« הקודםהמשך »
know a single game at cards; but I think last four reports of the society, or rather Mr. Platt must often have found occasion one of the canton de Vaud, and three of to weep, as I have done, over the incon- its Lausanne Auxiliary. The one meetsistencies of Christians at home, on these ing appears to have been conducted like points, or at least of many, who make a our own anniversary; but each meeting visible profession, and who are even found of the Auxiliary was commenced and on the platforms of our religious meetings. closed with prayer; three of the prayers I know that a worldly mind is to be con were concluded with the Lord's Prayer, demned wherever it is found; yet, in judg- two with the usual reference to our Lord's ing of each other, I conceive that much mediation, and one with as strong and allowance ought to be made for our conti. pointed a doxology to the sacred Three as nental brethren, on the ground of their could be wished. Throughout the speeches National and educational prejudices, and I find a distinct recognition of some of the the thicker moral atmosphere that sur- principal doctrines of the gospel, and senrounds them. I at least have witnessed timents which would delight any Christian many freedoms on the continent with re- assembly. It may be that some former spect to the Lord's-day, and other matters, report was headed with a quotation from with surprise and sorrow, even on the Rousseau ; and the Rev. Daniel Wilson, part of some, whose deep and sincere too, (if I recollect, for I have not the vopiety are unquestionable. But when I lume at hand,) has introduced into his know that the celebrated actor was no lectures a long passage from the same other than the late Mr. Kemble, whom I author with considerable effect; so has never saw, but whose tomb I visited when Rev. H. Horne, in his invaluable work in at Lausanne, a man, as I have understood, illustration of the character of Christ and of acknowledged character and consider the morality of his gospel; than which able attainments, I can conceive of it as there are few pieces more to the point or MO other than an act of courtesy, when more beautiful, and the testimony so much the Professor introduced Mr. Platt to one the stronger, as coming from an avowed whom he considered as perhaps the most infidel. The motto attached to the report distinguished countryman of his then at before me is at least unexceptionable: Lausanne.
“ All Scripture is given by inspiration of When Mr. Platt, however, insinuates, God." from circumstances like these, the unsound I have trespassed already too long on character of the Lausanne Bible Society, your valuable pages, or I had several and holds it up as a specimen of all other other topics to notice; but trusting that continental societies, I must demur. what I have said will tend in some degree When at Lausanne, I had the pleasure of to settle the minds of many in the counhearing two of the pastors of the church try, and in Wales particularly, who have there, who are connected with its Bible little opportunity of reading the various Society, and I have seldom listened to pamphlets on the subject, more faithful exhibitions of Christian I am, Sir, your obedient servant, truth. There were also given to me the. A MEMBER OF A Welsu AUXILIARY.
To say, Thy will, not ours, be done.
Thou speakest, and thy awful breath,
Scatters around us plagues and death ;
But, merciful as well as just,
Our fathers' God! in thee we'll trust.
May all who hear thy dread command, But thou canst bid the tempest cease,
Stand ready for the reaper's hand; Reveal thy smiles, and whisper peace.
And rais'd from earth's sepulchral clod
Enter the garner of our God!
Come, with heart and action lowly,
And the Son of God embrace, While his anger burns but slowly, Come, O come, and ask his grace !
They how blessed,
To effect one vain design ?
All their impious plots discerns ;
And his purpose, To their terror, thus he speaks : "Christ my king have I appointed;
He shall reign, whoe'er oppose ; Thee, my Son, my dear anointed, Now I own before thy foes.
Take thy station ; Reign on Zion's holy hill. “ Ask of me, and lo! 'tis given;
All the heathen lands are thine : Every nation under heaven To thy sway I now assign.
All who hate thee Thou shalt utterly destroy.” Hear, ye kings, Jehovah's sentence,
And dispute his will no more ;
PSALM XCIII. The Lord, with endless glories crown's,
In majesty transcendent reigns ; With strength he girds himself around,
His word of power the world sustains, Eternal God! thy lofty throne
Stood firmly fix'd in years of old ; From everlasting, thou alone
Hast sway'd thy sceptre uncontrollid. Thy foes in vain against thee rise,
And dare dispute thy sovereign will, Like floods, whose waves assault the skies,
Thou canst with ease their tumult still. The ocean's mightiest waves may roar,
But thou art mightier far than they ; Thee, O most High ! let men adore,
Whom winds and waves, and seas obey! Thy promises, O Lord, are sure,
And just thy laws, let all confess;
REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.
THE HISTORY AND CHARACTER OF AMERICAN REVIVALS. By the Rev. Calvin Colton. 12mo.
Westley and Davis. None but an American could have written this volume; because none but an American thoroughly understands the subject of which it treats. Having devoted several anxious and, we trust, unprejudiced hours to its perusal, we are driven to the conclusion that little is known in this country of the genuine character and happy results of an American revival. We are thankful to the amiable Foreigner who has landed upon our shores, and who has placed before the Christian mind of this country so much valuable intelligence;-intelligence extending to the whole subject of revivals—their causes, their phenomena, and their influences on the state of society and the destinies of mankind. We had always, since we read the life of President Edwards, been disposed to rate American revivals at a very high value ; but we are now settled down in the conviction, that
where they do not exist it is because the full efficiency of Christianity has not been legiti. mately tried. There may be peculiarities in the great religious excitements of America, arising out of the elements which compose the state of society in that country; but the general facts and reasonings of this volume may be regarded as having a direct bearing on the condition of any community where the religion of the cross has asserted its undisputed sway.
It would be next to impossible to convey to our readers any just impression of the extreme interest of a volume which, with a vigour of thought, and a force of expression, seldom to be met with in the present age, fully enters into every question, direct or collateral, which the subject of American revivals might suggest. The author has furnished us with a correct definition of the true nature of a revival, which he considers to be the concentrated power of religion over a community of minds, when the Spirit of God awakens Christians to special faith and effort, and brings sinners to repentance. He has well
described those peouliarities of society in the tions of the public mind, may be the destined United States which may be in a high degree agency of Divine Providence for the regenefavourable to revivals, and has strikingly dis ration of the world ; and we see nothing in tinguished between insulated conversions and the phenomena of revivals, contemplated in those which take place in a revival. He has this light, which does not fall in with the shown upon what grounds the sympathetic just notion of what is aptly termed by the economy of revivals is consistent with the author, “ the philosophy of religion.” Those scriptural doctrine of Divine influence; and who would throw any thing like a shade over has vividly pourtrayed the rise, decline, re the doctrine of sudden conversions will do appearance, and present state of those move. well to read this volume, as it will teach ments of the public mind in the American them that it is alike unphilosophical and unchurches at the present moment. These scriptural to do so; but especially will they details he has followed up with some valu do well to ponder the facts which he has able hints as to the best means of originating - accumulated on this subject, which we are and promoting a revival of religion, which mistaken if any one can examine without cannot be read by ministers or churches with deep emotion. His appeal to British Chrisout producing an oppressive conviction of the tians on the subject of revivals is at once very inefficient way in which we go to work eloquent and conclusive. May it prove, by in this country, in our endeavours to pluck God's blessing, irresistible! In one chapsinners as brands from the burning. Our ter Mr. C. has defined, somewhat at large, author deals with great honesty, and points the American method of dealing with awak. out what is indispensably necessary to any ened sinners. We are not quite sure if we thing worthy the name of revival, and whai, think with the author's countrymen on this at the same time, will tend most painfully to subject ; but we are ready to concede that the repress it. Nor has he shrunk from the manly opinions and practices of men who have been avowal of those incidental evils and extrava. so eminently blessed of God deserve to be gances which have sprung up, through the well weighed ere they are rejected. obvious infirmity of human nature, in the We must now take leave of this powerful and train of revivals; though he has said enough unusually interesting volume, by laying before historically to prove that it is as absurd to our readers a specimen or two of the author's object to a revival of the vital energy of style and method of treating his subject. Christianity on their account, as it would be After dividing the American revivals into two to object to Christianity itself, because it has distinct classes those in which the instrubeen the innocent occasion of wars, and ments have not been apparent, and those in bloodshed, and endless cruelties and perse. which the instrumentality has been obvious cutions. In fact, he has shown that more he makes the following very forcible rethan nine-tenths of all the discouraging ac marks: counts of revivals which have been given to “That common apology for indolence, the world, have been the product of avowed which clothes itself with the sanctity of reenemies to the cause of truth, or the maliy signation to the Divine will-"We must wait nant offspring of lukewarm professors of reli- God's time”-has been too often and too long gion, “ twice dead, plucked up by the roots.” employed in the United States, in applicaWe should be thankful for this treatise, were tion to the coming of Revivals of Religion. it only for the able demonstration it supplies But it is now getting to be more generally of the fact, that the public opinion of the understood, that to wait God's time, in this world is now on the side of Christianity, and matter, is not to wait at all; and that sitting that the disciples of Christ are responsible still, or standing still, is not the submission for the right use of this new facility in all of piety, but an expression of the sloth and their efforts to revive the interests of true recklessness of unbelief. Revivals of Reli. piety, and to extend the limits of the visible gion now—at least to some extent-are not church. To those who imagine that revi. simply regarded as things to be believed in, vals are indigenous to the American soil, as possible with God, and then resigned to and who regard it as next to absurd to endea God, as though man had nothing to do with vour to transplant them into another region, them ; but they are laid out as fields of laour author has furnished a triumphant reply; bour, in which it is expected man will be a while, on the other hand, he has thrown out co-worker with God. They are made matters many remarks well calculated to guard min of human calculation, by the arithmetic of isters and churches against the adoption of faith in God's engagements. any methods of operation, so foreign to the “But is not this second class of revi. habits of particular communities, as to be vals more like the work of man than the calculated to shock public prejudice, and first? Yes; and there is actually more of thereby to depreciate the value of their the work of man in them-and not the less agency in producing a revival. We agree genuine for all that. In the first class, God with the author in thinking it highly pro- works in spite of and against the want of bable that the spirit of American revivals, human instrumentality; he works against all connected with several other mighty revolu- the opposing tendencies of the prayerlessness,
elements of a national revival of religion would thereby be generated. We say to all, read, pray, act, and God will not be wanting on his part.
Mr. C. says,
and the inactivity, and the very counterworkings of his people and of his ministers even. 'He is found of them who seek him not, and who call not after him. He works as a sovereign, executing, not more than he has decreed, but more than he has promised. In the second class, also, he works as a sovereigo; because it is one part of his sovereignty (a part too often overlooked), to meet his own engagements, to fulfil his promises to work when his people work, and to work with them. God often does more of good than he promises, but he never does less. In the former revivals, the visitations of God were more awful, because he seemed to come alone, and in all the mightiness of his power. Men stood still and wondered, as his conquering chariot rolled along. All heard the sound, and witnessed the thronging of the multitudes in the way. And the fruit of these visitations has been, that multitudes of perishing souls, as the Saviour passed by, have lifted up their voice, and cried, “Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on us !' and have been heard, and forgiven, and sanctified.”-pp. 5-7.
Speaking of the founders of New England,
“ The pilgrims are not to be judged by common rules; they were above the common order, as if born and trained for more than common purposes, which, indeed, was the fact. God raised them up for the special exigency which they occupied and filled out, viz. to lay the foundations of a new social edifice, to assort and throw into form the elements of a new empire. And the religious care and faith with which they undertook and ca and carried on, and achieved their work, have been alike a subject of ridicule among the profane, and of approving admiration among those who knew how to appreciate their character. And they did actually erect, not only a civil, but a religious empireguarantying equally the rights of man in relation to man, and the duties of conscience in the relations of man to God. The spirit of religion was infused throughout, pervaded, and characterised all their institutions. Not that religion was imposed, but tolerated, patronised, recommended, exemplified-made the chief ingredient of the moral structure-the leaven of the mass—welcomed cordially, caltivated assiduously.”—pp. 39, 40.
We sbould be happy in multiplying quotations, but our limits forbid. The volume must be read, and read generally, as it is htted, and, we trust, destined, to produce an electrical impression upon the public mind. The narratives of revivals which it contains are most touching; and no one of feeling can read them without tears. They have all the excitement of a novel, without any of its vitiating tendency. Could we persuade len members of each Christian church throughout the land to read and digest this book, the VOL. X.
ETERNITY REALIZED; or, a Guide to the
Thoughtful. By ROBERT Philip, of Maberly Chapel.
Westley and Davis. Although an intelligent reader of the New Testament must observe in the religion of the first Christians a general correspondence with the experience of believers in every age; yet he cannot resist the conviction that there was much in primitive Christianity which is now but seldom, if ever, attained. In nothing, perhaps, is this deficiency so manifest as in a comparative estimate of the energy and influence of the hope of immortality. Our prayers resemble those of the early converts. We have the same, or similar, groanings of the Spirit,-the same assurance of faith, the same love to the Saviour, -the same spiritual conflicts and divine supports. But how seldom do we hear an expression of feeling at all corresponding with their high and ardent hopes of eternal happiness! How little do we know of the desire to depart and be with Christ,--of the looking for and husting unto the coming of the Lord Jesus! Whether, in the present state of society, we have more earthly attachments, or our public services present less powerful inducements to contemplate the eternal world, -whether the reasoning of the age has induced us to look more to the present than to the future,-vr an An. tinomian spirit, not content with excluding the notion of merit which ought not to be indulged, has with it banished the expectation of reward which ought to be cherished ;-it is to be feared that Christian hope is much too feeble to sustain the rejoicing in tribulation and triumph in death, by which the apostles and martyrs were eminently distinguished.
Believing that there is a serious deficiency in this department of experimental religion, which requires to be treated with a skilful hand, we were much gratified on hearing that Mr. Philip had prepared a series of essays on “ Eternity Realized.” The importance and difficulty of the subject called for the best attention of such a writer as had already studied the various aspects of Christian character, and accurately observed the emotions of the renewed heart. Mr. Philip is well known as the author of two most valuable works on experimental and devotional subjects. As the third of the series is of pe. culiar interest, so it bas engaged a large share of the author's careful consideration, and will more than justify the high expectations of such as have been delighted with his preceding works.
As admirers of the “Saints' Everlasting
Rest," -and who that has read that blessed book can think of heaven without being reminded of it?--we confess we had some difficulty in supposing that the subject of eternity could be successfully treated after another manner. But Vr. Philip has succeeded. In some respects no two books can be more unlike. There is not a single point of resem: blance in the plan or execution ; vet, for the future, we shall class them togeiber, as eminently calculated to excite, by different means, that glorious hope which was once the possession, but is now rather the desire of the church on earth. For this valuable manual, with its chastened feeling and spiritual unction, not less than for the older volume, with its glowing and impassioned eloquence, Baxter may furnish a description in the title of his fourth and finest pari“ A Directory for the getting and keeping of the Heart in Heaven by the diligent Practice of that excellent unknown Duty of Heavenly Vieditation,"
obscurities both in style and sentiment; and are, moreover, so baptized in the spirit of love and faithfulness, that they cannot fail to be received with more than usual satisfaction by all who know and value “the truth as it is in Jesus." The ministry of the gospel-the people whose God is the Lord-Christ the way to the Father-human and Divine agency in the work of salvation-regeneration—the necessity of promptitude and diligence in attending to religious duty-death considered as an object of desire_declension in religious afsections and zeal-the causes of a depressed state of religion, and the means of revivalthe missionary spirit—the nature, object, and effects of Sabbath-school instruction-and an address to the young--are the important themes which occupy this excellent volume.
Tuc Bow IN STRENGTH ; or, A Practical
Dissertation on the History of Joseph, as recorded in the Book of Genesis. By CHARLES LAROM, Sheffield. 12mo. 3s. 6d.
The narrative of Joseph's history is placed in these pages in a variety of striking lights, and the moral lessons with which it is fraught are well and powerfully brought forth to view. But few writers, comparatively, have the art of sketching character, or of marking the peculiarities of its development. We regard tbe author of this volume as one of the few who understand the minutiæ of human feel. ings and actions, and who know how to con. nect them with the workings of that inscrutable Providence who overrules all things for the good of the church.
1. Two LITTERS addressed to a Friend in
Itales, on some preialent Visconceptions relative to the Constitution and Proceedings of the British and Foreign Bible Society. By C. S. Dudley.-" The wisdom of the
prudent is to understand his way." 2. THE COMPARATIVE CLAIMS of ihe British
and Foreign Bible Society and the Trinitarian Bible Society calmly discussed. By the Rev. JONN KING, JL.A., Minister of Christ Church, Hull. Hatchard, Holdsworth, Seeley, and Duncan.
We wish to deal in no vituperations of those who may differ from us on the controversy respecting the Bible Society; and, therefore, we simply but earnestly entreat every impartial person, whose eye may meet this notice, to read these conclusire and temperate pamphlets. In point of argument they leave not an inch of ground on which our Opponents can stand ; and in poiat of Chris. tian feeling they are models worthy of their close imitation. We hope our dear Telsh friends, who may have been shaken in their attachment to the Bible Society, will read Ms. Dudley's most Christian and conclusive ar
1. VORAL FARLES AND PARABLES. BY IN.
GRAN COBBIN, M.A, 32mo. pp. 167. 2. THE CLASSICAL EXGLISH VOCABULARY:
containing a selection of Il'ords commonly used by the best Writers, with their Pronun. ciation and Derivation, ierms of Science, words of similar import, and other articles essential to the attainment of a correct knor. ledge of the English Language: 10 erhich are aprended Latin and French phrases in general use, and names of distinguished per. sons. Intended as a Supplement to the Grammatical and Pronouncing Spelling-book; for the assistance of the higher classes in schools, and of youth in their prirate studies. By INGRAV COBBIN, A.M, 12mo. pp. 222.
The active energy of Mr. Cobbin's mind is a very remarkable quality. His works expressly for the young, and for the purposes of assisting in their education, are now very numerous and deservedly popular. He knows how to write simply and with interest. His Classical English Vocabulary is a work of great labour and utility, and is entitled to a hich rank among books for schools. The little volume of Fables is ingeniously written, and is well calculated to engage the attention, and to rouse the moral and telj.
SERMONS preached in Hovard Street Chapel,
Sheffield. By Thomas R OX TALION 1?mo.
Hamilton and Adams. THI amiable author of these sermons has done well in giving them to his former flock and to the public. They are plain, nervous, correct exhibitions of the distinguishing peculiarities of the gospel. Few compositions we have vet read of the class to which they be long are more adapted to family and village reading. They are eminently free from an