תמונות בעמוד
PDF

chamber "precious, persumed with the richest odours. Next morning, guided by PERSEVERANCE and COMFORT, he goes forward, and sees a castle, nobly fortified, and walled with jet. Before it was a giant with seven heads, and upon the trees about him were hanging many shields of knights, whom he had conquered. On his seven heads were seven helmets crowned with seven streamers, on which were inscribed Diffi'mulatzsian, Delay, Dz'scomfort, Variance, Envy, Detraction, Double-rush After a bloody battle, he kills the giant, and is saluted by the five ladies STEDFASTNESS, AMOROUS PURVEYANCE,JOY AFTER SORRow, PLEASAUNCE, GOOD REPORT, AMITIE, CONTINUANCE, all riding from the castle on white palfries. These ladies inform Amoure, that they had been 'exiled from La Bell Pucell by DISDAINE, and besieged in this castle, for one whole year, by the giant whom he had just flain. They attend him on his journey, and travel through a dreary wilderness, full of wild beasts: at length they discern, at a vast distance, a glorious region, where stood a stately palace beyond a tempestuous ocean. U That, says PERSEVERANCE, " is the palace of Pucelle." They then discover, in the island before them, an horrible fiend, roaring like thunder, and breathing flame, which my author stronglyzpaints,

The fyre was greet, it made the ylande lyght.

PERSEVERANCE tells our hero, that this monster was framed by the two witches STRANGENESS and DISDAINE, to punish La Bell Pucell for having banished them from her presence. His body was composed of the seven metals, and within it a demcn was inclosed. They now enter a neighbouring temple of Pallas; who shews Amoure, in a trance, the secret formation of this monster, and gives him a box of wonderful ointment. They walk on the sea-shorc, and espy two ladies rowing towards them; who land, and having told Amoure that they are sent by PATIENCE to enquire his

name, name, receive him and his company into the ship PERFECTness. They arrive in the island ; and Amoure discovers the monster near a rock, whom he now examines more distinctly. The face of the monster resembled a virgin's, and was about the lovers, declaring that they should soon be joined - in marriage. A sudden transition is here made from the pagan to the christian theology. The next morning they are married, according to the catholic ritual, by LEX Eccuzsmi; and in the wooden print prefixed to this chapter, the lovers are represented as joining hands at the western portal of a great church, a part of the ceremonial of antient marriages '32. A solemn feast is then held in honour of the nuptials ".

[ocr errors]

legs, armed with strong talons, of' laten ; his back of copper; his tail of lead, &e. Amoure, in imitation of jason, anoints his sword and armour with the unguent of Pallas 5 which, at the first onset, preserves him from the voluminous torrent of fire and smoke issuing from the monster's mouth. At length he is killed; and from his body flew out a flule etbiope, or black spirit, accompanied with such a smoke that all the island was darkened, and loud thunder-Claps ensued. When this spirit was entirely vanished, the air grew serene ; and our hero now plainly beheld the magnificent castle of La Pucell, walled with silver, and many a story upon tbe wall enameled royalsy '. He rejoins his company; and entering the gate of the castle, is solemnly received by PEACE, MERCY, JUSTICE, Reason, GRACE, and MEMORY. He is then led by the portress COUNTENAUNCE into the base court 3 where, into a conduit of gold, dragons spouted water of the richest odour. The gravel of the court is like gold, and the hall and chambers are most superbly decorated. Amoure and La Pucell fit down and converse together. Venus intervenes, attended by Cupid cloathed in a blue mantle embroidered with golden hearts pierced with arrows, which he throws

[ocr errors][graphic][merged small]

Here the poem should have ended. But the poet has thought it necessary to extend his allegory to the death and burial of his hero. Graund Amoure having lived in consummate happiness with his amiable bride for many years, saw one morning an old man enter his chamber, carrying a staff, with which he strikes Amoure's breast, saying, Obey', &e. His name is OLD AGE. Not long after came POLICY or Cunning, and AVARICE. Amoure now begins to abandon his triumphal shows and splendid carousals, and to be intent on amaffing riches. At last arrived DEATH, whoperemptorily denounces, that he must prepare to quit hiswealth and the world. After this, fatal admonition, camev CONTRITION and CONSCIENCE, and. he dies; His body- is interred by MERCY and CHARITY 5, and while his. epitaph is, written by REMEMBRANCE, FAME appears; promising that she will enroll his name with. those of Hector, Joshua,

[ocr errors]

437. And the romance of ARPOLYNE, ch. U Bid in ecclesia seriem enarrem deo, ue xxxiii. " decuit, reverenter minish-antium P Bid. ' Which is described thus, ch. *' in mensa dapium et diversorum libamiWhy should I tary by long continuance nump descnbam _sernlitatem redundanOs the feasty &e. v tem. venatioms _[vemson] abundan'

' " nam? Prscrum-vanetatem .P Joculato

In the same manner Chaucer passes over " rum voluptatem? Ministrantium venusi the particularities of Cambuscan's feast, U tatem-P etc." HiSTcANGL. sub.H1-:N.

SQJJ.T- v. 83. Urr. And os Theseus's iii. . 406. edit. Ti . ut su r. Com are feast, KN. T. v. 2199, See also MAN p g p p

OF L. T. v. 704.. And Spenser's FAra-Y
03. v. iii. 3. [See supr.,vol. i. p. 333.]
And. Matthew Paris, in describing the
magnificent marriage and coronation os
gem. Eleanor in 1236, uses exactly the

another feast described in- the same chro-
nicle, much after the same manner; and'.
which, the writer adds, was more splendid
than any
Ahasuerus, king Arthur, or Charlemagne-

lud as i

ibid. p_. 871.

feast celebrated in the time off

judas Maccabeus, king David ", Alexander the Great, Julius Cesar, Arthur 1', Charlemagne q, and Godfrey of Bulloign *.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Aftewards T lME, and ETERNITlE clothed in a white vestment and crowned with a triple diadem of gold, enter the temple, and pronounce an exhortation. Last follows an epilogue, in which the poet apologises for his hardiness in attenipting to_ sign and tle-vise'- this fable.

The reader readily perceives, that this poetical apologue is intended to shadow the education of a complete gentleman ; or rather, to point out those accomplishments which constitute the character of true gallantry, and most justly deserve the reward of beauty. It is not pretended, that the personifications display that force of colouring, and distinctness of delineation, which animate the ideal portraits of John of Meun. But we must acknowledge, that Hawes has shewn no inconfiderable share of imagination, if not in inventing romantic action, at least in applying and enriching the general incidents of the Gothic fable. In the creation of allegoric imagery he has exceeded Lydgate. That he is greatly superior to many of his immediate predecessors and cotemporaries, in harmonious verfification, and clear

[ocr errors]

is full of fabulous and romantic matter; and seems to be partly translated from a Latin Chronicle, DE Mounus E's ACTts PRIMORUM NORMANNlJE DUCUM,written about the year lOOO, by Dudo, clean of S. Winrin's, and printed among Du Chesne's Scarr-roa. NORMAN. p. 49. edit. 1619. Maister Benoit ends with our Henry the first. Dudo with the year 996.

'I With his dwsiperrr, or twelve peers, among which he mentions Rowland and Oliver.

' These are the NINE WORTHIES: to whom Shakespeare alludes in Love's LAB. Losr. " Here is like to be a good presence V of Woa'rruss. He presents Hector of " Troy : The swain, Pompey the Great: " The parish-curate, Alexander: Arma

" do's page, Hercules: The pedant, Judas .

*' Macchabeus, &c." ACT. v. Sc. i.

Elias Cairels, a troubadom- of Perigord, about the year 1240, wishes for the wisdom of Solomon, the courtesy of Roland, the puissance of Alexander, the strength of Samson, the friendly attachment of sir Tristram, the cbwalrric of fir Gawaine, and the learning of Merlin. Though not immediately connected with. the present purpose, I cannot resist. the temptation of transcribing the remainder of our troubadour's idea of complete happiness in this, world. His ambition can be gratified by nothin less than by possessing, "-Une si " ar aite loyaute, que nul chevalier etynul " yongleur n' aient rien a reprendre en lui ; " une maitresse jeune, jolie, et decente; " mille cavaliers bien en ordre pour le " suivre par tout, See." Millot, HIST. Li'r'r. des TROUBAD. tom. i. p. 388. [See supr. vol. i. p. 417.

Besides

« הקודםהמשך »