In the north of England, Christmas to this
day is called use, jule, or joust. Blonnt
says, " in the northern parts thesy have an
" old custom, after sermon or ervice on
" Christmas-day; the people will, even
" in the churches, cry all, use, as a token
4' of rejoycing, and the common sort run
s about the streets singing,

lig, signifies the Cbristmm holidays, where m'an or g-wyliau is the plural of may! or g-ueyl

I also take this opportunity of observing, that the court of the Roman pontiff was exhilarated by a fool. The pope's fool was in England in "30, and received forty shillings of king Henry the third, &_dwm regir. MSS. James, xxviii. p. 190.

5 SlGNAT. F. iii.

d Stcrun'. G. i.

' Leland. COLL. Anne-o. iii. p. 284. ut supr. In our author's TnAcentB of CARDlNAL BETOUN, a soliloquy spoken by the cardinal, he is made to declare, that he played with the king for three thousand crowns of gold in one ni ht, at tart/'r and " ULB- ULE: ULF' - dice. SrcNAT. I. ii. T eyarealso men

" Three PUddmgs m a Puxe'" tioned in an old anonymous Scotch poem, si (3an num' and cry UH' OsCovnricn. Anc. Sc. P. ut supr. p. DlCTlON. Voc. ULB. In Saxon the word 168. si. iii. is schul, gehol, or zeol. ln the Welch

rubric every saint's day is the Wsyl,_or chl,
os that saint: either from a Brittsh_word
signifying watJaing, or from the Latin i'z'- _
zi/ia, Vigil, taken in a more exrended
dense. ln Wales ev'r/m- or g-ug't'iau hado-

Halking, hunting, and swift horse rynning,
Are changit all in wrangus wynning;
That is no play bot 'arm and dyce.

Where, by the way, horse-rating is con-
side-red among the liberal sports, such as

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