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through telescopes which have large apertures: TRE'NCHER. 18. s. [from trench; trenchoice for che rays of light which pass through divers French.] parts of the aperture tremble each of them

1. A piece of wood on which meat is cut apart, and by means of their various, and some

at table. times contrary, tremours, fall at one and the same

No more time upon different points in the bottom of the eye.


I'll scrape trencher, nor wash dish. Shakspeare, TRE'MULOUS. adj. [tremulus, Latin.]

My estate deserves an heir more rais'd

Than one which holds a trencher. 1. Trembling ; fearful.

Shaks peare.

When we find our dogs, we set che dish or The tender tremulous christian is easily die trencber on the ground.

More. stracted and amazed by them. Decay of Picty. Their homely fare dispatch'd ; the hungry 2. Quivering ; vibratory.


Invade their trencbers next, and soon devour. He owned to have some kind of little discomposure in the choice of things perfectly indiffer


Many a child may have the idea of a square ent; for where there was nothing to determine him, the balance by hanging even became tre

trencher, or round plate, before he has any idea mulous.

of infinite.

Locke. Breath vocalized, that is, vibrated or undu

2. The table. lated, impresses a swift tremulous motion in the

How often hast thou lips, congue, or palate, which breath passing

Fed from my trencher, kneelid down at the smooth does not.


board As thus th' effulgence tremulous I drink,

When I have feasted!

Sbakspeare. The lambent lightnings shoot across th sky. 3. Food; pleasures of the table.

Thomson. It could be no ordinary declension of nature TRE'MULOUSNESS. n. s.[from tremulous.]

that could bring some men, after an ingenuous The state of quivering.

education, to place their summum bonum upon TREN. 1. s. A fish spear.

their trenchers, and their utmost felicity in wine. Ainsworth.

South. TO TRENCH. v. a. (trancher, Fr.] TRE'NCHERYLY.n. s. (trencher and film.] 1. To cut.

One that haunts tables; a parasite. Safe in a ditch he bides,

He found all people came to him promiscuWith twenty trenched gashes on his head.

ously, and he tried which of them were friends,

Sbakspeare. and which only trencberflies and spungers. This weak impress of love is as a figure

L'Estrange. Trencb'd in ice, which with an hour's heat

TRE'NCHERMAN. n. s. (trencher and Dissolves to water, and doch lose his form.


man.] 2. To cut or dig into pits or ditches.

I. A cook. Obsolete. Trench the ground, and make it ready for the

Palladius assured him, that he had already spring.


been more fed to his liking than he could be First draw thy faulchion, and on ev'ry side

by the skilfullest trencbermen of Media. Sidney. Trench the black earth a cubit long and wide. 2. A feeder; an eater.

Pope. You had musty victuals, and he hath holp to The trenching plough or coulter is useful in eat it: he's a very valiant trencherman; he hath pasture-ground, to cut out the sides of trenches an excellent stomach.

Sbakspeare. or drains.

Mortimer. TRE'NCHERMATE. n. s. [trencher and 3. To fortify by earth thrown up.

mate.] A table companion; a parasite. Pioneers, with spades and pickax arın'd,

Because that judicious learning of the ancient Forerun the royal camp to trench a field. Milt. sages doth not in this case serve the turn, these TRENCH, n. s. (tranche, Fr.]

trencher mates frame to themselves a way more I. A pit or ditch.

pleasant; a new method they have of turning On that coast build,

things that are serious into mockery, an art of And with a trench enclose the fruitful field.

contradiction by way of scorn.

Hooker, Dryden.

T. TREND. v. n. To tend; to lie in any When you have got your water up to the particular direction. It seems a corhighest part of the land, make a small french to

ruption of tend. carry some of the water in, keeping it always The scouts to several parts divide their way,


To learn the natives names, their towns, explore 2. Earth thrown up to defend soldiers in The coasts and trendings of the crooked shore. their approach to a town, or to guard a

Dryden. camp.

TRE'NDLE. n. s. [trendel, Saxon:] Any The citizens of Corioli have issued forth thing turned round. Now improperly And given to Lareius and to Marcius bactle: written trundle. I saw our party to the trenches driven,

TRE'NTALS. n. s. (trente, Fr. 7 And then I came away.


Trentals or trigintals were a number of masses, William carries on the treneb, Till both the cown and castle yield. Prior.

to the tale of thirty, said on the same account,

according to a certain order instituted by Saint TRE'NCHANT. adj. (trenchant, Fr.] Cut- Gregory.

Aylite. ting, sharp.

TREPAN. n. s. (trepan, Fr.] He fiercely took his trenchant blade in hand, 1. An instrument by which chirurgeons cut With which he struck so furious and so fell,

out round pieces of the skull. That nothing seem'd the puissance could with

2. A snare; a stratagem by which any one stand.

Spenser. Against a vanquish'd foe, their swords

is ensnared. [Of this signification SkinWere sharp and trenchant, not their words. ner assigns for the reason, that some

Hudibras. English ships in queen Elizabeth's reign VOL. IV.

upon a level.

being invited, with great show of friend- 1. Transgression ; offence.
ship, into Trapani, a part of Sicily, were Your purpos d low correction
there detained.)

Is such, as basest and the nieanest wretches But what a thoughtless animal is man,

For piif'rings, and most common trespass, How very active in his own trepan! Roscommon.

Are punish'd with.

Sbakspeare Can there be any thing of friendship in snares,

Will God incense his ire hooks, and trepans ?

For such a petty trespass?

Milten, During the commotion of the blood and spirits,

2. Unlawful entrance on another's ground. in which passion consists, whatsoever is offered TRESPASSER. 11. s. [from trespass.] to the imagination in favour of it, tends only to 1. An offender; a transgressor. deceive the reason: it is indeed a real trepan

2. One who enters unlawfully on another's upon it, fecding it with colours and appearances instead of arguments.


ground. T. TREPA'N. v. a. [from the noun; tre

If I come upon another's ground without his

licence, or the licence of the law, I am a trise paner, French, ]

passer, for which the owner may have an action 1. To perforate with the trepan.

of trespass against me.

Walten. A putrid matter flowed forth her nostrils, of Tressed. adj. (from tresse, Fr.] Knotted the same smell with that in trepanning the bone.


or curled. Few recovered of those that were trepanned.

Nor this nor that so much doth make me Arvutbnot.

mourn, 2. To catch; to ensnare.

But for the lad, whom long I lov'd so dear,

Now loves a lass that all his love doch scoring They trepann'd the state, and fac'd it down With plots and projects of our own. Hudibras.

He plunged in pain his tressed locks doth tear.

Sparer. Those are but irepanned who are called to govern, being invested with authority but be- TRB'ss É s. n. s. without a singular. (tresse, reaved of power, which is nothing else but to Fr. treccia, Ital.] A knot or curl of mock and betray them into a splendid and ma- hair. gisterial way of being ridiculous. South. Hung be the heav'ns with black, yield day to TREPHI'NE, n. s. A small trepan; a

night! smaller instrument of perforation ma

Comets, importing change of times and states, naged by one hand.

Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky! Sbaksa I shewed a trepan and trephine, and gave them

Her swelling breast

Naked, met his under the flowing gold liberty to

both upon a skull. Wiseman.
Of her loose tresses hid.

Milten Trepida'tion. n. s. (trepidatio, Lat.]

Adam had wove 1. The state of trembling, or quivering. Of choicest flow'rs a garland to adorn

The bow tortureth the string continually, and Her tresses, and her rural labours crown. Mill. holdeth it in a continual trepidation. Bacon. Fair tresses man's inperial race ensnare,

All objects of the senses which are very of- And beauty draws us with a single hair. Pepse fensive, cause the spirits to retire: upon which

Then cease, bright nymph! tə mourn the ta. the parts, in some degree, are destitute; and so

vish'd hair, there is induced in them a trepidation and hor- Which adds new glory to the shining sphere!

Bacon. Not all the tresses that fair hair can boast Moving of th' earth brings harms and fears, Shall draw such envy as the lock you lost. Pep: Men reckon what it did and meant;

TRE'stle. n. s. (tresteau, French.] But trepidation of the spheres, Though greater far, is innocent. Donne.

I. The frame of a table. They pass the planets sev'n, and pass the fix'd, 2. A moveable form by which any thing is And that crystalline sphere whose balance supported. weighs

TRET. n. s. (probably from tritus, Lat.) The trepidation talk'd, and that first mov'd.


An allowance made by merchants to re2. State of terrour.

tailers, which is four pounds in every Becalise the whole kingdom stood in a zealous

hundred weight, and four pounds for trepidation of the absence of such a prince, I waste or refuse of a commodity. Bailey

. have been the more desirous to research the TRE'THINGS. n. s. (trethingi, low Latin

, several passages of the journey. Wetlon. from trethu, Welsh, to tax.] Taxes; im

His first action of note was in the battle of Lepanto; where the success of that great day,

posts. in such trepidation of the state, made every man

TRE'VET. n. s. [Grieper, Saxon; trepied

, meritorious.


Fr.] Any thing that stands on three 3. Hurry; confused haste.

legs: as, a stool. T. TRE'SPASS. V. n. (trespasser, Fr.] Trey. n. š. (tres, Lat. trois, Fr.) A three 1. To transgress; to offend.

at cards. If they shall confess their trespass which they White-handed mistress, one sweet word with trespassed against me, I will remember my cove

thce. Leviticus.

Honey, milk, and sugar; there is three. They not only contradict the general design -Nay thes, two treys; metheg'in, wort, and and particular expresses of the gospel, but treso

malmsey. pass against all logick.

Norris. TRI'APLE, anj. [from trz.] 2. To enter unlawfully on another's 1. Possible to be experimented; capable ground.

of trial. Their morals and economy

For the more easy understanding of the end Most perfectly they made agree: Each virtue kept its proper bound,

periments triable by our engine, I insinuated

that notion, by which all of them will prove ere Nor irespass'd on the other's ground. Prior. plicable. TRE'S PASS. n. s. (trespas, French.]

2. Such as may be judicially examined.





No one should be adınitted to a bishop's Tribe. n. s. [tribus, Lat. from trew, chancellorship without good knowledge in the British ; b and v being labials of procivil and canon laws, since divers causes iriable in the spiritual court are of weight.

miscuous use in the ancient British TRI'AD. n. s. (trias, Latin ; triade, Fr.]

words: trev from tir ef, his lands, is Three united.

supposed by Rowland to be Celtick, and Tri’AL. n. s. (from try.]

used before the Romans had any thing 1. Test ; examination.

to do with the British government. This With trial fire touch me his finger end :

notion will not be much recommended, If he be chaste, the flame will back descend,

when it is told, that he derives centurice And turn him to 110 pain; but if he start, from trev, supposing it to be the same

It is the flesh of a corrupted heart. Shakspeare. with our contrev, importing a hundred 2. Experiment; act of examining by ex- trer's or tribes.] perience.

1. A distinct body of the people as divided I leave him to your gracious ceptance, Whose trial shall becter publish his commenda

by family or fortune, or any other chation.


Sbakspeare. Skilful gardeners make trial of the sceds by

I ha' been writing all this night unto all the

putting them into water gently boiled; and if
good, they will sprout within half an hour.

And centuries for their voices, to help Catiline
In his election,

Ben Jonson.
There is a mixed kind of evidence relating

If the heads of the tribes can be taken off, and both to the senses and understanding, depend

the misled multitude will see their error, such ing upon our

Bacon. own observation and repeated

extent of mercy is honourable. trials of the issues and events of actions or

Who now shall rear you to the sun, or rank things, called experience.

Your tribes, and water from th'ambrosial fount?

Milton. 3. Experience; experimental knowledge.

Teach straggling mountaineers, for publick Others had trial of crucl mockings and

good, scourgings.


To rank in tribes, and quit the savage wood, 4. Judicial examination.

Houses to build.

Tate. Trial is used in law for the examination of all

I congratulate my country upon the increase causes, civil or criminal, according to the laws of of this happy tribe of men, since, by the present our reaim: the trial is the issue, which is cried

parliament, the race of freeholders is spreading upon the indirement, not the inditement itself. into the remotest corners.

Addison. Corell.

2. It is often used in contempt. He hath resisted law, And therefore law shall scorn him further trial

Folly and vice are easy to describe, Than the severity of publick power. Shakspeare.

The common subjects of our scribbling tribe.

Roscommon. A canon of the Jews required, in all suits TR'ELET or TRIBO'ULET. n. s. A goldand judicial trials betwixt rich and poor, that either each should stand, or both should sit.

smith's tool for making rings. Ainsw.

Kettlervell. TRIBULA'TION. n. so [tribulation, Fr.] They shall come upon their trial, bave all Persecution; distress; vexation; disturbo their actions strictly examined. Velson,

ance of life, 5. Temptation; test of virtue.

Tribulation being present causeth sorrow, and Lest our trial, wlien least sought,

being imminent breedeth fear.

Hooker.. May find us both perhaps far less prepar'd,

The just shall dwell, The willinger I go.

Milton. And, after all their tribulations long,
No such company as then chou saw'st See goiden days, fruitful or golden deeds. Milt,
Intended thee; for trial only brought,

Death becomes
To see how thou could'st judge of fit and meet, His final remedy; and after life


Tryd in sharp tribulation, and refin'd Every station is exposed to some trials, either By faith, and faithful works.

Milion. temptations that prevoke our appetites, or dis- Our church taught us to pray, that God quiet our fears.

Rogers. would,, not only in all time of our tribulation, 6. State of being tried.

but in all time of our wealth, deliver us. Good shepherd, tell this youth what 't is to

Atterburg. love.

TRIBU'NAL. n. s. [tribunal, Latin and -It is to be all made of sighs and tears ; French.] It is to be made all of faith and service, All humbleness, all patience and impatience;

I. The seat of a judge. All purity, all trial, all observance. Shukspeare.

['th' market place, on a tribunal silver'd, TRIANGLE. n. s. [triangle, Fr. triangu

Cleopatra and himself in chairs of gold

Were publickly enthron’d. Shakspeare. lum, Lat.] A figure of three angles.

He sees the room The three angles of a triangle are equal to two Where the whole nation does for justice come, right ones.

Locke. Under whose large roof fourishes the gown, TRTA'NGULAR. adj. (triangularis, Lat.] And judges grave on high tribunals frown. Having three angles.

Waller. The frame thereof seem'd partly circular,

There is a necessity of standing at his tribus And part triangular; () work divine !

nal, who is infinitely wise and just. Grew. These two the first and last proportions are.

He, who for our sakes stood before an eartbly Sperser.

tribunal, might therefore be constituted judge of Though a round figure be most capacious for

Nelson the honey, and convenient for the bee; yet did 2. A court of justice. she not chuse that, because there must have Summoning arch-angels to proclaim been triangular spaces left void. Ray. Thy dread tribunal.

the whole world.


TRIBUNI'Tious.} adj. (tribunitius, Lat.)

TRI'BUNE. n. s. (tribun, tribunus, Lat.)

Just in the nick the cook knock'd thrice,

And all the waiters in a frice 1. An officer of Rome chosen by the

His summons did obey: people.

Each serving man with dish in hand These are the tribunes of the people,

March'd boldly up like our train'd band, The tongues o’th' common mouth: I do despise

Presented, and away. Suckling. them.


He could raise scruples dark and nice, 2. The commander of a Roman legion. And after solve them in a trice. Hudibrar. TRIBUNI'TIAL.

So when the war had rais'd a storm,
Suiting a tribune; I've seen a snake in human form,

All scain'd with infamy and vice,
relating to a tribune.
Let them not come in multitudes, or in a

Leap from the dunghill in a trice. Swift. tribunitious manner; for that is to clamour coun

It seems incredible at first, that all the blood

Bacon. sels, not to inform.

in our bodies should circulace in a trice, in a very

few minutes; but it would be more surprising Oh happy ages of our ancestors ! Beneath the kings and tribunitial powers,

if we knew the short periods of the great cu. One jail did all their criminals restrain. Dryden.

culation of water.


A man shall make his fortune in a trice, TRIBUTAR Y. adj.[tributaire, Fr. tributa

If bless'd with pliant, though but slender sense, rius, Latin.]

Feign'd modesty, and real impudence. Pouar. 1. Paying tribute as an acknowledgment TRICHOʻTOMY. n. s. (Esoxolouiz.] Divisica of submission to a master. Thenceforth this land was tributary made

into three parts. T'ambitious Rome, and did their rule obey,

Some disturb the order of nature by dichotoTill Arthur all that reckoning did defray:

mies, trichotomies, sevens, twelves: let the sobe Yet oft the Briton kings against them strongly

ject, with the design you have in view, determins sway'd.


the number of parts into which you divide it. Whilst Malvern, king of hills, fair Severn overlooks,

Trick. n. s. (treck, Dutch.] Attended on in state with tributary brooks. I. A sly fraud.

Drayton. Sir Thomas More said, that a trick of law had The two great empires of the world I know; no less power than the wheel of fortune, to lift And since the earth none larger does afford, men up, or cast them down.

Rakve. This Charles is some poor tributary lord.

A bantering droll took a journey to Delphos,

Dryden. to try if he could put a trice upon Apollo. Around his throne the sea-born brothers

L'Estrange stood,

Such a one thinks to find some shelter in niy That swell with tributary urns his flood. Pope. friendship, and I betray him: he comes to me 2. Subject ; subordinate.

for counsel, and I shew him a trick. South These he, to grace his tributary gods,

He swore by Styx, By course commits to several government,

Whate'er she would desire, to grant; And gives them leave to wear their saphire

But wise Ardelia knew his tricks. Saift

. crowns,

2. A dexterous artifice. And wield their little tridents. Milton. Gather the lowest, and leaving the top,

O'er Judah's king ten thousand tyrants reign, Shall teach thee a trick for to double thy crop. Legions of lust, and various pow'rs of ill

Insult the master's tributary will. Prior. And now, as oft in some distemper'd state, 3. Paid in tribute.

On one nice trick depends the gen'ral fate. Perts Nor flatt'ry tunes these tributary lays. 3. A vitious practice.

Concanen, Suspicion shall be stuck full of eyes: Tri’BUTARY. n. s. [from tribute.] One

For treason is but trusted like a fox, who pays a stated sum in acknowledge

Who ne'er so tame, so cherish'd and lock'd up,

Will have a wild trick of his ancestors. Sbakit ment of subjection. All the people therein shall be tributaries unto

I entertain you with somewhat more worthy thee, and serve thee.


than the stale exploded brick of fulsome parco gyricks.

Drgas, The Irish lords did only promise to become

Some friends to vice pretend, tributaries to king Henry the second: and such

That I the tricks of youth too roughly blame. as only pay tribute are not properly subjects,

Dracat but sovereigns.

Davies. TRIBUTE. n. s. (tribut, Fr. tributum,

4. A juggle; an antick; any thing done to Lat.] Payment inade in acknowledge

cheat jocosely, or to divert.

A rev'rend prelate stopp'd his coach and sir, ment; subjection.

To laugh a little at our Andrew's tricks. Prier. They that received tribute money said, Doth

5. An unexpected effect. not your master pay tribute? Mattbow.

So fellest foes who broke their sleep, She receives

To take the one the other, by some chance, As tribute warmth and light.


Some trick not worth an egg, shall grow dear To acknowledge this was all he did exact;


Shatspeare. Small tribute, where the will to pay was act.


6. A practice; a manner; a habit. Nct in Trice, n. s. [I believe this word comes

use. from trait, Fr. corrupted by pronun

I spoke it but according to the trick: if you'll hang me, you may.

Sbakspeert cia ion.] A short time ; an instant; a The trick of that voice I well remember. stroke,

Sbakspears If they get never so great spoil at any time,

Behold, the same they waste in a trico, as naturally de- Although the print be little, the whole matter ghting in spoil, though it do themselves no And copy of the father ; eye, nose, lip, good,

Spencer The trick ut 's trown, luis forcheade Slatoren 9. A number of cards laid regularly up in TRI'CKING. n. s. [from trick.] Dress ; play: as, a trick of cards.

ornament. To TŘICK. v.a. (from the noun; tricker,

Get us properties and tricking for our fairies. French.)


TRI'CKISH. adj. [from trick.) Knavishly 1. To cheat ; to impose on ; to defraud.

It is impossible that the whole world should artful; fraudulently cunning; mischievo thus conspire to cheat themselves, to put a de- ously subtle. lusion on mankind, and trick themselves into All he says is in a loose, slippery, and trickisb belief. Stephens. way of reasoning.

Pepe. 2. To dress; to decorate; to adorn; pro- T. Tr I'CKLE. v. n. [Of this word I find

perly, to knot. (Trica, in low Latin, no etymology that seemswell authorized signifies a knot of hair ; treccia, Italian : or probable.] To fall in drops; to rill in hence trace. Mait. Westmonasteriensis a slender stream. says of Godiva of Coventry, that she

He, prick'd with pride, rode tritas capitis & crines dissolvens.]

Forth spurred fast; adown his courser's side And trick them up in knotted curls anew.

The red blood trickling, stain'd the way. Spenser. Drayton.

Fast beside there trickled softly down They turned the imposture upon the king,

A gentle stream, whose murm'ring wave did and gave out, that to defeat the true inheritor

play h had tricked up a boy in the likeness of Edward

Amongst the pumy stones, and made a sound Plan agenet.


To lull him soft asleep that by it lay. Spenser. Horridly trickt

Some noises help sleep; as, the blowing of the With blood of fathers, mothers, daughters, sons,

wind, and trickling of water, as moving in the Bak'd and impasted with the parching fires.

spirits a gentle attention, which stilleth che disSbakspeare.


cursive motion. This pillar is but a medley, or a mass of all

He wakened by the trickling of his blood. che precedent ornaments, making a new kind by


Beneath his ear the fast 'ned arrow stood, stealth; and though the most richly tricked, yet the poorest in this, that he is a borrower of all

And from the wound appear'd the trickling Wotton.

blood. bis beauty.

Dryden, Their heads are trickt with tassels and towers.

He lay stretch'd along, his eyes fixt upward,

And ever and anon a silent tear

Woeful shepherds, weep no more,

Stole down, and trickled from his hoary beard. For Lycidas, your sorrow, is not dead:


The emblems of honour wrought on the front Sunk though he be beneath the wat'ry floor ; So sinks the day-star in the ocean bed,

in the brittle materials above-mentioned, trickled And yet anon repairs his drooping head,

away under the first impressions of the heat. And tricks his beams, and with new-spangled


Imbrown'd with native bronze, lo! Henly Flames in the forehead of the morning sky.


Milton. Tuning his voice and balancing his hands : Not trick'd and frounc'd as she was wont

How fluent nonsense trickles from his tongue! With the Attick boy to hunt.


How sweet the periods, neither said nor sung! A daw that had a mind to be sparkish, tricked

Pope. himself up with all the gay feathers he could

They empty heads console with empty sound. muster.


No mare, alas ! the voice of fame they hear, Love is an airy good, opinion makes,

The balm of dulness trickling in their ear. Pope. That tricks and dresses up the gaudy dream. TRI'CKSY, adj. [from trick.] Pretty.

Dryden. This is a word of endearment. Obso. People lavish it profusely in tricking up their

lete. children in fine cloaths, and yet starve their ininds.


The fool hath planted in his memory 3. To perform with a light touch; though

An army of good words; and I do know

A many fools that stand in better place, it may here mean to dress.

Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Come, the colours and the ground prepare : Defy the matter.

Sbakspears. Dip in the rainbow, trick her off in air;

All this service have I done since I went. Chuse a firm cloud before it fall, and in it

-My tricksy spirit !

Shakspeare. Catch ere she change the Cynthia of this minute.


Trico'R PORAL. adj. (tricorpus, Latin.] To TRICK. v. ». To live by fraud. Having three bodies. 'Thus they jog on, still tricking, never thriv- Tride. adj. [among hunters; tride, Fr.] ing,

Short and ready,

Bailey. And murd'ring plays, which still they call re- TRI'DENT. n. s. (trident, Fr.tridens, Lat.] viving.

Dryden. A three-forked sceptre of Neptune. TRI'CKER. n. s. [This is often written

His nature is too noble for the world : trigger; I know not which is right.] He would not flatter Neptune for his trident. The catch which being pulled disen

Sbakspeare. gages the cock of the gun, that it may

Canst thou with fisgigs pierce him to the

quick? give fire. Pulling aside the tricker we observed, that

Or in his skull thy barbed trident stick? Sandys.

He lets them wear their saphire crowns, the force of the spring of the lock was not sen

And wield their little tridents.

Milton. Boyle. sibly abated by the absence of the air. As a goose

Several find a mystery in every tooth of Neptune's trident.

Addison In death contracts his talons close; So did the knight, and with one claw

TRI'DENT. adj. Having three teeth. The iri.ker of his gisto draw. Hudibras. TRI'DING. 1. s. (triðinga, Saxon; rathe


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