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year; and since the Christian era, 959,220,000! If we include the full period of a year, or the additional odd hours and minutes, or one day in four years, we shall approach to the round sum of a thousand millions. So that putting aside all that died before Christianity began, there must be already, in heaven and hell, more, according to Dr. Stoddart's calculation, of fifty one a minute than fifty one thousand millions of human being, or their souls, if anyone can tell what a soul is! Again, according to another version of the fable, these and so many more, perhaps are to come up some day for judgment! What an assize!

After seeing such a data as the above, can any thing be more certain than the system of inaterialism, that scouts every notion of intelligent spirits, and that contends, that the human race is but one of many species of animals, all living and dying to one end, merely to furnish matter for new generations.

"Now, Doctor ; now, 'I'headore Hook; now, Shackell ; now, Joim Bull; now, Palladium ; what do you think of the picture of your god in my window? Is it not a correct one ? Now, Eldon ; now, Peel ; now, Christians all; what do you think of my six years imprisonment, for having attacked this “ damned absurdity'' called the Christian Religion?

From the foregoing data alone, I infer, and proclaim, that all religion is false and vicious, and that, there is no such a god in existence as any man has preached or taught; no god, no intelligent being superior to man; no intelligent being that can for a moment, affect the motion of the smallest planet. And shewing this, I shew you O man, that the whole duty of man is morality towards bis species and all other animals ; and that, to seek his own in the general happiness of animal life, is the proper and only moral business of human life.

• RICHARD CARLILE. Dorchester Gaol, Sunday Morning, August 28.-The

best sermon that will be preached this day. P.S. The following article has been going the round of the papers, in conjunction with the Doctor's number of Christians. It is a suitable and luminous postscript to the foregoing article. I have before noticed the historcial fact, in The Republican, or in one of the defences before the Court; but not having Gibbon's Decline and Fall by me, I did not then illustrate it, as it is here illustrated. At the time of this battle, the Saracens were masters of all the Peninsula, of all Italy, nearly all the Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and of a great part of France, with the whole cost of Africa from Tangiers to Egypt. The extinction of Chris. tianity at that time entirely depended upon the turn of the battle.

SCOPE FOR THE IMAGINATION.—July 22, 732.- Victory of Charles Martel over Abderamus.--The king of the Saracens having crossed the Pyrenees, and advanced as far as Tours, at the head of four hundred thousand Saracens, Charles Martel, with a very inferior army, by the exercise of great prudence and valour, gained a complete victory over Abderamus. Scarcely more than twenty-five thousand of the Saracens got back.--It is to Charles Martel that Europe owes its deliverance ; for if this valiant man had not stemmed the inpetuous torrent, it is probable that there would now be as many turbans in Europe as in Asia ; even we might now but for this victory be good Mussulmen, wearing beards, sitting cross-legged, smoking and drinking sherbet, having four wives under lock and key, and female beauty always concealed, excepting from the possessors. Conceive, instead of a virtuous and moderate-minded King, that we had a Grand Seignor, with four Sultans and seven hundred wives in a seraglio, where Carlton Palace now stands; Lord Palmerston the Aga of the Janizaries; Lord Eldon the chief of the Mufti; St. Paul's the chief mosque, and the Bishop of London the chief Iman! The bow-string would then stop any difference of opinion, with the breaths of those who presumed to reason; and the heads of innovating men, such as Mr. Brougham or others, would occasionally grace the gates of the seraglio, especially if they questioned the conduct of the Grand Seignor, if it should please him to have a wife sown up in a sack and thrown into the Thames. To be sure, we might gain in the administration of Justice, for their would be no chancery delays to coinplain of.'-- Iris.

THE GOD FOR A SHILLING !!!
TO MR. R. CARLILE, DORCHESTER GOAL.

Dear Sir,

Sheffield, August 23, 1825.
I am waiting in expectation of a message from Mr. Parker, as this is Justice day at
Sheffield. The paragraph from the “ Palladium” was copied on Saturday into the
Sheffield Mercury and it has raised the ire of our fanatics to a desperate pitch.
On Saturday, a gentleman asked me “if I would sell that abominable thing?"

A. “ It is put there to sell.”
Q. “ Are you not afraid of being trounced for it?”
A. “ Not in the least it is an exact scriptural representation of the Deity."

Q. • What is the price? I bave a good mind to buy one and send to Mr. Parker.”

A. “ I have not the least objection: you shall have it for a shilling.”

Feeling his pocket, he said, "I will have that removed,” and tripped off, without buying it; the Dandy's pocket being low. A great number came that day to view their God. Yesterday, some person came in a great hurry and bought one. Last night, I being out, a person called, and asked iny wife, “What is the price of that thing?"

A. “One shilling only."

Q. “ Let me see it (throwing down the Shilling.) Now, I hope no offence, twisting it up, and tearing it to pieces.”

A. • Oh! no, Sir, you shall have some more, for the same purpose, if you will pay for them ; but if I were a Christian, I should be afraid to tear my God to pieces. You know it is a true description." 'Q. “ Well it may: now let me advise you, do not put such a thing in any

A. “ We never allow any person to dictate to us what to put in our window."
Q. “ Now how many more of them bave you : I know where they come from."

A. “ We may have one, or we may have a dozen, and where they came from we can get more.

Q. “ I expect so, good evening."

In a short time, this youth came back and said: “ I have returned to tell you, madam, that if you put any more of those plates in the window, I shall adopt other means to prevent it.” My wife said, I thank you, Sir, for your information, to show how much I am afraid, you may see I have already replaced the one you destroyed, good evening, Sir.

Yours respectfully,

W.'v. HOLMES.

P.S. Wednesday morning 5 o'clock. I escaped yesterday, so I am safe till Friday. I wish they would attempt to prosecute that plate, every person who has delineated any part of Bible History would be equally liable. We have only erred on this occasion, as we do on all when we touch the Bible, it is too near the truth.

If you had made Jehovah a pretty Gentleman, with a good coat on his back, and a starched collar, no person would have said a word against him. But as you have shown him exactly as he is-a monster; the fanatics cannot conceal their ire.

more."

Printed and Published by R. CARLILE, 135, Fleet Street.-All Correspor,

dences for “ The Republican” to be left at the place of publication.

No. 10, Vol. 12.] LONDON, Friday, Sept. 9, 1825. [Price 60.

TO WILLIAM WILLIAMS, ESQ., M. P. PROVINCIAL GRAND MASTER OF THE ASSOCIATION OF FREE MASONS FOR THE COUNTY OF DORSET.

LETTER VI.
Concluded from page 283.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ELECT OF NINE. This lodge represents the cabinet of Solomon. It is lighted with nine lights. "Two armed chairs are placed in the east. As the lodge is called the council of nine, it cannot be held unless that number of brethren be present. Two kings are supposed to be included and are seated in the chairs. A child of three or four years old is placed in the centre, and the other members of the lodge surround the infant. One of the Kings has a dagger

in his hand; the other a sceptre. Emblems of morality are disI played on the clothing, and the words conquer or die, are conspi

cuous round the room. The names by which the kings are distinguished, is, Solomon, the most wise, and Hiram, the most powerful.

Form of opening. M. W. Most powerful king, what is your motive in assisting at our present council.

M. P. Most wise king, I attend your deliberations to demand justice. A murder has been committed and the injury has been unredressed. Punishment must follow, and vengeance will be

satisfied. i M. W. Most powerful king, you shall be witness to the enquiry

which shall be instituted in order to detect the assassin, and it will remain for you, if we are successful, to determine the punishment.- Placing the sceptre on the head of a brother, he says, I appoint you, most respectable brother, Intimate Secretary. You are to watch for the safety of the council; assure yourself of the qualifications of the members present.

Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 135, Fleet Street.

The Intimate Secretary salutes the kings, and having taken the sign, token and word from the others, reports that all present are faithful subjects.

M. W. My brethren, whom the creator as enlightened, whom equity directs and truth guides, I pronounce that the council is resumed. Intimate Secretary, the profane are excluded, and, under this name, we comprehend Masons, who are honoured with the title of Master Elect. Place a guard without the door, let the avenues be searched, and return quickly with your report.

1. S. Most wise king, all is covered. The guards environ the door of the palace, and our mysteries are secure from the penetration of the world. .

The master strikes seven equal knocks and two quick, saying N--N--M, which signifies vengeance.

M. W. Brethren, you have witnessed the grief I experienced on a lamentable occasion. In vain, have I dietatea steps to be taken, as a prelude to a discovery. Each of us is interested to revenge our loss. My royal brother is come hither to demand it. To him, therefore, I will refer you. He will inspire you with sentiments worthy of the cause which he undertakes, and you will now attend to his recital.--After a silence, the most powerful king draws his dagger, and, pointing it towards the infant, thus addresses the lodge.

The pledge is before us, which this great man has left. This will soften and stimulate you to virtuous deeds. If his memory be dear to you, the cries of this child, his tears and his prayers, will move your compassion. He asks vengeance for the loss of his parent, who was your companion and your friend. Unite, therefore, your efforts to discover the inhuman wretch that he may meet his reward.

The lodge exclaims M-n.-m.

The master, in collecting these votes, is interrupted by a noise at the door, and says, Intimate Brother, who occasions this, and how are my orders obeyed ?

The brother retires and immediately returns to report, that the council is betrayed. The lodge unanimously reports N--n--m. The master adds :-The sceptre is raised, our indignation must yield to the necessity of hearing the particulars of the report. Tell us, Intimate Secretary, who has caused this interruption, and who has had the audacity to penetrate to the august council.

I.S. I behold with surprise, that a brother has clandestinely entered the adjacent apartment, and I am apprehensive that he

has heard the secrets of the council. It is with horror, I relate, :: that he appears to be guilty of murder. His hands and his sword

arė stained with blood. Every particular testifies against him, and all unite to excite my suspicion.

M. W. He shall be satisfied.
The other king deliberates and says :-My brother, attend to

your usual wisdom and be not too rash. Let the wretch be disarmed, bound and introduced, and let him reply to the interrogations that shall be put to him. .

This degree appears to be but another version of that Intimate Secretary or Joabert's second slip. The sign is made by drawing two daggers with the right-hand and lifting it as if to strike in the front. The answer to it is, to shut the right hand, and the fist thus closed, is raised and turned quick. The token for him who asks is delivered, by erecting his thumb, while his right-hand is closed, and presenting it to his companion. The answer is to seize the thumb with an extended arm. The word is N--n--m.

SECOND ELECT OF NINE OR PEREGNON. The decorations are the same as in the foregoing degree, and it only differs by being lighted with twenty-seven lamps, disposed in groups of nine. The lodge is opened by the master's asking, if there are any other mysteries in quality of Master Elect than those of N-n-m. He is answered, that the appendage to the letter P- is another mystery. The words of this degree are Romvel, Gravelot, Abiram. The ceremony concludes with telling the candidate, that the business of this degree is to prepare him for another, which is the

THIRD ELECT OR ELECT OF FIFTEEN. This lodge is hung with black and decorated with three skeletons. It is opened with fifteen strokes and lighted with fifteen lamps. At a reception, only fifteen brethren are permitted to be present. The sign is to shut the right-hand, with the thumb elevated, as in holding a dagger, to place it under the chin and then to drop it, as in the act of separating the body, indicative of the penalty of the obligation. It is answered by stretching out the hand, as if to cut off the neck with the thumb.-The token is to give little strokes of the fore finger upon the joint of the little finger. It is answered by taking the right-hand, with the fingers of the right-hand extended, and shaking it thrice, which signifies three times five, the number of the fifteen elect.--The word is Zeomet and the answer to it Eloham. (I have no further particulars of the last two degrees than those stated.

- R. C.

A DESCRIPTION OF THE DEGREE OF THE PRIESTLY

ORDER OF ISRAEL, OR PROVOST AND JUDGE.

This lodge is held in Solomon's private arch, under the sanctum sanctorum, and over the sepulchre of Hiram Abiff: in which place he was finally installed with his Jewel. •

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