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mit pictures of familiar manners, and preserve popular customs. In this light, at least, Barklay's Ship of Fools, which is a general satire on the times, will be found entertaining. Nor must it be denied, that his language is more cultivated than that of many of his cotemporaries, and that he contributed his share to the improvement of the English phraseology. His author, Sebastian Brandt, appears to have been a man of universal erudition; and his work, for the most part, is a tissue of citations from the ancient poets and historians.

Barklay's other pieces are the MIRROUR OF Good MANNERS, and five EGLOGES.

The MirrouR is a translation from a Latin elegiac poem, written in the year 1516, by Dominic Mancini De QUATUOR . VIRTUTIBUS. It is in the ballad-ftanza". Our translator,

. He also wrote, The figure of our mother the public library at Cambridge, the Latin : holy church oppreffed by the French king, and English are printed together. The printed for Pinson, 4to.—Answer to John Latin is dedicated to Vesey bishop of ExeSkelton the Poet.-The Lives of S. Cal ha ter, and dated “ ex Cellula Hatfeld regis rine, S. Margaret, and St. Et heldred.The [i.e. Kings Hatfield, Hertfordshire) iii. id.' Life of S. George, from Mantuan : dedi Novemb. A new edition, without the cated to N. West bishop of Ely, and writ Latin and the two dedications, was printed ten while our author was a monk of Ely. by J. Waley, 1557, 400.- Orationes variæ.. -De Pronuntiatione Gallica. John Palf -De fide Orthodoxa. - To these I add, grave, a polite scholar, and an eminent what does not deserve mention in the text, preceptour of the French language about a poem translated from the French, called. the reign of Henry the eighth, and one of The CASTEL OF LABOURE,. wherein is the first who published in English a gram riches, vertue, and bonor. It is of some mạr or system of rules for teaching that length, and an allegory; in which Lady language, says in his L'Eclaircissement de REASON conquers Despair, Poverty, and la languege François, addressed to Henry other evils, which attend a poor man lately the eighth, and printed_(fol. Lond.) in married. The Prologue begins, “ Ye mor1530, that our author Barklay wrote a “ tal people that desire to obtayne.” The tract on this subject at the command of poem begins, “ In musyng an evenynge Thomas duke of Norfolk. — The famous is with me was none.” Printed for Wyn-, Cronycle of the Warre which the Romans ken de Worde, 1506. 4to. And again by bad agayns Jugurth ufurper of the kyngdom Pinson, without date. 4to. In seven-lined of Numidy: which cronycle is compyled in stanzas. By mistake I have mentioned this Latyn by the renowned Romayn Salluft. And piece as anonymous, fupr. p. 200. translated into Englishe by SYR ALEXAN · Printed as above, 1570. fol. And by : DER BARCLAY, preeft, at the commaund Pinson, at the command of Richard earl mente of the bye and mighty prince Thomas of Kent. Without date, 4to. The Latin : duke of Norfolk. In two editions, by Pin elegiacs are printed in the margin, which fon, of this work, both in folio, and in have been frequently printed. At Bafil,

as appears by the address prefixed, had been requested by fir Giles Alyngton to abridge, or modernise, Gower's Confessio AMANTIS. But the poet declined this undertaking, as unsuitable to his age, infirmities, and profession; and chose rather to oblige his patron with a grave fystem of ethics. It is certain that he made a prudent choice. The performance shews how little qualified he was to correct Gower.

Our author's Egloges, I believe, are the first that appeared in the English language'. They are, like Petrarch's and Mantuan's 5, of the moral and satirical kind; and contain but few touches of rural description and bucolic imagery. They seem to have been written about the year 1514". The three first are paraphrased, with very large additions, from the MiseriÆ CURIALIUM of Eneas Sylvius', and treat of the Miseryes of Courtiers and Courtes of all Princes in general. The fourth, in which is introduced a long poem in stanzas, called the Tower of Vertue and Honour", of the behaviour of riche men agaynft poetes. The fifth, of the disputation of citizens and men of the country. These pastorals, if they deserve the name, contain many allusions to the times. The poet is

1543. At Antwerp, 1559. With the epigram of Peter Carmelian annexed. And often before. Lastly, at the end of MarTINI Braccarensis Formula bonefte l'ita, Helmstad. 1691. 8vo. They are dedicated “ Frederico Severinati episcopo Mallea“ cenfi.” They first appeared at Leipfic, 1516. See Trithemius, concerning another of his poems, Mancini's, De pasione domini, cap. 995:

f Printed as above, 1570, fol. First, I believe, by Humphry Powell. 4to. Without date. Perhaps about 1550.

8 Whom he mentions, speaking of EG-
LOGES. EGLOG. I. PROL.
And in like maner, nowe lately in our dayes,
Hath other poetes attempted the same wayes,
As the most famous Baptift Mantuan
The best of that sort since poets first began,
And Frauncis Petrarke also in Italy, &c.

h Because he praises “ noble Henry “ which now departed late." Afterwards he falls into a long panegyric on his fuccestour Henry the eighth. Eclog. i. As he does in the Ship OF Fooles, fol. 205. a. where he says, This noble prince beginneth vertuously By justice and pitie his realme to mayntayne. He then wishes he may retake Jerusalem from the Turks; and compares him to Hercules, Achilles, &c.

That is pope Pius the second, who died in 1464. This piece is among his Epistles, some of which are called Tracts. EpiST. CLVI.

k It is properly an elegy on the death of the duke of Norfolk, lord high admiral.

prolix

prolix in his praises of Alcock bishop of Ely, and founder of Jesus college in Cambridge *.

Yes since his dayes a cocke was in the fen",
I knowe his voyce among a thousand men :
He laught, he preached, he mended every wrong;
But, Coridon, alas no good thing bideth long!
He All was a Cock“, he wakened us from Nepe,
And while we slumbered, he did our foldes kepe.
No cur, no foxes, nor butchers dogges wood,
Could hurte our fouldes, his watching was so good.
The hungry wolves, which that time did abounde,
What time he crowed", abashed at the founde.
This cocke was no more abashed of the foxe,
Than is a lion abashed of an oxe.

k This very learned and munificent pre tres fuos curatos in synodo apud Barnwell, 25 late deservedly poffefsed some of the highest Sept. 1498. To which is annexed his CoNdignities in church and state. He was ap STITUTION for celebrating certain feasts in pointed bishop of Ely in 1486. He died his diocese. Printed for Pinson, 1498. 4to. at Wilbich, 1501. See Whart. ANGL. In the beginning is the figure of the bishop Sacr. i. 675. 801. 381. Roffe says, that preaching to his clergy, with two cocks on he was tutor to prince Edward, afterwards each side. And there is a cock in the first Edward the fifth, but removed by the king's page. By the way, Alcock wrote many uncle Richard. Rosse, I think, is the only other pieces. The Hill of Perfecti. hiftorian who records this anecdote. Hist. on, from the Latin. For Pinson, 1497. Reg. ANGL. p. 212. edit. Hearn.

4to. For Wynkyn de Worde, 1497. 4to. 1 The ifle of Ely.

Again, for the same, 1501. 4to. THE m Alcock.

ABBY OF THE HOLY GHOST that fall * Among Wren's manuscript Collections, be founded and grounded in a clear conscience, (Registr. parv. Consistorii Élienfis, called

in which abbey fall dwell twenty and nine the Black Book.) the following curious ladies gholly. For the same, 1531. 4to. memorial, concerning a long sermon preach. Again, for the same, without date, but ed by Alcock at faint Mary's in Cam before 1500. 4to.

At the end, “ Thus bridge, occurs. “ I. Alcock, divina gra. " endeth without boft, The Abby of the “ tia episcopus Elienfis prima die domini “ holi goft.” [See MSS. Harl. 5272. 3. ca, 1488, bonum et blandum fermonem -1704. 9.

fol. 32. b. And MSS. C.C. Č. prædicavit in ecclefia B. Mariæ Canta Oxon. 155. And MSS. More, 191.] “ brig. qui incepit in hora prima poft me SPOUSAGE OF A VIRGIN TO Christ, “ ridiem et duravit in horam tertiam et 1486. 4to. HomeLIÆ VULGARES. ME“ ultra.” He sometimes, and even in the DITATIONES PIÆ. A fragment of a comepiscopal character, condescended to sport ment upon the Seven PENITENTIAL with his own name. He published an ad Psalms, in English verse, is supposed to dress to the clergy assembled at Barnwell, be by bifhop Alcock, MSS. Harl. 1704. under the title of GALLI CANTUS ad confraVol. II,

K k

When

fol. 13

1

When he went, faded the floure of al the fen ;
I boldly sweare this cocke trode never hen!

Alcock, while living, erected a beautiful sepulchral chapel in his cathedral, still remaining, but miserably defaced. Το which the shepherd alludes in the lines that follow :

This was the father of thinges pastorall,
And that well sheweth his cathedrall.
There was I lately, aboute the midst of May:
Coridon, his church is twenty sith more gay
Then all the churches between the same and Kent;
There sawe I his tombe and chapel excellent. —
Our parishe church is but a dongeon
To that gay churche in comparison.-
When I sawe his figure lye in the chapel fide, &co.

In another place he thus represents the general lamentation for the death of this worthy prelate: and he rises above himself in describing the sympathy of the towers, arches, vaults, and images, of Ely monastery.

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The pratie palace by him made in the fen”,
The maidès, widowes, the wives, and the men,
With deadly dolour were pearsed to the hearte,
When death constraynd this shepherd to departe.
Corne, grasse, and fieldes, mourned for wo and payne,
For oft his prayer for them obtayned rayne.
The pleafaunt floures for him faded eche one.
The okès, elmès: every sorte of dere !
Shrunke under shadowes, abating all their chere.

• EGLOG. i. Signat. A. iii.

P He rebuilt, or greatly improved, the episcopal palace at Ely.

9 Beasts, quadrupeds of all kinds. So in the romance of SYR Bevis, Signat. F. iii.

Rattes and myse and such smal dere

Was his meate that seven yere. Whence Shakespeare took, as Dr. Percy has observed, the well-known distich of the madman in KING LEAR, Act iii. Sc. 4.

Mice

The mightie walles of Ely monastery,
The stonès, rockes, and towrès semblably,
The marble pillours, and images eche one,
Swete all for sorrowe, when this cocke was gone, &c".

It should be remembered, that these pastorals were probably written while our poet was a monk of Ely: and although Alcock was then dead, yet the memory of his niunificence and piety was recent in the monastery'.

Speaking of the dignity and antiquity of shepherds, and particularly of Christ at his birth being first seen by shepherds, he seems to describe fome large and splendid picture of the Nativity painted on the walls of Ely cathedral.

I sawe them myselfe well paynted on the wall,
Late gasing upon our churche cathedrall :
I saw great wethers, in picture, and small lambes,
Daunsing, some sleping, some sucking of their dams;
And some on the grounde, mesemed, lying still:
Then sawe I horsemen appendant of an hill;
And the three kings, with all their company,
Their crownes glistering bright and oriently,
With their presents and giftès misticall :
All this behelde I in picture on the wall'.

Mice and rats and such small deere

And shepheard MORETON, when he durst Have been Tom's food for seven long yeere.

not appeare,

Howe his olde servauntes were carefull of It cannot now be donbted, that Shakespeare

his chere ; in this passage wrote deer, instead of

geer In payne and pleafour they kept fidelitie, or cheer, which have been conjecturally Till grace agayne gave him authoritie, &c. substituted by his commentators.

And again, EGL. iiii. EGL. ii.

Micene [Mecenas] and MORETON be deade

and • He also compliments Alcock's prede

certaine.

gone cesfour Moreton, afterwards archbishop of The Deane of Powles, I suppose dean Canterbury: not without an allufion to his Colet, is celebrated as a preacher, ibid. troubles, and restoration to favour, under As is, “ The olde friar that wonned in Richard the third and Henry the seventh. “ Greenwich," EGL. V. EGL. iii.

+ EGL. V, K k 2

Virgil's

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