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lovers. Our hero bids adieu in pathetic terms to the Tower of Mnsrc, where he first saw Pucell. Next he proceeds to the Tower of GEOMETRY, which is wonderfully built and adorned. From thence he seeks ASTRONOMY, who resides in a gorgeous pavilion pitched in a fragrant and flowery meadow: she delivers'a prolix lecture on the several operations of the mind, and parts of the body'. He then, accompanied with his greyhounds, enters an extensive plain overspread with flowers; and looking forward, sees a flaming star over a tower. Going forward, he perceives that this tower stands on a rough precipice of steel, decorated with beasts of various figures. As he advances towards it, he comes to a mighty fortress, at the gate of which were hanging a shield and helmet, with a marvellous horn. He blows' the horn with a blast that shook the tower, when a knight appears; who, asking his business, is answered, that his name is Graunde Amoure, and that he was just arrived from the tower of DOCTRINE. He is welcomed by the knight, and admitted. This is the castle of CHIVALRY. The next morning he is conducted by the porter STEDFAS'ÞNESS into the base court, where stood a tower of prodigious height, made of jasper; on its summit were four images of armed knights on horses of steel, which, on moving a secret spring, could represent a turney. Near this tower was an antient temple of Mars: within it was his statue, or picture, of. gold, with the figure of FORTUNE on her wheel, and the walls were painted with the siege of Troy b. He

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popularity os the story, has made it a sub-
ject for painted glass. DREME CHAUC.
v. 322. p. 406. Urr.col. r.

-- - and with glas
Were al the windowes wel yglased
Ful clere, and nat an hole ycrased,
That to beholde it was grete joy ;
For wholly all thestarj q/ Troy
Was in the glaf/Ing: ywrought thus,
Of Hector, and king Priamns,
Achilles, &c.

In our author's description of the palace of
Pucell, " there was enameled with figures
" curious 'be [me of Troy." cap. xxxviii.
Sign. A. iii. edit. 15 5. The arras was
the siege of Tbea'u. i id. In the temple
os Mars was also " the sege of Thebes de-
" paynted sayre and clere" on the walls.
cap. xxvii. Sign. jSi. [See supr. p. 216.]

e Through the sumptuous hall os the
castle, which is painted with the Siege of
The/ner, and where many knights are play-
ing at chess.

" A fabulous king of Thrace, who, I think, is mentioned in Caxton's Recuru. or 'rue Hrsronvas or Tnor, nowjust printed; that is, in the year t47l- Our author appeals to this romance, which he calls the Reade qf Troye, as an authentic vouchcr for the truth of the labours of Hercules. ch. i. By the way, Boccacio's GENEALOGY OF 'run Gons is quoted in this romance of Troy, B. ch. xix.

* * His father is Daru] Drunken nose,

Who never dranke but in a fayre Had:

&on/e. Here he seems to allude to Lydgate's poem, called Osjars- War t/Jat couldpull 'be Iirring ourafa Harl- ball. MS. Ashmol. Oxon. 59. ii. MSS. Harl. zzgr. 12. fol. '4. One jack Hare is the same sort of ludicrous character, who is thus described in Lydiate's Tale affrarward Maymana'e. MSS. aud. D. 31. Bibl. Bodl.

A froward knave pleynly to descryve,

And a stoggard shorter to declare,

A precious knave that castith hym never do thryve,

His mouth weel weet, his slevis riht thredbare ;

A turnebroche, [turn-spit] a boy for hogge of ware,

With louring face noddyng and slumberyn

Of new crystened, and called Jakke Hare,

Whiche ofa ball can fluflt out f/Jt lying.

These two pieces of Lydgate appear to be

the same.

s He relates, how Aristotle, for all las: clergy, was so infatuated with love, that he suffered the lady, who only laughed at his pasiion, to bridle and ride him about his chamber. This story is in Gower, CONP. AMANT. lib. viii. fol. clxxxix. b. edit. ur supr. [See supr. p. 25.]

Isaw there Aristote also
Whom that the quene of Grece also
Hath brideled, &e.

Then

[graphic]

1nto the temple of Venus, who was now holding a solemn assembly, or court, for the redress of lovers. Here he meets with SAPIENCE, who draws up a supplication for him, which he presents to Venus. Venus, after having exhorted him to be constant, writes a letter to-Pucell, which she sends by Cupid. After offering a turtle, he departs with Godfrey Gobilive, who is overtaken by a lady on a palfrey, with a knotted whip in her hand, which she frequently exercises on Godfreyfi Amoure asks her name, which, she answers, is CORRECTION; that she lived in the Tower of CHASTITY, and that he who assumed the name of Godfrey Gobilive was FALSE REPORT, who had just escaped from her prison, and disguised himself in a fool's coat. She invites Amoure to her Tower, where they are admitted by Dame MEASURE; and led into a hall with a golden roof, in the midst of which was a carbuncle of a prodigious size, which illuminated the room ". They are next introduced to

Then follows a long and ridiculous story
about Virgil, not the poet, but a necro-
mancer framed in the dark ages, who is
deceived by the tricks of a lady at the court
os Rome; on whom, however, her para-
mour takes ample revenge by means of his
skill in music. ch. xxix. I have mentioned
this Virgil, supr. vol. i. p. 407. See also,
supr. p. 2;. Where I have falsely supposed
him to be the oet. This fiction is also
alluded to by Gower, and added to that of
Aristotle's, among his examples of the
power of love over the wisest men. ubisupr.
And eke Virgile of acqueintancc
I sigh [saw] where he the maiden praid
Which was the daughter, as men said,
Of themperour whilom of Rome.

There is an old book, printed in 1510,

entitled, " Vinciuus. This boke treat-
" cth of the lyfe of Virgilius, and of his
" deth, and many marvayles that he did
' in his lyfetyme by whitchcrast and ni-
" gramansy, thorouhg the help of the de-
' vylls of hell." Coloph. " Thus endeth
" the lyfe of Virgilius with many dyvers
' consaytes that he dyd. Emprynrcd in 'be

" gift as Andt-wary by me Job' Dog/1
" bare/1', dure/bing at 'L'e Camer Parte."
With cuts, octavo. It was in Mr. Wefl's
library. Virgil'r Lr'st is mentioned by
Laneham among other romantic pieces,
KiIIi'z-w. Cast/r. p. 34. edit. 1575. 120.

- This fictitious personage, however, seems

to be formed on 'the genuine Virgil, because, from the subject of his eighth Eelogue, he was supposed to be an adept in the mysteries of magic and incantation.

8 ln another place he is called FOLLY, and said to ride on a mare. When chivalry was at its heighth in France, it was a disgrace to any person, not below the degree of a gentleman, lo rit/r a man.

h From Chaucer, ROM. ROSF, v. llzo. Urr. p. 223. a. RlCHESSF. is crowned with the costliest gems,

But all before full subtilty

A fine 'carboncle sel sawe I,

The stone so cleare was and bright,

That al so sone as it was night,

Men mightin sene to go for nede

A mile or two in length and brede.

Such light ysprange out osthat stong.
U!

' \

a fair chamber; where they are welcomed by many famous women of antiquity, Helen, quem' Proserpine, the lady Medast, Penthesilea, &e. The next morning, CO-RRECTION shews our hero a marvellous dungeon, of which SHAMFASTNESSE is the keeper; and here FALSE REPORT is severely puni-shed. He now continues his expedition, and 'near a fountain observes a shield and a horn hanging. On the shield was a lion rampant of gold in a silver field, with an inscription, importing, that this was the way to La Bell Pucell's habitation, and that whoever blows the horn will be assaulted bya most formidable giant. He sounds the horn; when instantly the giant appeared, twelve feet high, armed in brass, with three heads, on each of which was a streamer, with the inscriptions Falsseboad, Imagination, Perjury. After an obstinate combat, he cuts off the giant's three heads with his sword Claraprudence. He next meets three fair ladies, VANITY, GOOD-OPERATION, FID-ELITY. They conduct him to their castle with music ; Where, being admitted by the portress OBSERVANCE, he is healed of his wounds by them. He proceeds and meets PERSEVERANCE, who aequaints him, that Pucell continued still to love: that, after she had read Venus's letter, STRANGENESS and DISDAIN came to her, to dissuade her from loving him; but that soon after, PEACE and MERCY ' arrived, who soon undid all that DlSDAIN and STRANGENESS had said, advifing her to send PERSEVERANCE

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to him with a shield. This shield PERSEVERANCE now presents, and invites him to repose that night with her cousin COMFORT, who lived in a moated manor-place under the side of a neighbouring wood k. Here he is ushered into a

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