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morning of the month of January, the poet quits the copse and the bank, now destitute of verdure and flowers, and walks towards the sea-beach. The dawn of day is expressed by a beautiful and brilliant metaphor.

By this, fair Titan with his lemis licht
Oer all the land had spred his banner bricht.

In his walk, mufing on the desolations of the winter, and

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The birds are then represented, fiocking round NATU_RE, complaining of the severity of the season, and calling for the genial warmth of summer. The expostulation of the lark with Aurora, the sun, and the months, is conceived and conducted in the true spirit of poetry.

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' SicNA-r. D. ii. 1 Once, one while.
' Disguised in a dark garment. = Low.
7 Violent.

Vol. II. (L q s' (Luþair

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b It was a part of the old mundane system, that hell was placed in the centre of the earth. So a fra ment, cited by Heat-ne, GLOSSARY Rob. &loue. ii. 583.

Ryght so is hell-pitt, as clerkes telles,
Amyde the erthe and no where elles.

So also an old French tract, meoe DU . MONDE, or Image of ib: 'war-la', " Saches " que en la ten-e est enser, car enfenne

't l'air, &c.." ch. viii.
< See' above, p. 197. seq. I have there
mentioned a Vision of Hell, under the title
of OWAY'NB MILES. One Gilbertus-
Ludenfis, a monk sent by king Ste hen'
into lrcland, where he sounded a mon ry,
with an Irish knight called OEN,. wrote'
De OEN] l'isione in Pa atoria. See Wen-
dover, apud Mat. Paris, suh ann. 1153..
Reg.

A litle above that dolorous dungeon,

We enterit in ane countre full of cair;

Whare that we saw mony one legioun

Gretand and grouland with mony ruthfull rair a.
What place is this, quod I, of blis so bait?
Scho answerit and said, Purgatorie,

(Lhuilk purgis saulis or they cum to glorie'.

After some theological reasonings on the absurdity of this intermediate state, and having viewed the dungeon of un

baptized babes, and the limbus of the souls of men who

died before Christ, which is placed in- a vault above the region of torment, they reascend through the bowels- of the earth. In passing, they survey the secret riches of the earth, mines of gold, silver, and precious stones. They mount, through the ocean, which is supposed to environ the earth: then travel through the air, and next through the fire. Having passed the three elements, they bend towards heaven, but first visit the seven planets '. They enter the sphere of the moon, who is elegantly styled,

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Than past we to the spheir of Phebus bricht,
That lusty lamp and lanterne of the hevin;
And glader of the sterris with his licht z-
And principal- of all the planets sev-i-n,

And sate in myddis of thame all full evin -_
As roy ' royall' rolling in his sphair

Full plesandlie into his goldin chain-

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They now arrive at that part of heaven which is calledi the CHRYSTALLINE', and are admitted to the Empyreal, or heaven of heavens. Here they view the throne of God, surrounded by the nine orders of angels, singing with ineffable harmony ". Next the throne is the Virgin Mary, the queen of queens, " well cumpanyit with ladyis of delyte." An exterior circle is formed by patriarchs, prophets, evangelists, apostles, conquerors in the three battles of the world, ofsi the. flesh, and of the devil, martyrs, confessors, and doctours in divinitie, under the command of saint Peter, who is represented as their lieutenant-general si.

3 To be pronounced disiyllabically..

h SIGNAT. E. i.

l Most of this hilosophy is immediately borrowed from t e first chapters of the Nuremburgh Chronicle, a 'celebrated boak when Lyndesay wrote, printed in the year 1493. It is there said, that of the waters above the firmament which were frozen like crystal, God made the crystalline heaven, &e. fol. iv. This idea is taken from Genssrsfl. 4. See also saint Paul,EPrs'r. Con. xii. 2. The same system is in Tafl'o, where the archangel Michael' descends from heaven, GIER. LIB. C. ix. si: 60. seq. And in Milton, PARAD- L. m. 481.

They pass the planets seven, and pass the fixed,

And that crystallin sphere, &e.

In 'rue onnrm gira, &c.

l' Because the scriptures have mentioned several degrees of angels, Dionysius the Areopagite, and others, have divided them into nine orders ; and those they have reduced into three hierarchies. This was a tempting subject for the refining genius of the schoolidivines: and accordingly we lind in Thomas Aquinas a disquisition, De ordinatian: lings/amor firtmdum Hserartbiar 't Ora/inn. QyEsr. cviii. The system, which rhaps makes a better figure inz

oetry t an in philosophy, has been adopted y many poets who did not outlive the influence of the old scholastic sophistry; See Dante, PAIAU. C. xxviii. Tasso mentions, among La grand: qflc a'tl del,

Ties pon-r. SQAÞRE, et ogni squadra instrutta

Gru.

Milton, who feigns the same visionary route with very different ideas, has these admirable verses, written in hisnineteenth year, yet marked with that characteristical great manner, which distinguishes the poetry of his maturer. age..

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