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haps have been much more difficult to Lyndefiay than the Latin original, may be called such: yet Orosius was early translated into French ® and Italian '. For the story of Alexander the Great, our author seems to refer to Adam Davie's poem on that subject, written in the reign of Edward the second': a work, which I never remember to have seen cited before, and of which, although deserving to be printed, only two public manuscripts now remain, the one in the
library of Lincoln's inn, and the other in the Bodleian library at Oxford. si '
Alexander the conqueror,
Geve thou at lenth wa-ld reid his ring '*,
In INGLIS TUNGE IN HIS G'REAT BUKE,
He acquaints us, yet not from his own knowledge, but on the testimony of other writers, that Homer and Heswd were
the inventors in Greece, of poetry, medicine, music, and astronomy k.
EXPERIENCE departs from the poet, and the dialogue is
ended, at the approach of the evening; which is described with these circumstances.
Behald, quhow Phebus downwart dois discend,
have been Mattheus Pal'merius a'boVemen- k SiGNAT. K. iii. tioned, author of the cu-TA m Vlu,
The dew now donkis1 the rofis redolent:
Of Phebus heit, now craftily ar closit m.-
Her naturall notis, peirsit throuch the sky *.
Many other passages in Lyndesay's poems deserve attention." Magdalene of France, married to James the fifth of Scotland ', did not live to see the magnificent preparations. made for her public entry into Edinburgh. In a poem, called theDEITH or querne MAGDALENE, our author, by a most striking and lively prosopopeia, an expostulation with DEATH, describes the whole order of the procession. I will' give a. few of the stanzas.
THEIEF, saw thou not the greit preparativis
To make tryumph with trumpe and clarioun !--
P Not inelegantly, he compares James * Men, actar: disguised. making frequent and dangerous voyages
Ful galzeartlie in schort clothing of grene, &e.-
Syne next in ordour paffing throw the toun,
To rewle the prois, with burneist silver wandis.
Thow shuld have hard ' the ornate oratouris,
Boith of the clergy toun and counsalouris,]
Thow suld have sene her coronation,
In the fair abbay of the holie rude,
In presence of ane myrthfull multitude.
of saying plainly that the queen's death prevented the superb ceremonies which would have attended her coronation, these stanzas have another merit, that of transmitting the ideas of the times in the exhibition of a royal entertainment z.
Our author's COMPLAYNT contains a curious picture, like that in his DREME, of the miserable policy by which Scotland was governed under James the fifth. But he diversifies and enlivens the subject, by supposing the public felicity which would take place, if all corrupt ministers and evil counsellors were removed from the throne. This is described by striking and picturesque personifications.
' The curious reader may compare V The " ordynaunce of the entre of quene Isabell " into the towne of Paris," in Froissart. Bemers'sTransl. tom. ii. c. clvii. f. 172. b.
aSicrt/i'r. G. i. 4
b I here take occasion to exPlain the two following lines.
Als Jhone Makray, the kingis fule,
_ Gat dowbyll garmountis agane the zule. That is, " The king's fool got two suits " of apparel, or garments doubly thick, ** to wear at Christmas." SlGNAT. G.i.'
Zule is Christmas. So James the first, in his declaration at an assembly of the Scorch Kirk at Edinburgh, in 1590, " The' " church of Geneva keep Pastbe and " YULE," that is, Eq/Per and CHRisTMAS. Ca-lderwood's HIST- CH. SCOT. p. 256. Our author, in The COMPLAYNT or 'rue PAPTNGO, says that his bird sung well
enough to be a minstrel at Christmas. SraNAT. A. iii.
Scho micht have bene ane menstrall at the zu/e.
Ss2 ' ' Thus
I know not whether it be worth observing, that playing
'at cards is mentioned in this poem, among the diversions, or games, of the court. * *
Thar was no play but CARTIS and dice '.
And it is mentioned as an accomplishment in the character of a bishop.
Bot geve t'hay can play at the CAIRTIS '.
Thus, in the year 1503, James the fourth of Scotland, at an interview with the princess Margaret in the castle of Newbattle, finds her playing at cards. '* The kynge came " prively to the said castell, and entred within the chammer " [chamber] with a small cumpany, whare he founde the " quene playing at the CARDES
Thus Robert of Brunne, in his bhronicle,
On Bole day mad he fefl:
See Heame's Ron. Grouc. vol. ii. p.
lig, signifies the Cbristmm holidays, where m'an or g-wyliau is the plural of may! or g-ueyl
I also take this opportunity of observing, that the court of the Roman pontiff was exhilarated by a fool. The pope's fool was in England in "30, and received forty shillings of king Henry the third, &_dwm regir. MSS. James, xxviii. p. 190.
5 SlGNAT. F. iii.
d Stcrun'. G. i.
' Leland. COLL. Anne-o. iii. p. 284. ut supr. In our author's TnAcentB of CARDlNAL BETOUN, a soliloquy spoken by the cardinal, he is made to declare, that he played with the king for three thousand crowns of gold in one ni ht, at tart/'r and " ULB- ULE: ULF' - dice. SrcNAT. I. ii. T eyarealso men
" Three PUddmgs m a Puxe'" tioned in an old anonymous Scotch poem, si (3an num' and cry UH' OsCovnricn. Anc. Sc. P. ut supr. p. DlCTlON. Voc. ULB. In Saxon the word 168. si. iii. is schul, gehol, or zeol. ln the Welch
rubric every saint's day is the Wsyl,_or chl,
Halking, hunting, and swift horse rynning,
Where, by the way, horse-rating is con-