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To scorch men with fire, signifies to make men angry great heat, uncommonly angry, vengeful, malicious. This vial was poured out in the last century when the gospel was proclaimed in these kingdoms of the beast. Now during the greater part of the last century, and in all the kingdoms where the gospel was preached, there were manifested insidious attempts and a systematic opposition against the gospel of Jesus Christ or the holy scriptures. This opposition was headed by Frederick, king of Prussia, and aided by all the wits, men of genius and learning, as they boasted, of all Europe and America, and in their secret assemblies or clubs they went so far as to calculate about what length of time it would take for them to destroy and exterminate the religion of the “Galilean and his twelve fishermen,' and no writers that ever wrote took such unwearied pains, showed so much virulence and anger, blasphemed the name of God to such a degree as these writers, and none either before or since have ever dared to exhibit the like. “And they repented not to give him the glory." I believe it is not known that any of these principal deistical writers were converted to the religion of Jesus Christ before their death, to give God the glory. Yet I think we have some account of many of them dying in horror at the frightful view of the future, in consequence of their blasphemous lives against the majesty of the King of Rings. Therefore in the history of the deists in the eighteenth century, we have the history of the plague of the fourth vial. And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness, and they gnawed their tongues for pain and blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds. « The seat of the beast," must mean those ten kingdoms on which the woman sitteth, which is ancient Rome. “Full of darkness," must mean full of wickedness, confusion and every evil work. “Gnawed their tongues for pain,” shows shame, disgrace, and disappointment. This vial was poured out in the French Revolution, about 1798. When Bonaparte began his extraordinary career exalted to the pinnacle of power, he dethrones the pope, (whose power and authority had made kings and emperors quail at his feet, who had ruled over the nations with despotie sway, for more than 1200 years, and makes Rome the second city of France ; conquers the ancient monarchies; deluges every country with

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blood; masters every king; gathers spoils from every land; and humbles cities in the dust ; changes the laws of kingdoms, and destroys the most sacred constitutions of the Roman states. In this revolution among the Roman kingdoms and under this vial the bastile was demolished, the inquisition destroyed, torture suppressed, and the power of the papal clergy restrained. Their kingdoms were full of darkness; they were troubled, chafed and grieved; a thousand plots were laid; many times they confederated against him the master spirit of the times; but they prevailed not until this vial had its accomplishment on the seat of the beast. Yet after all this wonderful display of God's judgments upon the beast and kingdoms of ancient Rome, they repented not, but Pharaoh like they blasphemed God, because of their pains and their sores. “And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared." The scene has now changed from Europe to Turkey. The river Euphrates means in prophecy the people of that country bordering on the river, and of course refers to the Turkish power as I have formerly shown in my lecture on the fifth and sixth trumpet. “Water thereof was dried up,” is an emblem of the power and strength of that kingdom being diminished or taken away. This vial was poured out on Turkey by the loss of a great share of the empire: first Russia on the north, in her last war with the Turks took away a number of provinces; then by the revolt of Ali Pacha; then by the rising of the Greeks; since by the Albanians and Georgians, and other distant parts of the empire becoming disaffected; which altogether have so wasted the power of the Turks that now it is very doubtful whether she can maintain her power against her own intestine enemies; and to compare her now with her former greatness, would be like comparing a fordable stream with the great river Euphrates; so that the way now appears to be prepared for the kings to come up to the battle of the great day, in which the false prophet'is now to take his pa we shall see in our next verse.

“And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet; for they are the spirits of devils working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them

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men a great

cities represent the power and religion of all other nations, Therefore all the power and all national religion, will fall in and under this vial, and the anti-christian power will be judged, all their sins, cruel persecutions, and bloody deeds, will be brought into judgment into remembrance before God, and he will fill to her the cup which she has made others drink, and she in her turn must drink the dregs. And every island fled

away,

and the mountains were not found.” Islands and mountains are figures of great and small kingdoms and governments. This text alludes to the same time and circumstances which Nebuchadnezzar's dream does. Daniel ii. 35, 45. When the stone cut out without hands, shall smite the image upon his feet, and all the kingdoms of the earth be carried away that no place shall be found for them. In this verse it is, the “ mountains were not found.”

« And there fell upon hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent, and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail for the plague thereof was exceeding great." This closes the history of the seven last plagues, and this storm of hail is the last part of the seventh vial, it is the closing up of the judgments of God on an ungodly world. Whether we are to understand this hail figurative or literal I am not able to say : but my prevailing opinion is that we are to understand it literal, for this reason, I have never been able in the word of God to find any figurative explanation, although it is used in a number of places with particular reference to the last day. Isa. xxviii. 17. "Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet, and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding-places.” xxx. 30. "And the Lord shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hail-stones.” Ezek. xiii. 11, 13. “Say unto them which daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall; there shall be an overflow ing shower; and ye, Ogreat haił stones shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it. "Therefore, thus saith the Lord God, I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hail-stones in my fury, to consume it." Ezek. xxxviii. 22." And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and

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