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who encouraged gambling throughout the prison by his access to all parts, and a man coarse in language and of the most filthy habits. He is to be sent to the hulks. And Dr. Box, at least ought to be bored out of his office of five hundred a year,

When the Morning Chronicle first published, as a letter from Mr. Clarke, a string of accusations against this Jorgenson, he answered, that the accusations were false, and that they were maliciously invented; because, he Jorgenson, was a religious character and about to publish a work entitled, “ The Religion of Nature to be found in the religion of Christ !” He may now finish bis religious work on board the hulks : though I should not be surprised to find him religiously pardoned, in consequence of the irreligions character of his accuser. There is a strong sympathy between all these religious men, and vice weighs nothing against it.

I went so far, of late, as to pronounce William Haley a fickle character. I might have said more at that time, but I wished to reclaiin him, if possible, or whilst there was the least hope of making any thing good of him, to say nothing painful of him or to him. By his intimacy with this Jorgenson, and by a series of other base acts, be has completely developed his character, wisich I have no hes. itation to say is, that of a villain : and having said this, it is necessary to state how he came among us

He knew nothing of my publications, and was not known to any person that did know anything of thein, before he came to the shop. It will be recollected, that he appeared at the moment when the battle of May 1824, at 84, Fleet Street, was at the hottest, and at such a moment, he was accepted, without enquiry as to who or what he was. He was soon taken out of the shop, and his manners before the Alderman made me suspicious of him. His air and general manners were those of an intelligent dandy; but bis dress was disgracefully ragged, or looked like one of Die cheapest suits that could be picked up in Petticoat Lane, something worse than that if possible. On entering the prison, and with the others who had been arrested before him, he could give no account of himself, nor a single reason why he had joined them : he had read nothing of the publications which he had undertaken to defend and knew nothing of the principles which his fellow prisoners had so warmly espoused; and further, he exhibited an indifference about every thing but tobacco and intoxicating liquor. Clarke who was with him from the first, soon saw through him, and some of the others, willing to encourage him occasioned breaches of the peace. However, Haley was soon cunning enough to vow hiniself in raptures with republicanism and Materialism; and having been well educated at Christ Cburch Schoolas a boy, and with a few days instruction from his fellow prisoners, he made an able defence; though we have had since, every proof, that he cared no more about the principles, as principles, than a dog would have cared about them. la the midst of all this, there were frequent threats, that he would not be considered as one of us; and but a day or two before the Enemy to Persecution” sent them £25. to newgate, Haley had written to me to say, that from a sort of suspicion of him, he would not partake of any subscriptions. But five pounds were not a thing for Master Haley to reject, and all at once, he again became an enthusiast. Thus, matters have continually gone on, and he has been the occasion of many brawls among his fellow prisoners, one part denouncing, the other upholding liim. He began to write in the Newgate Magazine, and displayed a growing ability, though, even I thought it prudent to check his rashness, and cautioned bim not to make strong assertions and personal attacks upon matters and persons of which he knew nothing. Several individuals complimented him upon his boldness and ability, and the poor npstart soon began to think, that writing in the Magazine was beneath him! Before he had given himself tiine to sift or to understand any thing in politics, religion, or morals, nothing would do but he must begin to write books, as an accomplished author! His first advertisement was something about “ Blackstone and the Constitution,” a subject that required the years, the study and the bead of a Bentham, to have meddled with it in a becoming manner. The first sheet of something about “ Blackstone and the Constitution" was printed, and though I had, as I felt in duty bound, offered to publish for him, I could neither find beginning, middle or end, nor subject, in his writing; and, consequently, I did not recommend it to my readers, as I should have done, if it had been good for any thing. This was a damper to Daster Haley: no one praised his perfora. ance and his consequence was at a fault : nor did any one buy it; but those few, who expect to find something peculiar in what I do publish. I wished “Black stone and the Constitution" farther; for, I felt the thing was a disgrace to me. No more sheets of " Blackstone, &c.' came forth; bat “ A Word for Ireland" was the next performance, which would have been a very pretty pamphlet in Ireland: but was quite superfluous in England. Here, again, I could find nothing to praise or to recommend. I simply announced that such sheets had been printed. Verv little sale took place, and Master Haley, in the dumps, began to find that Republicans and Republicanism, Materialists and Materialism were the wrong things for him, and he would turn and write against them. This the fellow began to do; but could got nothing printed. In the midst of this fit came the notice that Amicus had put him down at 300. in bis will. This made the gentleman pause a no ment; but feeling that he had gone too far and that he was despised by his fellow prisoners, he soon broke through all restraint, and has since been incessant in his abuse of an Republicans and their principles; and this frequently over wine procured by money borrowed from those who correspond with him, of raised upon such books and other things as he could get from then to pledge. In short, Haley prover himselí nothing better than a common thief, a drunkard and a blackguard of the lowest description, and I heartily wish, and so do his fellow prisoners, that Mr. Peel would liberate him ; for he is both a nuisance and a disgrace to them. Last week, he sent in a pretended recantation to Mr. Peel ; but the fellow never held any principles, in coinmon with us, which be could recant.

It would have been a matter of greater pleasure to have had something to say in his praise, after be hard thrown bimself among us; but his fellow prisoners lave called upon me for an exposure, and from a duty I never will shrink. Thomas Tourtell, Snowden, and this convict Jorgenson, have been his favourite companions in Newgate; so, henceforth, I beg all iny friends not to recognise William Haley as a man persecuted for the advocacy of free discussion, or any other good priuciples. He is a disgrace to us, or would be so if he could.

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RICHARD CARLILE.

• Dorchester Gaol, Oct. 3, 1825.

Printed and Published by R. CARLILE, 135, Fleet Street.-All Correspor: 1

olences for “ The Republican" to be left at the place of publication.

No. 15, Vol. 12.] London, Friday, Oct. 14, 1825. [Price 6d.

TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF SUSSEX, GRAND MASTER OF THE ASSOCIATION OF FREEMASONS, KNIGHTS, TEMPLARS, &c.

LETTER II.

Dorchester Gaol, October 8, A. T. Silly Sir KNIGHT, 1825, A. L. (to Royal Masons) 1. As there are several degrees of Knigbtbood and as Knights Errant sprung froin the real Knights Templars, we must suppose, that masonic knighthood falls into the scale below Kuigbt Errantry. To complete the climax of your absurdities, you want a masonic order of Knights Errant. Here is room for some wit to exercise his powers, in the drawing up of a ceremony for such a degree. I consess, that the task is not to my taste, or, what, perbaps is nearer the truth, that I have not wit enough for it. I delight in the exposure of existing absurdities; but not in extending them. We have found devils in the Rosicrucian degrees; and the transition to giants castles and castellated ladies, with the silly Sir Koights engaged in their rescue, will be easy and pleasant to the greatness of a masonic mind, to that part and parcel of the grand architect of the universe!

The chief part of my comment, in this my last letter on masonry, is to be a series of proofs, that the words Jesus Christ were never the name of a real person, and that they are only the name of the hero, of a fable, a name descriptive of tbe cbaracter of the bero, just as are all the pames of the Old Testament, or of that part of it which treats of matters said to have been done before the Babylonian Colonization of the Jews. That part of the Old Testament, I take to be a fable, got up by these colonized Jews, to make themselves the descendants of the first of mankind; a com

Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 135, Fleet Street,

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mon practice with the writers of Asia, and, indeed, of all other quarters, before the art of criticism arose.

That the story of Jesus Christ is a fable, we bave the following proofs :

First, as to naine.

The two words, Jesus Christ, are synonimous in tbeir meaning, and each expresses chief, saviour, liberator, annointed as a leader or general.

Jesus is a corruption of Isse to Jesse, Jesu, Jesus, a Hebrew or common Asiatic word, for either of the above titles, and which has also been written Joshua Jeshua Jehoshua : and even the word Joseph, I take to be a variation of the same word. The inhabitants of western Asia used the letter Y where we use J, and spelt Jehovah or Jao, as Yahoub or Yao. Our word Joseph is still called Yussef among the Persians and others. All these changes noust have arisen, by foreigners to a language putting into letters a pronunciation which they did vot rightly understand. Indeed, this is, and must have been the only source of variation in language; and upon this ground, we may trace all the modern languages into those which have preceded then. . Now that we have printed books, grammars, lexicons, &c. these changes will be much more slow, as there will be a standard to revert to and to gather round.

Christ is a Greek word of precisely the same meaning among the Greeks as Jesus or Isse or Yesse or Yesu was among the Jews and their neighbours of Asia. Therefore, such a name had never been adopted by those who under: stood the meaning of both words. It is a tautology which no people have adopted in the way of title, if we except a few naines among ourselves, where the cbristened name and the surname are made alike. Had Jesus been a real name of a real person, his Jewish Disciples had never called him Jesus Christ, nor the Christ.

Again, we are told, that all his disciples were Jews and yet among these disciples, we find but one Jewish name, or Levi, and that a sort of second or adopted name. The naines are all. Grecian. There is not a Jewish pame among the first preachers of Christianity; and, verily, I do believe, that there was never a genuine Jewish convert to the Christian Religion.

We have another proof, that these first preachers of Christianity were all Grecians, in the fact, that save the Toldoth Jesu, an avowed Jewish production of the second century, there bas not been handed down to us a single Christian

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document in the language of Jesus and his pretended Jewish disciples. All the Gospels, all the Epistles, and all the Revelations, were written in the Greek language, and often in a barbarous Greek, a proof that they were the work of illiterate men.

This is sometbing like substantive proof, boib as to the name and language, that the Christian Religion did not originate in Judea, and that the subject is fabulous. It is easily seen how the Grecians migót have taken the Jewish word for Alessiah or Saviour, Jesus, the Jews being then scattered among them and dwelling in all the Grecirin Cities, and have attached to it their own favourite word Christ. No Jew had ever done this.

Second as to time and dates. He have undonbied historical narratives of the destruction of the Temple and city of Jerusalem by Titus, about the year 70 of that which is now the adopted Christian era.

From that time to the predominance of the Christian Religion under the Roman Emperors, we have no history of Jerusalem. Until the Christian Pilgrimages began, it contained no other inbabitants, than such as inbabit the ruins of other cities in Asia. Here was a very favourable opporlucity for a Grecian Fabulist to lay the scenes of a fable at Jerusalem, a few years before its destruction ; and this at a period of full thirty years after its destruction, when no one could effectually contradict him, and when, indeed untill the new supersiition bad begun to spread widely, no one lbought it worthy of notice. Who thinks now of refuting the nonsense preached by the fo’lowers of Johanna Southcote? Yet a time may come, when these people may so. spread themselves, as to make a refutation a matter of social or even of national consequence. Such was the case wilh the Christians; and, when they began to be numerous, Celsus, Porpbyry and others effectually refuted their nonsense; but their ignorant numbers triumphed even over that resutation. Refutation makes no impression upon an ignofant, illiterate man. He dces not understand it.

We not only have no account of Christianity within the period that Jerusalem existed as a city with its temple; but we have no account of it that can be dated by proofs within the first century of the eighteen, which are now adopted. This again greatly strengthens the assertion of its being of Grecian origin.

Another fact is, that the earliest record of Christianity in existence is the letter by Pliny to Trajan. And this sura

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