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will, I beg leave to infist upon it, that I may “ be presented to his majesty, as one whole u utmost ambition it is to devote his life to his * fervice, and my country's, after the example

ancestors.

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“ The gentry assembled at York, to agree upon the choice of representatives for the

country, have prepared an address, to assuré “ his majesty they are ready to facrifice their “ lives and fortunes for him upon this and all “ other occasions; but at the same time they

humbly befeech him to give them such ma

gistrates as may be agreeable to the laws " of the land; for, at present, there is no au

thority to which they can legally submit.

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They have been beating up for volun: teers at York, and the towns adjacent, to supply the regiments at Hull; but nobody will lift.

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“ By what I can hear, every body wishes “ well to the King; but they would be glad “ his minifters were hanged. « The winds continue to contrary, that no landing can be so soon as was apprehended ; I. 2

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“ therefore I may hope, with your leave and “allistance, to be in readiness before any action

can begin. I beseech you, Sir, most humbly " and most earnestly, to add this one act of “.indulgence more to so many other testi“ monies which I have constantly received of

your goodness; and be pleased to believe
me always, with the utmost duty and sub-
mission, Sir,
“ Your most dutiful son,
u and most obedient servant,

66 Geo. GRANVILLE.

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Through the whole reign of king William he is supposed to have lived in literary retirement, and indeed had for some time few other pleasures but those of study in his power. He was, as the biographers observe, the younger son of a younger brother; a denomination by which our ancestors proverbially expressed the lowest state of penury and dependance. He is said, however, to have preserved himself at this time from disgrace and difficulties by ceconomy, which he forgot or neglected in life more advanced, and in better fortune.

About

About this time he became enamoured of the countess of Newburgh, whom he has celebrated with so much ardour by the name of Mira. He wrote verses to her before he was three and twenty, and may be forgiven if he regarded the face more than the mind. Poets are sometimes in too much haftę to praise.

In the tinie of his retirement it is probable that he composed his dramatick pieces, the She-Gallants (acted 1696), which he revised, and called Once a Lover and always a Lover; The Jew of Venice, altered from Shakspeare's Merchant of Venice (1701); Heroick Love, a tragedy (1698); The British Enchanters (1706), a dramatick poem; and Peleus and Thetis, a masque, written to accompany The Jew of Venice.

· The comedies, which he has not printed in his own edition of his works, I never saw; Once 'a Lover and always a Lover, is faid to be in a great degree indecent and, gross. Granville could not admire without bigotry; he copied the wrong as well as the right from his masters, and may be supposed to have learned obscenity from Wycherley as he learned mythology from Waller.

In his Jew of Venice, as Rowe remarks, the character of Shilock is made comick, and we are prompted to laughter instead of detestation,

It is evident that Heroick Love was written, and presented on the stage, before the death of Dryden. It is a mythological tragedy, upon

the love of Agamemnon and Chryseis, and therefore easily funk into neglect, though praised in verfe by Dryden, and in profe by Pope.

It is concluded by the wife Ulyffes with this speech:

Fate holds the strings, and men like children,

moye But as they're led; success is from above,

At the accession of queen Anne, having his fortune improved by bequests from his father, and his uncle the earl of Bathe, he was chofen into parliament for Fowey, He soon after engaged in a joint translation of the Invectives againft. Philip, with a design, surely weak and puerile, of turning the thunder of Demofthe. nes upon the head of Lewis

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He afterwards (in 1706) had his estate again augmented by an inheritance from his elder brother, Sir Bevil Granville, who, as he returned from the government of Barbadoes, died at sea. He continued to serve in parliament; and in the ninth

year

of was chosen knight of the shire for Cornwall.

queen Anne

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At the memorable change of the ministry (1910), he was måde secretary at war, in the place of Mr. Robert Walpole.

Next year, when the violence of party made twelve peers in a day, Mr. Granville became Lord Lansdown Baron Biddeford, by a promotion justly remarked to be not invidious, because he was the heir of a family in which two peerages, that of the earl of Bathe and lord Granville of Pothcridge, had lately become extinct.

Being now high in the Queen's favour, he (1918) was appointed comptroller of the household, and a privý counsellor

;

and to his other honours was added the dedication of Pope's Windsor Foreft. He was advanced next year to be treasurer of the household.

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