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Connected with each joprney is a map exercise, in which the country traversed is presented, and all the important points located and their position noticed. The pupil thus becomes acquainted with the nature and use of a map, and is ied constantly to associate it with the country it represents. The map is thus made to possess to him a life and significance.
On the whole, this book gives to the young pupil á more definite idea of that which is characteristic of each of the most important countries on the globe, than can be obtained from any other primary geography published.
de ... No. II.
style of the art, colored politically and physically, embracing also
Diagrams for the Construction of Maps of each Continent.
This book embraces a minute and detailed study of each map; a full description of the general physical character of each continent; its vegetable and animal life; the races of men which inhabit it, and the States into which it is dividei.
The study of the continents is preceded by a series of introductory lessons containing a description of the form of the earth, and the arrangement of the continents and oceans, together with definitions of the different natural divisions of land and water found upon its surface; the different varieties of land-surface, the character and uses of the inland waters; and the leading resources of civilized life.
At the conclusion of the study of the continents, their States and Nations, which constitutes the body of the work, is a second and fuller course of lessons on the United States, introduced especially for the use of those pupils who will not continue the subject of study beyond the Common-School grade. The book is concluded with a course of lessons on Mathematical or Astronomical Geography,
The great variety of extraneous matter—as, for example, remarks on Geology, Botany, Zoology, Hydrography, etc., etc., with which Geographies generally are crowded-has been entirely rejected in the preparation of this series.
The multitude of minor and unimportant details which are usually collected together in Geographical Text-books, and which burden the memory to no purpose, and serve only to obscure the recollection of important facts, are also rejected. But all that is most important in regard to the nature and resources of a country, and in regard to its people, its cities, and its coinmorcial importance, is invariably given. These facts are, however, not given in the disconnected manner ordinarily employed, but are presented in the order of the dependence of one upon the other.
The Physical character of each country is made the basis of the study of the country, and all facts regarding its Political Geography are so intimately Unked with its physical character that it is impossible to forget them.
In the arrangement of the subject matter, the necessity for mechanical memorizing is entirely obviated, ag each separate class of facts is studied in connection with its immediate cauges and results. Consequently the pupil is never required to commit to memory a catalogue of facts having no connection, and therefore without significance.
Physical Geography, heretofore so treated as to be accessible only to the mature mind, is here presented as a simple description of the physical character of individual continents. It is thus entirely divested of its difficulties and obscurities, and is made perfectly intelligible and attractive eren to the youngest pupil.
The illustrations in this book aro, as in the Primary, selected exclusively with reference to their value in elucidating the text.
y School Committees and Teachers desirous of examining Guyot's Geographies with a view to introduction, will be furnished at cost ($1.50), and 50 cents for Postage, on application to Publishers.
THE BEST TEST OF EXCELLENCE IS THE PRACTICAL TEST OF THE
GUYOT'S GEOGRAPHICAL TEXT-BOOKS have recently been adopted by the following Academies and Educational Institutions in this vicinity, and in numerous other eminent Institutions throughout the country:
RUTGERS INSTITUTE, New York.
PROF. HENRY WILLIAMS'S SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES, Boston.
ETC., ETC., ETC.
From Prof. E. A. Sheldon, Superintendent of Schools, Oswego. We have adopted Guyot's Common School Geography in our Normal and Training School. In its general plan and execution, it is unsurpassed by any similar work that has yet been offered to the public, while in the methods it presents for teaching Geography, I KNOW OF NO BOOK OF THE KIND THAT IS WORTHY OF BEING COMPARED TO IT.
'E. A. SHELDON, Supt. Oswego and Normal Training School.
From Prof. Arey, Principal State Normal School, Albany.
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL, ALBANY, Oct. 12, 1866.
From Rev. B. G. Northrop, Secretary Board of Education, Mass.
COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, ) . .,
OFFICE OF BOARD OF EDUCATION.
T Boston, Nov. 29. 1866. I GUTOT's Geographies are AT ONCE PHILOSOPHICAL IN METHOD, ACCURATE IN STATEVENT, AND SIMPLE AND ATTRACTIVE IN STYLE. The thanks of the friends of Education are due to Prof. GUYOT for his valuable contributions to the science of Geography, and for his efforts to present the latest discoveries in his favorite department in a form suited to the wants of the juvenile mind. Geography, like every other school study, should be pursued, not as an end in itself, but as a means of securing the highest end of mental development, and especially of training that faculty, or set of faculties, which such study is particularly fitted to cultivate. In these books geographical facts and exercises are employed for the distinct purpose of cultivating the powers of perception and conception, as well as merc memory.
B. G. NORTHROP, . : Secretary Board of Education, Mass.
From Prof. J. V. Montgomery, Principal State Normal School, Pa.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE NORMAL SCHOOL,
MILLERSVILLE, PENN., Oct. 3, 1866. 1 The books are in the hands of the pupils; all seem perfectly delighted with them. THE MORE I EXAMINE THEM, THE BETTER I LIKE THEM. .
J. V. MONTGOMERY,
From Prof. Thos. G, Wall, Principal Englewood Institute.
ENGLEWOOD, N. J., Oct. 13, 1866. I regard Prof. Guyor's Primary and Common-School Geography GREATLY SUPERIOR TO ANY THING YET INTRODUCED INTO OUR SCHOOLS.
lat. Because of the vast amount of information introduced-usually cmbraced in Physical Geography, Histories, etc., all of which illustrates the subject, as well as clothes it with an interest not heretofore possessed.
20. The profound scholarship everywhere apparent, showing it to be the work of a thoroughly.com petent author, and not an editor, as our School Geographies have generally been.
3d. The great simplicity with which the results of this profound research are expressed, bringing this Yast fund of information perfectly within the comprehension of children.
I am convinced that the introduction of these books will mark a new era in the study of this subject, elevating it to its proper dignity—that of a science.
THOS. G. WALL, Principal Englewood Institute.
From Prof. Elbridge Smith, Dorchester (Mass.) High School.
DORCHESTER, Nov. 10, 1866. I have been acquainted with Prof. Guyor's Teachings in Geography for the past fifteen years. They have, I believe, without exception, received the warmest approval from the scientific' men of the country. The teaching profession have been waiting long and impatiently for these promised Text-Books in the author's favorite science. We have now the first two numbers of “Guyot's Geographical Series.” They seem to me the most complete and satisfactory, in every way, of any similar works before the public. They belong to that small class of school-books which WILL MAKE THEIR WAY TO PUBLIC FAVOR BY THEIR OWN INTRINSIC MERITS.
Teachers and School Committees who neglect these books, will injure themselves and their schools more than the books themselves. Guyot's Geographies and Wall-Maps will be for years the standard authorities in this noble science.
ELBRIDGE SMITH, Principal of the Dorchester High School.
From Prof. W. W. Davis, Principai Empire Schools.
STERLING, ILLINOIS, Aug. 20, 1866. I have examinod Guyor's Primary Geography WITH GREAT SATISFACTION. The beautiful illustrations, so aptly exhibiting the leading features of each region and climate, the sprightly descriptions, in the story-telling style that childhood loves, and yet full of sober truth, make me envy the little folks who have their geographical days yet before them. There is no dull, formal alternation of question and answer, in regard to facts and figures beyond the childish comprehension, but genial, conversational lessons that the tiny people will read with all the delight of a wonder-book. I shall introduce the series into the schools at the earliest opportunity.
W. W. DAVIS, Principal Empire Schools.
From Prof. Edward Koessly, New York.
NEW YORK, Sept. 18, 1866. CHAS. SCRIBNER & Co., 654 Broadway.
GENTLEMEN: I have examined Guyot's Geographies, and find they ECLIPSE EVERY THING that has so far appeared in American Cartography, and equal the very best School Geographies produced in Germany. I intend to introduce them in my school.
EDWARD KOESSLY, Principal of the German-American Institute, 1142 Broadway.