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cerning a contribution in Macedonia. In the Second Epistle to the Corinthians he would have found a contribution in Macedonia accompanying that in Achaia ; but no intimation for whom either was intended, and not a word about the journey. It was only by a close and attentive collation of the three writings, that he could have picked out the circumstances which he has united in his epistle ; and by a ftill more nice examination, that he could have determined them to belong to the same period, In the third place I remark, what diminishes very much the suspicion of fraud, how aptly and connectedly the mention of the circumstances in question, viz. the journey to Jerusalem, and of the occasion of that journey, arises from the context. “ Whenfoever Itake my journey into Spain, “ I will come to you; for I trust to see you " in my journey, and to be brought on my
way thitherward by you, if first I be " somewhat filled with your company. “ But now I go unto Jerusalem, to minister . “ unto the saints, ; for it hath pleased them of 66 Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain
“ contribution for the poor saints which are at
Jerusalem. It hath pleased them verily, " and their debtors they are; for if the
Gentiles have been made partakers of “ their spiritual things, their duty is also " to minister unto them in "carnal things. “ When therefore I have performed this, 66 and have sealed them to this fruit, I will “ come by you into Spain.” Is the passage in Italics like a passage foisted in for an extraneous purpose? Does it not arise from what goes before, by a junction as easy as any example of writing upon real business can furnih? Could any thing be more natural than that S. Paul, in writing to the Romans, should speak of the time when he hoped to visit them; should mention the business which then detained him; and that he purposed to set forwards upon his journey to them, when that business was completed ?
No. II. By means of the quotation which formed the subject of the preceding number, we collect, that the Epistle to the Romans was written at the conclusion of St. Paul's fecond visit to the peninsula of Greece: but this we collect, not from the epistle itself, nor from any thing declared concerning the time and place in any part of the epistle, but from a comparison of circumstances referred to in the epistle, with the order of events recorded in the Acts, and with references to the same circumstances, though for quite different purposes, in the two Epistles to the Corinthians. Now would the author of a forgery, who fought to gain credit to a fpurious letter by congruities, depending upon the time and place in which the letter was supposed to be written, have left that time and place to be made out, in a manner so obscure and indirect as this is? if therefore coincidences of circumstances can be pointed out in this epistle, depending upon its date, or the place where it was written, whilst that date and place are only ascertained by other circumstances, such coincidences may fairly be stated as undefigned. Under this head I adduce Chap. xvi. 21-23.
Acts xx. 4
“ workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sofipater, my kinsmen, salute you.
. I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you
in “ the Lord. Gaius mine hoft, and of the “ whole church, faluteth you; and Quartus, a brother.” With this passage I compare
" And there accompanied “ him into Asia, Sopater of Berea; and, of " the Theffalonians, Aristarchusand Secun“ dus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus;
and, of Asia, Tychicus, and Trophimus.” The Epistle to the Romans, we have seen, was written just before St. Paul's departure from Greece, after his second visit to that peninsula; the persons mentioned in the quotation from the Acts are those who accompanied him in that very departure. Of seven whose pames are joined in the salutation of the church of Rome, three, viz. Sofipater, Gaius, and Timothy, are proved, by this passage in the Acts, to have been with St. Paul at the time. And this is perhaps as much coincidence as could be expected from reality, though less, I am apt to think, than would have been produced by design. Four are mentioned in the Acts who are not joined in the falutation; and it is in the nature of the case probable that there should be many attending St. Paul in Greece who knew nothing of the converts at Rome, not were known by them. In like manner several are joined in the salutation who are not mentioned in the passage referred to in the Acts. This also was to be expected. The occasion of mentioning them in the Acts was their proceeding with St. Paul upon his journey. But we may be sure that there were many eminent Christians with St. Paul in Greece, besides those who accompanied him into Asia *.
But * Of these Jason is one, whose presence upon this occasion is very naturally accounted for. Jason was an inhabitant of Thessalonica in Macedonia, and entertained St. Paul in his house upon his first visit to that country. Acts xvii. 5.-St. Paul, upon this his second visit, passed through Macedonia on this way to Greece, and, from the situation of Thessalonica, most likely thro' that city. It appears, from various instances in the Acts, to have been the practice of many converts to attend St. Paul from place to place. It is therefore highly probable, I mean that it is highly consistent with the account in the history, that Jason, according to that account a zealous disciple, the inhabitant of a city at no great distance from Greece, and through which, as it