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aristocracy, masonry and mountebankery, should not be encouraged, but should be cried down as inischievous, de basing and impoverishing to the community as a whole. A single pauper, who is not a cripple, is a disgrace to a country; but pauperism comes from monarchy, priesthood, and the ignorance and wickedness that support such follies.

I am, Sir, your prisoner,

RICHARD CARLILE.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We have reprinted Nos. 1 and 3 of Vol. I. Republican, to complete all imperfect sels and to supply further demand. The sheets of the first days proceeding of Mr. Carlile's Mock Trial, that were stolen by the Sheriff and never returned nor accounted for, have been reprinted, to keep on sale that very cheap edition of Paine's Age of Reason, under the form of a trial. Price half a crown. It was read in Court chiefly for that purpose. Several other prints and reprints are in the press, and we hope by Christmas, to have the whole catalogue of promises and 0. P.'s completed. Theu comes the Joint Stock Company, to sweep the filth of prejudice with its thousand brooms: to collect in the English Language and in the neatest form, every good work that has been written that is here known or unknown, and that can be procured.

Printed and Published by R. CARLILE, 135, Fleet Street.--All Correspor

dences for “ The Republican” to be left at the place of publication.

No. 12, Vol. 12.) LONDON, Friday, Sept. 23, 1825. (Price 6d.

TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS, GEORGE FREDERICK GUELPH, DUKE OF

YORK, COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE
BRITISH ARMY, ROYAL ARCH MASON, &c.

COMPANION ! Dorchester Gaol, September, 6, 1825. Not in arms, but in masonry: you are the last fool of nole tbat was made a Royal Arch Mason; therefore, to you, I am about to inscribe my description of that degree.

I begin to see, with Professor Robison, that the main object which preserved or revived Freemasonry, about a ceutury or better ago, was to preserve or to increase, jesuitically, the interest of the Stuart Family in this country; but this object failed, while the nonsense has been preserved; and pow we find it espoused by the members of that royal family, which finally supplanted the Stuarts, by your family! It is further singular, that this very instrument, which was intended to restore one royal family, expelled from their country by a revolution, should survive its purpose and merge into an instrument for the expulsion of almost every royal family on the continent of Europe, in accoinplishing the most singular and most terrible revolution recorded in the history of mankind. We may see, in this circumstance, the impropriety of playing with fire brands; for a private association of any kind is easily converted into a political fire-brand. You and your brothers might bave hoped to sway it, as an instrument or firebrand, in the favour of your family; but you little dream of the fickleness and inconstancy of men, wbo are weak enough voluntarily to join such a private associations. Such an association can never be managed for any individual or family benefit. It resembles, in some, measure, the society of Jesuits; and that association was an attempt to accomplish a universal

Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 135, Fleet Street.

hierarchy, not for the benefit of a family, but of a Church or Priesthood. .

The symbolical connection of Masonry with the expelled family of the Stuarts is every way clear. They are the murdered Hiram Abiff, to find a substitute for whom is the prominent pursuit. It was but to sound the political notions of the novice, and, if favourable, to whisper the allegorical allusion, to give bim a clear insight of the whole fabric. Masonry predominated in Scotland in the last century much more than in England: and in the degree of Scotch Master, which was very common among the partisans of the Stuarts on the Continent, as well as in Scotland, we have a so.. lution of the riddle, why the dagger is introduced, why each candidate is made to assassinate a traitor, and wby revenge is the pass-word. In no sense can the subject of this degree apply to the simple traditionary matter of masonry. The assassins of Hiram Abiff were murderers but not traitors. And the manner, in which the candidate is taught to dispatch the man in the cave, is a breach of all ordinary political and judicial rules. There must bave been some other meaning in the framing of that degree, than that which the simple tale and ceremony displays.

It was soon sten on the continent, where discussion on political or religious matters could alone be carried on in sucb a secret association, that if such an institution was calculated to shake one royal family from a throne, it might be so constructed as to shake all such families: and, under this view, all the philosopbers of France and Germany espoused it and moulded it to the general improvement of mankind. But, unfortunately, the system was necessarily masked, and other and baser principles grew up with it, which eventually pruduced the horrors of the French Revolution. The secret views of Mirabeau, Diderot, D'Alembert, Weishaupt and olbers were noble; but being carried on by a private association, in which there were no means of checking the introduction of the views of other men, their scheme was in a great measure baffled; though, in the midst of much evil, much good has been produced. We are now so far advanced, as to be able to maintain openly all the designed good wbich these philosophers inculcated privately. And, by this advance, we can exclude all the mischief that was inevitably mingled with secret associations. Our present position is most cheering; it is open at all points, unassailable, or impregnable if assailed, and sure of producing much good, and nothing but good, to mankind. We flourish in moral power and bid

defiance to physical power. We spurn secret associations and have even driven the enemies of improvement for all mankind to support themselves by such associations. We have turned the scale: the disgrace is not now to be wbat is terned seditious or blaspheinous, anti-christian, atheistical or infidel; but not to be of this class of people. We court publicity, you and your class dread our publicity, as it becomes your exposure. The warfare and the only warfare that is now carried on against us is, to suppress, as far as possible, our publicity, witbout resorting to prosecutions; and to be silent where that publicity cannot be suppressed. I cannot say, but that, in this view, you, act wisely, in the object of preserving your system as long as you cau; but you must yield ; for, to vovelty, always influeutial with mankind, we add and shew them their prospective improvement, in an eradication of all the evils that oppress and degrade them. We profess, and that profession is open and sincere, to war with nothing but the evils which afflict mankind, leaving the good to flourish unimpeded, and strengthening it with additional good. We cannot err, we cannot be suppressed, we cannot be checked ; for our basis is as firm as the natural powers of matter. 1 started as an individual, in my present career, without a sbilling of my ownin my pocket, unknowo to, and uncountenanced by any man of influence, until my conduct pressed itself upon the attention of such men, and obtained me their friendship; now, look and see what I, but eight years ago an obscure individual and a mechanic, have done. Six years out of the eight, I have spent in different gaols; but even that circumstance has told against you, and has greatly added to my influence. lo another year, I will have formed a powerful joint stock company for the full supply of all such books as royal families and priests and aristocrats dislike. Thus we progress: and thus such as you must fall. In vain, will you associate with Free Masons: in vain, will you form any kind of secret associations: knowledge can only be well and rapidly communicated in an open mauper; that is the ground we take, and knowledge among the mass of the people is your bane; but the good man's antidote against the bane of royal and priestly tyrandy and oppression. Prytbee, if you would know a grand masonic secret, it is, that yo'ı can only pass through the remainder of your life happily, by yielding to circumstances, and by giving me, and such as me your best support. That secret will produce you some good, if you will act upon it; but, in

opening.

masonry, even as a Royal Arch Mason, you bare learnt nothing but the secrets of folly, and have made yourself my butt and laughing stock. Having said this,'will confirm it, by shewing you and the public, A DESCRIPTION OF THE DEGREE OF ROYAL ARCH

MASONRY. The assembly of this order is called a chapter, and the individuals, when in a chapter, are so arranged, as to form an arch or semi-circle. The three principal officers, Zerubbabel as Prince, Haggai as Prophet, and Jeshua as High Priest, are placed as the key stones of the arch. Three, called Sojourners, Principal, Senior and Junior, are at the bottom. And two, Ezra and Nehemiah, called Senior and Junior, Scribes, are placed one on each side. The deficiency of the figure is filled up with the companions. The order is a species of Masonic Knighthood. In the middle of the arch stands an altar with the initials of the names of Solomon King of Israel, Hiram, King of Tyre, and Hiram Abiff. There is, or should be, where convenient, an organ in the room in which the chapter is held. The chapter is also considered a type of the Sanhedrim of the Jews.

Form of opening. The members having'arrived and the principal officers having robed and taken their sceptres, all things being in order they retire to a room adjoining to the intended chapter, with the exception of the scribes, who take their stand on each side of the door. There is theu a sort of procession formed to enter the chapter. At the entrance, each gives the sign of sorrow, or, as others call it, the reverential sign, which is done by bowing the head and body, placing the right hand on the forehead. This sign is repeated as they approach the altar or pedestal. Then they place their sceptres in their left hands, with the right under the left breast, and make the following pronunciation :

Zerubbabel. In the beginniog was the word.
Haggai. And the word was with God.
Jeshua. And the word was God.
Z, Omnipotent.
H. Omnipresent.

J. Omniscient. (All rise kneel and say together,) Before whicb, we three do agree, in love and unity, the sacred word of a Royal Arch Mason to keep, and not to reveal it to any in the world, unless it be, when three such as we, do meet and agree.

The sign of sorrow is now given the third time, and each advances to his proper place, standing before a chair.

2. Companions, assist me to open this chapter. Companion Junior Sojourner, what is the chief and constant care of a Royal Arch Mason?

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