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鐵不君言而子不許唯 之 詩怒子時信。不愧云、

云人 日 不 靡詩動於相

相之 不日 日而屋

奏敬漏 惟於民是假不故室見者 德故無言君尚乎其

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rior man examines his heart, that there may be nothing wrong there, and that he may have no cause for dissatisfaction with himself. That wherein the superior man cannot be equalled is siinply this,his work which other men cannot see.

3. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “Looked at in your apartment, be there free from shame, where you are exposed to the light of heaven.” Therefore, the superior inan, even when he is not moving, has a feeling of reverence, and while he speaks not, he has the feeling of truthfulness.

4. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “In silence is the offering presented, and the spirit approached to; there is not the slightest contention.” Therefore the superior man does not use rewards, and the people are stimulated to virtue. He does not show anger, and the people are awed more than by hatchets and battle-axes.

5. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “What needs no display is virtue. The 25-comp. ch. i. 3. PT He, was the north-west corner of ancient apart

ments, the spot most secret and retired. The Hül ='it may be granted to such an one,' fil

single panes, in the roofs of Chinese houses, go being in the sense of t. 2. The superior man

now by the name, the light of heaven leaking going on to virtue, is watchful over himself, when in (hi) through them. Looking at the whole he is alone. 詩云一 ,-see the She-king, II. iv.

stanza of the ode, we must conclude that there

is reference to the light of heaven, and the inThe ode appears to have spection of spiritual beings, as specially conbeen written by some officer who was bewailing nected with the spot intended. 4. The result of the disorder and misgovernment of his day. the processes described in the two preced. pars, This is one of the comparisons which he uses; 詩日, ,-see the She-king, IV. iii. Ode II. st. —the people are like fish in a shallow pond, unable to save themselves by diving to the bottom. 2, where for we have to read as, The application of this to the superiois soul

; and=*#. The ode describes the imperial worso to speak, and thereby realizing what is good ship of T'ang, the founder of the Shang dynasty. and right, is very far-fetched to the will; The first clause belongs to the emperor's act

and is here=1 , the whole mind,' the self. 3. on his assistants in the service. They were We have here substantially the same subject as

awed to reverence, and had no striving among in the last par. The ode is the same which is themselves. The di terli were anciently given quoted in ch. xvi. 4, and the citation is from by the emperor to a prince, as symbolic of his the same stanza of it, 屋漏 acc. to Choo | investiture with a plenipotent authority to pun

Ode VIII. st. 11.

臭有也已懷篤百 求因右至倫詩聲

矣。上

求其本復自下學為
因前章極致之言反
右第三十三章子田


之輔於
載如以 以聲平。是
無毛化以詩故
聲毛民色云
無猶未子

末子子子

百辟其刑之是故君子

virtue. All the princes imitate it.” Therefore, the superior man being sincere and reverential, the whole world is conducted to a state of happy tranquillity.

6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances.” The Master said, " Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode, “His virtue is light as a hair.' Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. * The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell.'—That is perfect virtue."

The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having carried his

descriptions to the extremest point in the preceding chapters, turns

back in this, and examines the source of his subject; and then ish the rebellious and refractory. The file is the She-king, III. i, Ode VII. st. 7. The 'I' described as a large-handled axe, eight catties

is God, who announces to king Wăn the reasons in weight. I call it a battle axe, because it why he had called him to execute his judgwas with one that king Woo despatched the

ments. Wăn's virtue, not sounded nor emblatyrant Chow. 5. The same subject continued. zoned, might come near to the 7 of last 詩日,一 ,-see the She-king, IV. i. Bk. I. Ode

par., but Confucius fixes on the t to show IV. st. 3. But in the She-king we must translate. There is nothing more illustrious than

its shortcoming. It had some, though not large the virtue of the sovereign, all the princes will

exhibition. He therefore quotes again from III. follow it.' Tsze-sze puts another meaning on

iii. Ode VI. st. 6, though away from the original the words, and makes them introductory to intention of the words. But it does not satisfy the next par. # F must here be the £ him that virtue should be likened even to a

hair. He therefore finally quotes III. i. Ode I. FT of ch. xxix. Thus it is that a con st. 7, where the imperceptible working of Heastant shuffle of terms seems to be going on, and ven (1

(載事), in producing the overthrow of the subject before us is all at once raised to a

the Yin dynasty, is set forth as without sound higher, and inaccessible platform. 6. Virtue

or smell. That is his highest conception of the in its highest degree and influence. Z-see nature and power of virtue.

盡切寧約蓋聲又恭言己 言舉

以 篇 其意反之後 平致事 可至復要已於之乎 不深丁而焉無盛篇而

again from the work of the learner, free from all selfishness, and watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by easy steps he brings it to the consummation of the whole empire tranquillized by simple and sincere reverentialness. He farther eulogizes its mysteriousness, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a compendious manner. Most deep and earnest was he in thus going again over his ground, admonishing and instructing men :- shall the learner not do his utmost in the study of the Work ?

INDEXES.

INDEX I.

OF SUBJECTS IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.

X.

X.

A

Attainments of Hwuy, like those of Conf., VII.

Attributes of the true scholar, XIX. i.
Ability, various of Conf., IX. vi.

Auspicious omens, Conf. gives up hope for want
Able officers, eight, of Chow, XVIII. xi.

of, IX. viii.
Abroad, when a son may go, IV. xix.

Avenge murder, how Conf., wished to, XIV.
Accomplishments come after duty, I. vi. xxii.

blended with solid excellence, VI. xvi.
Achievement of government, the great, XIII. ix.
Acknowledgment of Conf. in estimating him-

B
self, VII. xxxii.
Acting heedlessly, against, VII. xxvii.
Actions should always be right, XIV. iv.-of Barbarians, how to civilize, IX. xiii.

Bad name, the danger of a, XIX. xx.
Conf. were lessons and laws, XVII. xix.
Adaptation for government of Yen Yung, &c.,

Becloudings of the mind, XVII. viii.
VI. i.-of Tsze-loo, &c., VI. vi.

Bed, manner of Conf. in, X. xvi.
Admiration, Yen Yuen's, of Conf. doctrines, IX.

Benefits derived from studying the Odes, XVII.

ix.
Admonition of Conf. to Tsze-loo, XI. xiv,

Benevolence, to be exercised with prudence, VI.

xxiv.--and wisdom, XII. xxii,
Advanced years, improvement difficult in, XVII.
xxvi.

Blind, consideration of Conf, for the, XV. xli.
Adversity, men are known in times of, IX. xxvii.

Boldness, excessive of Tsze-loo, VII. x.
Advice against useless expenditure, XI. xiii.

Burial, Conf. dissatisfaction with Hwuy's, XI,
Age, the vice to be guarded against in, XVI. vii. Business, every man should mind his own,
Aim, the chief, I. xvi.
Aims, of Tsze-loo, Tsăng-sih, &c., XI. xxv.

VIII. xiv., & XIV. xxvii.
An all-pervading unity, the knowledge of, Conf.
aim, XV. ii.

C
Anarchy of Conf, time, III. v.
Ancient rites, how Conf. cleaved to, III, xvii.
Ancients, their slowness to speak, IV. xxii. Calmness of Conf. in danger, VII. xxii.
Antiquity, Conf. fondness for, VII. xix.--decay | Capacity of Mang Kung-ch'ó, XIV. xii,
of the monuments of, III. ix.

Capacities of the superior and inferior man, XV.
Anxiety of parents, II. vi.—of Conf, about the xxxiii.
training of his disciples, V. ii.

Careful, about what things Conf, was, VII. xii.
Appearances, fair, are suspicious, I. iii., & XVII. Carriage, Conf. at and in his, X. xvii.-Conf.
xvii.

refuses to sell his, to assist a needless expen.
Appellations for the wife of a prince, XVI. xiv. diture, XI. vii
Appreciation, what conduct will insure, XV. v. Caution, advantages of, IV, xxiii.--repentance
Approaches of the unlikely, readily met by avoided by, I. xiii. -in speaking, XII, iii.,
Conf., VII. xxviii.

and XV. vii.
Approbation, Conf., of Nan Yung, XI. v. Ceremonies and music, XI. i.-end of, I. xii,
Aptitude of the Keun-tsze, II. xii.

impropriety in, III x.-influence of in govern-
Archery, contention in, III. vii.-a discipline ment, IV. xiii.--regulated according to their
of virtue, III. xvi.

object, III. iv.-secondary and ornamental,
Ardent and cautious disciples, Conf. obliged to III. viii.--vain without virtue, III. iii.
be content with, XIII. xxi.

Character (s), admirable, of Tsze-yu, &c., XV.
Ardour of Tsze-loo, V. vi.

vi.-differences in, owing to habit, XVII. ii.-
Art of governing, XII. xiv,

different, of two dukes, XIV. xvi.—disliked
Assent without reformation, a hopeless case, by Conf., and Tsze-kung, XVII. xxiv.-how
IX. xxiii.

Conf. dealt with different, XI. xxi.-how to
Attachment to Conf. of Yen Yuen, XI. xxiii. determine, II. x.-lofty, of Shun and Yu, VIII.
Attainment, different stages of, VI. xviii. xviii.-of four disciples, XI. xvii.--of Kung-

shuh Win, XIV. xiv.-f Tan-t'ae Möen-ming, | Defence, of himself by Conf., XIV. xxxvi.-01
VI. xii.-various elements of in Conf., VII. his own method of teaching, by Tsze-hes,

xxxvii.—what may be learnt from, IV. xvii. XIX xii.-of Tsze-loo, by Conf., XI. xiv.
Chracteristics, of perfect virtue, XIII. xix.---of Degeneracy, of Conf. age, VI. xiv.-instance of
tond.sciples, XI. ii.

XV. xxv.
Claimed, what ('onf., VII. xxxiii.

Delusions, how to discover, XII. X.; xxi.
Classes of men, in relation to knowledge, four, Demeanour of Conf., X. i., to v.; xiii.

XVI. ix.-only two whom practice cannot Departure of Conf., from Loo, XVIII. iv.-from
change, XVII. iii.

Ts'e, XVIII. iii.
Climbing the heavens, equalling Conf. like, Depreciation, Conf. above the reach of, XIX.
XIX. xxv.

xxiv.
Common practices, some indifferent and others Description of himself as a learner, by Conf.
nut, IX. iii.

VII. xviii.
Communications to be proportioned to suscep- Desire and ability, required in disciples, VII.
tibility, VI. xix.

viii.
Comparison of Sze and Shang, XI. xv.

Development of knowledge, II. xi.
Coinparisons, against makiny, XIV. xxxi. Differences of character, owing to habit, XVII.
Compass and vigour of mind necessary to a ii.
scholar, VIII. vii.

Dignity, necessary a ruler, XV. xxxii.
Compassion, how a criminal-judge should cher- Disciples, anxiety about training, V. xxi.
ish, XVIII. xix

Discrimination of Conf. in rewarding officers,
Complete man, of the, XIV. xiii.-virtue, I. VI. iii.—without suspiciousness, the merit
xiv., and VI. xvi.

of, XIV. xxxiii.
Concealınent, not practised by Conf. with his Dispersion of the musicians of Loo, XVIII. xi.
disciples, VII. xxiii.

Distinction, notoriety not, XII. xx.
Concubines, difficult to treat, XVII. xxv. Distress, the superior man above, XV. i.
Condemnation of Tsang Woo-chung, XIV. xv. Divine mission, Conf. assurance of a, VII. xxii.:

---of Conf, for seeking employment, XIV. xli. IX. v.
Condition, only virtue adapts a man to his, IV. Doctrine of Conf. admiration of, IX. X.
ii.

Dreams of Conf. affected by disappointments,
Conduct that will be everywhere appreciated,

VII. v.
XV. y.

Dress, rules of Conf., in regard to his, X. vi.
Confidence, enjoying, necessary to serving and Dying counsels to a man in high station, VIII.
to ruling, XIX. X.

iv.
Connate, Conf. knowledge not, VII. xix. Dynasties, Yin, Hea, and Chow, VIII. iv.: III.
Consideration, of Conf. for the blind, XV. xli.- xx.-Yin and Hea, III. ix.--Chow, &c., III.
a generous, of others, recommended, XVIII. xiv.-certain rules exemplified in the ancient,

--eight able officers of the Chow, XVIII. xi.-
Consolation to Tsze-new, when anxious about three worthies of the Yin, XVIII. i.--the
his brother, XII. v.

three, XV. xxiv.
Constancy of mind, importance of, XIII. xxii.
Constant Mean, the, VÍ. xxvii.
Contemporaries of Conf, described, XVI. xi.

E
Contention, the superior man avoids, III. vii.
Contentment in poverty of Tsze-loo, IX. xxvi.
---of Conf. with his condition, IX. xi.-of the

Earnest student, Hwuy the, IX. xix.
officer King, XIII. viii.

Earnestness in teaching, of Conf., LX. vii.
Contrast of Hwuy and 'Tsze, XI. xviii.

Egotism, instance of freedom froin, VIII. v.
Conversation, with Chung-kung, XII. ii.-with Eight able officers of the Chow dynasty, XVIII.
Tsze-chang, XII. vi.; vii.: XX. ii.-with Tsze-

xi.
kung, XIV. xviii.—with Tsze-loo, XIV. xiii.; Emolument, learning for, II. xviii.-shameful
xvii.---with Tsze-new, XII. iii.-- with Yen

to care only for, XIV. i.
Yuen, XII. i.

End the, crowns the work, IX. xxi.
Countenance, the, in filial piety, I. viii.

Enjoyment, advantageous and injurious sources
Courage, not doing right from want of, II. xxiv.

of, XVI. v.
Criminal judge, should cherish compassion, Equalled, Conf. cannot be, XIX. xxv.
XIX. xix.

Error, how acknowledged by Conf., VII. XIX.
Culpability of not reforming known faults, xv. Essential, what is, in different services. III. xxvi.
xxix.

Estimate, Conf. humble of himself. VII. ii.; iji.:

IX. xv.: XIV. xxx.-of what he could do it

employed, XIII x.
D

Estimation of others, not a man's concern,

XIV. xxxii.

Example, better than force, II. xx.-govern.
Danger, Conf, assured in time of, IX. v.

ment efficient by, &c., XII. xvii.; xviii. ; xix.;
Dead, offices to the, I. ix.

--the secret of rulers' success, XIII. i.-va-
Death, Cont. evades a question about, XI. xi. lue of, in those in high stations, VIII. ii.

--how Conf. felt Hwuy's, XI. viii.; ix.--with- Excess and defect equally wrong, XI. Xv.
out regret, IV. viii.

Expenditure, against useless, XI. xiii.
Declined, what Conf., to be reckoned, VII. External, the, may be predicated from the in-
xxxiii.

ternal, XIV. v.
Defects of former times become moderu vices, Extravagant speech, hard to be made good,
XVII, xvi.

XIV. xxi.

X.

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