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insensible to other influences, and to whom it would, in her opinion, be a positive benefit. She was unwilling, however, to have her name associated with those of the indiscriminate advocates of corporal punishment. If such is the state of things in a girls' school, not unfavorably located, it was easy to imagine what it must be in some of our boys' schools, where the scholars are nearly all from the lowest class of society. He then referred to a school in which the master, in deference to the wishes of the Chairman of his Committee, forbade his teachers using corporal punishment without consulting him. The effect upon the school, which was composed mostly of foreigners, was such, that in a short time, the disorder was almost unbearable, and the teacher upon whom the care of the school devolved, in the temporary absence of the master, was obliged to use a great deal of force in bringing the school again to order. He found, that in some of the rooms, the boys ran out and in almost at will; the books were torn, and the room defaced. It is frequently said, that whipping should be always the last resort. He thought, however, that a skilful teacher might sometimes use it profitbly without waiting to try everything else. He was glad, for his part, to see the discussion, which bad arisen upon the subject. He thought it would be productive of good in rendering teachers more careful, not to use force on slight occasions. He was satisfied that we were running too much towards the other extreme.
The meeting was the largest one that has ever been held — the room being crowded. It is to be hoped the same full attendance may be continued, as it conduces much to the interest of the discussions.
GEO. K. DANIELL, JR.,
LIFE AND WORKS OF HORACE Mann. Edited by Mrs. Mary Mann, in five
volumes. Vol. II., Lectures and Annual Reports on Education. Cambridge: Published for the Editor. 12mo, pp. 571.
It would be utterly superfluous, at this day, and in a Massachusetts Teacher, to praise the life and writings of Horace Mann. We think, however, that our readers will be glad of the following analysis of the educational part of his collected works which has been banded us, and for the information that the Life, by his widow, as well as this volume of educational matter, and the volume soon to succeed it, may be purchased separately. We do not agree with Mr. Mann in all the points of his educational philosophy; but we do not know how a teacher of common schools can dispense with the perusal of bis writings in the work of preparation for his duties. Horace Mann's Works. In a series of 4 vols.
The first two volumes of this series contain seven lectures upon Education, delivered immediately after Mr. Mann was made Secretary of the Board of Education, and published by him at the request and by the unanimous vote of the
Board of Education. These lectures are chiefly upon the practical aspects of education, and the subject is treated in a popular manner.
“ The more didactic expositions of the merits of the great cause of education,” to quote the words of his preface, " and some of the relations which that cause holds to the interests of civilization and human progress," he has endeavored to set forth in the Annual Reports, which constitute the remainder of the two volumes now republished..
Mr. Mann adds, in this preface,“ Some of the following lectures have been delivered, not only before different audiences in Massachusetts, but in other States; and in several instances, the author has seen, not only illustrations and clauses, but whole sentences taken bodily from the lectures, and transferred to works subsequently published. Should cases of this kind be noticed by the reader, he is requested to compare dates before deciding the question of plagiarism."
The leading topics treated in the different reports are as follows :
1. Organization of schools. Duties of school committees and towns. Moral instruction. School-houses (in Supplementary Report).
2. Visitations made to different parts of the State. Methods of teaching reading and spelling, and the general subject of language.
3. School conventions. Establishment of Normal schools. Reading books. Libraries.
4. County conventions. Abstracts of school returns. District system. Union system. Discipline. Apppropriations of money. School-house architecture. Warming and ventilation. Extra schools. Select schools. Private schools. Teachers. School morals. Attendance. School committees. Superintendents. Parental interest. Examinations of schools.
5. Examination of teachers. Pecuniary value of education, testified by directors of manufacturing establishments, in letters answering a circular of inquiry.
6. Compensation of teachers. School registers. School-district libraries. Phys. iological instruction. Replies of distinguished physicians to a circular letter of inquiry upon the public health. Physiological dissertation.
7. Tour in Europe. Description of charitable educational establishments. Of deaf mute instruction by articulation. Of the instruction of idiots. Prussian common schools. Real, or technological schools.
8. Normal schools. Letters from Normal school teachers. Graduated tables, showing the proportionate appropriations of school-moneys by different towns. Teachers' Institutes. Bible in schools. Distribution of school-moneys. Power of towns to raise moneys. Vocal music.
9. Retrospect of progress. School motives and school vices. Emulation. . Methods of Instruction.
10. Improvements. State school fund. Massachusetts system. School laws. Religious liberty. Source of the wealth of Massachusetts.
11. The power of common schools to redeem the State from social vices and
crimes. Circular letter of inquiry upon this subject addressed to experienced teachers. Replies.
12. Summary of progress. Physical education. Intellectual education as a means of removing poverty and securing abundance. Political education. Moral education. Religious education. Supplementary report. Suggestions for rendering the office of Secretary more useful and less laborious, based upon the obstacles he bad bad to contend with, from want of aid and furtherance from the State.
The third volume of the series contains miscellaneous lectures upon education in its various aspects.
The fourth volume contains anti-slavery and political speeches, delivered in Congress; a lecture on liberty, hitherto unpublished; and a letter to Mr. Garrison, published only in the Liberator.
The price of the volumes is $3.00 each. The two first volumes can be taken without the others, if desired. THE BANKRUPT LAW OF THE UNITED STATES, 1867, with Notes, and a
Collection of American and English Decisions, by Edwin James. 8vo, pp. 335. New York: Harper & Bros.
“ The practitioner who bas to do with the Bankrupt Act,” says Child's Publisher's Circular, “will find this book almost indispensable, as a relief from casehunting, and a store house of authorities.” BACK-BONE PHOTOGRAPHED, FROM THE SCALPEL. By Edward H. Dixon,
M. D. New York: R. M. De Witt. 12mo, pp. 396.
The “ Scalpel” is, if we are not mistaken, a sort of independent and partially heretical medical journal. The book is a curious medley of good sense and rather absurd attempts at fine writing. THE HISTORY OF PENDENNIS. By Wm. Thackeray. New York: Harper
& Bros. 8vo; 2 vols. in one, pp. 392 and 372.
Handsomely bound in one compact volume, with all the original illustrations and a steel engraving of the author, bere is one of the masterpieces of the great modern satirist for $1.25!-- a far better investment than the same amount of the ephemeral rubbish of the day.
We have received the first No. of the Maryland Educational Journal, published in Baltimore, with E. S. ZEVELY, Esq., of Cumberland, as the managing editor. We have only room to say, that it is one of the neatest of school journals, and that we cordially welcome it as a fellow laborer.
Several book-notices are unavoidably postponed to our next.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. A Problem by T. H. ; a brief article on Latin Pronunciation and The News paper in the School-Room will be printed in our next.
(OR PART II.)
AND PRONOUNCING SPELLER.
Sargent's Standard Fifth or First Class Reader. 12mo, half morocco
.......... 528 pages. Sargent's Standard Fourth Reader. 12mo, half morocco... 336 “ Sargent's Intermediate Reader. 12mo, half morocco, beautifully illustrated.....
......... 264 66 Sargent's Standard Third Reader. 12mo, half morocco.... 216 Sargent's Standard Second Reader. Illustrated........... 216 " Sargent's Standard First Reader. IHustrated............. 120 " Sargent's Standard Primer. Finely illustrated.............. 72 " Sargent's Pronouncing Speller. An entirely new work, and very successful....
........... 168 " This Speller illustrates the unaccented vowel sounds, by a new system of notation; and contains an entirely new feature in an Index of peculiar words for exhibition exercises, etc., which supersedes the necessity of any supplementary Speller for higher classes. It is also adapted to beginners.
THE FIFTH READER
Contains an ORIGINAL ELOCUTIONARY INTRODUCTION of an eminently concise and practical character, treating in a thorough manner those vital principles which are essential to successful instruction.
The selections comprise the best elocutionary pieces which Literature affords.
In the other Numbers of the Series the subject of Elocutionary Drill is prominently and appropriately treated, and the Reading Exercises are selected with especial reference to their adaptedness for Elocutionary Practice,
PATRIOTIC PIECES, embracing the noblest sentiments of modern statesmen and authors are included, to inspire a devoted spirit of patriotism, an intelligent faith in our republican system, and a renewed confidence in our purified institutions.
In all respects the Series is fully UP WITH THE TIMES.
SARGENTS ORIGINAL DIALOGUES. $1.50.
A handsome large duodecimo of 336 pages, with a Nne portrait of the author, engraved on steel, and wood-cuts representing appropriate attitudes in dialogue delivery. Copies sent, post paid, or receipt of price.
LIBERAL TERMS GIVEN FOR INTRODUCTION.
JOHN L. SHOREY,
A POPULAR ILLUSTRATED
PUBLISHED BY THE
Terms : $3.00 a year. Single numbers 25 cents. From the appreciative notices of the press, and letters received from eminent teachers and practical scientific men, as well as persons of general culture, the Editors feel assured that the publication of the AMERICAN NATURALIST, which covers a new field in this country, will prove a decided success. The circulation of the first number of the NATURALIST has already reached two thousand during the first month of its existence, and is rapidly increasing, showing the demand for a popular Natural History Journal adapted both for family reading, and as 3 medium of interchange between all lovers of Nature, who already can be counted by thousands in Jur country. For the small subscription price of $3.00 we give a handsomely printed yearly volume of OVER SIX HUNDRED PAGES, with upwards of FIFTEEN FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS AND MANY WOOD-CUTs, mainly illustrating the Animals, Plants and Geology of our Country. It thus affords a rich fund of facts about the Haunts and Habits of the Inhabitants of our Fields, Woodlands and Waters: with timely warnings of the attack of Animals injurious to crops, and prac. tical hints regarding Fish culture and Bee keeping, thus embodying facts of interest to every Farmer, Physician and Teacher, and all others wishing to keep informed of the latest discoveries in Natural History.
Contents of Vol. I, No. 3, May 1867. SOME ERRORS REGARDING THE HABITS OF OUR BIRDS. By Dr. T. M. Brewer. THE FOOD OF THE SEA-URCHIN, By J W. Dawson, LL. D. Illustrated, THE ROYAL FAMILIES OF PLANTS. By () M. Tracy. Tue Moss-ANIMALS, OR FRESH WATER POLYZOA. By Alpheus Hyatt. Continued. Plate. THE LAND SNAILS OF NEW ENGLAND. By E. S. Morse. Continued. Illustrated. THE TARANTULA KILLERS OF Texas. By G. Lincecum, M. D. Illustrated. THE BIRDS OF SPRING. By J. A. Allen. THE AMERICAN SILK WORM. By L, Trouvelot. Concluded. With two plates. REVIEWS: Observations upon the Crani il Forms of the American Aborigines, by J. A Meigs, M.D. A Treatise on some of the Insects injurious to Vegetation, by T. W. Harris, NATURAL HISTORY MISCELLANY, Botany--The May Flower: The agency of Insects in fertilizing Plarte. The annual increase in the circumference of Treeg. Curious Flower. Zoology.A new Insect Box. Illustrated Parasites of the Humble Bee; Habits of Carpenter Bees ; Mimetic Forms among Insects. Geology-The absence of the Northern Drift formation from the western coast of North America. Microscopy.- Test Objects ; Diatoms; Method of teaching Science. CORRESPONDENCE. - Good books on Natural History and Taxidermy. NATURAL HISTORY CALENDER.-Ornithological for May; The Insects of May. Illustrated. SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATIONS. PORCEEDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES, GLOSSARY.
State Normal Schools.
The normal Schools at Framingham and Salem are designed for the education of female teachers; those at Bridgewater and Westfield for the education of teachers of both sexes. The course extends over two years, of two terms of about twenty weeks cach, for all except those who have been graduated at a college, - for whom the course covers only one term, Any person entering either of the schools, with extraordinary preparation, may obtain a degree in one. half or three-fourths of the time usually required.
To those who intend to teach in the public schools in Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided, tuition is free and to pupils from this State, pecuniary aid is also given, when needed. Most of the text-books used are turnished from the libraries of the several schools,
The public examinations will take place as follows:
At each examination, in all the schools, reading will receive particular attention, and the Lee prizes for excellence in reading will be conferred upon the best readers. For circulars, or for further information, application may be made to the principals of the several schools.
The following are the conditions on which the Lee prizes may be received:
To deserve a prize, the candidate must possess naturally, or have gained by discipline, 1. A fulness of voice which shall enable him to till, without apparent effort, the room occupied by the class. 2. Perfect distinctness of articulation, giving complete expression to every vocal element, and letting the sound of each word fall clearly upon the ear of the hearer, especially at the end of every sentence. 3. Correct pronunciation, with that roundness and fulness of enunciation, and sweetness and mellowness of tone, which only can satisfy and charm the ear and reach the heart; and 4. Just emphasis, clearly marked, but not overstrained, 5. He must read naturally, and with spirit, avoiding all affectation and mannerism, and keeping at the same time clear of the lifeless monotony common in schools, and of the excess of emphasis which so often characterizes poor declamation, 6. In the reading of poetry, his tones must be those of unaffected emotion, free at once from the tameness of prose, and from the too measured cadences of verse.