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Yet, surely, whoever surveys this wonderworking pamphlet with cool perusal, will confess that its efficacy was supplied by the passions of its readers ; that it operates by the mere weight of facts, with very little afliftance from the hand that produced them.
This year (1712) he published his Reflections on the Barrier Treaty, which carries on the design of his Conduct of the Allies, an shews how little regard in that negotiation had been shewn to the interest of England, and how much of the conquered country had been demanded by the Dutch.
This was followed by Remarks on the Bijbop of Sarum's Introduction to his third Volume of the History of the Reformation ; a pamphlet which Burnet published as an alarm, to warn the nation of the approach of Popery. Swift, who seems to have disliked the Bishop with fomething more than political aversion, treats him like one whom he is glad of an opportunity to insult.
Swift, being now the declared favourite and supposed confidant of the Tory Ministry,
was treated by all that depended on the Court with the respect which dependents know how
He soon began to feel part of the misery of greatness ; he that could say he knew him, considered himfelf as having fortune in his power.
Commissions, folicitations, remonstrances, crowded about him ; he was expected to do every man's business, to procure employment for one, and to retain it for another. In affifting those who addressed him, he represents himself as sufficiently diligent; and desires to have others believe, what he probably believed himself, that by his interposition many Whigs of merit, and among them Addison and Congreve, were continued in their places. But every man of known influence has so many petitions which he cannot grant, that he must necessarily offend more than he gratifies, as the preference given to one affords all the rest a reason for complaint. When I give away a place, said Lewis XIV. I make an hundred discontented, and one ungrateful.
Much has been said of the equality and independence which he preserved in his conversation with the Ministers, of the frankness Dd 2
of his remonstrances, and the familiarity of his friendship. In accounts of this kind a few single incidents are set against the general tenour of behaviour. No man, however, can pay a more servile tribute to the Great, than by suffering his liberty in their presence to aggrandize him in his own esteem. Between different ranks of the community there is necessarily some distance: he who is called by his fuperior to pass the interval, máy very properly accept the invitation ; but petulance and obtrusion are rarely produced by magnanimity; nor have often any nobler cause thanı the pride of importance, and the malice of inferiority. He who knows himself necessary may set, while that necessity lasts, a high value upon himself; as, in a lower condition, a fervant eminently skilful may be saucy ; but he is faucy only because he is servile. Swift appears to have preserved the kindness of those that wanted him no longer; and therefore it must be allowed, that the childish freedom, to which he seems enough inclined, was overpowered by his better qualities.
His difinterestedness has been likewise mentioned ; a strain of heroism, which would
have been in his condition romantick and fuperfluous. Ecclesiastical benefices, when they become vacant, must be given away; and the friends of Power may, if there be no inherent disqualification, reasonably expect them. Swift accepted (1713) the deanery of St. Patrick, the best preferment that his friends could venture to give him. That Ministry was in a great degree supported by the Clergy, who were not yet reconciled to the author of the Tale of a Tub, and would not without much discontent and indignation have borne to see him installed in an English Cathedral,
He refused, indeed, fifty pounds from Lord Oxford ; but he accepted afterwards a draught of a thousand upon the Exchequer, which was intercepted by the Queen's death, and which he resigned, as he says himself, multa gemens, with many a groan;
In the midst of his power and his politicks, he kept a journal of his visits, his walks, his interviews with Ministers, and quarrels with his servant, and transmitted it to Mrs. Johnfon and Mrs. Dingley, to whom he knew Dd 3
that whatever befel him was interesting, and to whom no accounts could be too minute. Whether these diurnal trifles were properly exposed to eyes which had never received any pleasure from the presence of the Dean, may be reasonably doubted: they have, however, some odd attraction ; the reader, finding frequent mention of names which he has been used to consider as important, goes on in hope of information; and, as there is nothing to fatigue attention, if he is disappointed he can hardly complain. . It is easy to perceive, from every page, that though ambition pressed Swift into a life of bustle, the wish was always returning for a life of ease.
He went to take poffeffion of his deanery, as soon as he had obtained it; but he was not suffered to stay in Ireland more than a fortnight before he was recalled to England, that he might reconcile Lord Oxford and Lord Bolingbroke, who began to look on one another with malevolence, which every day increased, and which Bolingbroke appeared to retain in his last years.