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of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him."-Ver. 26, 27.
The second vision, comprising the same period, and descriptive, though more fully, of the same kingdoms, as the first, terminates in the same glorious consummation. The papal power was to domineer for a long but limited period; but his dominion was to be taken away, to be consumed, and to be destroyed to the end-implying, as other prophecies more explicitly unfold, that, instead of being cut off in a moment, after being partially diminished or impaired, it was fated to meet a gradual but awful and sure destruction.
The rest of the beasts had their dominion taken ausay: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time, ver. 12. The pachalic of Bagdad still subsists, but the lion, barely retaining a protracted existence, is no longer king of the beasts. The Persian monarchy retains its name, but has lost its power. The bear has not now one rib between its teeth, or one kingdom subject to its dominion; and after having in its youth, and vigour, and ferocity, devoured much flesh, it is now at last as if its life were not to be much longer prolonged—tearing its own, and has lately been greatly distracted not only by external wars but by civil commotions.
The Grecian states, ages having passed since their dominion was taken away, have recently risen, as it weré, into life again. The leopard, bereaved alike of its wings and of its horns, instead of flying and ruling over kingdoms as of old, has with difficulty, and not without aid, raised itself again ; and, although it has scarcely power, to stand, shows that life is still left. The name of Greece has revived. The season seems to be past, and the time at hand. More minute and copious predictions are reserved to fill up the outline." The last shadow of the glory of earthly kingdoms--the life without the dominion -may be looked on before it too shall pass away, as the pattern or the symptom of the decline of all earthly power, and as the sign that the time may be approaching, when the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him. Hitherto is the end of the matter. And in contemplating that end, after an historical retrospect of all the vision but the end, it may be meet, before entering on the more full developement of all these events from other prophecies, to use the words, and to cherish the feelings of the prophet, when the vision alone—the representation of what we have seen in great part, and may see realized and completed,-passed in his view,-As for me Daniely my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me : but I hid the matter in my heart. Ver. 28.
. CHAPTER III.
VISION OF THE RAM AND THE HE-GOAT.
The visions of the great image, consisting of four parts, and of the four beasts, were expressly interpreted as representing the four great successive kingdoms that would arise upon the earth, till the kingdom of God, first arising in the midst of these kingdoms, would finally be established, and be set up on their ruins, to stand for ever. In the second vision the spiritual domination that was long exer
cised over the ten kingdoms which sprung up, as from the broken stock of a parent tree, from the dismemberment of the Roman empire, is specially defined, and no blank is left in the great outline of the history of the west. And another vision still more distinctly interpreted than the former, as referring chiefly to heathen lands where the Scriptures were in a great measure unknown, during the latter times of the fulfillment of the vision,-shadows out, by a perfect figure, reaching down also to the present time, the reign of Mahometanism in the east, thus completing the grand symbolical analysis of prophetical history.
And I saw in a vision, says Daniel, (and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam,) and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai. Then I lifted up mine eyes and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns : and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward ; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand ; but he did according to his will, and became great. And as I was considering, behold, an he-goat came from the west, on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground ; and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns; and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand. Therefore, the he-goat waxed very great: and, when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones, towards the four winds of heaven. And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven ; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them. Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given him.against the daily sacrifice, by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground, and it practised, and prospered. Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, how long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot ? And he said unto me, unto two thousand and three hundred days: then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. And it came to pass, when I, even İ, Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man. And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision. So he came near where I stood, and when he cane, I was afraid, and fell upon my face : but he said unto me, understand, O son of man; for AT THE TIME OF THE END (shall be) THE VISION. Now, as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep, and my face toward the ground; but he touched me, and set me- upright. And he said, behold I will make thee know what shall be in THE LAST. END OF THE INDIGNATION; for at the time áppointed the end shall be. The ram which thou sawest having two horns, are the king's of Media and Persia, and the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Now, that being broken, whereas foùr stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power. And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king' of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences shall stand up. And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power : and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people. And through his policy also he shall cause craft 'to prosper in his hand, and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the prince of princes, but he shall be broken without hand. And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true : wherefore shut thou up the vision, FOR IT SHALL BE FOR MANY DAYS.-Dan. viii.
A ram, with two horns, one higher than the other, was the emblem of the united kingdom of Media and Persia, as is still to be seen on the ruins of Persepolis. The one horn was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. Media was at first the greater, as it was also the more ancient kingdom ; but Persia, under Cyrus, assumed the sovereignty, and the name of Media soon merged in that of the Persian empire. His conquests extended westward, and southward, and northward. And after Babylon fell, no other kingdom could withstand the power of Persia ; and, recent as was then its origin or its name among empires, the Assyrian and Egyptian monarchies, which vied with each other in antiquity and splendour, could not stand before it, and could neither retard its ascendency nor maintain their own. But great as was its power, even more suddenly than it arose, it was suddenly to be over