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shall distinctly perceive the prints in his hands, and shall begin to join the general assembly, singing, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain. I am yet a living witness that to them that believe he is precious. How often, in the wilderness, since I came out of Egypt about forty years ago, has he satiated my soul with his goodness! How often, under a deep sense of my guilt and pollution, and while filled with shame and remorse, have I been overwhelmed and captivated with some view of the most precious Redeemer ; or by some sweet word of his promise been encouraged to trust in him! I could not do other than come to him weeping for joy, knowing, experimently, that the Son of Man hath power on earth to forgive sins.

Dear brother and sister Marshall, oh, how shall I speak of his kindness, during the last eight months, when he gave me a true token that I should soon see him in the light of eternity; he has surely kept some of his best wine to the last! Oh, how he makes it sweetly light at evening tide, and gives me a relish and an appetite for spiritual provision, of which I had very inadequate ideas while coming through the wilderness ! Sometimes I look over the river and listen to their song, and humbly endeavour to join them and imbibe their spirit. I stretch my eye to the place where his honour dweileth, and long to mingle in their employment. I range among and view the amazing perfections of God, sometimes one and sometimes another; and, while look ing, I can distinctly perceive the glory of the Most High expanding and looking greater in my eye than I ever saw it bea fore. His separate perfections mingle their glories until I, sweetly bewildered, cry,

' Who is a God like unto thee!” Oh, the height, oh, the depth of the amazing glory! Who would not fear, who would not love thee! Surely, I never before, as I have done lately, have seen that, over all his other glories, his sweet purity casts a divine radiance that illumines and enlivens the worlds of light, and fills every inhabitant with the deepest awe--the most profound reve. rence; and, while I am in mediation on this subject, before ever I am aware, I feel myself less than nothing and vanity; I long to get down at his feet, I cannot get down low enough. Oh, it is sweet to lie low before God, and I do lament I cannot feel humble! I look around me and dis. cover the millions of the redeemed on their faces before the throne. Oh, to join them! Indeed, I think this is one of the happiest spots I ever saw ; I feel myself to have ar. rived on the very banks of Jordan ; the world withers and fades away from my view; the things of eternity come near, feel real, and are quite substantial in my eye ; the glory of God every thing, myself nothing his will delightful to me, my own seems

lost I feel sometimes as if I had none. It is a matter of indifference to me whether he comes at midnight or in the morning watch-whether all alone, or in the midst of my family. I sometimes look up and wishfully say, “ How long, Lord, bow long?” but generally check myself, saying, “ All the days of my appointed time will I wait till my change come.” My mind has been remarkably clear; there, surely, is a clearness of vision in those that lie right on the river side, that they that live far back in the wilderness can have no conception of. You know it is said, “He that believeth shall not make haste;” I sit down and calmly look around me, I deliberately look at the ground I have trod, and look at the motives of my heart, as I have come on my journey, and am convinced, and am certain, if the Lord deals with me according to my deserts, I sink to hell, and all heaven and hell, and myself must approve the sentence; but, oh, glory for ever be on his head that was separated from his brethren, I am not dow left to inquire, what shall I do to be saved ? When I was about twenty years of age, through grace, I believe I honestly repented of sin, and fled to Jesus, and found him all and in all to my soul ; and now, through grace, when I am sixty, I hope I honestly repent of sin and flee to Jesus, and have no refuge beside, and, under a view of my unprofitable—my waste lise, I cling closer to the most precious, and say, “ O precious blood of sprinkling! O wondrous fountain, opened for sin and uncleanness !” and without which, after all, I should beund one. I rejoice that report says you are a working Christian-may the Most High keep you in the way, and he will do it, if you are kept humble and dependent upon him. Oh, seek not great things for thyself in this world; but let your eye, and your heart, and your treasure, be above, and the Lord will make you a blessing! Oh, cease from man whose breath is in his nostrils, for wherein is he to be accounted of! Oh, it is the sweetest life in the world to live as seeing him who is invisible, to act as in his presence, and to feel what we do, is approved of by him! Oh, for more of this honest, simple-hearted, communion with him! Oh, what shall I do, my dear brother and sister, as I am stepping into the river, unless I can get a firm hold of the most precious; but he said, “ Fear not to go down, for I will be with thee!” And he has almost assured me, as I pass over, the enemy shall be still as a stone; but I do not know it is my business to trouble myself about the mode of my death

for surely the sting is gone; and I, base wretch as I am, will shortly lift up my head with joy, when the day of my redemption is come. Oh, I promise myself I will shout hallelujah! And now that the world is

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withered and dead, and all creature-depen. dence is vain, I turn away my eyes from beholding vanity, and look to the hills whence cometh” salvation; I lie at the feet of my sovereign God, and say, I have waited for thy salvation. I sometimes say, “Whom have I in heaven but thee ? Sometimes I say, “Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen thy salvation;" sometimes I say, “I know in whom I have believed, and can trust him ;” and sometimes with Stephen I say, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit !” and when he says, “behold, I come quickly," I say, “ Even so, come, Lord Jesus." But often, in my happiest moments, under a view of my waste life, I wonder how he can put me among his children; I sink down at his feet and cry, “Not unto me, Lord, not unto me; but to thy name shall be all the glory.”

My affectionate wife desires her love to be mentioned to you both, she is in pretty good health, and I cannot but hope, when I am removed, she will act becoming her charac. ter. I have desired her not to wear an inch of black, nor shed a tear on my account. Express our kindest affection for our dear, dear friend Susan H- I have lately had a visit from my friend, the blessed D. Clanson. Encourage and comfort my son Richard and family ; oh, I long that he and they may walk straight on their way, and they and theirs be bound up in the bundle of life. Give my sincerest love to Mr. and Mrs. M-, may he be decided for God, I make no doubt but he is. I only wish him to let his light shine before men, that they, seeing his timidity removed, may glorify our Father which is in heaven. Remember us to our beloved brother and sister Ambler-I rejoice in their Christian love, and in their Christian hospitality. My dear brother and sister, do abstain from the appearance of evil ; watch where your danger lies. Oh, maintain a simple, honest heart, with a most precious Redeemer! Oh, keep your armour tight about you until Jesus comes, then he will not find you idle; and I hope to see you enter into the joy of our Lord, and we together shall bow and bless him for eter nity. Praying you may get safely through. We are, dear brother and sister, With much esteem and gratitude,

John and Rutu OLIPHANT. Give my dying love to brother E. Griffin, --we prayed together, I hope to have his society in eternity.

having graciously delivered us from the cholera. The morning was fine, the sun ascended with cheering splendour for the time of the year, in the clear azure sky, and long before the hour of public service, multitudes were seen pressing through the streets 10 reach the house of prayer, there to join in the general thanksgiving to the Lord. All the churches, without a single exception, were crowded to excess; and, at the conclusion, the “Te Deum,” &c., was sung in every one by the whole congregation, accompanied by the trombones. The texts appointed to be preached from were Psalm cvii. 17–22, Psalm cxvi. 1 -9, Jonah xi. 8-10, John v. 14, from which you may easily gather that the solemn and humiliating characteristic of the festival was not thrown into the back ground. I preached in the afternoon at the hospital, where the cholera had chiefly raged, and all who could any way be present made a point of attending ; even patients who were unable to come down stairs had themselves carried into the chapel ; and a verse, expressly selected for the occasion from that beautiful hymn beginning

“Out of the deep I cried to thee,

My God, with heart's contrition," &c. was sung with the liveliest emotions, as was also the Te Deum. Oh, that many happy effects of the distressing period which we have witnessed may be manifested at the last great day! I am grieved, however, to inform you, that we are threatened with a new plague, in the shape of a malignant typhus fever, which has caused greater devastations in Galicia than the cholera itself. May God in his mercy grant that the single chastisement which we have received may lead us seriously to repent and be converted, so that our sins may not compel him to visit us still more severely! At the same time it is cheering to see in what a manner the Lord is pleased to open a way for communicating his Spirit to the hearts of men. This is in a particular manner experienced by our Missionary Society for Propagating the Gospel among the heathen, in union with which several auxiliaries and associations have been recently established. Among the rest, a communication from Glogau, in Silesia, states that, at the conclusion of the afternoon's service in the different churches, a short but energetic appeal was made to the respective congregations to co-operate in proinoting the missionary cause. The superintendent, with all the clergy, put down their names, as being willing to patronize the undertaking, and many followed their example. A Missionary Society has also been formed at Buntzlau ; and in Pomerania so great is the zeal in behalf of missions to evangelize the heathen, that one minister wrote to me from thence, " Only let us know wrote to me from thence, what the Missionary Society requires : tell

TRACT OF A LETTER FROM A LUTHERAN CLERGYMAN, FORMERLY RESIDENT IN LONDON, TO THE REV. DR. STEINKOPIF, DATED BERLIN, MARCH 26, 1832. Os the 19th of March, we held a solemn stival here, for the purpose of offering up ur humble thanks to Almighty God for

us that you want so and so much, and you shall have it.” Such an ardour tends to inspirit many here, so that the missionary cause gains an accession of friends. I do not pretend to say that all who take share in it are vital Christiaus; but thus much I may with truth aver, that every where in the different committees there are decided Christians, who, without imposing a test upon every individual member, unite together in humble faith on Jesus Christ as their only Saviour and Redeemer, who is God over all, blessed for ever!


(See our Number for May, p. 201.) In addition to those which we have already described, it is with great satisfaction that we can mention the following:

The Beuggen Monthly Puper, published by a Society of Gratuitous School Teachers, at Basle. It consists of matter which appears admirably adapted to interest, instruct, and edify.

The Swabian Church-Friend; but this title was, in September, 1831, changed into the Christian Messenger from Swabia, published by Mr. Steinkopf, ať Stuttgart, every Saturday evening. Every number commences with a memoir of some exemplary Christian, and the rest consists of intelligence, short essays, or rather observations, and correspondence.

The Most Recent Accounts of the Progress of the Kingdom of God : Berlin. A pamphlet of the nature of a missionary register; whether published monthly or oftener we do not know.

We committed an error in saying that Dr. Tholuck's Indicator commenced with the present year. This arose from the fact that the numeration of the series begins anew with the first number in January, and that there is no intimation given of the previous course of numbers or volumes. We have since received a complete series for the years 1830 and 1831. It is a work invaluable for ministers or others, who desire to attain a comprehensive and profound acquaintance with biblical and theological learning. Reviews of new books occupy a considerable portion of each number. From that of February 20th, last, we select the following passage, on account of its useful tendency, which we are sure that many of our readers will appreciate. It is a small part of an article, continued in three numbers, upon a work just then published by the Rev. F.G. Lisco, one of the evangelical ministers of Berlin: Dissertations, Exegetical and Practical, on the Parables of Jesus. We have little doubt that the writer of the article is Dr.

Olshausen, Professor of Divinity in the Uni. versity of Königsberg.

- In the Introduction, the following topics are particularly treated. (1.) The word Parable, and its proper Idea. (2.) The Antiquity of Parables. (3.) The Reference of Parables to the Invisible and to the Visible World. This appears an incongruous mode of expression ; for, though a parable is indeed derived from the objects of the visible world, its only proper reference is to spiritual things and their relations. (4.) The Rea. sons why our Lord employed the method of Instruction by Parables. (5.) The Perfection of a Parable. (6.) The matter of Para. bles. (7.) The Elucidation and Treatment of Parables. (8.) The Distribution of the Parts of a Parable. Under these heads we find some things which have given us satisfaction, particularly under the fourth section; only we must remark, that Mr. Lisco has not brought forwards, with sufficient clearness and prominency, what may be called the negative side of the effect which the Redeemer had in view from the parables which he employed. Thus he translates (probably from fear of approaching too closely to the strict doctrine of predestination), Matt. xiii. 15, unaote idwới, &c., not by • lest they should see,' as an expression of the design, but by

so that they see not,' denoting merely the result: a mode of representing the clause which can neither be maintained on grammatical principles, nor made consistent with what the Bible teaches concerning the designs and ends of the divine government.

“ The explanation of the idea, or just conception, of a parable, is particularly deficient. This ought, by all means, to have been clearly determined at the outset ; otherwise it is impossible to ascertain what elements must enter into the subsequent investigation, and what do not belong to it.

“ The author lays down the distinction between fable and parable thus : that the component matter of the former is something which does not actually exist and act in the way supposed, while the circumstances represented in the latter are such as do, or at least may, readily take place; or, to use his own words, · Parable borrows its material only from the domain of possibility and reality. Hence he infers that parable is employed only upon religious truths, but fable has for its objects to convey lessons of experience and principles of prudence. On this matter the author would have reached his object with much more certainty, if he had been more exact in distinguishing the ideas of the actual and the possible. In fabulous composition, the series of circumstances is represented as if it were actual, though it frequently departs from the idea of possibility; yet, let it be remembered, this is but frequently : it is not the constant and necessary constitution of a fable. All fables which repre

sent animals as acting only according to the real character given them by their Creator (without speaking, as in the fables ascribed to Asop,) might actually take place, for they contain nothing but what is in itself possible. We therefore think that the distinction between fable and parable is to be sought in the design and tendency of each. Parable ascends to the upper sphere of existence, and is therefore derived immediately from the intellectual world; while fable employs the circumstances and relations of the animal world, as a mirror to reflect ideas which concern only the lower range of life. Hence, in the New Testament, we find only parables; because the highest phenomena of the soul and its spiritual life have the absolute predominance in the dispensation to which it belongs ; on the other hand, in the Old Testament, which approaches more to the lower or earthly sphere of life, yet still pos. sessing its own proper truth, some narratives occur which are analogous to fable. In pursuance of this distinction, the author might safely have included in his elucidations every parabolical representation that occurs in the New Testament, without any apprehension of meeting with any thing dissonant to the true character of a parable. But now, as a feeling of difficulty, not wholly erro neous, but obscure and imperfectly apprehended, withheld him from including in his disquisitions some passages (e. g. John X.

and xv.), so his progress has been unsteady, because of his want of clearness in his conception. He has, for instance, entirely overlooked the propriety of distributing the para. bles of the New Testament according to the form of their presentation, into two classes :

“1. Those which are completely finished in all their parts and circumstances.

2. Those which are presented only in detached intimations.

“ Had the author accurately distinguished these two classes, he would either have excluded all the parabolical intimations, or have brought them all under consideration : but, instead of that, he has partly excluded and partly included them, and has thus deprived his work of its due congruity.

*Another important circumstance which should have been found in the introduction is, the disposition of the parables considered as a whole. The parables of Jesus contain such a richness and depth of matter, that one may say they form a grand survey of the whole domain of gospel truth. A treatise, therefore, which professes to handle these similitudes, must, in order to satisfy our ideas of completeness, so arrange all our Lord's parables, that they shall mutually supply and fill up each other, and thus appear as forming one whole. But this prolific idea has escaped the respected author's consideration."


MRS. BOOTIROYD. Mrs. Boothroyd was the child of a remarkably sensible, pious, and devoted mother,

and most probably owed her first serious im. ist pressions to her instructions, prayers, and

examples. To the same instrument and

means, through the blessing of God, is to be pisix ascribed the early serious impressions made 13upon the minds of five brothers (one of whom

died of consumption in his twenty-second => year, full of hope) and four sisters, who have

all lived under the inåuence of the gospel, and been active and steady supporters of the Redeemer's cause in different congregational churches. Mrs. B. was the youngest daugh ter, and even in childhood was more thought ful and less playful than most others of the same age. As she grew up, the holy princi. ples, planted in her heart by divine grace, became more evident by her constant and serious attendance at the house of God, and on other means of instruction and piety. Though always of a modest and retiring disposition, yet constrained by a sense of duty, she came forward, and in the bloom of youth professed her faith in Christ, and was

united to the church at Pontefract. Her watchfulness, humility, devotional spirit, cultivating “ the hidden man of the heart," threw a spiritual radiance around her conduct and character.

In the providence of God she removed to London, where, though situated in a regular, but not a religious family, she was enabled to hold fast her integrity, and generally attended at the Tabernacle. There she heard many of the popular preachers of that day, to her own great improvement in the divine life, many of whom she was accustomed to mention with pleasure. On the death of her father she returned home; and after some time the connection was formed with her now bereaved husband. She did not enter into this connection from any worldly motives ; but having been benefited by his ministry, and attached to him as a pastor, and regarding chiefly her spiritual interest, she hoped in this connection she might pass her days in comfort, and have a companion to advise and assist her in journeying through the wilderness to the promised land the heavenly Canaan,

She discharged the duties of her new re to each, at different times, as she was able, lative situation in a manner not often ex- the most suitable advice ; and fervently pray, ceeded. Her husband soon found that he ing that her God might be their God, and her was favoured with one in whom he could Saviour their Saviour. She had said to her confide; who was active, uncommonly in- eldest daughter, that, when she should be un. dustrious, frugal, and managing, in all her able to speak, if sensible, when they asked her domestic affairs. When favoured with an a question she would give them a sign by offspring, she exercised the care and super- raising her right hand ; and it being evident intendence of an affectionete mother. As that the taper of life was nearly extinguished, they advanced in age and capacity, she in she was asked if she enjoyed comfort in her structed them, and endeavoured to impress mind, and in answer she raised her right those truths on their minds which were so hand. Her strength being exhausted, she dear to herself. She took them by the hand gradually and gently, as to the body, fell into her closet, and by prayer with and for asleep in Jesus; and her soul, emancipated them, commended them to the Redeemer. from the earthly tabernacle, took its flight to She lived to follow four children to the grave, the region of unclouded day and immingled with strong grounds to believe that their im bliss to join the spirits of the just made permortal souls had entered into the joy of the fect, and to enjoy the presence of Him who Saviour.

redeemed her by his blood, and called and In the survey of providential dispensations, renewed her by his grace. how often may it be said, “ God's footsteps She possessed many interesting natural are in deep waters, and his ways past finding qualities, which an unsanctified heart would out !” Such, indeed, is the providence have led her to devote to the worldly advanwhich has removed one so dear to her family, tage of herself and family, but which she so highly esteemed by all who knew her, and consecrated to the service of God. The inso active and useful in the promotion of the stances of her self-denying exertions were, Redeemer's kingdom and glory. This was indeed, numerous; there being few families the atmosphere in which she breathed and in the congregation and church to which she lived. The occasion of this event was, an belonged that did not experience her sympa. attack of the erysipelas, with which her hus thy and valuable services in scenes of amicband was afflicted ; and from her anxiety, tion; indeed, all within the sphere of her care, and watchfulness, and being in a deli. acquaintance shared her friendly attentions. cate state of health, she caught the same dis. But the spiritual interest of the church ocease ; and though medical aid and skill were cupied an especial place in her affections, assiduously employed, they proved ineffec- anxieties, and prayers. On her first appretual, and she is gone the way of all flesh. hension of the dangerous nature of her com

It may be observed that, it is not the man- plaint, she thus expressed herself in reference ner in which persons die, but that in which to the church :-“ Prosper, O God, this they live, that proves the reality and power of church, and spare the life of thy servant (the godliness, and shows that they are heirs of pastor); and inay the remainder of his days the heavenly inheritance. The disease of be more and more useful.” She then added, which she died did not permit her to say “God only knows how long, often and fermuch, but what she did say was expressive vently, I have wrestled at a throne of grace of the spirituality of her mind, and of her for the prosperity of this church.” submission to the holy will of God. At an The post she occupied in various societies early period of the disease, she was fully per- was responsible and laborious ; but she cheersuaded that the time of her departure was fully undertook, and perseveringly attended drawing near, and said that her sickness to them. Her exertions in the Sabbathwould prove a sickness unto death; and then school, Bible and Anti-Slavery Societies, were added, “ that she had no fears, no anxieties.” unremitted ; and the visiting connected with On the arrival of her sister she was collected, a benevolent society, devolved almost exclu. and her sister asking her if she could say, sively on her, which led her on the approach “For me to live is Christ,” she concluded, of winter, to visit every poor family in the con. sayiug, “and to die is gain;" but added, gregation, notwithstanding the distance at "Noč by works of righteousness which í which some of them resided. The only secuhave done; but according to his mercy he lar business she transacted during her illness, saveth us.” On the evening of the following was the examination of the accounts belong. day, she desired her sister to pray, who did ing to these societies, which she had been so ; and, to the various requests made, she in the habit of keeping distinct and correct, to repeatedly and heartily said, Amen.

prevent confusion if she should be taken She was frequently engaged in this exer- away suddenly. cise when she did not, and even could not. In the Female Branch Missionary Society, speak so as to be heard, as was evident from in aid of the London, connected with Higtithe motion of her lips. She addressed her field Chapel, Huddersfield, she was most acchildren in a most tender and affectionate tive and indefatigable. Having united in manner, and especially the youngest, giving this cause, the afternoon of every other

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