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28. He hath counted what it may cost him to be saved, and

hath resolved not to stick at suffering, but to bear the

cross, and be conformed to his crucified Lord, and hath

already in heart forsaken all for him


29. He is not a Christian only for company or carnal ends, or

upon trust of other men's opinion, and therefore would

be true to Christ, if his rulers, his teachers, his company,

and all that he knoweth, should forsake him


30. He can digest the hardest truths of Scripture, and the

hardest passages of God's providence .


31. He can exercise all his graces in harmony, without neg-

lecting one to use another, or setting one against



32. He is more in getting and using grace, than in inquiring

whether he have it, though he do that also in its place . 244

33. He studieth duty more than events, and is more careful

what he should be towards God, than how he shall bere

be used by him


34. He is more regardful of his duty to others, than of theirs

to him, and had much rather suffer wrong than do it 246

35. He keepeth up a constant government of his thoughts,

restraining them from evil, and using them upon God,

and for him


36. He keepeth a constant government over his passions, so

far as that they pervert not his judgment, his heart, his

tongue, or actions


37. He governeth his tongue; employing it for God, and re-

straining it from evil


38. Heart-work and heaven-work are the principal matters

of his religious discourse, and not barren controversies

or impertinencies


39. He liveth upon the common great substantials of religion,

and yet will not deny the smallest truth, or commit the

smallest sin, for any price that man can offer him 255

40. He is a high esteemer, and careful redeemer of time, and

abhorreth idleness, and diversions which would rob him

of it. ..


41. His heart is set upon doing all the good in the world that

he is able: it is his daily business and delight.


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42. He truly loveth his neighbour as himself. ..


43. He hath a special love to all godly Christians as such,

and such as will not stick at cost in its due expressions,

nor be turned into bitterness by tolerable differences 266

44. He forgiveth injuries, and loveth his enemies, and doth

them all the good he can, from the sense of the love of

Christ to him. ..


45. He doth as he would be done by; and is as precise in

the justice of his dealings with men as in acts of piety

to God.


46. He is faithful and laborious in his outward trade or call.

ing, not out of covetousness, but obedience to God 273

47. He is very conscionable in the duties of his several rela-

tions, in his family or other society, as a superior, infe-

rior, or equal .


48. He is the best subject, whether his rulers be good or bad,

though infidel and ungodly rulers may mistake and use

him as the worst


49. His trust in God doth overcome the fear of man, and settle

him in a constant fortitude for God


50. Judgment and zeal are conjoined in him : his judgment

kindleth zeal, and his zeal is still judicious .


51. He can bear the infirmities of the weak, and their cen-

sures and abuses of himself; and requiteth them not

with uncharitable censure or reproach


52. He is a high esteemer of the unity of Christians, and

abhorreth the principles, spirit, and practices of division 291

53. He seeketh the church's unity and concord not upon

partial, unrighteous, or impossible, but upon the possible

righteous terms here mentioned


54. He is of a mellow, peaceable spirit: not masterly, domi-

neering, hurtful, unquiet, or contentious .


55. He highliest regardeth the interest of God, and men's

salvation in the world, and regardeth no secular interest

of his own, or any man's, but in subserviency thereto 316

56. He is usually hated for his holiness by the wicked, and

censured for his charity and peaceableness by the factious

and the weak; and is moved by neither from the way

of truth


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A work of Baxter's needs no other introduction to the public, than the name of its author. Few, if any, of our religious writers, have been more generally and deservedly popular. But the very circumstance of Baxter's popularity as an author, and the consequent multiplicity of his writings, has caused some of his works, which were valuable enough to have given celebrity to other names, to remain partially overlooked. This has been the case, to a certain extent, with the Treatise which is here presented to the public. No new edition of it has appeared for many years ; and in consequence of the scarcity of copies, it has not been sufficiently known to be properly appreciated. It is one of a series of works which, as Baxter informs us, he was recommended to undertake by Archbishop Usher, the first of them being the “ Call to the Unconverted," and the others relating to the practical exercise of religion in the heart and life. The ministerial usefulness of Baxter, and his great experience as a shepherd of Christ's flock, qualified him beyond any man of his day to do justice to these subjects. Accordingly he wrote as one that had authority,” or as one standing on an eminence, from whence he could discern all the inequalities, the windings, the deceptions, and false appearances, of the human heart.

This work was dedicated to Baxter's flock at Kidderminster, amongst whom he had preached the word of life with the zeal of an apostle, both publicly and from house to house, during sixteen years. The substance of it had been delivered to them from the pulpit. After eight years of involuntary absence, he thus renews his religious instructions, and presses upon their notice the important truths which he had formerly taught amongst them being present, that now much more " in his absence they might work out their salvation with fear and trembling." He mournfully, but affectionately, recals to their remembrance the years which he had spent in their society ; speaks of the comfort he had enjoyed in ministering to them; and declares his sorrow

at not being permitted to continue his labours amongst them at a time when his greater experience would have rendered him more useful. Then he entreats them to receive the word of exhortation, that they might grow in grace, and be preserved unto the kingdom of their blessed Master.

The directions, though dedicated to Baxter's former flock, are not less applicable to Christians in general. The work is full of deep thought, wisdom, and experience. He unfolds the secret workings of the heart, as one who had long and accurately observed what had passed within himself, and describes all the forms and indications of spiritual disease, as a physician who has often and successfully prescribed for them. He speaks

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So attached was he to his flock at Kidderminster, that he made every exertion to continue amongst them. Whilst he refused a bishopric, he entreated to be permitted to retain this cure; and when this was denied him, he offered to be the curate of the vicar, with or without any pecuniary allowance for his services, or to serve there on any terms.

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