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should be granted; but thought by that means Adown he kest it with so puissant wrist, to wrench him to their other desires. Bacon. That back again it did aloft rebound,

Sing the Parthian, when transfix'd he lies, And gave against his mother earth a groneful Wrenching the Roman jav'lin from his thighs.


Fairy Carex. Dryden. Antenor 's such a wrest in their affairs, Struggling to get loose, I broke the strings and That their negotiations all must slacken, Wrenched out the pegs that fastened my arm to Wanting his nianage.

Troilus and Cressida. the ground.


3. An instrument to tune. 2. To sprain; to distort.

WRE'STER. 1. s. [from wrest.] He who O most small fault,

wrests. How ugly didst thou in Cordelia show! Which, like an engine, wrencht my frame of na

TO WRESTLE. V. n. (from wrest. )

1. To contend who shall throw the otber From the fix'd place; drew from my heart all down. love,

If ever he goes alone again, I'll never arrestle And added to the gall. Sbakspeare. for prize more.

Shakspeare. You wrenched your foot against a stone, and Another, by a fall in wrestling, started the were forced to stay.

Swift. end of the clavicle from the steron. Wisein. WRENCH, n. s. [from the verb.]

To play or wrestle well, it should be used with those that do it better.

Tepke. 3. A violent pull or twist.

None in the leap spring with so strong a 2. A sprain.

bound, Some small part of the foot being injured by a Or firmer in the wrestling press the ground. wrench, the whole leg thereby loses its strength.

Pepco Locke.

2. To struggle; to contend : followed by 3. Wrenches, in Chaucer, signifies means, with.

sleights, subtilties; which is, I believe, I persuaded them, if they lov'd Benedick, the sense here.

To wish him wrestle with affection, He resolved to make his profit of this busi And never to let Beatrice know of it. Sheksp. ness of Britain, as a quarrel for war; and that James knew not how to wrestle with despe

of Naples as a wrench and mean for peace. Buc. rate contingencies, and so abhorred to be € TO WREST. v. a. (præstan, Saxon.]

tangled in such.

Clarets, 3. To twist by violence; to extort by WRE'STLER. 1. s. [from wrestle.) writhing or force.

1. One who wrestles; one who professes To wring this sentence, to wrest thereby out

the atbletick art. of men's hands the knowledge of God's doctrine, When the young wrestlers at theirsport gret is without all reason.


warm, To what wretched state reservd,

Old Milo wept to see his naked arm. Deater. Better end here unborn? Why is life giv'n,

"Tis not from whom, but where we live; To be thus wrested from us?

Milton. The place does oft those graces give : Where you charged in person, you were a Great Julius, on the mountains bred, conqueror; the rebels afterwards recovered A fock perhaps, or herd; had led; strength, and wrested that victory from others He, that the world subdued, had been that they had lost to you.

Dryden. But the best wrestler on the green, Hallet Our country's cause,

2. One who contends in wrestling. That drew our swords, now wrests 'em from our

So earnest with thy God, can no new care, hands,

No sense of danger, interrupt thy prayer ? And bid us not delight in Roman blood

The sacred wrestler, till a blessing giv'n, Unprofitably shed.


Quits not his hold, but halting conquers hear't. O prince, I blush to think what I have said; But fate has wrested the confession from me.

Two wrestlers help to pull each other dona. Addison

Dryta. 2. To distort; to writhe; to force.

WRETCH. 7, s. (precca, Saxon.] So far to extend their speeches is to wrest them against their meaning:


1. A miserable mortal.

When I loved, I was a wretch. Arcidia. My father's purposes have been mistook, And some about him lave too lavishly

She weeps, and says her Henry is deposd; Wrested his meaning ar:d authority. Sbakspeare.

He smiles, and says his Edward is install'd; Wrest once the law to your authority;

That she, poor wretch, for grief can speak no

Sbakspears. To do a great right, do a little wrong. Sbaksp.

The butcher takes away the calf, WREST. n.s. (trom the verb.)

And binds the ceretch, and beats it when it 1. Distortion ; violence.

ak pere. Whereas it is concluded, out of weak pre

Illustrious tretcb! repine not nor reply; mises, that the retaining of divers things in the

View not what heav'n ordains with reason 's church of England, which other reformed

eye; churches have cast out, must needs argue that

For bright the object is, the distance is too high

Prier. we do not well, unless we can shew that they have done ill; what needeth this wrest, to draw 2. A worthless sorry creature. out from us an accusation of foreign churches? Base-minded wretebes! are your thoughts so

Hooker. deej ly bemired in the trade of ordinary world2. It is used in Spenser and Sbakspeare for

Jings, as for respect of gain some paultry wool an active or moving power: I suppose,

may yield you, to let so much time pass about from the force of a tilter acting with

knowing perfectly her estate?


He now his lance in his rest.

Has these poor men in question : never saw !

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Wretches so quake; they kneel, they kiss the

He 'gan inquire earth,

What hard mishap him brought to such distress Forswear themselves as often as they speak. And made that caitif's thrall the thrall of


Speseer. Title of honour, worth and virtue's right,

Clarion did at last dedine
Should not be given to a wretch co vile. Daniel. To lowest wretchedness; and is there then

When they are gone, a company of starved Such rancour in the hearts of mighty men? hungry-wretches shall take their places.

Spenser. L'Estrange. When they are weary of wars, and brought 3. It is used by way of slight, or ironical down to extreme wretchedness, then they creep pity, or contempt.

a little and sue for grace, till they have recoverWhen soon away the wasp doch go:

ed their strength again.

Spenser. Poor Wretch was never frighted so;

I love not to see wretchedness o'ercharg'a, He thought his wings were much too slow',

And duty in his service perishing. Shakspeare. O'erjoy'd they so were parted. Drayton.

We have with the feeling lost the very memory Then, if the spider find him fast beset,

of such wretchedness as our forefathers endured She issues forth, and runs along her loom:

by those wars, of all others the most cruel. She joys to touch the captive in her net,

Raleigt. 1 And drags the little wretch in triumph home. 2. Pitifulness; despicableness.

Dryden. WRE'TCHLESS. adj. [This is, by I know 4. It is sometimes a word of tenderness,

not whose corruption, written for reck. as we now say poor thing.

less. ) Careless; mindless; lieedless. Excellent wretch,


For any man to put off his present repentance, Chastened but thus, and thus his lesson taught,

on contemplation of a possibility that his latter The happy wretch she put into her breast.


repentance may serve the curn, is the most

wretchless presumption, and hath no promise of WRE'TCHED. adj. [from suretcb.]

mercy annexed to it.

Hammond. 3. Miserable ; unhappy:

If persons of so circumspect a piety have been These we should judge to be most miserable, thus overtaken, what security can there be for but that a wretcbeder sort there are, on whom our wretchless oscicancy? Gov. of the Tonguee whereas nature hath bestowed ripę capacity, Wre'TCHLESSNESS. n. s. [from wretchtheir evil disposition seriously goeth about therewith to apprehend God, as being not God.

less.) Carelessness. Hooker.

The devil drives them into desperation, or into O cruel death! to those you are more kind

wretchlessness of unclean living. Common Prayer. Than to the wretched mortals left behind. TO WRIGGLE. V. n. (prigan, Saxon;

Why dost thou drive me

ruggelen, Dutch.) To move to and fro

with short motions. To range all o'er a waste and barren place, To find a friend? The wretched have no friends.

If sheep or thy lamb fall a wriggling with tail, Dryden.

Go by and by search it, whiles help may prevail. 2. Calamitous; afflictive.


The busy importunities of these extensional 3. Sorry; pitiful; paltry; worthless."

phantasms I look upon as contemptuously, as When God was served with legal sacrifices,

upon the quick wrigglings up and down of pissuch was the miserable and utettbed condition

More. of some men's minds, that the best of every

The excellency of sawing is to keep in the thing they had being culled out for themselves, line marked to be sawn, without wriggling on if there were in their fiocks any poor, starved, either side.

Мохед. or diseased thing, not worth the keeping, they

To bed went the bridegroom and the bride: thought it good enough for the altar of God.

Was never such an ill-pair'à couple tied;

Restless he toss'd, and tumbled to and fro, Affected noise is the most wretched thing

And rollid and wriggled farther off for woe. That to contempt can empty scribblers bring.

Dryden. Roscommon.

How wildly will ambition steer! Forgive the many failings of those who, with

A vermin wriggling in th'usurper's ear. Dryder. their wretchei art, cannot arrive to those heights And both he and his successors would often that you possess.


wriggle in their seats as long as the cushion last4. Despicable; hatefully contemptible.


Swift. An adventure worthy to be remembered for the unused examples therein, as well of true na

To Wriggle. v.a. To put in a quick tural goodness as of wretched ungratefulness. reciprocating motion ; to introduce by

Sidney. shifting motion. WRE'TCHEDLY. adv. [from wretched. I Ralpho was mounted now, and gotten 1. Miserably; unhappily.

O'erthwart his beast with active vaulting, From these two wars, so wretchedly entered

Wriggling his body to recover into, the duke's ruin took its date. Clarenden. His seat, and cast his right leg over. Hudibras. 2. Meanly; despicably.

A slimn thin-gutted fox made a hard shift to When such little shuffling arts come once to

wriggle his body into a hen-roost. L'Estrang.. be ripped up, and laid open, how poorly and WRIGGLETALL. n. s. For wrigglingtail. wretchedly must that man sneak, who finds hiin.

See WRIGGLE.' self guilty and baffled too.


My ragged ronts all shiver and shake: WRETCHEDNESS. n. s. [from wretched.]

They wont in the wind wagg their wriggletails, 1. Misery; unhappiness; afflicted state. Peark as a peacoke, but nou vnt ic avails. Spens.

My misery cannot be greater than it is: fear not the daix er of my blind steps, I cannot fall WRIGHT. n.s. (pruhta, pyjilita, Saxon.] worse than I am; and do not obstinately conti A workman; an artificer; a maker; a Que to infect thee with my wretchedness. Sidney. manufacturer.


Nor:place the neighbour Cyelops their delights 8. To distort; to turn to a wrong purIn brave vermilion prow deckt ships ; nor wrights

pose. Useful and skilful.

To wring this sentence, to wrest thereby out

Chapman. It is impossible duly to consider these things,

of men's hands the knowledge of God's decenine, is without all reason.

dsban. without being rapt into admiration of the intinite wisdom of the Divine Architect, and con

Lord, how dare these men thus wring the temning the arrogant pretences of the world and

scriptures ?

W bagift. animal wrights, and much more the productions e. To persecute with extortion. of chance.


The merchant-adventurers have been oftea The verb To write has the same sound with

wronged and wringed to the quick; but were wright, a workman; right, or equity; and rite,

never quick and lively in thaliks to those by or ceremony; but spelled very differently.

whose endeavours they were freed. Hayserd. Watts.

TO WRING. V.n. To writhe with anguish. TO WRING. v. a. preter. and part. pass.

'Tis all men's office to speak patience wringed and wrung. [pringar, Saxon.]

To those that wring under the load of sorrow;

But no man's virtue nor sufficiency s. To twist; to turn round with vio.

To be so moral, when he shall endure lence.

The like himself.

Sbakspeart. The priest shall wring off his head, and burn WRINGER. n. s. [from wring.] 'One it on the altar.


who squeezes the water out of clothes. 2. To force by contortion : with a parti One Mrs. Quickly is in the manner of his cle, 23 out.

nurse, his laundress, his washer, and his wringer. He thrust the fleece together, and wringed the

Sbakspeare. dew out of it, a bowl full of water. Jwges. WRI'NKI.E. R. s. (Fruicle, Sax. wrinkel, The figure of a sturdy woman, done Óv Mi

Dutch.] chael Angelo, washing and winding of linen clothes; in which act she wrings out the water

1. Corrugation or furrow of the skin or that made the fountain.


the face. Apply mild detergents on pledgets of lint over Give me that glass, and therein will I read: it, with a compress wrung out. Wisenan. No deeper wrinkles yet! Hath sorrow struck 3. To squeeze; to press.

So many blows upon this face of mine, In sleep I heard him say, sweet Desdemona,

And made no deeper wounds? Sbalspeare.

She hath continued a virgin without anr 11Let us be wary, let us hide our loves!

Houd. And then, sir, would he gripe and aring my

ble token, or least wrinkle, of old age. hand.


To see a beggar's brat in riches flow,

Adds not a crinkle to my even brow. Drzen. 4. To writhe. The silly owner of the goods

Though you, and all your senseless tribe,

Could art, or time, or nature bribe,
Weeps over them, and wrings his liapless hands.

To make you look like beauty's queen,

And hold for ever at fitteen; 5. To pinch.

No bloom of youth can ever blind The king began to find where his shoe did The cracks and wrirkles of your mind; wring him, and that it was his depressing the All men of sense will pass your door, house of York that did rankle and fester the af

And crowd to Stella's at fourscore. Serif Sections of his people.


2. Rumple of cloth. If he had not been too much grieved, and wrung by an uneasy and streigle fortune, le 3. Any roughness.

Our British heaven was all serene; would have been an excellent man of business.


No threatening cloud was nigh, 6. To force by violence; to extort.

Noe the least wrinkle to deform the sky. Dort I had rather coin my heart,

To Wer’: KLE. v.a. [princlian, Saxon.) And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring

1. To corrugate ; to contract into fure From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash

rows. By any indirection.


It is still fortune's use Who can be bound by any solenin vow

To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, To wring the widow from her custom'd right, To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow And have no other reason for his wrong,

An age of poverty.

Stadsgere. But that he was bound by a solemu o.th?

Scorn makes us wrinkle up the nose, and Sbakspeare.

stretch the nostriis also, at the same time drar. That which I must speak

ing up the upper lip. Must cither punish me, not being believ'd,

Here steams ascend, Or wring redress from you. Sbakspeare. 'That in mixt fumes the wrinkled nose offend.

Thirty spies, Threatening cruel death, constrain'd the bride Here stood Ill-nature, like an ancient maid, To wring from me, and tell to them, my secret.

Her wrinkled form in black and white arra; d.

Pept 7. To harass ? to distress; to torture.

2. To make rough or uneven. He dives into the king's soul, and there scat

A keen north wind, blowing dry,

Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay'd. Milise, Doubts, dangers, wringing of the conscience, WRIST. n. s. (rýnft, Sax.) The joint Fear and despair, and all these for his marriage. by which the hand is joined to the arm.

Sbakspeare. He took me by the wrist, and held me hard. Pleasure enchants, impetuous rage transports,

Staispeare. And grief dejects and wrings the tortur'd soul. The brawn of the arm must appear full, sha.

Roscommon. dowed on one side; then shew the wrist-boas Didst thou taste but half the griefs thereof. That wring my soul, thou couldst not talk thus The axillary artery, below the cubit, divideth coluly.

Addison. unto two parts; the one running along the re

Milton. I



dius, and passing by the wrist, or place of the David wrote a letter.

2 Samuel. pulse, is at the fingers subdivided unto three The time, the place, the manner how to meet, branches.

Brown. Were all in punctual order plainly writ. Dryd. WRISTBAND. 1.5. [wrist and band.] 2. To engrave; to impress.

The fastening of the shirt at the hand. Cain was so fully convinced that every one WRIT. n. S. (from write. )

had a right to destroy such a criininal, that he 1. Any thing written ; scripture. This

cries out, every one that findesh me shall slay

me; so plain was it sorit in the hearts of all sense is now chiedy used in speaking of


Looke. the Bible.

3. To produce, as an author. The church, as a witness, preacheth his mere When, more indulgent to the writer's ease, revealed truth, by reading publickly the sacred

You are so good to be sudard to please; scripture; that a second kind of preaching is the No such convulsive pangs it will require reading of holy writ.


To write the pretty things that you admire. Divine Eliza, sacred empress,

Granville. Live she for ever, and her royal places Be fill'd with praises of divinest wits,

4. To tell by letter.

I chose to write the thing I durst not speak : That her eternize with their heavenly writs.

To her I lov'd.

Prior. Spenser. TO WRITE. V. n. Bagdat rises out of the ruins of the old city of Babylon, so much spoken of in holy writ. 1. To perform the act of writing.

Knolles. I have seen her rise from her bed, take forth Others famous after known,

paper, fold it, and write uron't. Shalsp. Although in holy writ not nam'd. Parad. Reg.

Bassanio gave his ring away. He cannot keep his fingers from meddling Unto the judge that begy'd it; and his clerk, with holv urit.

More. That took some pains in writing, he begg'd Sacred writ our reason does exceed. Waller.


Sbakspeare. His story, fili’d with so many surprising inci 2. To play the author. dents, bears so close an analogy with what is de Hearts, congues, figures, scribes, bards, poete, livered in holy writ, that it is capable of pleasing the most delicate reader, without giving offence Think, speak, cast, write, sing, number to the most scrupulous.

His love to Antony.

Sbaksp. Cf ancient writ unlocks the learned store, There is not a more melancholy object in the Consults the dead, and lives past ages o'er. learned world, than a man who has written him

self down.

Addison. 2. A judicial process, by which any one 3. To teil in books. is summoned as an offender.

I past the melancholy food, Hold up your head, hold up your hand: With that grim ferryman which poets write of. Would it were not my lot to shew ye

Sbakspeare. This cruel writ, wherein you stand

4. To send letters. Indicted by the name of Chloe. Prior. He wrote for all the Jews concerning their 3. A legai instrument.


1 Esdras. The king is fled to London,

5. To call one's self; to be entitled ; to To call a present court of parliament :

use the style of. Let us pursue him, ere the writs forth.

About it, and write happy when thou'st dong. Sbakspeare.

Sbakspeart. I folded the writ up in form of th' other,

Let it not your wonder move, Subscrib’d it, gave the impression, placed it

Less your laughter, that I love; safely,

Though I now write fifty years, The changeling never known. Sbakspeare. I have had, and have, my peers,

Ben Jonaiti. For every writ of entry, whereupon a com Those who begun to turite themselves men, mon recovery is to be suffered, the queen's tine

but thought it 'no shame to learn.

Fell. is to be rated upon the writ original, if the lands

He writes liimself divind providentia, whereas comprised therein be held.


other bishops use only diviná permissione. Wrir. "The preterit of write.

Ayliffe. When Sappho writ,

6. To compose; to form compositions. By their applause the criticks shew'd their wit,

Chaste moral writing we may learn from Prior.

hence, WRITATIVE. A word of Pope's coining, Neglect of which no wit can recompence;. not to be imitated.

The fountain which from Helicon proceeds, Increase of years makes men more talkative, That sacred stream, should never water weeds. but less writative; to that degree, that I now

Waller. write no letters but of plain how d'ye's.

They can write up to the dignity and characa Pope to Swift. ter of the authors.

Felton. TO WRITE. v.a. preterit writ or wrote ; WRITER. n. s. [from write. ) participle passive written, writ, or wrote.

1. One who practises the art of writing.. [pritan, apritan, Saxon; ad rita, Islan

2. An author. dick; wreta, a letter, Gothick.]

All three were ruined hy justice and sentence, 1. To express by means of letters.

as delinquents; and all three famous writers. I'll zurite you down

Bacon. The which shall point you forth, at every sitting, Peaceable times are the best to live in, though What you must say.


not so proper te furnish materials for a writer. Men's cvil manners live in brass, their virtues

Addison. we write in water.


Writers are often morc infuenced by a desire When a man hath taken a wife, and she find of fame, than a regard to the public good. no favour in his eyes, then let him write her a

Addison. bill of divorcement,


Would a writer know how to behave himself VOL. IV,

3 M


mith relation to posteriry, let him consider 'n , thoughes: written lan uage is a description of old books what he hrds that he is glad to know, the said audible signs by signs visihle. Hoidet.

and what omissions he most laments. Szift. WROʻKEN. The part. pass. of To areak. TO WRITHE. v. a. (pričan, Saxon.)

Spenser. 1. To disturt; to deform with distortion. WRONG. n. s. (pranje, Saxon.]

It cannot be this weak and uitbed shririp Should strike such terror in his enemies.

1. An injury ; a designed or known de

triment ; not rigtit; not justice. Hatefullest disrelish writl'd their jaws

It is a harm, and no wrung, wbich he hath reWith soot and cinders.


Sitry. Her mouth she urith'd, her forehead taught

She resolved to spend all her vears, which her to trov's),

youth promised should be many, in bexailing Her eyes to sparkle fires to love unknown;

the urong, and yet praying for the v ron dcer.

Sider, Her sallow cheeks her envious mind did shew, And ev'ry feature spoke aloud the curstness of

If he may not commard them, then that liv a shrew.


doth arong iliat bindett him to bring them furth 2. To twist with violence.

to be justitied.

Spencer. Then Satan first knew pain,

They ever do fretend And arritb'd him to and fro convolv'd. Millon.

To have receiv'd a wrong, who wring intend.

Daniel, Amid the plaited scales it took its course, And in the spinal marrow spent its force;

One spake much of right and arorg: Miltes. The monster hiss'd aloud, and rag'd in vain,

Imitation of an author is the most advantage And writh'd his body to and fro with pain;

ous way for a translator to shew himself, but He bit the dart.

the greatest rerore which can be done to the Addison. reputation of the dead.

Drydes. 3. To wrest; to force by violence; to

Cowley preferred a garden and a friend to torture; to distort.

those whom, in our own wrong, we call the The reason which he yieldeth, sbewerh the great.

Dryden. least part of his meaning to be that whe: eunto Expecting more in my own wrong, his words are writbed.

Hooker. Protracting lite, I 've liv'd a day too long. 4. To twist.

Dryden. The king of heav'n

In the judgment of right and wrong, every Bar'd his red arm, and launching from the sky

man has a self,

Watts. His writhen bolt, not shaking empty smoke, 2. Errour ; not right; not truth. Down to the deep abyss the flaming felon strook. Be nos blindly guided by the throng;

Dryden. The multitude is always in ile Regres TO WRITHE. V. n. To be convolved with Here was wrong on buth sides; and what agony or torture.

would follow but confussica?

Lesls. Let cach be broken on the rack;

Proceed; quoth Dick, sii, I sver Then, with what life remains, impal'd, and left

You have already gone contar;
To writbe at leisure round the bloody stake.

When people once are in the wrarg,

Each line they add is much too long:
To WrI'THLE. v. a. (from writbe.] To

Who fastest walks, but walks astray,

Prier. wrinkle ; to corrugate.

Is only farthest from his way.

Obsolete. Her writbled skin, as rough as maple rind,

Wrong. adj. [from the noun.] So scabby was, that would have loath'd all wo

1. Not morally right; not just; not mankind.


agreeable to propriety or truth; dot WRITING. n. s. [from writ.]

true. 1. A legal instrument; as, the writings of

I fird you are an invincible Amazon, since

you will overcome, though in a reng matter. an estate.

Sidart. Gentlemen keep writings in their closets, la If it be right to comply with the wrong, then it dies medicines,


is mong to comply with the right. Lesley. 2. A composure; a book.

When the dictates of honour are contrary to They thought no other writings in the world those of religion and equiry, they give erran; should be studied; insomuch as, one of their ambirious, and false ideas of what is good and great prophets exhorting them to cast away all a. Zabie.

Spectater. respects into human writings, to his motion Their hearts are constantly emploved, perthey condescended.

Hooker. verted, and kept in a streng state, by the indisSuch arguments had an invincible force with creet use of such things as are laurtul to be used. those pagan philosophers who became christians,

Law. as we find in most of their writings. Addison. 2. Not physically right; unfit; unsuitS. A written paper of any kind.

able. In at his windows throw

Of Gloster's treachery, I'ritings, all tending to the great opinion

And of the loval service of his son, That Rome holds of his name. Shaksp. When I informild him, then he call'd me sot, WRITINGMASTER.

One who

And told me I had curn the strong side out teaches to write.

Skalspeare The facility of which I spoke consists not in

We never think of the main business of life, bold strokes, it it makes nor a great ettect at a

till a vain repentance minds us of it at the trees distance: that sort of freedom belongs rather to


L'Estrerti. a writing-master than a painter.

Dividing a living of five hundred pounds a year

Dryden. Written. The part. pass. of urite.

into ten purs, is a contrivaree, the meaning

whereof hath goc an the errong side of my come Their doctrine and their story written left, prehension. They die.

Singularity shews something sering is the mund Language is a connexion of audible signs, the

Claruse. pat ape in nature to communication of our 5. Acting improperly.

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