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Bible, Dishonest Conduct of the Translators of the
16, 68, 95
141, 161, 181, 213, 221
for Ridiculous Reasons.
19, 64, 116, 128, 156
Albert, a Tale......
Εαν ταις γλωσσαις των ανθρωπων λαλω και των αγγελων, αγαπην δε τη εχω, γεγονα χαλκος ηχων η κυμβαλον αλαλαζον.
For though I should speak with the eloquence of men and of angels, and not have social affection,. I should be like a sounding brass or a noisy cymbal.*
SOCIALISM is the name of a system of opinions which has sprung into notice during the last thirty years, principally through the exertions and influence of the celebrated and philanthropic Robert Owen. It is called socialism, because its disciples profess to be animated by the purest principles of charity and good will to their fellow-men,t and because it embraces plans which, if adopted by society, would ameliorate the condition of mankind by lessening the amount of their physical sufferings, giving tone to their morals, and diffusing amongst them valuable knowledge. I
The word socialism is derived from the Latin socialis or sociabilis, signifying friendly, apt to be joined, of or belonging to allies, confederates, or friends. Sociable, in French, according to Chambaud, signifies conversible, and the same meaning is expressed in Italian by
* Vide the New Testament by Daniel Mace, &c.
+ Outline of Rational System, p. 8.
the word sociàbile. All these are probably derived from the Greek Olkios oikios or olkelos oikeios, a friend, domestic; or perhaps from Koivuvikog koinonikos, pertaining to, or qualified for, participation, partaking, social. The word sociable and its derivatives are thus used by some of our best English writers.
“God, having designed man for a sociable creature, made him not only with an inclination, and under a necessity, to have fellowship with those of his own kind, but furnished him also with language, which was to be the greater instrument or common tie of society.” -Locke on Human Understanding, b. iii., c. 1.
“We have, implanted in our original constitutions, inclinations to love, pity, gratitude, sociableness, quiet, joy, reputation.”— Barron, vol. i., sermon 9.
“Such then was the root and foundation of the sociability of religion in the ancient world, so much envied by modern pagans."-Warburton's Divine Legation, b. ii., s. 1.
Now when we take into account the peculiar genius of Robert Owen's system, when we consider that it is calculated to facilitate the intercourse of thought, and establish universal peace, it is not improper to designate it by the word "socialism.”
The socialists view man as the creature of the circumstances which surround him throughout life, and affirm that his character invariably partakes of the quality of those associations among which he may be placed: “in other phrase,” that man comes into existence organized in a peculiar manner, susceptible either of moral degradation or improvement, and that circumstances, operating on his organized structure, produce certain effects or changes in it, which are what they usually allude to when they use the word “character.”* The great and universal law of causation, or philosophical necessity is embraced by them to the full extent, and the promotion of human improvement is in their estimation of paramount importance.f They consider society to be at present in a state of moral degradation, owing to the
* Murphy's Essay on Consciousness.
+ Owen's Six Lectures, p. 21.