« הקודםהמשך »
MATT. i. 2-17.
2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob ; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;
3 And Judas begat Pharez and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon;
5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse ;
6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;
7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia ; and Abia begat Asa;
8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias ;
9 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias ;
10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias ;
11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:
12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;
13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud ; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor;
14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud ;
15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan ; and Matthan begat Jacob;
16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
regarding Marcion's Gospel as an altered edition of St. Luke's; their assertion is mere conjecture (a), resting on absard and frivolous allegations. The great difference of the two Gospels is inconsistent with this supposition.
5. No reasonable motive can be assigned, which could have induced Marcion to use a garbled copy of St. Luke's Gospel; the motives assigned by the fathers being inconsistent and selfdestructive.
It is supposed, therefore, that he adopted some apocryphal composition, combining much of the matter given by St. Luke with his own ideas of theology and revelation.
Vide J. P. Smyth's Testimony to the Messiah, vol. ii. p. 13, 14.-Vindication of the two first chapters of St. Matthew and St. Luke, by a Layman.-See also Dr. Nares, Archbishop Lau. rence, and Mr. Rennell, on the Socinian New Testament.
(a) Marsh's Michaelis, vol. iii. p. 169.
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations
The Angels appear to the Shepherds ".
LUKE ii. 8–20.
Julian Pea 8 And there were in the same country shepherds abid- Bethlehem. hed, 4709 ing in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. Before gar Æra, 5.
24 In the first fourteen the people of Israel were under prophets in the second under kings in the third under the Asmonæan priests. The first fourteen brought their kingdom to glory, under the reign of David ; the second to misery, in the captivity of Babylon; and the third to glory again, under the Messiahship of Christ. The first division begins with Abraham, who received the promise ; and ends with David, who received it again with greater clearness. The second begins with the building of the temple, and ends with its destruction. The third opens with a deliverance from temporal enemies, and return from captivity, and terminates in their spiritual delivery from every enemy by Christ; to whom each successive generation pointed as the Prophet-King-and Priest of his People.See also Lightfoot, vol. i. p. 418.
25 This too might have been expected, that when the Messiah was born, some visible expression of angelic joy and sympathy would be demonstrated at the mercy of God displayed towards the human race. To the angels of heaven the system of Redemption is represented as a subject of surprise and astonishment. In the cherubic emblems the angels are drawn as bending over the ark : and, in allusion to the cause of this position, we are expressly told '“ which things the angels desire to look into (a).”
The address of the angel is formed with peculiar allusion to the plan of redemption. Behold I bring you, who are Jews, the favoured sons of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, the chosen people of God-I bring you tidings of great joy. But this great joy shall not be confined to you—it shall be to all the nations; for the desire of all nations is come the Christ-the Messiah is born. Although the Saviour of all mankind, he is more especially your Saviour. Unto you is born, this very day, in a city of your former king, the Saviour, which is Christ the Lord; or more properly Messiah, the Jehovah angel, of your fathers.
At every step of our progress into the magnificent world of the Christian Revelation, we meet with new proofs of one wise scheme of Almighty Providence in accomplishing the salvation of man-Lord, what is man that thou art mindful of him, or the son of man, that thou so regardest him. When the long promised Christ is born, the universe seems to be agitated. The
Julian Pe 9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and Bethlehem. riod, 4709, the glory of the Lord shone round about them; and they gar Æra, 5. were sore afraid.
10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.
11 For unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.
13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying,
14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
Bethlebom riod, 4709 Before the
from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, ValguÆra, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing 5.
which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known
16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and
17 And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child.
18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.
19 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.
20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.
The Circumcision ».
LUKE Ü. 21. 21 And when eight days were accomplished for the Temple of circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, Jerusalemwhich was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
The Purification - Presentation of Christ in the Temple,
where he is acknowledged by Simeon and Anna.
LUKE ii. 22-39.
* The Messiah being now born into the world as a man, became subject to the law of Moses, that he might fulfil all righteousness : and thereby be able, as the perfect sacrifice, to redcem those who had violated that law. At the usual time, therefore, and with the ceremonies appointed for the Jews, he received the name which designated him as man in all respects like unto us, sin only excepted. The name Christ, or the anointed, was given him from above. He was now called Jesus, the Saviour, who in the likeness of sinful flesh was born to obey, and to atone. By the circumcision also he was taken, as a man, into covenant with his Father, whose glory he had se lately left.
Julian Pe 28 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male Temple of Tiod, 4709. that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord ;)
Jerusalen. Vulgar Æra,
24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is 5. said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two
25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ 2.
27 Whiston, contrary to the united opinions of Lightfoot, Doddridge, Newcome, Lardner, Michaelis, Pilkington, and others, has placed the offering of the Magi before the purification. If he had assigned sufficient reasons for this difference, it had been entitled to more attention : but it is certain if the reputed parents of Christ had had the power, they would have had with it the most anxious wish, to conform with the utmost scrupulousness to the law on this occasion ; had the Magi, therefore, presented their gifts before the purification, they would doubtless have offered a lamb, instead of the sacrifice of the poorest of the people, a pair of turtle doves, or two young pigeons.
28 The prophecy of Simeon, who is supposed by Lightfoot to have been the father of the celebrated teacher Gamaliel, completes the evidence in favour of the Messiahship of Christ, de. rived from the return of the spirit of prophecy. It is not certain whether Anna spake by the spirit of prophecy; or only expressed her conviction of the truth, from hearing and studying the evidences already afforded to the reflecting and pious, in proof of the claims of our Lord. The glory of the second temple now appeared in it for the first time. The miraculous power of his Holy Father attended bis entrance there, and though an infant, he was openly acknowledged by the inspired effusions of the most eminent among the Jews for learning, piety, and obedience to the law. The most satisfactory and irresistible evidence was given, on all occasions, to those who really waited, in joyful expectation, for that Saviour who should give redemption to Israel, and deliver them, according to their own ideas, from the power of the Romans. For among the Jews the human and divine character, and actions, of the expected Saviour were much blended (a). Every testimony which had satisfied and confirmed their fathers in the faith, had been now vouchsafed to them: the spirit of prophecythe vision of angels—the return of miracles and of dreamsIf greater evidence than this had been afforded if the more public and stupendous miracles afterwards wrought by our blessed Saviour, had taken place at this time, the silent and tranquil obedience of our Lord, (the most difficult of any perhaps) would have been interrupted before the time, by the homage, the wonder, the persecuting hatred and jealousy of the Jewish people. The time was not yet fully come, when his divinity and power were to be publicly manifested.
Before ho preached to others, he became perfect himself. The root was planted in the dry ground of retired and obscure lifc, and