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dis, same as Artaxerxes above named in scripture; 3, Darius, son of Hystaspes same as above ; 4, Xerxes, same as scripture calls Ahasuerus. Why the scripture did not name Cambyses, if there was such a king, I am not able to tell, unless his reign was so short, which all historians agree in, that he had no hand in building or hindering the building of the temple at Jerusalem, as the other three kings had which Ezra has named. But as Gabriel did not come to tell Daniel any thing which was not " noted in the scripture of truth,” (see Daniel x. 21, “But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth.”) Therefore the language of our text now under examination will be this, " There shall stand up yet three kings in Persia, (noted in the scripture of truth) and the fourth shall be far richer than they all,” &c. This fourth king was Artaxerxes Longamus, and is the same king noted in Ezra vii. and the first and only king of Persia "noted in the scriptures," who ever gave a decree to rebuild the walls and streets of Jerusalem, especially in troublous times. We may therefore reasonably and conclusively determine that the messenger Gabriel begins his instruction with this king's reign, the 5th king noted in scripture. And if so we have another strong and forcible evidence that in Daniel's vision of the ram and he goat, began with the seventy weeks, 457 years before the birth of Christ and 490 years or 70 prophetic weeks before his death. Daniel xi. 3, 4. We have the plain history of Alexander the conqueror of the world, his death, and division of the kingdom into four great empires. Hear what Gabriel says of him more than 200 years before the event happened, and learn ye sceptics, the evidence that this prophecy is of divine origin." And a mighty king shall stand up that shall rule with great dominion and do according to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven and not to his posterity nor according to his dominion which he ruled; for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others besides those,” (that is his posterity.)
Need I then tell my hearers that history tells us that Alexander conquered the then known world in about six years, and that he died 323 years B. C. at Babylon; that his kingdom was divided among his greatest generals, from which division arose four great kingdoms, Egypt in the South, Persia in the east, Syria in the north, and Macedonia in the west, which kingdoms lasted until conquered by
CHRIST'S SECOND COMING.
the Romans. Between the years 190 and 30 B. C. nearly all these kingdoms became Roman provinces. From Daniel xi. 5, 13, inclusive, we have a prophecy of the two principal kingdoms out of these four, Egypt and Syria, and any one who may have the curiosity to see the exact agreement between the prophecy and history, can read Rollin's ancient history where he has not only given us the history but applied this prophecy. And as I see no reason to disagree from him in his application of these texts, I shall therefore, for brevity's sake, pass over these texts, and examine the text, Daniel xi. 14, “ And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south : also, the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision ; but they shall fall.” The king the south, in this verse, without any doubt, means king of Egypt; but what the robbers of thy people means remains yet a doubt perhaps to some. That it cannot mean Antiochus or any king of Syria it is plain, for the Angel had been talking about that nation for a number of verses pre. vious and now says, “ also the robbers of thy people," &c. evidently implying some other nation. I will admit that Antiochus did perhaps rob the Jews; but how could this -establish the vision," as Antiochus 'is not spoken of any where in the vision as performing any act of that kind, for he belonged to what is called the Grecian kingdom in the vision. Again, “ to establish the vision,” must mean to make sure, complete, or fulfil the same. And if it cannot be shown that the Grecian kingdom was to rob the people of God, I think it must mean some other nation which would do these acts, to which every word will apply. And to this we need not be at a loss; for at this very time of which the Angel is speaking, Rome, the least kingdom in Daniel's vision, did exalt itself, and this kingdom did have the very marks in the vision, and in the events following. This kingdom was to have great iron teeth, it was to break in pieces, and stamp the residue with the feet of it. The vision also says, “He shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and holy people, and that he should magnify himself, &c. the same as exalt himself: Daniel vii 7, 23: viii. 10-12, 24, 25 verses. And it cannot be denied but that the Jews have been robbed of their city and sanctuary by the Roa mans, and the Christian church has been persecuted and robbed by this dreadful beast, the Roman kingdom. It 18
evident too that when this kingdom falls, the vision will be completed, fulfilled, established; “but they shall fall,” says the Angel in the verse under our present examination, “they shall fall,” that is the ten horns in this fourth kingdom when the vision is fulfilled or established, and when the stone cut out of the mountain without hands shall grind them to powder. We will take the 15th, “So the king of the north.” Rome is now the king of the north, because they had conquered the Macedonian kingdom and had become masters of the countries north and east before they attacked Egypt. • Shall come and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities; and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand.” This was about fifty years before Christ, when Pompey, a Roman general, conquered Egypt and made that kingdom tributary to the Romans, and afterwards entered Jerusalem and made them subjects of the Roman government. See verses 16 and 17, “But he that cometh against hirn,” (Pompey coming against Egypt) “shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him, and he shall stand in the glorious land which by his hand shall be consumed. He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingo dom and upright ones with him,”' (or men of equal conditions, as it might have been rendered.) The Roman army of which Pompey had the command, when he went into Egypt and Palestine, were composed of the sons of all the principal citizens of Rome, who were, according to the laws of the republic, to serve ten years in the service of their country before they were admitted to receive the high offices which they might afterwards be candidates for. This accounts for the language just read in the text, "upright ones with him.” And thus shall he do: he shall give him the daughter of woman, corrupting her ; but she shall not stand on his side nor be for him." When Pom. pey went into Egypt, he found that country divided beiween Ptolemy and Cleopatra. Pompey, after he had made them tributary to the Romans, compelled them to settle their differences by marriage. Afterwards when Julius Cæsar came against Pompey with his western veterans, with whom he had conquered the west part of Europe, and in the battle fought between these two contending rivals, Pompey and Julius Cæsar, Cleopatra had the command of the Egyptian fleet on the side of Pompey: but
CHRIST'S SECOND COMING.
in the midst of the action she deserted over to Cæsar with her whole fleet, which turned the fortune of the day in favor of Julius Cæsar. Pompey then fled into the Grecian isles, where he compelled many of them to declare in his favor. But Cæsar soon followed him, and at the battle of Pharsalia completely defeated Pompey, who was slain by a band of pirates or robbers. This part we have in the 18th verse," After this shall he (Pompey), turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many; but a prince (Cæsar) for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him (Pompey) to cease; without his own (Cæsar) reproach, he shall cause it to turn upon him, (Pompey,) 19th verse, “Then he (Cæsar) shall turn his face towards the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.” The history of Cæsar's death is familiar to every school boy. After he had conquered Pompey, he venture ed to Rome, entered the city in triumph, and a few days after, when he was about to be crowned Emperor, he was slain in the senate house, before Pompey's pillar, by his own friends," he stumbled and fell and was not found.” 20th
verse, “Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes, in the glory of the kingdom : but within a few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger nor in battle." This verse describes Octavius Cæsar who first taxed them Roman provinces, Judea being taxed, see Luke ii. 1, 5, when our Saviour was born; but Octavius Cæsar, afterwards called Augustus Cæsar, was not slain like his uncle Julius, nor like his successors ; but died peaceably in his bed. 21st and 22d verses, “ And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honor of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. And with the arms of a flood shall they be overthrown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant." In these two verses we have the history of Tiberius Cæsar, who was the successor of Octavius Cæsar, in the Roman empire; and was one of the most vile, profligate, bloody tyrants that ever sat upon the Roman throne. History gives us the same account, that he obtained by flatteries the kingdom, and afterwards ruled it by tyranny. He also assumed the name of Augustus. In his reign, Christ was crucified, the prince of the covenant was broken." Here ends the history of the seventy weeks. This prophetic bistory being divided into four divisions, the first part is the
history of the seventy weeks, to which we have been attending, which began in the seventh year of Artaxerxes reign, and ended in the twenty second year of Tiberius Cæsar's, being four hundred and ninety years, the second part will be the history of Pagan Rome, which begins with the first league made between the Romans and the Jews, and will carry us down six hundred and sixty-six years You will likewise observe that the Angel goes back and begins this history with the league. 22d verse, “And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully : hé shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.” Let us in the first place inquire, between whom is this league made ? The Romans must be one of the contracting parties, from the fact that the Angel is talking about that government before and afterwards, and that the fourth or Roman kingdom was to work deceitfully," and through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand." See Daniel viii. 25. And also from the circumstance of their being a small or republican people at first, Rome too was small in territory at this time, although many nations and kingdoms were tributary unto them: but who was the other contracting party in this league? I answer, it must have been some people whom the
Angel had in view, and he, Daniel, had the same in view or he would have given some mark by which Daniel or the reader could have come to a just conclusion. Yes, this was the case ; for he had told Daniel in the very outset, “Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days.” See our text. This then is the key that unlocks the whole subject, and explains two important points in the vision. First, it teaches who are the subjects of this vision ; and secondly, when and how the Roman kingdom became connected with the vision If I am thus far correct, then the Angel has reference to the league made with the Romans 158 years B, C. when the Grecian general Bacchides withdrew his army from before Jerusalem and never returned to vex the Jews any more, as says I. Macabees ix. 72. For the history of this league, you can read I. Maccabees viii. and Josephus B. XII. chap. x. sec. 6. This league was the first ever?made between the Romans and the Jews as Josephus tells us, and the year it took effect, when the Grecian kingdom, Demetricus at the command of the Romans, ceased to trouble the Jews, and the Romans began to work deceitfully, was one hundred