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Of these favours he soon lost all but his title; for at the accession of king George his place was given to the earl Cholmondeley, and he was persecuted with the rest of his party. Having protested against the bill for. attainting Ormond and Bolingbroke, he was, after the insurrection in Scotland, seized Sept. 26, 1715, as a suspected man, and confined in the Tower ull Feb, 8, 1717, when he was at last releafed, and restored to his seat in parliament ; where (1719) he made a very, ardent and animated fpeech against the repeal of the bill to prevent Occasional Conformity, which however, though it was then printed, he has not inserted into his works
Some time afterwards (about 1722), being perhaps embarrassed by his profusion, he went into foreign countries, with the usual pretence of recovering his health. In this state of leisure and retirement, he received the first volume of Burnet's History, of whịch he cannot be supposed to have approved the general tendency, and where he thought himself able to detect some particular falsehoods. He therefore undertook the vindication of gene , ral Monk from some calumnies of Dr. Burs
net, and some misrepresentations of Mr. Echard. This was answered civilly by Mr. Thomas Burnet and Oldmixon, and more roughly by Dr. Colbatch.
His other historical performance is a defence of his relation Sir Richard Greenville, whom lord Clarendon has shewn in a form, very unamiable. So much is urged in this apology, to justify many actions that have been represented as culpable, and to palliate the rest, that the reader is reconciled for the greater part; and it is made very probable that Clarendon was by personal enmity disposed to think the worst of Greenville, as Greenville was also very willing to think the worst of Clarendon. These pieces were pubĮished at his return to England.
Being now desirous to conclude his labours, and enjoy his reputation, he published (1732) a very beautiful and splendid edition of his works, in which he omitted what he disapproved, and enlarged what seemed deficient,
He now went to Court, and was kindly received by queen Caroline; to whom and
to the princess Anne he presented his works, with verses on the blank leaves, with which he concluded his poetical labours.
He died in Hanover-square, Jan. 30, 1735, having a few days before buried his wife, the lady Anne Villiers, widow to Mr. Thynne, by, whom he had four daughters, but no fon.
Writers commonly derive their reputation from their works; but there are works which owe their reputation to the character of the writer. The publick sometimes has its favourites, whom it rewards for one fpecies of excellence with the honours due to another. From him whom we reverence for his beneficence we do not willingly withhold the praise of genius; a man of exalted merit becomes at once an accomplished writer, as a beauty finds no great difficulty in paffing for a wit.
Granville was a man illustrious by his birth, and therefore attracted notice: since he is by Pope styled the polite, he must be fuppofed elegant in his manners, and generally loved:
he was in times of contest and turbulence steady to his party, and obtained that esteem which is always conferred upon firmness and consistency. With those advantages, having learned the art of versifying, he declared himself a poet; and his claim to the laurel was allowed,
But by a critick of a later generation who takes up his book without any favourable prejudices, the praise already received will be thought sufficient; for his works do not fhew him to have had much comprehension from nature, or illumination from learning. He feems to have had no ambition above the imitation of Waller, of whom he has copied the faults, and very little He is for ever amusing himself with the
puerilities of mythology; his King is Jupiter, who, if the Queen brings no children, has a barren Juno. The Queen is compounded of Juno, Venus, and Minerva. His poem on the dutchefs of Grafton's law-suit, after having rattled awhile with Juno and Pallas, Mars and Alcides, Cassiope, Niobe, and the Propetides, Hercules, Minos, and Rhadamanthus, at lalț concludes its folly with profaneness,
His verses to Mira, which are most frequently mentioned, have little in them of either art or nature, of the sentiments of a Fover, or the language of a poet: there may be found, now-and-then, a happier effort; but they are commonly feeble and unaffecting, or forced and extravagant.
His little pieces are seldom either fpritely or elegant, either keen or weighty. They are trifles written by idleness, and published by vanity. But his Prologues and Epilogues have a just claim to praise.
The Progress of Beauty seems one of hismost elaborate pieces, and is not deficient in fplendor and gaiety; but the merit' of original thought is wanting. .. Its highest praise is the spirit with which he celebrates king James's confort, when she was a queen no longer,
The Ejay on unnatural Flights in Poetry is: not inelegant nor injudicious, and has fome-: thing of vigour beyond most of his other performances: hiš precepts are just, and his cautions proper; they are indeed not new,