« הקודםהמשך »
which were in truth, to be as unfortunately seated cundus, from sequor, the Saxons term on the earth as Mercury is in the heavens; for oder, or æfteņa.) the most part ever in combustion, or obscurity, s. The next in order to the first ; the orunder brighter beams than his own. Wotton,
dinal of two. 4. To fix; to place firm.
Sunk were their hearts with horror of the Why do I yield to that suggestion,
crime, Whose horrid image doth uptix my hair,
Nor needed to be warn'd a second time,
But bore each other back.
2. Next in value or dignity: inferiour. They pluck'd the seated hills.
Milton. I shall not speak superlatively of them, lest I
be suspected of partiality; but this I may truly SE'AWARD. adv. [sea and peand, Sax. ] say, they are second to none in the christian Towards the sea.
Bacon. The rock rush'd seaward with impetuous roar,
None I know Ingulf'd, and to th’abyss the boaster bore Pope. Second to me, or like; equal much less Milton. SE'CANT, n. s. [secans, Lat, secante, Fr.]
My eyes are still the same; each glance, each
grace, In geometry, the right line drawn from
Keep their first lustre, and maintain their place, the centre of a circle, cutting and meet.
Not second yet to any other face. Dryden. ing with another line, called the tan Not these huge bolts, by which the giants slain gent, without it.
Dict. Lay overthrown on the Phlegrean plain; To SECE'DE. v. n. (secedo, Latin.] To
'Twas of a lesser mould and lighter weight;
They call it thunder of a second rate. Addison withdraw from fellowship in any affair.
By a sad train of miseries alone SECE'DER. n. s. [from secede.] One who
Distinguish'd long, and second now to none. Pope. discovers his disapprobation of any pro Persons of second rate merit in their own counceedings by withdrawing himself. try, like birds of passage, thrive here, and fly off TO SECE'R N. v. a. [secerno, Lat.) To se
when their employments are at an end. Swift parate finer from grosser matter ; to Second-HAND. n. s. Possession received make the separation of substances in
from the first possessor. the body.
SE'COND-HAND is sometimes used adjecBirds are better meat than beasts, because tively. Not original ; not primary. their flesh doth assimilate more finely, and sem Some men build so much upon authorities, they sernetb more subtilly.
Bacon, have but a second-band or implicit knowledge. The pituite or mucus secerned in the nose
Locke. and windpipe is not an excrementitious but a
They are too proud to cringe to second-band laudable humour, necessary for defending those favourites in a great family. Swift to Gay. parts, from which it is secerned, from excoriacions.
At SECOND-HAND.adv. In imitation ; in SECESSION. N. s. [secessio, Latin.]
the second place of order; by transmis1. The act of departing.
sion ; not primarily; not originally. The accession of bodies upon, or secession
They pelted them with satires and epigrams, thereof from, the earth's surface, perturb not
which perhaps had been taken up at first only
to make their court, and at second-band to flatter the equilibration of either hemisphere. Brown.
those who had Hattered their king. 2. The act of withdrawing from councils
In imitation of preachers at second-band, I shall or actions.
transcribe from Bruyere a piece of raillery. SE'CLE. n. s. (siecle, Fr. seculum, Latin.]
Tatler. A century. Not in use.
Spurious virtue in a maid; Of a man's age, part he lives in his father's A virtue but at second-band.
Swift. lifetime, and part after his son's birth; and
SE'COND. n. s. [second, Fr. from the ad. thereupon it is wont to be said that three ge
jective.] Derations make one secle, or hundred years, in the genealogies.
Hammond, 1. One who accompanies another in a To SECLU'DE. v. a. (secludo, Lat.) To duel, to direct or defend him.
Their seconds minister an oath, confine from ; to shut up apart; to ex
Which was indifferent to thein both, clude.
That on their knightly faith and troth None is secluded from that function, of any
No magick them supplied; degree, state, or calling.
Whitgift. And sought them that they had no charms, Some parts of knowledge God has thought fit
Wherewith to work each other's harms, to seclude from us; to fence them not only, as
But came with simple open arms he did the interdicted tree, by combination, but
To have their causes tried. Draytox. with difficulties and impossibilities. Decay of Picty. Their first encounters were very furious, till
The number of birds described may be near after some to and bloodshed they were parted five hundred, and of fishes, secluding shell-fish, as
by the seconds.
Addison. many; but if the shell-fish be taken in, more
Personal braw:ls come in as seconds to finish than six times the number.
the dispute of opinion. Inclose your tender plants in your conservatory, secluding all entrance of cold. Evelyn.
2. One who supports or maintains; a supLet eastern tyrants from the light of heaven porter; a maintainer. Seclude their bosom slaves.
Thomson. He propounded the duke as a main cause of
divers infirmities in the state, being sure enough SE'COND. adj. (second, Fr. secundus, Lat.
of seconds after the first onset.
Wottom. It is observable, that the English have
Courage, when it is only a second to injustice, no ordinal of two; as the Latins, and and falls on without provocation, is a disadvana the nations deriving from them, have tage to a character.
Collier. none of duo. What the Latins call se- 3. A SECOND Minute, the second division
of an hour by sixty; the sixtieth part of It is primarily generated out of the effusiori of a minnte.
melancholick blood, or secondarily out of the Four flames of an equal magnitude will be kept
dregs and remainder of a phlegmonous or æde
matick tumour. alive the space of sixteen second minutes, though
Harvey. one of these fames alore, in the same vessel, SE'CONDARINESS. n. s. [from secondary.] will not last above twenty-tive or at most thirty
The state of being secondary: secords.
Wilkins. That which is peculiar and discriminative must Sounds move above 1140 English feet in a be taken from the primariness and secondariness secord minute of time, and in seven or eight of the perception.
Norris. minutes of time about ilo English miles. Locke. SE'CONDARY. adj. (secondarius, Lat.] TO SE'COND. V. a. [seconder, Fr. secundo, 1. Not primary; not of the first intention. Lat. from the noun.]
Two are the radical differences: the secondary 1. To support; to forward ; to assist ; to differences are as four.
Bacon. come in after the act as a maintainer. 2. Succeeding to the first; subordinate. 7 be authors of the former opinion were pre
Wheresoever there is moral right on the one sentiy seconded by other wittier and better learn hand, no secondary right can discharge it. ed, who buing loth that the form of church
L'Estrange. polity, which they sought to bring in, should be Gravitation is the powerful cement which holds other ise than in the highest degree accounted together this magnificent structure of the world, cf, took tirst an exception against the difference
which stretcheth the north over the empty between church polity and matters of necessity
space, and hangeth the earth upon nothing, to to salvation.
transfer the words of Job from the first and real Though we here fall down,
cause to the secondary.
Bentley. We have supplies to second our attempt ; 3. Not of the first order or rate. If they miscarry, theirs shall second them. Sbaks. If the system had been fortuitously formed by I to be the power of Israel's God
the convening matter of a chaos, how is it conAvow, and challenge Dagon to the test,
ceivable that all the planets, both primary and Of'ring to combat thee, his champion bold, secondary, should revolve the same way, from With the utmost of his godhead seconded. Milt. the west to the east, and that in the same plane? Familiar Ovid tender thoughts inspires,
Bentdcy. And nature seconds all his soft desires. Roscom. 4. Acting by transmission or deputation.
If in company you offer something for a jest, That we were form'd then, say'st thou, and and nobody seconds you in your laughter, you
the work may condemn their taste; but in the mean time Of secondary hands, by task transferr'd you make a very indifferent figure. Swift. From father to his son ?
Milton In human works, tho'labour'd on with pain, As in a watch's fine machine, A thousand movements scarce one purpose gain; Though many artful springs are seen, In God's, one single can its ends produce,
The added movements which declare Yet seryes to secind too some other use. Pope. How full the moon, how old the year, 2. To follow in the next place.'
Derive their secondary pow'r
From that which simply points the hour. Prior. To second ills with ills.
Sbakspeare; s. A secondary fever is that which arises Having formerly discoursed of a maritimal
after a crisis, or the discharge of some voyage, I think it not impertinent to second the same with some necessary relations concerning
morbid matter, as after the declension of the royal navy.
the smallpox or measles. Quincy. He saw his guileful act
SE'CONDARY. n. s. (from the adjective.] By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded
A delegate; a deputy. Upon her husband.
SECONDLY. adv. (from second.] In the Sin is seconded with sin ; and a man seldom commits one sin to please, but he commits an
second place. other to detend himself.
First, she hath disobeyed the law; and secondly, SECOND Sigbt. n. s. The power of seeing
trespassed against her husband. Ecclesiasticus,
First, metals are more durable than plants; and things future, or things distant: sup
secondly, they are more solid and hard. Bacon. posed inherent in some of the Scottish The house of commons in Ireland, and, secondo islanders.
ly, the privy council, addressed his majesty against As he was going out to steal a sheep, he was
Szvift. seized with a fit of second sigbt : the face of the SE'COND-RATE. n. s. (second and rate. ) country presented him with a wide prospect of
1. The second order in dignity or value. new scenes, which he had never seen before.
They call it thunder of the second-rate. Addisor. Addison.
2. [It is sometimes used adjectively.} Of SECOND sighted. adj. [from second sight.]
the second order: a colloquial licence. Having the second sight.
He was not then a second-rate champion, as Sawney was descended of an ancient family, they would have him, who think fortitude the renowned for their skill in prognosticks: most of first virtue in a hero.
Dryden. his ancestors were second sighted, and his mother Se'crecy. n. s. [from secret.] but narrowly escaped for a witch. Addison.
1. Privacy; state of being hidden; conSE'CONDARILY. adv. (from secondary.] cealment.
In the second degree ; in the second That's not suddenly to be perform'd,
The lady Anne,
Whom the king hath in secrecy long married, downwards, though other accidental causes im
This day was view'd in open as his queen. Shak.
Digby: pel it secondarily to a sloping motion.
In Nature's book of inħnite secrecy,
A little can I read.
Shakspeare, festivals kept, to the honour of saints, at least
2. Solitude; retirement; not exposure to secundarily.
Stilling fleet. view,
Thou in thy secrecy, although alone,
the council, for the secreting of their consultaBest with thyself accompany'd, seek'st not
Васбл. Social communication.
Milton. Se'crETARISHIP. n. s. (secretaire, Fr. There is no such thing as perfect secrecy, to encourage a rational mind to the perpetration of SECRETARY. n. s. [secretaire, Fr. secre
from secretary.] The office of a secretary. any base action; for a man must first extinguish and put out the great light within him, his con
tarius, low Latin.] One intrusted with science; he must get away from himself, and the management of business; one who shake off the thousand witnesses which he al writes for another. ways carries about him, before he can be alone. Call Gardiner to me, my new secretary. Shak.
Soutb. That which is most of all profitable is ac3. Forbearance of discovery.
quaintance with the secretaries, and employed It is not with publick as with private prayer ;
men, of ambassadors.
Bacon. in this rather secrecy is commanded than outward Cottington was secretary to the prince. Clarendo shew; whereas that, being the publick act of a To SECRETE. v. a. (secretus, Lat.] whole society, requireth accordingly more care 1. To put aside ; to hide. to be had of external appearance.
2. [In the animal economy.] To secern; 4. Fidelity to a secret ; taciturnity invio
to separate. late ; close silence. For secrecy no lady closer. Sbakspeare.
SECRE'TION. 1. s. [from secretus, Lat.) Secrecy and fidelity were their only qualities.
1. That agency in the animal economy
Burnet. that consists in separating the various SE'CRET. adj, [secret, Fr. secretus, Lat.]
fluids of the body. 1. Kept hidden ; not revealed; concealed. 2. The Auid secreted.
The secret things belong unto the Lord our SECRETITIOUS.adj. [from secretus, Lat.} God; but those things which are revealed be Parted by animal secretion. long unto us.
Deuteronomy. They have a similitude or contrariety to the Be this, or aught
secretitious humours in taste and quality. Floyer. Than this more secret, now design'd, I haste To know.
Milton. SECRETIST. n. s. [from secret.] A dealer 2. Retired ; private ; unseen.
in secrets. Thou open'st wisdom's way,
Some things I have not yet thought fit so plainly And giv'st access, though secret she retire : to reveal; not out of any envious design of having And I perhaps am secret.
Milton. them buried with me, but that I may barter with There secret in her sapphire cell
those secretists, that will not part with one secret He wirb che Nais wont to dwell. Fenton. but in exchange for another.
Boyle. 3. Faithful to a secret entrusted.
SE'CRETLY. . udv. (from secret.] Secret Romans, that have spoke the word, 1. Privately ; privily; not openly; not And will not palter.
Sbakspeare publickly; with intention not to be 4. Private ; affording privacy.
known. The secret top
Give him this letter, do it secretly. Shaksp. Of Oreb or of Sinai.
Milton. Now secretly with inward grief ne pin'd; s. Occult; not apparent.
Now warm resentments to his griefs he join'd. Or sympathy, or some connatural force
Addison, Pow'rful at greatest distance to unite
Some may place their chief satisfaction in givWith secret amity things of like kind,
ing secretly what is to be distributed; others, in By secretest conveyanče.
Milton. being the open and avowed instruments of make My heart, which by a secret harmony
ing such distributions.
Atterbury. Still moves with thine, join'd in connexion sweet. 2. Latently; so as not to be obvious; not
apparently. 6. Privy; obscene.
Those thoughts are not wholly mine; but SECRÉT. n. so (secret, Fr. secretum, Lat.] either they are secretly in the poet, or may be 1. Something studiously hidden.
fairly deduced from him.
Dryden. Infected minds
SE'CRETNESS. n. s. [from secret.] To cheir deaf pillows wil discharge their secrets. 1. State of bang hidden.
2. Quality of keeping a secret. There is no secret that they can hide from
I could muster up tbee.
My giants and my witches too,
Which are vast constancy and secretness. Donne. Of his eternal empire.
Milton. 2. A thing unknown; something not yet SECRETOR V. adj. [from secretus, Latin,] discovered.
Performing the office of secretion, or All blest secrets,
animal separation. All you unpublish'd virtues of the earth. Shaks. All the glands are a congeries of vessels comAl secrets of the deep, all Nature's works. plicated together, whereby they give the blood
Milton. time to separate through the capillary vessels The Romans seem not to have known the se into the secretory, which afterwards exonerate sret of paper credit. Arbuthnot. themselves into one duct.
Ray. 3. Privacy ; secrecy; invisible or undis- SECT. n. s. (secte, Fr. secta, Lat. from covered state.
sectando.] Bread eaten in secret is pleasant. Proverbs. I. A body of men following some particu. la secret, riding through the air she comes. lar master, or united in some settled
Often in a bad sense. TO SE'CRET. v. a. (from the noun.] To
We'll wear out, keep private.
In a wall'd prison, packs and sects great ones, Great care is to be used of the clerks of That ebb and How by th' moon. Sbakspears.
The greatest vicissitude of things is the vicis. is generally useful in all the practical parts of situde of sects and religions: the true religion is the mathematicks, and particularly contrived for built upon a rock; the rest are tossed upon the navigation, surveying, astronomy, dialling, and waves of time.
Bacon. projection of the sphere. All the lines of the The jealous sects, that dare not trust their cause sector can be accommodated to any radius, which So far from their own will as to the laws,
is done by taking off all divisions parallelwise, You for their umpire and their synod take. and not lengthwise ; the ground of which prace
Dryden. tice is this, that parallels to the base of any The academics were willing to admit the goods plain triangle bear the same proportion to it as of fortune into their notion of felicity; but no the parts of the legs above the parallel do to the sects of old philosophers did ever leave a room for
Dryden. A sect of freethinkers is a sum of cyphers.
SE'CULAR. adj. [secularis, Latin; secuBentley.
lier, French.) 2. In Shakspeare it seems to be misprinted 1. Not spiritual; relating to affairs of the for set.
present world ; not holy; worldly. Of our unbitted lusts, I take this that you call This, in every several man's actions of comlove to be a sect or cion.
Orbello. mon life, appertaineth unto moral, in publick SE'CTARISM. N. s. [from sect.] Disposi
and politick secular affairs, unto civil, wisdom.
Hooker. tion to petty sects, in opposition to
Then shall they seek t' avail themselves of things established.
names, Nothing hath more marks of schism and secto
Places, and titles; and with these to join arism than this presbyterian way. King Charles.
Secular pow'r, though feigning still to act SE'CTARY. n. s. [sectaire, French ; from By spiritual.
2. [In the church of Rome.] Not bound 1. One who divides from publick esta by monastick rules.
blishment, and joins with those distin. Those northern nations easily embraced the guished by some particular whims. religion of those they subdued, and by their deMy lord, you are a sectary;
votion gave great authority and reverence, and That 's the plain truth.
thereby ease, to the clergy, both secular and reRomish catholick tenets are inconsistent, on
Temple. the one hand, with the truth of religion profess
In France, vast numbers of ecclesiasticks, seo ed and protested by the church of England, cular and religious, live upon the labours of
Addison. whence we are called protestants; and the anabaptists, and separatists, and sectaries, on the 3. (seculaire, French.] Happening or other hand, whose tenets are full of schism, and coming once in a secle or century. inconsistent with monarchy:
Bacon. The secular year was kept but once in a cenThe number of sectaries does not concern the tury.
Addison. clergy in point of interest or conscience. Swift. SecuLA'RITY. n. [from secular. ] 2. A follower; a pupil. The sectaries of my celestial skill,
Worldliness ; attention to the things of That wont to be the world's chief ornament,
the present life. They under keep
Littleness and secularity of spirit is the greatest SectA'TOR, n. s. [sectateur, French; enemy to contemplation.
Burnet. sectator, Latin.) A follower; an imi- To SE'CULARIZE. v. a. (seculariser, Fr. tator ; a disciple.
from secular.] Hereof the wiser sort and the best learned 1. To convert from spiritual appropria. philosophers were not ignorant, as Cicero wit
tions to common use. nesseth, gathering the opinion of Aristotle and his sectators.
2. To make worldly. Raleigh.
SE'CULARLY. adv. [from secular.] In a SE'CTION. n. s. [section, French; sectio,
worldly manner. Latin.)
SE'CULARNESS. 1. The act of cutting or dividing:
n. s. [from secular. ] In the section of bodies, man, of all sensible
Worldliness. creatures, has the fullest brain to his proportion. SE'CUNDINE. n. s. (secondines, secondes,
Wotton. French ; secundæ, viz. partes, quod nas. 2. A part divided from the rest.
centem infantem sequanter. Ainsworth.] 3. A small and distinct part of a writing The membrane in which the embryo is
wrapped ; the afterbirth. Instead of their law, which they might not read The casting of the skin is by the ancients openly, they read, of the prophets, that which
compared to the breaking of the secundine, or in likeness of matter came nearest to each seco
cawl, but not rightly; for the secundine is but a tion of their law.
general cover, not shaped according to the parts, The production of volatile salts I reserve till but the skin is.
Bacon, I mention them in another section. Bogle.
Future ages lie Without breaking in upon the connection of Wrapp'd in their sacred secundine asleep. Cowley. his language, it is hardly possible to give a di If the fætus be taken out of the womb instinct view of his several arguments in distinct
closed in the secundines, it will continue to live, Locke. and the blood to circulate.
Ray. SE'CTOR. n. s. (secteur, French.] In
SECU'RE. adj. (securus, Latin.] geometry.
1. Free from fear; exempt from terrour; Sector is an instrument made of wood or metal, with a joint, and sometimes a piece to turn out to make a true square, with lines of
Confidence then bore thee on secure sines, tangents, secants, equal parts, rbombs, po
To meet no danger.
Miltan. lygons, hours, latitudes, metals, and solids. Is 2. Confident ; not distrustful ; with of,
But thou, secure of soul, unbent with woes,
that had now long time securely slept The more thy fortune frowns, the more oppose.
In Venus' lap, unarmed then and naked,
Dryden. 'Gan rear his head, by Clotho being 'vaked. One maid she had, belov'd above the rest;
Spenser. Secure of her, the secret she confess'd. Dryden.
'Tis done like Hector, but s curely da ne, The portion of their wealth they design for A little proudly, and great deal misprizing the uses of the poor they niay throw into dne The knight oppos'd. of these publick repositories, secure that it will His daring foe securely him defyd. Milton. be well employed.
Atterbury. A soul that can securely death defy, 3. Suit; ut doubting: with of.
And count ir nature's privilege to die. Dryden. It concerns the most secure of his strength, to
Whether any of the reasonings are inconsiste pray to God not to expose him to an enemy.
ent, I securely leave to the judgment of the rcader. Rogers.
Atterbury. In Lethe's lake souls long oblivion taste;
2. Without danger ; s..f ly. Of future life secure, forgetful of the past.
We upon our globe's last verge
And view the ocean leaning on the sky; Haply 'oo secure of our discharge
From thence our rolling neighbours we shall From penalty:
know, We live and act as if we were perfectly secure
And on the lunar world securely pry. Drydenta of the tinal event of things, however we may be- SECU'REMENT, 1. s. from secure.) The have ourselves.
Atterbury. 4. Careless; wanting caution; wanting
cause of safety ; protection; defence.
They, like Judas, desire death ; Cain, on the vigilance.
contrary, grew afraid thereof, and obtained a sgo Gideon smote the host, for the host were secure,
curement from it.
Brown, Judges. SECURITY. n. s. [securité, Fr. securitas, 3. Free from danger; safe.
Latin ; from secure.]
1. Carelessness; freedom from fear.
Marvellous security is always dangerous, when Secure of steel, and fared from the fire,
men will not believe any bees to be in a hive, In pomy appears.
until they have a sharp sense of their stings. Secure from fortune's blows,
Hayward. Secure of what I cannot lose,
2. Vitious carelessness; confidence; want In my sunall pinnace I can sail. Dryden. of vigilance. 6. It has sometimes of before the object in How senseless then and dead a soul hath he, all its senses ; but more properly from
Which thinks his soul doch with his body die;
Or thinks not so, but so would have it be, before evil, or the cause of evil.
That he might sin with more security ? Davies, T& SECU'R E. v.a. (from the adjective.]
3. Protection ; defence. 1. To make certain; to put out of hazard;
If the providence of God be taken away, what to ascertain.
security have we against those innumerable danNothing left
gers to which human nature is continually exThat might his happy state secure,
Tillotson. Secure from outward force.
4. Any thing given as a pledge or caution ; Actions have their preference, not according to the transient pleasure or pain that accompa
insurance; assurance for any thing; the nies or follows them here, but as they serve to
act of giving caution, or beins bound. secure that perfect durable happiness hereafter.
There is scarce truth enough alive to make
Locke, societies secure; but security encugh to make Truth and certainty are not secured by innate
Sakspeare. principles; but men are in the same uncertain
When they had taken security of Jason, they floating estate with as without them. Locke.
let them go.
Adre Thar prince who shall be so wise as, by esta
It is possible for a man, who hath the appearblished laws of liberty, to secure protection to the
ance of religion, to be wicked and an hypocrite; honest industry of mankind, against the oppres
but it is impossible for a man, who openly dea sion of power, will quickly be too hard for his clares against religion, to give any reasonable see neighbours.
Locke. curity that he will not be false and cruel. Swift. Deeper to wound, she shuns the fight:
Exchequer bilis have been generally reckoned She drops her arms to gain the field;
the surest and most sacred of all se-urities. Savift. Secures her conquest by her flight,
The Romans do not seem to have known the And triumphs when she seems to yield. Prior.
secret of paper credit, and securities upon morta Nothing can be more artful than the address gages.
Arbutbrot, of Ulysses: he secures himself of a powerful ad 5. Safety; certainty. vocate, by paying an ingenuous and laudable Some, who gave their advice for entering into deference to his friend,
Broome. a war, all-ged that we should have no security 2. To prutect; to make safe.
for our trade, while Spain was subject to a prince I spread a cloud before the victor's sight,
of the Bourbon family.
Szvift. Sustain'd the vanquish'd, and secur'd his flight; SEDA'N, n. s. A kind of portable coach ; E: 'n then secur'd him, when I sought with joy a chair. I believe because first made at The vow'd destruction of ungrateful Troy.
Dryden. Where two or three sciences are pursued at
Some beg for absent persons, feign them sick,
Close mew'd in their sedans for want of air, the sar e time, if one of them be dry, as logick,
And for their wives produce an empty chair. let anather be more entertaining, to secure the mind from weariuess. Watts,
By a tax of Cato's it was provided, that woe 3. To insure.
men's wearing cloaths, ornament, and sodan, exSECU'RELY.adv. [from secure.]
ceeding 1211. Is. 10d. halfpenny, should ay 30s. 1. Without fear; carelessly.
in the hundred pound value. Arbuthnot, YOLIY.