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Mat. xx. 21. and they were moved with indignation against the two On the way brethren.

to Bethany Mark x. 42. But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye

know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gen-
tiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones

exercise authority upon them.
43. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will

be great among you, shall be your minister:
44. And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be

servant of all.
45. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered

unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for
many.

MATT. XX. part of ver. 21, 22, 23, 24, and ver. 25, 26, 27, 28.
21 -And he said unto her, What wilt thou ?

22 —and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to
drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with
the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him we
are able.

23 –And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared

24 —when the ten heard it

25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.

26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let bim be your minister;

27 And whomsoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant :

28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

SECTION XLIV.
Two Blind Men healed at Jericho 33.
MATT. XX. 29. to the end. MARK X. 46. to the end.

LUKE xviii. 35. to the end.
Lu.xviii.35. And it came to pass, that as he was come nigh unto Jericho.

Jericho,

33 Pilkington remarks on this passage. Three Evangelists make mention of Jesus' giving sight to a blind man near Jericho; but there are such different expressions, in their several accounts of this matter, as have induced several harmonists to conclude that different cures are related by them.

1. St. Matthew saith, As they departed from Jericho, two blind men cried out, &c.

2. St. Mark, As he went out of Jericho, blind Bartimæus began to cry out, &c.

3. St. Luke, As he was come nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man cried out, &c.

The most general conclusion from hence is, that the miracle

Jericho.

Mark x. 46. as he went out of Jericho with his disciples,
Mat. xx. 29. a great multitude followed him.

recorded by St. Luke was different from, and previous to that
mentioned by the other two Evangelists (a).

Another opinion is, that each Evangelist relates a different
fact (b) And a third, that St. Mark and St. Luke relate the
förmer miracle, and St. Matthew the latter (c).

The accounts of the several Evangelists, relating to this matter, have been connected by the most ancient harmonists, and by some of the moderns (d): but they have not given their reasons for so doing. Perhaps they may have been the same as have induced me to think that they have properly connected them, viz.

1. The series of the several circumstances mentioned by all the Evangelists. (1.) The blind man sat by the way.side, near. Jericho. (2.) He called Jesus the Son of David. (3.) The multitude rebuked him. (4.) Jesus stopped and called. (5.) The question which Jesus asked, and the answer he received are the same, in all the accounts. And, (6.) they all agree that the blind man followed Jesus.

2. If Jesus had wrought a cure of this sort just before he entered Jericho, for which all the people gaye praise unto God; it is not easy to imagine, that the multitude would, immediately after, rebuke another who called upon him in the very same manner. And though the accounts vary in some particulars, yet no where, I think, so much as to make it necessary to suppose that they are relations of different facts. For,

3. Though there were two blind men who received sight, as St. Matthew expresses it, and though St. Mark and St. Luke mention one only, yet the accounts cannot be said to be contradictory, allowing them to allude to the same fact. For the miracle is the same, in the cure of one as in the cure of many. Bartimæus might be the more remarkable person; and therefore the mention of the other be purposely omitted by the two Evangelists (e).

St. Matthew and St. Mark say, that this was done at Jesus departure from Jericho; and St, Luke, that it was, tv rad fyribaly aŭtdv sis 'Iepixw, As he was come nigh unto Jericho, according to our translation) which seems to imply, that he was not yet arrived there; and this sense hath been affixed to the words, as far as I can learn, by translators in all times, and all languages; from whence bath arisen the seeming difficulty of reconciling the several accounts. But if the words may be translated at large, When he was nigh unto Jericho; then St. Luke's account is very consistent with the others, because it determines not whether it was before he came to Jericho, or at bis departure from that place, that he wrought this miracle. And that the words will bear this construction, we may be easily convinced, by observing another expression of St. Luke, of the very same sort, xix. 29. και εγένετο ώς ήγγισεν εις Βεθφαγή kai Belaviav, translated again, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany : but it evidently appears that Jesus was gone from Bethany towards Jerusalem, when he sent out the disciples, &c. And all commentators are agreed, that though Jesus was then nigh unto Bethany, yet he was going from it. And understanding the words here in the same sense, St. Luke saith, that Jesus was now nigh unto Jericho, but going from it; agreeablo to the account which both St. Matthew and St. Mark give of this matter.

Lightfoot observes, he healeth one blind man as he entereth

Mat. xx. 30. And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, Jeriche,
Lu. xviii,35. a certain blind man,
Mark x. 46. blind Bartimæus, the son of Timæus,
Lu. xviii.35. sat by the way side, begging:

36. And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it

meant.

37. And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by. Mat. xx. 30. when they heard that Jesus passed by, Mark x. 47. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he

began to cry out, Lu. xviii.38. and he cried, saying, Jesus, thou Son of David, have

mercy on me.
Mat, xx. 30. Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David.

31. And the multitude
La. xviii.39. they which went before, rebuked him,
Mat. xx. 31. rebuked them, because they should hold their peace :
Mark x. 48. And many charged him
Lu, xviii.39. that he should hold his peace : but he cried so much the

more,

into Jericho, of which St. Luke speaketh, and another as he
goeth out, of which the other two Evangelists speak. Mat-
thew speaks of two healed as he came out of Jericho, compre-
hending, it may be, the story of him who was bealed on the
other side of the town. Mark only mentions one, because ho
rather aimed at shewing the manner, or kind of the miracle,
tban the number. Vol. i. p. 250.

Doddridge very justly observes, that this is improbable: for
the people would not reprove blind Bartimæus for supplicating
our Lord to heal bim, if a cure so remarkable had been wrought
but a short time before, at the entrance into the town.

I have endeavoured so to harmonize the accounts of the Evangelists, that the scene may be most vividly presented to the reader, I have adopted tbe opinion that two were healedat the same time--but one was more known to the people, the most remarkable of the two, and more earnest in the expres. sion of his faith in Jesus, and in the miraculous cure that had been wrought upon him. Doddridge, Fam. Exp. vol. ii. P. 138.

Newcome agrees with Doddridgo in this opinion.

In passing through Jericho, Christ_heals the blind men, and when he leaves that city is met by Zaccheus, Luke xix. 1. which evidently places this event before the resurrection of Lazarus. Then follows the resurrection of Lazarus-Christ's retirement at Epbraim-the anointing at Bethany, and the en. trance into Jerusalem. This is the order I have observed, in preference to that of Newcome, or Pilkington. The principal argument of Newcome is derived from Jobo x. 40. compared with John vi. 11. 3. but this is answered by the supposition above mentioned, that Matt. xix. 1. and Mark x. 1. represent Christ as being in the same place as he is said to have been in John x. 40. and if the Evangelist's narrative is made our guide, it gives us greater space for the various circumstances recorded in St. Luke.

(a) Chemnitius, Richardson, Lamy, Toinard, &c. (6) Molinæus, Garthwait, &c. (c) Ludolphus. (d) Tatian, Ammonius, Calvin, Whiston, Le Clero, &c. (e) Vide Poli Synop. in loc.

Mat. xx. 31. but they cried the more,

Jericho.
Mark x. 48. a great deal,
Mat. xx. 31. saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David.
Lu. xviii.39. Thou Son of David, have mercy on me.

40. And Jesus stood,
Mat. xx. 31. Jesus stood still, and called them,
La. xviii,40. and commanded him
Mark x. 49. to be called
La.xviii.40. and to be brought unto him.
Mark x. 49. And they call the blind man, saying unto him, Be of

good comfort, rise ; he calleth thee.
50. And he, casting away his garment, rose, and came to

Jesus.
La. xviï.40. and when he was come near, he asked him,

Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee?
41. And he said,
Mat. xx. 33. Lord, that our eyes may be opened.
La. xviii.41. Lord, that I may receive my sight.
Mat. xx. 34. So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their

eyes :
Lu.xyiii.42. And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight; thy faith

bath saved thee. Mark x. 52. Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. Lu.xviij.43. And immediately he received his sight, and followed

him, Mark x. 52. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Je

sus in the way,
Mat. XX, 33. their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
Lu. xviii.43. glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it,
gave praise unto God.

MATT. XX. part of ver. 29, 30, 32, 33.
29 -And as they departed from Jericho-
30 -cried out, saying-
32 –Andand said, What will ye that I shall do unto you?
33 They say unto him-and immediately-
MARK X. part of ver. 46, 47, 48, 49. ver. 51. and part of ver. 52.

46 And they came to Jericho: and-and a great number of
people-sat by the highway side, begging.

47 --and say, Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on me.

48 —that he should hold his peace: but he cried the moreThou Son of David, have mercy on me.

49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him

51 And Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind man said unto him Lord, that I might receive my sight.

52 - And Jesus said unto him

SECTION XLV.
Conversion of Zacchæus, and the Parable of the Pounds.

LUKE xix. 1—28.
And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho.

Luke xix, 1.

Lake xix.2. And, behold, there was a man named Zacchæus, which Jericha

was the chief among the Publicans, and he was rich.
3. And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could

not for the press, because he was little of stature.
4. And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycamore

tree to see him : for he was to pass that way.
5. And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and

saw him, and said unto Zacchæus, make haste, and come

down ; for to day I must abide at thy house.
6. And he made haste, and came down, and received him

joyfully.
7. And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying,

That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a

sinner.
8. And Zacchæus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold,

Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I
have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I

restore him fourfold.
9. And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come

to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
10. For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that

which was lost.
11. And as they heard these things, he added and spake a

parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because
they thought that the kingdom of God should immedi-

ately appear.
12. He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far

country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
13. And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten

pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
14. But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after

him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
15.

And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having
received the kingdom, then he commanded the servants
to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money,
that he might know how much every man had gained by

trading.
16. Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath
gained ten pounds.

And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: be-
cause thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou

authority over ten cities.
18. And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath

gained five pounds.
19. And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five

cities.
20. And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy

pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
21. For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man:

17.

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