Fish on Friday: Feasting, Fasting, and the Discovery of the New World

כריכה קדמית
Basic Books, 20 בפבר׳ 2006 - 338 עמודים
What gave Christopher Columbus the confidence in 1492 to set out across the Atlantic Ocean? What persuaded the king and queen of Spain to commission the voyage? It would be convenient to believe that Columbus and his men were uniquely courageous. A more reasonable explanation, however, is that Columbus was heir to a body of knowledge about seas and ships acquired at great cost over many centuries. Fish on Friday tells a new story of the discovery of America. In Brian Fagan's view, that discovery is the product of the long sweep of history: the spread of Christianity and the radical cultural changes it brought to Europe, the interaction of economic necessity with a changing climate, and generations of unknown fishermen who explored the North Atlantic in the centuries before Columbus. The Church's tradition of not eating meats on holy days created a vast market for fish that could not be fully satisfied by fish farms, better boats, or new preservation techniques. Then, when climate change in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries diminished fish stocks off Norway and Iceland, fishermen were forced to range ever farther to the west-eventually discovering incredibly rich shoals within sight of the Nova Scotia coast. In Ireland in 1490, Columbus could well have heard about this unknown land. The rest is history.
 

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תוכן

The Big Fish
3
Mortification of the Flesh
13
Part Two
25
Preserving the Catch
47
Gadus Morhua
59
The Northmen
73
The Ant of the Sea
91
The Power of Invention
107
The Boat Lost to History
159
The Rise and Fall of the Icelandic Fishery
175
PART THREE
191
A New Found Lande
219
Part Four
235
Great Store of CodFish
257
Puritans and Cains
273
Acknowledgments
291

The Carp Bubble
129
The Sin of Gluttony
143

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מונחים וביטויים נפוצים

מידע על המחבר (2006)

Brian Fagan is Emeritus Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. A former Guggenheim Fellow, he has written many internationally acclaimed popular books about archaeology, including The Little Ice Age, Floods, Famines, and Emperors, and The Long Summer. He lives in Santa Barbara, California.

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