« הקודםהמשך »
translated or abhracted from Upton's book De re militari, (t sactir illustribur, written about the year 1441. See the fourth book De in tgnibur Anglorum nobilium.. Edir. Biss. ond. 1654. 4t0. It begins with the following curious piece of sacred heraldry.
inserted that thework might contain a complete course of education for a gentleman. The same title is in W. Powel's edit. 1550. The last edition is " The GENTLBMAN'S " ACADEMY, or the book ofsaint Albans,
" concerning hawking, hunting, and ar" mory." Lond. 1595. 4to. " Of the offspring of the gentilman Jafeth,
'l At the magnificent marriage of the " come Habrnham,Moyses,Ar0n, and the rincess Margaret with James the fourth, " rofettys, and also the kyng of the right in of Scotland, in rzoz, his majesty " fyne of Mary, of whom that gentilman " Jhesus was borne, very god and man:
len s the new queen, " a grett tame hart, " for to have a corse." Leland. Coll. APPEND. iii. 280. edit. 1770.
= This is the latter part of the colophon at the end of the saint Alban's edition. " And here now endith the boke of blasyng " of armys, translatyt and compylyt fo' gedyr at saynt Albons the yere from " thyncamaeyon of oure lorde Jhesu Crist U mcccCLxxxvr." [This very scarce book, printed, in various inks, was in vthe late Mr. West's library.] This part is
" after his manhode kynge of the land of " Jude and of Jues, gentilman by is " moder Mary, pry-me ofCa/e armure, See."
Nicholas Upton, above mentioned, was a fellow of New college Oxford, about the year 1430. He had many dignities in the church. He was patronised by Humphrey duke of Glocester, to whom he dedicates his book. This I ought to have remarked before.
frier of Yorkshire, a student in the Augustine convent' at
As does MYNSTRELLIS and GESTOURS,
And of many other GESTES,
And namely when they come to festes ;
Our translator in these verses formally declares his intention of giving his reader no entertainment; and disavows all concern with secular vanities, especially those unedifying tales of love and arms, which were the customary themes of other poets, and the delight of an idle age. The romances of OCTAVIAN, fir BEVIS, and sir GUY, have already been discussed at large. That of sir ISEMBRAS was familiar in the time of Chaucer, and occurs in the RIME of SIR THOPAS". In Mr. Garrick's curious library of chivalry, which his friends share in common with himself, there is an edition
by Copland, extremely different from the manuscript copies preserved at Cambridge', and in the Cotton collection *. I believe it to be originally a French romance, yet not of very high antiquity. It is written in the stanza of Chaucer's sir THOPAS'. The incidents are for the most part those trite expedients, which almost constantly form the plan of these metrical narratives. s si
I take this opportunity of remarking, that the MIN'STRELS, who in this prologue of Nassyngton are named separately from the GESTOURS, or tale-tellers, were sometimes distinguished from the harpers. In the year 1374., six Minstrels, accompanied with four Harpers, on the anniversary of Alwyne the bishop, performed their mi'ffirejsies, at dinner, in the hall of the convent of saint Swithin at Winchester; _and during supper, sung the same GEST, or tale, in the great arcbed chamber of the prior: on which solemn occasion, the said chamber was hung with the arras, or tapestry, of THE THREE KlNGS or COLOGNE "'. These minstrels and harpers belonged, partly to the royal houshold in Winchester castle, and partly to the bishop of Winchester.
iMSS. Caius Coll. Class. A. 9. (z.)
'* CALIG. A. 12. f. '28.
1 See Percy's BALL. i. 06.
"1 Re istr. Priorat. S. withini Winton. ut suprffvol. i. p. 8 .] " In sello Alwyni " eprscopi . . . . . tdurante pietancia in " aulfi conventus, sex MiNISTRALLI, cum 's quatuor ClTBARlSATORlBUS, faciebant " ministralcias suas. Et post cenam, in " magna camera arcuata dom. Prioris, ran" tabant'idem cas'rum, in qua camera suu spendehatur, ut moris est, ma num dor" ale Prioris, habens picturas tuum regum " Colein. Veniebant autem dicti jocula" tores a castello domini regis, et ex fami" us episcopi . . . ." .The rest is much obliterated, and the date is hardly discemible. Among the Harleian manuscripts, there is an antient song on the three kings of Cologne, in which the whole flory of that favor-ire romance is resolved into al
chem . MSS. 2407. 13. fol. Wynkyn de orde printed this romance in quarto, 1526. It is in MSS. Harl. 1704. 11. fol. 49. b. Imperf. Coll. Trin. Duhlin. V. 6 r. 14.. [C. 16.] MSS. More, 37. And reguently in other places. Barclay, in his
GLOGBS, mentions this subject, a part of the nativity, painted on the walls of a churche cat/ndrall. EGL. V. Signat. D. ii. ad calc. Ship gfsoalu, edit. i 570.
And the 'bra finger, with all their company,
In an Inventory os ornaments belon ' g to the church of Holbech in Lincoln ire, and sold in the year '548, we find this article. " lum, for the c0A'rs of the iii. " k ngs of Cnloyne, vr. iiiid." Isuppose the e coats were for dressing persons who
There was an annual mass at the shrine or tomb of bishopAlwyne in the church, which was regularly followed by a feast in the convent. It is probable, that the GEST here specified was some poetical legend of the prelate, to whosememory this yearly festival was instituted, and who was a. Saxon bishop of Winchester about the year 1040-". Although songs of chivalry were equally common, and I believe more welcome to the monks, at these solemnities. In. an accompt-roll of the priory of Bicester, in Oxfordshire ',. I find a parallel instance, under the year 143 2. It is in thisentry. " Dat. sex Ministrallis de B'okyngham cantantibus " in refectorio MARTYRIUM SEPTEM DORMIENTIUM in ffi/fa U eþz'plmm'e, iv s." That is, the treasurer of the monasterygave four shillings to six minstrels from Buckingham, for singing in the refectory a legend called the MARTYRDOM OF' THE SEVEN SLEEPERS ", on the feast of the Epiphany. In theCotton library, there is a Norman poem in Saxon charactersonv this. subject 'l- which was probably translated afterwards,
into English rhyme. The original i$ a Greek legend ', neven'
represented the three kings in some processifion on the NATIV'TY. Or perhaps for a MYSTERY on the subject, plaid by the. parish. But in the same-Inventory. we have, be'n, for 'be ape/9111.' [the apostles] coat', and for anon's [Hemd's] mate, &e. Stukeley's I'riN. Cu'uos. pag. 19. * In
old accompts of church-wardens for saint
Helen's at Abingdon, Berks, for the year 1566. there is an entry For-setting up RoniN Hooors nowrn. I suppose sor a parish interlude. Aacr-ueon. vol.i. p. 16.
'1 He is buried in the north wall os the presbytery, with an inscription.
o In Thesauriaro Coll. Trin. Oxon. [See supr. vol. i. p. 90.]
P In the fourth century,.being inclosed
ina cave at Ephesus by the emperour Der cius 372 years, they were asterwardesound sleeping, and alive.
1 MSS. Cott. CALic. A. ix. iii. fol. 213. b. [See supr. vol. i. p. 18.] " In" " romamm la 'vie be Sent: dormanz."
La-uereu ben mr 'are lus-1 dure
' MSS. Lambece. viii. p. 375. Phoe
tius, without naming the author, ives the
substance of this Greek legend,".Bi l. Con..
ocuu. pag. 1399. edit. '5911. sol. This.
story was common among the Arabians. The mussulmans borrowed many wonderfulnarratives from the christians, which they embellished with new fictions. They pretend that a dog, which was accidentally, shut up in the cavern with the shun: sin/um, become rational. See Herb'elbt, DICT. ORIENT. p. '39. a. V..ASHAB. p. 17. In the British Museum there is a poem,. partly in Saxon characters, De parritia a'omini 're/in' jbesu Cri/Ii. Or, tbt childhood a Cbrrst. MSS. Harl.' 2399, lo. sol. 47'. 'begins thus.
Alle myzhty yn T _ te,
That bowth ought] Knyon rode dere; .
A lytyl wyle that ye wylle me here.
printed 3 but which, in the dark ages, went about in a barbarous Latin translation, by one Syrus'; or in a narrative framed from thence by Gregory of Tours '.
Henry Bradshaw has rather larger pretensions to poetical same than William of Nassington, although scarcely deserving the name of an original writer in any respect. He was a native of Chester, educated at Gloucester college in Oxford, and at length a Benedictine monk of saint Wer
burgh's abbey in his native place ". Before the year 1500.