תמונות בעמוד
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THE NEW YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY

383541B

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS
R
1946

L

INDEX.

B.

Bible, Dishonest Conduct of the Translators of the

Page.

56

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C.
Character, Formation of.....

13
Character, Formation of National

16, 68, 95
Chronology, The Harmonies of Biblical

60, 79
Creation, Dissertation on the Doctrine of Absolute, as taught
by Modern Christians, Priests, and their Abettors 90, 108

141, 161, 181, 213, 221

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E.
Editor, Letter to the

85
Editor's Reply to an Anonymous Critic

209
Education, National, considered as the means of promoting
Universal Happiness ..

226
Education, Remarkable Proof of the Superiority of, over Phy-
sical Punishment

114
Electricity, On the Knowledge of the Ancients respecting
the Science of

232

H.
Heathens, The Conduct of, versus the Conduct of Christians

204

I.
Impiety, Cases wherein Individuals have been charged with,

for Ridiculous Reasons.

. 168

J.
Jones, Sir William, Disingenuous Conduct of

58

L.
Language of Flowers, Fruits &c. By M. Hammer

187

N.

Pages
Nations, Fragments illustrative of the Manners and Customs of.
Dancing

6
Marriage among the Hebrews

41
Newspaper Press

186

P.
Philosophical Essays.
I. On Metaphysical Inquiries, and the Spirit in which
they should be conducted

49
II. On Philosophical Necessity versus Philosophical Free-
dom

.73, 97
III. On the True Standard of Morals..

121, 145
IV. On the Causes and Effects of a Belief in Super-
natural Agents

169, 193
Physiology of the Bones, Extracts illustrative of the.

10

S.
Socialism

1
Socialism considered as the Moral Regenerator of Modern
Society

19, 64, 116, 128, 156
Supreme Being, The Unity of the, was acknowledged by the
Ancient Philosophers....

25

U.
Universe, The Magnificence of the ....

217

POETRY.

Albert, a Tale......

134

THE

MONTHLY MESSENGER.

SOCIALISM.

Εαν ταις γλωσσαις των ανθρωπων λαλω και των αγγελων, αγαπην δε τη εχω, γεγονα χαλκος ηχων η κυμβαλον αλαλαζον.

For though I should speak with the eloquence of men and of angels, and not have social affection,. I should be like a sounding brass or a noisy cymbal.*

SOCIALISM is the name of a system of opinions which has sprung into notice during the last thirty years, principally through the exertions and influence of the celebrated and philanthropic Robert Owen. It is called socialism, because its disciples profess to be animated by the purest principles of charity and good will to their fellow-men,t and because it embraces plans which, if adopted by society, would ameliorate the condition of mankind by lessening the amount of their physical sufferings, giving tone to their morals, and diffusing amongst them valuable knowledge. I

The word socialism is derived from the Latin socialis or sociabilis, signifying friendly, apt to be joined, of or belonging to allies, confederates, or friends. Sociable, in French, according to Chambaud, signifies conversible, and the same meaning is expressed in Italian by

* Vide the New Testament by Daniel Mace, &c.

+ Outline of Rational System, p. 8.
Six Lectures by Robert Owen, p. 81.

B

the word sociàbile. All these are probably derived from the Greek Olkios oikios or olkelos oikeios, a friend, domestic; or perhaps from Koivuvikog koinonikos, pertaining to, or qualified for, participation, partaking, social. The word sociable and its derivatives are thus used by some of our best English writers.

“God, having designed man for a sociable creature, made him not only with an inclination, and under a necessity, to have fellowship with those of his own kind, but furnished him also with language, which was to be the greater instrument or common tie of society.” -Locke on Human Understanding, b. iii., c. 1.

“We have, implanted in our original constitutions, inclinations to love, pity, gratitude, sociableness, quiet, joy, reputation.”Barron, vol. i., sermon 9.

“Such then was the root and foundation of the sociability of religion in the ancient world, so much envied by modern pagans."-Warburton's Divine Legation, b. ii., s. 1.

Now when we take into account the peculiar genius of Robert Owen's system, when we consider that it is calculated to facilitate the intercourse of thought, and establish universal peace, it is not improper to designate it by the word "socialism.

The socialists view man as the creature of the circumstances which surround him throughout life, and affirm that his character invariably partakes of the quality of those associations among which he may be placed: “in other phrase,” that man comes into existence organized in a peculiar manner, susceptible either of moral degradation or improvement, and that circumstances, operating on his organized structure, produce certain effects or changes in it, which are what they usually allude to when they use the word “character.”* The great and universal law of causation, or philosophical necessity is embraced by them to the full extent, and the promotion of human improvement is in their estimation of paramount importance.f They consider society to be at present in a state of moral degradation, owing to the

* Murphy's Essay on Consciousness.

+ Owen's Six Lectures, p. 21.

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