« הקודםהמשך »
certain class attend school, but little can be done towards developing their powers. Very much, however, may be accomplished towards rendering them better able to act their part in the humble sphere in which they will probably be called to move, and to this end should the teacher's efforts be directed. Where the time is sufficient, and the circumstances otherwise favorable, he would advocate as strongly as anyone the most rigid thoroughness in teaching. He would have every principle mastered, and every reason clearly understood. He would utterly condemn superficiality where anything better could be had. In some cases, however such as those he had mentioned, he believed that superficial knowledge was preferable to ignorance, which last would be the practical result of an attempt at thoroughness under such circumstances.
Mr. JAMEson said that he fully believed in thorough teaching as a principle. Circumstances, however, as had been remarked, sometimes rendered it imperative that it should be disregarded. It was sometimes more important that certain operations should be performed than that the principle involved in them should be comprehended. He would not require a person to go cold till they thoroughly learned the principle of combustion. He would not have a slater delay throwing a piece of slate from the roof till he perfectly comprehended Sir Isaac Newton's great discovery. Masons often put together, in a few minutes, by a method, of the philosophy of which they have no comprehension, a square which answers all their purposes. He believed it possible to be so careful about principles as to greatly curtail a person's usefulness. He did not believe in the saying of Pope that "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing." He thought a “ little knowledge” infinitely preferable to none at all. Daniel Webster was once appealed to to recommend a lawyer. After reflecting a moment, he named one as the most skilful that he knew. “It is true,” said he, “ that he does not know a great deal about law, but he gains all his cases.” This was a recognition of the principle that he had been advocating.
GEO. K. DANIELL, JR., Secretary.
“ What's in a name,” the careless say —
As if a breath might blow away
That which a passing breath has made ; “ A name's the shadow of a shade."
Ob, slow of faith and cold of heart !
With tearful eye thou yet shalt learn,
A. R. W.
INTELLIGENCE. Mr. J. M. MERRICK, Jr., resigned his place as sub-master and classical teacher in the New Bedford High School, in August last, to take charge of a manufacturing establishment in Roxbury, at a very liberal salary. Mr. M. is an analytical chemist by profession.
In noticing the resignation of Mr. EDWARD P. Nichols as Principal of Cortland Academy, the Syracuse Journal says, justly : “Men of ability and education, who are willing to devote themselves to the arduous and exhausting work of teaching, certainly ought to receive a compensation commensurate with the importance of their labors and bearing some just relation to that given to those engaged in other pursuits and professions, who, while they receive a fuller recognition from society, are not a whit more its benefactors. Our country never stood more in need of teachers of thorough preparation and enlarged views of their work, and unless they can be secured and encouraged by a full and adequate support interests sacred in themselves and vital to the public welfare will inevitably suffer.”
The fourteen members of the last graduating class of the Bridgewater Normal School are all engaged to teach. Among them : Mr. John D. BILLINGS has been elected Principal of the Grammar School at Milton Lower Mills, salary $900; Mr. ALBERT F. Ring has been appointed Principal of the High School at Westport, salary $800 ; Mr. Darius Hadley has been appointed Principal of the High School in Chatham, salary $900 ; Miss Lizzie A. WINWARD has been appointed Assistant in one of the Grammar Schools at East Cambridge, salary $550 ; Miss A LICE RICHARDS has been appointed Assistant in the Grammar School at Lewiston, Me., salary $500; Miss A LICE SAUNDERS has been appointed Assistant in the High School at Leominster; Miss Mary P. C. WHITNEY has been appointed Principal of a Grammar School in Millbury.
Tae Lowell COURSES OF FREE INSTRUCTION, in connection with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for the coming winter, will be as follows :
A course of eighteen lessons in Geometry and Trigonometry, by Prof. OSBORNE, on Tuesdays and Fridays, at 7% P. M., beginning Nov. 12.
A course of eighteen lessons in the Calculus, by Prof. RUNKLE, on Tuesdays and Fridays, at 7%, P. M., beginning Jan. 17, 1868.
An elementary course of eighteen lessons in German, by Assistant Instructor E. C. F. Krauss, on Wednesdays and Saturdays, at 7% P.M., beginning Nov. 11.
Two successive courses of fifteen lessons each in Chemical Manipulation, by Prof. STORER, on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons, at 3 P. M., the first beginning on a day to be named on the cards of admission. The second course will be a repetition, with a new class, of the first.
A course of ten lessons on Natural History, by Dr. SAMUEL KNEELAND, Secretary of the Institute, on Tuesdays and Fridays, at 772 P. M., beginning Jan. 13, 1868.
A course of ten lessons on Language and General Grammar, by Prof. ATKIN. son, on Tuesdays and Fridays, at 772 P. M., beginning Feb. 17, 1868.
Applications must be made in writing, stating residence and occupation, and addressed to “ Prof. W. P. Atkinson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boylston street, Boston.” Candidates must have attained the age of eighteen years. Successful applicants will receive their tickets by mail.
Seventy-nine students have been admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology the present term. The whole number in attendance is now one hundred and fifty-seven. A new catalogue containing the course of study will be issued in a few days.
BOOK NOTICES. We are glad to welcome to our exchange list a new school journal from Wisconsin, The School MONTHLY published by the Milwaukee Teacher's Association. HARPER'S BAZAR, a Repository of Fashion, Pleasure and Instruction, Vol. I,.
It behoves us to speak with proper modesty of a paper like this, devoted as it is to mysteries far beyond our comprehension. Whether of the small arrangement of lace and ribbon called “Fall Bonnets,” the “ Fanchon " or the “ Catalane" or the “ Marie Antoinette," or the “ Trianon ” is the thing, how can a stupid masculine editor decide? And what shall we say of those wonderful specimens of the genus “ dandy” who figure in the Gentleman's Plate, except that we dont doubt they are all right, and will presently be seen on Broadway, walking monuments of the skill of their tailors. The ladies' hair arrangements are equally wonderful; but there is one other department which really commends itself to the attention of young ladies wbo like, as all young ladies should, to appear neatly dressed, and are not unwilling to exert their own industry to accomplish it. It is the paper of patterns, by the guidance of which any handy person can cut out a great variety of garments figured in the accompanying plates. We recommend it to the attention of young lady teachers, who are not above making their own dresses.
Harper's Bazar is, in short, a journal of the fashions; and as it is very elegantly got up, and as the subject commends itself to such a multitude of readers, we predict for it the success which usually attends the undertakings of its shrewd and enterprising publishers.
We bave been favored by Messrs. LEYPOLDT & Holt, of New York, with two timely and very neat volumes : “ Leçons de Littérature Française Classique," (12mo, pp. 393); historical and biographical sketches of the history of French literature, from the earliest times; and “ La Littérature Française Contemporaine," (12mo, pp. 310) a volume of extracts from contemporary authors. They will make excellent reading books for bigher classes in the French language.
We commend the catalogue of Messrs. Leypoldt & Holt to the attention of all interested in the study of modern languages. They are publishers of excellent grammars, and of the well known series of annotated French and German Plays, and Stories in pamphlet form formerly published by Mr. Urbino and by De Vries and Ibarra. They have also a choice list of English books, and keep on hand the Tauchnitz Didot and Teubner publications.
Messrs. Lee and Shepard have sent us two very neat juvenile Jack of all Trades by Mrs. Rosa Abbott Parker and the Starry Flag by the ever popular Oliver Optic. The Messrs. Harper have favored us with three more Nos. of their Library of Select Novels; «Caste” by the author of Mr. Arle; No Man's Friend by F. W. Robinson author of Grandmother's Money &c., and The Curate's Discipline by Mrs. Eiloart. If we could only get the time we would
read them and tell our readers which is the best, or whether either is good for anything. Birds of Prey by Miss M. E. Braddon is probably as bad as are the rest of that not very reputable person's productions.
THE LECTURES delivered before the American Institute of Instruction at Burlington, Vt., August 1866, including the Journal of proceedings and a list of the Officers. Boston, Committee of Publication 12mo, pp. 219, $1. This volume, which ought to circulate widely among teachers, contains a very full report of the debates, occupying 103 pages, and Lectures on Practicality in Teaching by Rev. M. C. Stebbins; on Socrates as a teacher by Prof. W. S. Tyler; and on Learning by the Hon. G. F. Edmunds of Vt. It may be bad by addressing Mr. D. W. Jones, Office of Mass. Teacher. THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF Education, Edited by Henry Barnard LL. D.
Vol. xvii No. 46. “ National Series ” Vol. 1. No. 1.
A new series is begun with this number, and Dr. Barnard, occupied with his labors as Commissioner of Education has associated with him Prof. D. N. Camp in its management. The present number contains a classified index to the preceding volumes, a portrait of the Hon. James A. Garfield and his speech on the establishment of a National Bureau of Education, together with the usual great variety of statistical and other information relating to Education in this and other countries. The Early Years of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, compiled under the direction of Her Majesty the Queen by Lieut. General the Hon. C. Grey. 12mo. pp. 371. New York: Harpers.
Sturdy republicans are not expected to go into extasies over a book because it is partially the work of the worthy but rather insignificant little woman who is allowed to play at governing England, or because it deals with the life of the exemplary but rather dull gentleman who was her spouse. Nevertheless there is a natural curiosity to know of the private life of persons placed in such exceptional situations, and though it seems a singular proceeding, the Queen, for reasons best known to herself, has chosen to gratify her lieges and the world. It is a pleasant picture of a marriage of true affection, and Prince Albert appears to have been an amiable and accomplished, if not a great man. The Complete Works of John Greenleaf Whittier, 1 Vol. Diamond Edition.
Boston : Ticknor & Fields.
Another addition to the elegant little diamond series. Every teacher who can own any books should own this most national and patriotic of American poets, and no one can complain that he is not now within his reach. SCHOOL DISCIPLINE — ITS OBJECTS AND METHODS: An Address delivered
before the American Institute of Instruction, at its annual meeting in Tremont Temple, Boston, Aug. 31, 1867, by Hosea H. Lincoln, Principal of the Lyman School. Boston : Published by vote of the Institute, 16mo, pages 20, price 10 cents.
If it were not that we suppose our readers quite tired of the subject, we should quote from Mr. Lincoln's address. Without overrating the value of corporal punishment as a means of discipline, or underrating its difficulties and objections, he comes to the same conclusion as do all wise practical teachers, that the time has not yet come when it can be altogether dispensed with, — much remaining to be done by parents and the public at large, before that time can come for teachers ; but to suppose teachers generally to be a set of barbarians who maintain the necessity of corporal punishment simply because they love to exercise their power, betrays an ignorance of teachers which should discredit the judgment of any one uttering such a sentiment.
Mr. Lincoln says very justly, and from a long experience, — “ It is difficult to enumerate all the methods by which a school should be disciplined. Methods must vary in different schools, and with different teachers. Ask a man how he would play a game of chess, or a general. how he would fight a battle! No two battles are fought exactly alike; no two games of chess are identical. Your methods must vary with the varying elements, and the ever-varying movements of your opponents. Discipline exists in the man. He must be equal to all emergencies. He must have brains to comprehend all issues, and energies to meet them. School discipline, as well as war, is a science. Civilians did not succeed upon the battle-field as generals, neither could many who criticise teachers so severely succeed in the school-room." A DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Explanatory pronouncing
Etymological and Synonymous, with a copious appendix, mainly abridged from the Quarto Dictionary of Noah Webster, LL.D., as revised by Chauncey A. Goodrich D.D. and Noah Porter, D.D., by William A. Wheeler. Illustrated with more than six bundred engravings. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam 1868, 8vo pp. 1000.
This volume stands in the same relation to the revised Quarto of 1864 that the Octavo “ University Edition stood in to the Quarto of 1856. It would be superfluous to enlarge on the merits of the latest Edition of Webster's great work. To those who do not own it, and indeed to those who do, this handy and handsome volume will prove a valuable addition to the study table and the counting room desk. The paper is good, the type clear, there is a great varietiy of appendices and vocabularies, including a new “Glossary of Scottish words and Phrases," and we do not see what more could well have been done to make it a complete popular book of reference. We predict and hope for it the same success that has attended the larger work. A Latin Reader, to which is prefixed an Epitome of Latin Grammar, together with notes and copious references to the Grammars of Harkness, Andrews & Stoddard and Bullions, and a vocabulary and exercises in Latins, Prose, Composition, by William B. Silber, A. M., College of the City of New York, 12 mo. pp. 226. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co.
We like the plan of this book and are glad to welcome any attempt to reduce the size of Latin Grammars for beginners. The Grammar here occupies just 82 pages of open print, the syntax just five of these; copious further references are given to the grammars of Harkness, Andrews & Stoddard and Bullions, preference being rightly given to the first. We hope the master will make diligent use of them in his oral teaching.
We pass no critical judgment upon the execution of the book, because we have not used it; but the plan is good and the book well printed.
. TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Our thanks are due to T. H. for an arithmetical criticism, to “A” on Grammar (which we wish to print with a comment) and on Geography, to our Worcester friend on Writing, to our fellow-Editor for an excellent “ Word to Female Teachers," to our business friend for “ What is Money ? a lesson in Political Economy,” to C. E. R. concerning German Schools, and to J. A. G. for Chemical Experiments. These are on file for our next numbers. A number of booknotices and other matter already in type must also be reserved.
Erratum. - In our October number, page 343, for “courtesey," read “ courtesy."