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Mat. xx. 21. and they were moved with indignation against the two On the way brethren.
to Bethany Mark x. 42. But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye
know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gen-
exercise authority upon them.
be great among you, shall be your minister:
servant of all.
unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for
MATT. XX. part of ver. 21, 22, 23, 24, and ver. 25, 26, 27, 28.
22 —and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to
23 –And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared
24 —when the ten heard it
25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let bim be your minister;
27 And whomsoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant :
28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
LUKE xviii. 35. to the end.
33 Pilkington remarks on this passage. Three Evangelists make mention of Jesus' giving sight to a blind man near Jericho; but there are such different expressions, in their several accounts of this matter, as have induced several harmonists to conclude that different cures are related by them.
1. St. Matthew saith, As they departed from Jericho, two blind men cried out, &c.
2. St. Mark, As he went out of Jericho, blind Bartimæus began to cry out, &c.
3. St. Luke, As he was come nigh unto Jericho, a certain blind man cried out, &c.
The most general conclusion from hence is, that the miracle
Mark x. 46. as he went out of Jericho with his disciples,
recorded by St. Luke was different from, and previous to that
Another opinion is, that each Evangelist relates a different
The accounts of the several Evangelists, relating to this matter, have been connected by the most ancient harmonists, and by some of the moderns (d): but they have not given their reasons for so doing. Perhaps they may have been the same as have induced me to think that they have properly connected them, viz.
1. The series of the several circumstances mentioned by all the Evangelists. (1.) The blind man sat by the way.side, near. Jericho. (2.) He called Jesus the Son of David. (3.) The multitude rebuked him. (4.) Jesus stopped and called. (5.) The question which Jesus asked, and the answer he received are the same, in all the accounts. And, (6.) they all agree that the blind man followed Jesus.
2. If Jesus had wrought a cure of this sort just before he entered Jericho, for which all the people gaye praise unto God; it is not easy to imagine, that the multitude would, immediately after, rebuke another who called upon him in the very same manner. And though the accounts vary in some particulars, yet no where, I think, so much as to make it necessary to suppose that they are relations of different facts. For,
3. Though there were two blind men who received sight, as St. Matthew expresses it, and though St. Mark and St. Luke mention one only, yet the accounts cannot be said to be contradictory, allowing them to allude to the same fact. For the miracle is the same, in the cure of one as in the cure of many. Bartimæus might be the more remarkable person; and therefore the mention of the other be purposely omitted by the two Evangelists (e).
St. Matthew and St. Mark say, that this was done at Jesus departure from Jericho; and St, Luke, that it was, tv rad fyribaly aŭtdv sis 'Iepixw, As he was come nigh unto Jericho, according to our translation) which seems to imply, that he was not yet arrived there; and this sense hath been affixed to the words, as far as I can learn, by translators in all times, and all languages; from whence bath arisen the seeming difficulty of reconciling the several accounts. But if the words may be translated at large, When he was nigh unto Jericho; then St. Luke's account is very consistent with the others, because it determines not whether it was before he came to Jericho, or at bis departure from that place, that he wrought this miracle. And that the words will bear this construction, we may be easily convinced, by observing another expression of St. Luke, of the very same sort, xix. 29. και εγένετο ώς ήγγισεν εις Βεθφαγή kai Belaviav, translated again, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany : but it evidently appears that Jesus was gone from Bethany towards Jerusalem, when he sent out the disciples, &c. And all commentators are agreed, that though Jesus was then nigh unto Bethany, yet he was going from it. And understanding the words here in the same sense, St. Luke saith, that Jesus was now nigh unto Jericho, but going from it; agreeablo to the account which both St. Matthew and St. Mark give of this matter.
Lightfoot observes, he healeth one blind man as he entereth
Mat. xx. 30. And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, Jeriche,
36. And hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it
37. And they told him, that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by. Mat. xx. 30. when they heard that Jesus passed by, Mark x. 47. And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he
began to cry out, Lu. xviii.38. and he cried, saying, Jesus, thou Son of David, have
mercy on me.
31. And the multitude
into Jericho, of which St. Luke speaketh, and another as he
Doddridge very justly observes, that this is improbable: for
I have endeavoured so to harmonize the accounts of the Evangelists, that the scene may be most vividly presented to the reader, I have adopted tbe opinion that two were healedat the same time--but one was more known to the people, the most remarkable of the two, and more earnest in the expres. sion of his faith in Jesus, and in the miraculous cure that had been wrought upon him. Doddridge, Fam. Exp. vol. ii. P. 138.
Newcome agrees with Doddridgo in this opinion.
In passing through Jericho, Christ_heals the blind men, and when he leaves that city is met by Zaccheus, Luke xix. 1. which evidently places this event before the resurrection of Lazarus. Then follows the resurrection of Lazarus-Christ's retirement at Epbraim-the anointing at Bethany, and the en. trance into Jerusalem. This is the order I have observed, in preference to that of Newcome, or Pilkington. The principal argument of Newcome is derived from Jobo x. 40. compared with John vi. 11. 3. but this is answered by the supposition above mentioned, that Matt. xix. 1. and Mark x. 1. represent Christ as being in the same place as he is said to have been in John x. 40. and if the Evangelist's narrative is made our guide, it gives us greater space for the various circumstances recorded in St. Luke.
(a) Chemnitius, Richardson, Lamy, Toinard, &c. (6) Molinæus, Garthwait, &c. (c) Ludolphus. (d) Tatian, Ammonius, Calvin, Whiston, Le Clero, &c. (e) Vide Poli Synop. in loc.
Mat. xx. 31. but they cried the more,
40. And Jesus stood,
good comfort, rise ; he calleth thee.
Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee?
bath saved thee. Mark x. 52. Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. Lu.xviij.43. And immediately he received his sight, and followed
him, Mark x. 52. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Je
sus in the way,
MATT. XX. part of ver. 29, 30, 32, 33.
46 And they came to Jericho: and-and a great number of
47 --and say, Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on me.
48 —that he should hold his peace: but he cried the moreThou Son of David, have mercy on me.
49 And Jesus stood still, and commanded him
51 And Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind man said unto him Lord, that I might receive my sight.
52 - And Jesus said unto him
LUKE xix. 1—28.
Luke xix, 1.
Lake xix.2. And, behold, there was a man named Zacchæus, which Jericha
was the chief among the Publicans, and he was rich.
not for the press, because he was little of stature.
tree to see him : for he was to pass that way.
saw him, and said unto Zacchæus, make haste, and come
down ; for to day I must abide at thy house.
That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a
Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I
restore him fourfold.
to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.
which was lost.
parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because
country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having
And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: be-
authority over ten cities.
gained five pounds.
pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin: