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鐵不君言而子不許唯 之 詩怒子時信。不愧云、
云人 日 不 靡詩動於相
相之 不日 日而屋
奏敬漏 惟於民是假不故室見者 德故無言君尚乎其
rior man examines his heart, that there may be nothing wrong there, and that he may have no cause for dissatisfaction with himself. That wherein the superior man cannot be equalled is siinply this,his work which other men cannot see.
3. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “Looked at in your apartment, be there free from shame, where you are exposed to the light of heaven.” Therefore, the superior inan, even when he is not moving, has a feeling of reverence, and while he speaks not, he has the feeling of truthfulness.
4. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “In silence is the offering presented, and the spirit approached to; there is not the slightest contention.” Therefore the superior man does not use rewards, and the people are stimulated to virtue. He does not show anger, and the people are awed more than by hatchets and battle-axes.
5. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “What needs no display is virtue. The 25-comp. ch. i. 3. PT He, was the north-west corner of ancient apart
ments, the spot most secret and retired. The Hül ='it may be granted to such an one,' fil
single panes, in the roofs of Chinese houses, go being in the sense of t. 2. The superior man
now by the name, the light of heaven leaking going on to virtue, is watchful over himself, when in (hi) through them. Looking at the whole he is alone. 詩云一 ,-see the She-king, II. iv.
stanza of the ode, we must conclude that there
is reference to the light of heaven, and the inThe ode appears to have spection of spiritual beings, as specially conbeen written by some officer who was bewailing nected with the spot intended. 4. The result of the disorder and misgovernment of his day. the processes described in the two preced. pars, This is one of the comparisons which he uses; 詩日, ,-see the She-king, IV. iii. Ode II. st. —the people are like fish in a shallow pond, unable to save themselves by diving to the bottom. 2, where for we have to read as, The application of this to the superiois soul
; and=*#. The ode describes the imperial worso to speak, and thereby realizing what is good ship of T'ang, the founder of the Shang dynasty. and right, is very far-fetched to the will; The first clause belongs to the emperor's act
and is here=1 , the whole mind,' the self. 3. on his assistants in the service. They were We have here substantially the same subject as
awed to reverence, and had no striving among in the last par. The ode is the same which is themselves. The di terli were anciently given quoted in ch. xvi. 4, and the citation is from by the emperor to a prince, as symbolic of his the same stanza of it, 屋漏 acc. to Choo | investiture with a plenipotent authority to pun
Ode VIII. st. 11.
virtue. All the princes imitate it.” Therefore, the superior man being sincere and reverential, the whole world is conducted to a state of happy tranquillity.
6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances.” The Master said, " Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode, “His virtue is light as a hair.' Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. * The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell.'—That is perfect virtue."
The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having carried his
descriptions to the extremest point in the preceding chapters, turns
back in this, and examines the source of his subject; and then ish the rebellious and refractory. The file is the She-king, III. i, Ode VII. st. 7. The 'I' described as a large-handled axe, eight catties
is God, who announces to king Wăn the reasons in weight. I call it a battle axe, because it why he had called him to execute his judgwas with one that king Woo despatched the
ments. Wăn's virtue, not sounded nor emblatyrant Chow. 5. The same subject continued. zoned, might come near to the 7 of last 詩日,一 ,-see the She-king, IV. i. Bk. I. Ode
par., but Confucius fixes on the t to show IV. st. 3. But in the She-king we must translate. There is nothing more illustrious than
its shortcoming. It had some, though not large the virtue of the sovereign, all the princes will
exhibition. He therefore quotes again from III. follow it.' Tsze-sze puts another meaning on
iii. Ode VI. st. 6, though away from the original the words, and makes them introductory to intention of the words. But it does not satisfy the next par. # F must here be the £ him that virtue should be likened even to a
hair. He therefore finally quotes III. i. Ode I. FT of ch. xxix. Thus it is that a con st. 7, where the imperceptible working of Heastant shuffle of terms seems to be going on, and ven (1
(載事), in producing the overthrow of the subject before us is all at once raised to a
the Yin dynasty, is set forth as without sound higher, and inaccessible platform. 6. Virtue
or smell. That is his highest conception of the in its highest degree and influence. Z-see nature and power of virtue.
以 篇 其意反之後 平致事 可至復要已於之乎 不深丁而焉無盛篇而
again from the work of the learner, free from all selfishness, and watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by easy steps he brings it to the consummation of the whole empire tranquillized by simple and sincere reverentialness. He farther eulogizes its mysteriousness, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a compendious manner. Most deep and earnest was he in thus going again over his ground, admonishing and instructing men :- shall the learner not do his utmost in the study of the Work ?
OF SUBJECTS IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.
Attainments of Hwuy, like those of Conf., VII.
Attributes of the true scholar, XIX. i.
Auspicious omens, Conf. gives up hope for want
of, IX. viii.
Avenge murder, how Conf., wished to, XIV.
blended with solid excellence, VI. xvi.
Bad name, the danger of a, XIX. xx.
Becloudings of the mind, XVII. viii.
Bed, manner of Conf. in, X. xvi.
Benefits derived from studying the Odes, XVII.
Benevolence, to be exercised with prudence, VI.
xxiv.--and wisdom, XII. xxii,
Blind, consideration of Conf, for the, XV. xli.
Boldness, excessive of Tsze-loo, VII. x.
Burial, Conf. dissatisfaction with Hwuy's, XI,
VIII. xiv., & XIV. xxvii.
Capacities of the superior and inferior man, XV.
Careful, about what things Conf, was, VII. xii.
refuses to sell his, to assist a needless expen.
and XV. vii.
impropriety in, III x.-influence of in govern-
object, III. iv.-secondary and ornamental,
Character (s), admirable, of Tsze-yu, &c., XV.
vi.-differences in, owing to habit, XVII. ii.-
different, of two dukes, XIV. xvi.—disliked
Conf. dealt with different, XI. xxi.-how to
shuh Win, XIV. xiv.-f Tan-t'ae Möen-ming, | Defence, of himself by Conf., XIV. xxxvi.-01
xxxvii.—what may be learnt from, IV. xvii. XIX xii.-of Tsze-loo, by Conf., XI. xiv.
Delusions, how to discover, XII. X.; xxi.
XVI. ix.-only two whom practice cannot Departure of Conf., from Loo, XVIII. iv.-from
Ts'e, XVIII. iii.
Development of knowledge, II. xi.
Dignity, necessary a ruler, XV. xxxii.
Discrimination of Conf. in rewarding officers,
of, XIV. xxxiii.
Distinction, notoriety not, XII. xx.
---of Conf, for seeking employment, XIV. xli. IX. v.
Dreams of Conf. affected by disappointments,
Dress, rules of Conf., in regard to his, X. vi.
--eight able officers of the Chow, XVIII. xi.-
three, XV. xxiv.
Earnest student, Hwuy the, IX. xix.
Earnestness in teaching, of Conf., LX. vii.
Egotism, instance of freedom froin, VIII. v.
to care only for, XIV. i.
End the, crowns the work, IX. xxi.
Enjoyment, advantageous and injurious sources
of, XVI. v.
Error, how acknowledged by Conf., VII. XIX.
Estimate, Conf. humble of himself. VII. ii.; iji.:
IX. xv.: XIV. xxx.-of what he could do it
employed, XIII x.
Estimation of others, not a man's concern,
Example, better than force, II. xx.-govern.
ment efficient by, &c., XII. xvii.; xviii. ; xix.;
--the secret of rulers' success, XIII. i.-va-
--how Conf. felt Hwuy's, XI. viii.; ix.--with- Excess and defect equally wrong, XI. Xv.
Expenditure, against useless, XI. xiii.
ternal, XIV. v.