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Where the respondent denies any proposition, Augustus was of a nature too vindictive, to the oppouent must directly vindicate and con have contented himself with so small a revenge. firm that pro-position; i. e. he must make that
Dryden. proposition the conclusion of his next syllogism. Suits are not reparative, but vindictive, when
Watts. they are commenced against insolvent persons. 2. To revenge; to avenge.
Kettlewell. We ought to have added, how far an holy war VINE. n. s. [vinea, Lat.] The plant that is to be pursued; whether to enforce a new be
bears the grape: lief, and to vindicate or punish infidelity. Bacon. Man is not more inclinable to obey God than
The flower consists of many leaves placed in
a regular order, and expanding in form of a rose: man; but God is more powerful to exact subjection, and to vindicate rebellion. Pearson.
the ovary, which is situated in the bottom of the The more numerous the offenders are, the
flower, becomes a round fruit, full of juice, and
contains many small stones in each. The tree more his justice is concerned to vindicate the affront.
is climbing, sending forth claspers at the joints, Assemble ours, and all the Theban race,
by which it fastens itself to what plant stands To vindicate on Athens thy disgrace. Dryden.
near it, and the fruit is produced in bunches.
The species are, 1. The wild vine, commonly 3. To assert ; to claim with efficacy.
called the claret grape. 2. The July grape. 3. Never any touched upon this way, which our'
The Corinth grape, vulgarly called the currant poet justly has vindicated to himself. Dryden,
grape. 4. The parsley-leaved grape. 5. The The beauty of this town, without a fleet,
miller's grape. This is called the Burgundy in From all the world shall vindicate her trade.
England: the leaves of this sort are very much Dryden.
powdered with white in the spring, from whence 4. To clear ; to protect from censure. it had the name of miller's grape. 6. Is what is
God's ways of dealing with us are by proposi called in Burgundy Pineau, and at Orleans, Aution of terrors and promises. To these is added
verna: it makes very good wine. 7. The white the authority of the commander, vindicated from chasselas, or royal muscadine: it is a large white our neglect by the interposition of the greatest grape: the juice is very rich. 8. The black chassigns and wonders, in the hands of his prophets, selas, or black muscadine: the juice is very rich. and of his Son.
9. The red chasselas, or red muscadine. 10. The I may assert eternal providence,
burlake grape. 11. The white muscat, or white And vindicate the ways of God to man. Milton'. Frontiniac. 12. The red Frontiniac. 13. The VINDICAPTION. n. s. [vindication, Fr. black Frontiniac. 14. The damask grape. 15. from vindicate.] Defence; assertion ;
The white sweet water. lo. The black sweet justification.
water. 17. The white muscadine. 18. The rain This is no vindication of her conduct. She still
sin grape. 19. The Greek grape. W. The pearl
grape. 94. The St. Peter's grape, or hesperian acts a mean part, and, through fear, becomes
22. The malmsey grape. 23. The malinsey mus. an accomplice in endeavouring to betray the Greeks,
cadine. 24. The red Hamburgh grape. 25. The VINDICATIVE. adj. [from vindicate.]
black Hamburgh, or warmer grape.. 26. The
Switzerland grape. 27. The white muscat, or Revengeful; given to revenge.
Frontiniac of Alexandria; called also the JeruHe, in heat of action,
salem muscat and gross muscat. 28. The red Is more vindicative than jealous love. Shaksp. muscat, or Frontiniac of Alexandria. 29. The Publick revenges are for the most part fortun
white melie grape. 30. The white morillon. 31. ate; but in private revenges it is not so. Vir The Alicant grape. 32. The white Auvernat. dicative persons live the life of witches, who, as 35. The grey Auvernat. 54. The raisin muscat. they are mischievous, so end they unfortunate. The late duke of Tuscany, who was very curi.
ous in collecting all the sorts of Italian and The fruits of adusted choler, and the evapora. Greek grapes into his vineyards, was possessed tions of a vindicative spirit.
of upwards of three hundred several varieties. Do not too many believe no zeal to be spi
Miller. ritual, but what is censorious or vindicative??
The vine-prop elm, the poplar never dry. whereas no zeal is spiritual, that is not also cha
Spratt. In her days every man shall eat in safety, Distinguish betwixt a passion purely vindica Under his own vine, what he plants. Sbaksp. tive, and those counsels where divine justice The captain left of the poor to be vine-dressers. avenges the innocent.
L'Estrange. VINDICA'TOR. n. s. (from vindicate.] One Depending vines the shelving cavern screen, who vindicates; an assertor.
With purple clusters blushing through the green. He treats tyranny, and the vices attending it,
Pope. with the utmost rigour; and consequently a no VINEFRETTER. n. s. [from vine and ble soul is better pleased with a jealous vindica fret.] A worm that eats vine leaves. for of Roman liberty, than with a temporizing VINEGAR. 11. s. [vinaigre, French.] poet.
Dryden. VINDICATORY. adj. (from vindicator.]
1. Wine grown sour; eager wine.
Vinegar is made by setting the vessel of wine 1. Punitory; performing the office of ven
against the hot sun; and therefore vinegar will geance.
not burn, much of the finer parts being exhaled. The afflictions of Job were no vindicatory pu
Bacon. nishments to take vengeance of his sins, but Heav'n's blest beam turns vinegar more sour. probatory chastisements co make trial of his graces.
2. Any thing really or metaphoricabiy 2. Defensory; justificatory.
sour. VINDICTIVE, adj. [from vindicta, Lat.] Some laugh like parrots at a bag-piper, Given to revenge ; revengeful.
And others of such vinegar aspect,
VI'NEYARD. n. s. [pingeand, Saxon.) A that principle of reason, which willeth univer
sally to fly from evil.
Hooker. ground planted with vines. Let us not live in France; let us quit all,
Those reasonings which, by violating common And give our vineyards to a barb'rous people.
sense, tend to sutvert every principle of rational Sbakspeare.
belief, to sap the foundations of truth and science, Though some had so surfeited in the vine and to leave the mind exposed to all the horrors
Beattie. gards, and with the wines, that they had been left behind, the generosity of the Spaniards sent 3. To injure by irreverence. them all home again.
Clarendon. I would violate my own arm rather than a church.
Broor. VI'NNEWED, or l'inney. adj. Mouldy. Forbid to violate the sacred fruit. Milton.
4. To ravish ; to deflour. Vi'nous. adj. [froin rinum, Latin.] Have The Sabine's violated charms ing the qualities of wine ; consisting of Obscur'd the glory of his rising arms.
VIOL A'TION. n.s. (violatio, Latin.] The motion of the oily drops may be in part 1. Infringement or injury of something due to some partial solution niade by the vineus sacred or venerable. spirit.
Buyle. Their right conceit that to perjury vengeance Water will inibihe
is due, was not without good effect, as touching The small remains of spirit, and acquire
the course of their lives, who feared the wilful A vinous flavour.
Heeter, VINTAGE. n. s. (vir:age, Fr.] The pro Men, who had no other guide but their readuce of the vine for the year ; the time
son, considered the violation of an oath to be a
Addison. in which grapes are gathered. The best wines are in the driest vintages.
2. Rape ; the act of deflouring. Bacon.
If your pure maidens fall into the hand Our first success in srar make Bacchus crown,
Of hot and forcing violation. Sbakspeare And half the vintage of the year our own.
VIOLA'TOR. 17. s. (violator, Latin.]
Waller. 1. One who injures or infringes something VINTAGER. ». s. [from vintage.] He
sacred. who gathers the vintage. Ainsworth. May such places, built for divine worship, deVI'NTNER. n. s. (from vinum, Lat.] One rive a blessing upon the head of the builders, as who sells wine.
lasting as the curse that never fails to rest upor
the sacrilegious violators of them! Soutb. The vintner may draw what religion he pleases.
2. A ravisher, The vintner, by mixing poison vith his wines, Angelo is an adult'rous thief, destroys more lives than any malignant disease. An hypocrite, a virgin violator. Shalspear!
How does she subject herself to the violator's VI'NTRY. n. 5. The place where wine is upbraidings and insults!
Ainsworth. Vi'OLENCE, n. s. [violentia, Latin.] Vi'ol. 1. s. (violle, Fr. viola, Ital.] A 1. Force; strength applied to any purstringed instrument of musick,
pose. My tongue's use is to me no more
To be imprison'd in the viewless wind, Than an unstringed viol, or a harp. Shakspeare.
And blown with restless violence about. Sbalsp To strain a string, stop it with the tinger, as
All the elements in the necks of lutes and viols,
Bacon. At least had gone to wreck, disturb'd and torn The trembling lute some touch, some strain With violence of this conflict, had not soon the viol best.
Th’ Eternal hung his golden scales. Miltos. Loud o'er the rest Cremona's trump doth 2. An attack; an assault; a murder. sound;
A noise did scare me from the tomb; Me softer airs befit, and softer strings
And she, too desperate, would not go with me: Of lute, or viol, still more apt for mournful But, as it seems, did violence on herself. Sbaksp. things.
3. Outrage; unjust force. VI'OLABLE. adj. [from violabilis, Latin.] Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he
Such as may be violated or hurt. VIOLA'Ceous. adj. (from viola, Latin.] The whole earth fill'd with violence; and all fiesh Resembling violets.
Corrupting each their way.
Miliem To VIOLATE. v. a. (violo, Lat.]
4. Eagerness; vehemence.
That seal 1. To injure; to hurt.
You ask for with such violence, the king
With his own hand gave me.
Sbakspeare Employd to violate the sleep of those Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss.
5. Injury; infringement. Milton.
We cannot, without offering a islente to all reKindness for man, and pity for his fate,
cords divine and human, deny an universal de May mix with bliss, and yet not violate. Dryd. 6. Forcible defloration.
Burnet. Cease To know, what known will violate thy peace.
VIOLENT. adj. [violentais, Latin.]
Pope 1. Forcible; acting with strength. ä. To infringe ; to break any thing vene A violent cross wind blows. Milton rable.
2. Produced or continued by force. Some of violated vow's
The posture we find them in, according to his Twixt the souls of friend and friend. Sbabep doctrine, must be looked upon as unnatural and Those offences which are by their special qua
violent; and no violent state can be perpetual. lities breaches of supernatural laws, do also, for that they are generally evil, violate in general 3. Not natural, but brought by force.
How soon unsay,
Conqueror death discovers them scarce men; afraid of the bite of a viper than of a common Violent or shameful death their due reward. puncture. Thisis no other than axungia viperina,
Milton. presently rubbed into the wound. Derbam. 4. Assailant; acting by force.
2. Any thing mischievous. Some violent hands were laid on Humphry's
Where is this viper,
Sbakspeare. That would depopulate the city, and
Shakspearea 5. Unseasonably vehement.
Vi'PERINE. adi [viperinus, Latin.] BeWe might be reckoned fierce and violent, to longing to a viper. tear away that, which, if our mouths did condemn, our consciences would storm and repine
VI'PEROUS, adj. (vipereus, Latin; from thereat.
viper. ] Having the qualities of a viper. The covetous extortioner should remember,
My tender years can tell, that such violents shall not take heaven, but hell,
Civil dissension is a vip'rous worm, by force.
Decay of Piety.
That gnaws the bowels of the commonwealth. 6. Extorted; not voluntary.
We are peremptory to dispatch
This vip'rous traitor.
Some vip’rous critick may bereave VI'OLENTLY. adv. (from violent.] With Th'opinion of thy worth for some defect. force; forcibly; vehemently.
Daniel, Temperately proceed to what you would Viper's bugloss. n. so [echium, Latin.] Thus violently redress.
Sbakspeare. A plant. Flame burneth more violently towards the Each fiower is succeeded by four seeds, which sides, than in the midst.
Miller. Ancient privileges must not, without great Viper's grass. n. s. [scorzonera, Latin.] necessities, be revoked, nor forfeitures be exacted violently, nor penal laws urged rigorously.
VIRAGO. n. s. (Latin.]
1. A female warriour; a woman with the Latin.) A flower.
qualities of a man. It hath a polypetalous anomalous Melpomene is represented like a virago, or flower, somewhat resembling the pa.
manly lady, with a majestick and grave counte
Pearbam. pilionaceous flower ; for its two upper To arms! to arms! the fierce virago cries, petals represent the standard, the two And swift as lightning to the combat Hies. Popes side ones the wings; but the lower one, 2., It is commonly used in detestation for which ends in a tail, resembles the iris. an impudent turbulent woman. Out of the empalement arises the point. Vi'RELAY. n. s. (virelay, virelai. Fr.] al, which becomes a three-cornered fruit A sort of little ancient French poem, opening into three parts, and full of that consisted only of two rhymes and roundish seeds. There are nine species. short verses, with stops.
L'Acad. Miller. The mournful muse in mirth now list ne mask, When daisies pied, and violets blue,
As she was wont in youngth and summer days; Do paint the meadows much bedight. Sbaksp. But if thou algate lust like virclays,
Sweet echo, sweetest nymph, that liv'st unseen And looser songs of love to undersong. Spenser. By slow Meander's margent green,
The band of Hutes began to play, And in the violet-Embroider'd vale. Milton. To which a lady sung a virelay:
it alters not our simple idea, whether we think And still at every close she would repeat that blue be in the violet itself, or in our mind The burden of the song, The daisy is so sweet. only; and only the power of producing it by the
Dryden. texture of its parts, to be in the violet itself. VI'RENT. adj. [virens, Latin.] Giceni
not faded. VIOLIN, n. s. (violon, French; from in these, yet fresh and virent, they carve out
viol.} A fiddle; a stringed instrument the figures of men and women. Brown. of musick.
VIRGE. n. s. [virga, Latin ; better verge, Praise with timbrels, organs, flutes; Praise with violins and lutes.
from verge, French.) A dean's mace. Sharp violins proclaim
Suppose him now a dean compleat, Their jealous pangs and desperation,
Devoutly lolling in his seat; For the fair disdainful dame. Dryden.
The silver virge, with decent pride,
Stuck underneath his cushion side. VI'OLIST. N. s. [from viol.] A player on
Szvift. the vio).
VIRGIN. n. s. [va aga French ; virgo, VIOLONCE'LLO. n. s. [Italian.] A string
Latin.] ed instrument of musick.
1. A maid; a woman unacquainted with
men. VI'PER. n. s. [vipera, Latin.]
This aspect of mine hath fear'd the valiant; I. A serpent of that species which brings
The best regarded virgins of our clime its young alive, of which many are poi Have lov'd it too.
Senseless bauble! A viper came out of the heat, and fastened on Art thou a feodary for this fact, and look'st his hand: dots, So virgin-like withour?
Sbukspeare. He'll gall of asps with thirsty lips suck in; The dansel was very fair, and a zirgin. Ger. The viper's deadly teeth shall pierce his skin. Angelo is an adult'rous tief, Sandys. An hypocrite, a virgin violator.
Shekspeare. Viper-catchers have a remedy, in which they Much less can that have any place, place such great conduideace, as to be no more At which a virgin bides her fáce. Cowley. VUL, IV.
2. A woman not a mother. Unusual. 1. Manhood; character of man. Likest to Cetes in her prime,
The lady made generous advances to the bore Yet virgin of Proserpina from Jove. Milton. ders of virility.
Rambler, 3. Any thing untouched or unmingled; 2. Power of procreation. any thing pure: as, virgin honey.
The great Climacterical was past, before they l'apers of white wax, commonly called virgin begat children, or gave any testimony of their wax, burn with less smoke than common yellow virility; for none begat children before the age Boyle. of sixty-five.
Brown, I have found virgin earth in the peat-marshes Virmi’LION. %. s. (properly vermilions] of Cheshire.
Woodward. A red colour.
Roscommer.. 4. The sign of the zodiack in which the VI'RTUAL. adj. [virtuel, Fr. from virtu?.] sun is in August.
Having the efficacy without the sensible Thence down amain by Leo and the Virgin. or material part.
Metalline waters have virtual cold in them. VI'RGIN. adj. Befitting a virgin; suitable Put therefore wood into smith's water, and try to a virgin; maidenly.
whether it will not harden.
Bacon, Can you blame her then, being a maid, yet Heat and cold have a virtual transition, with rosed over with the virgin crimson of modesty, out communication of substance.
Bacon, if she deny the appearance of a naked blind boy? Love not the heav'nly spirits? And how their
love What says the silver with her virgin liue ? Express they? by looks only? or, do they mix
'Sbakspeare. Irradiance? 'virtual, or immediate touch? With ease a brother overcame
Milter. The formal decencies of virgin shame. Cowley.
Every kind that lives, As I look upon you all to be so many great Fomented by his virtual pow'r and warm’d. blessings of a married state; so I leave it to your
Milten. choice, either to do as I have done, or to aspire Neither an actual or virtual intention of after higher degrees of perfection in a virgin the mind, but only that which may be gathered State of life. Law. from the outward acts.
Stilling feel. To VIRGIN. v. n. (a cant word.] To VIRTUA'LITY. n. s. [from virtual.] Ef. play the virgin.
ficacy. A kiss
In one grain of corn there lieth dormant a Long as my exile, sweet as my revenge,
virtuality of many other, and from thence someI carried from thee, my dear; and my true lip times proceed an hundred ears. Brown. Hath virgin'd it e'er since. Sbakspeare. Vi'RTUALLY. adv. (from virtual.] In VI'RGINAL. adj. [from virgin.] Maiden ; effect, though not materially. maidenly; pertaining to a virgin.
They are virtually contained in other words On the earth more fair was never seen,
Hammondo Of chastity and honour virginal. Fairy Queen. Such is our constitution, that the bulk of the Tears virginal
people virtually give their approbation to every Shall be to me even as the dew to fire;
thing they are bound to obey.
Addists. And beauty, that the tyrant oft reclaims, To VIRTUATE. v.a. (from virtue.] To Shall to my tiaming wrath be oil and fax. Shaks,
make efficacious. Not used. Purity is a special part of this superstructure, Potable gold should be endued with a capacity restraining of all desires of the Aesh within the
of being assimilated to the innate heat, and rae known limits of conjugal or virginal chastity. dical moisture; or at least virtuated with a power Hammond.
Harvey. T. VI'RGINAL, V. n. To pat ; to strike VI'RTUE. X. s. (virtus, Latin.)
of generating the said essentials. as on the virginal. A cant'word.
1. Moral goodness: opposed to vice. Still virginalling upon thy palm. Sbakspeare.
Either I'm mistaken, or there is virtue in VI'RGINAL. N.s. [more usually virginals.] that Falstaff.
Sbakspeare A musical instrument so called, because If there's a power above us, commonly used by young ladies.
And that there is, all nature cries aloud The musician hath' produced two means of
Thro' all her works, he must delight in virtue, straining strings. The one is stopping them
And that which he delights in must be happy. with the finger, as in the necks of luces and viols; the other is the stortness of the string, as
Virtue only makes our bliss below. Pope in harps and virginala
The character of prince Henry is improved by VIRGINITY. n. [virginitas, Latin.] Shakspeare; and through the veil of his vices
and irregularities we see a dawn of greatness Maidenhead; unacquaintance with man.
and virtue. You do impeach your modesty too much,
Sbakspeare illustrated To trust the opportunity of night,
2. A particular moral excellence. And the ill counsel of a desert place,
In Belmont is a lady, With the rich worth of your virginity. Shaksp.
And she is fair, and, fairer than that word,
Of wondrous virtues. Natural virginity of itself is not a state more
Sbakspeare: acceptable to God; but that which is chosen in
Remember all his birtoes, order to the conveniences of religion, and sepa
And shew mankind that goodness is your care. ration from worldly incumbrances.
Addisos. Taylor. VI'RILE. adj. (viritis, Lat.] Belonging 3. Medicinal quality.
All blest secrets,
All you unpublish'd virtues of the earth,
Sbalspeare. Latin; from virile.)
The virtuous bczoar is taken from the beast
that feedeth upon the mountains; and that with amongst our French painters, the word vertueux out virtue from those that feed in the vallies. is understood in the same signification. Dryden.
Becon. This building was beheld with admiration by 4. Medicinal efficacy.
the virtuesi of that time.
Tatler. An essay writer must practise the chymical Showers of rain are now met with in every method, and give the virtue of a full draught in a waterwork; and the virtuosos of France covered few drops.
a little vault with artificial snow. Addison. s. Efficacy; power. Before virtue is used VI’RTUOUS. adj. [from virtue.] sometimes by and sometimes in ; by in
1. Morally good ; applied to persons and virtue is meant in consequence of the
If his occasion were not virtuous, virtue. If neither words nor herbs will do, I 'll try
I should not urge it half so faithfully. Shakspa
Virtuous and holy, be thou conqueror. Shaksp. stones : for there's a virtue in them.
What she wills to do or say,
L'Estrange. Where there is a full purpose to please God,
Is wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best. Milton,
Favour'd of heav'n, who finds there, what a man can do, shall, by virtue thereof, be accepted.
One virtuous rarely found,
That in domestick good combines : They are not sure by virtue of syllogism, that the conclusion certainly follows from the pre
Happy that house ! his way to peace is smooth. mises. Locke.
Since there is that necessity of it for Ged's This they shall attain, partly in virtue of the
service, and all virtuous ends, it cannot in its promise made by God; and partly in virtue of piety.
Kettleworth. He used to travel through Greece, by virtue of this fable, which procured him reception in
2. [applied to women.] Chaste. all the towns.
Mistress Ford, the modest wife, the virtuous
creature, 6. Acting power.
that hath the jealous fool to her husband!
Sbakspeart. Jesus knowing that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about.
Mark. 3. Done in consequence of moral good
ness. 7. Secret agency; efficacy, without visible or material action.
Nor love is always of a vicious kind,
But oft to virtuous acts inflames the mind. She moves the body, which she doth possess ;
Dryden. Yet no part toucheth, but by virtue's touch.
Consider how often, how powerfully you are Davies.
called to a virtuous life, and what great and 8. Bravery; valour.
glorious things God has done for you, and to Trust to thy single virtue; for thy soldiers
make you in love with every thing that can proTook their discharge. Shakspeare. mote his glory.
Law. The conquest of Palestine with singular vise
4. Efficacious; powerful. tue they performed, and held that kingdom some
Raleigb. few generations.
Before her gates, hill-wolves and lions lay;
Which, with her virtuod drugs, so tame she 9. Excellence ; that which gives excel
That wolf, nor lion, would one man invade. In the Greek poets, as also in Plautus, the
With one virtuous touch, th' arch-chemic sun æconomy of poems is better observed than in Terence; who thought the sole grace and rir
Produces, with terrestrial humour mix'd, tue of their fable the sticking in of sentences,
Here in the dark, so many precious things. as ours do the forcing in of jests. Ben Jonson.
Milton. 1o. One of the orders of the celestial s. Having wonderful or eminent proper
Out of his hand Thrones, dominations, princedoms, virtues,
That virtuous steel he rudely snatch'd away. Milion.
Spenser. A winged uirtue through th' etherial sky From orb to orb unwearied dost thou fly. Tickel.
Lifting up his virtuous staff on high,
He smote the sea, which calmed was with speed. VI'RTUELESS. adj. [from virtue.]
Spenser. 1. Wanting virtue ; deprived of virtue. He own'd the virtuous ring and glass. Milton. 2. Not having efficacy; without operating 6. Having medicinal qualities.
Some observe that there is a virtuous bezoar, qualities.
and another without virtue; the virtuous is All second causes, together with nature her
taken from the beast that feedeth where there self, without that operative faculty which God
are theriacal herbs; and that without virtue, gave them, would become altogether silent, virtueless, and dead.
The ladies soughe around harms.
For virtuous herbs; which gacher'd from the Some would make those glorious creatures
They squeez'd the juice, and cooling ointment made.
Dryden. TIRTUOʻSO. n. s. [Italian.]
A man VI'RTUOUSLY.adv. (from virtuous.] In a skilled in antique or natural curiosities;
virtuous manner; according to the rules a man studious of painting, statuary, or
of virtue. architecture.
The gods are my witnesses, I desire to do vir. Methinks those generous virtuosi dwell in a
Sidney higher region than other mortals. Glenville.
In sum, they taught the world no less virtsVirtuoso, the Italians call a man who loves
ously how to die, than they had done before how the aoble arts, and is a criticks in them. And