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2. To reproach ; to disgrace; to defame.
dong attendance, received of the bankers scant Thou do'st appear to scandalize
twenty shillings for thirty.
Camden. The publick right, and common cause of kings.
We scant read in any writer, that there have Daniel.
been seen any people upon the south coast. Abbot. Many were sandalized at the personal slander
A wild pamphlet, besides other malignities, and reflection flung out by scandalizing libellers.
would scant allow him to be a gentleman. Wotton. Addison.
O'er yonder hill does scant the dawn appear. SCA'NDALOUS. adj. [scandaleux, French; Sca'NTILY. adv. [from scanty.]
Gay. from scandal.]
1. Narrowly; not plentifully 1. Giving publick offence. Nothing scandalous or offensive unto any, espe
2. Sparingly; niggardly. cially unto the church of God: all things in or
He spoke der, and with seemliness.
Scantily of me, when perforce he could not Something savouring
But pay me terms of honour. Sbakspeare. tyranny, which will ignoble make you,
SCA'NTINESS. n. s. [from scants.] Yea, scandalous to the world. Sbakspeare. 1. Narrowness; want of space; want of 2. Opprobrious; disgraceful.
comp?.SS. 3. Shameful; openly vile.
Virgil has sometimes two of them in a line; You know the scandalous meanness of that
but the scantiness of our heroick verse is not cam proceeding, which was used.
Pope. pable of receiving more than one. Dryden. SCA'NDALOUSLY.adv.(from scandalous.] 2. Want of amplitude or greatness; want 1. Shamefully ; ill to a degree that gives
of liberality. publick offence.
Alexander was much troubled at the scantiHis discourse at table was scandalously unbe
ness of nature itself, that there were no more worlds for him to disturb.
South, coming the dignity of his station ; noise, brutality, and obsceneness.
SCA'NTLET. n. s. [corrupted, as it seems, 2. Censoriously; opprobriously.
from scantling.) A small pattern ; a Shun their fault, who, scandalously nice, small quantity; a little piece. Will needs mistake an author into vice. Pope. While the world was but thin, the ages of SCA'NDALOUSNESS. n. s. [from scandal
mankind were longer; and as the world grew uus.] The quality of giving publick
fuller, so their lives were successively reduced offence.
to a shorter scandlet, 'till they came to that time of lite which they now have.
Hale. Scussion.n. s. [scansio, Latin.) The act SCA'NTLING. n. s. [eschantillon, French ; or practice of scanning a verse.
ciantellino, Italian.] TO SCANT. v. a. (zescænan, Saxon, to 1. A quantity cut for a particular purpose. break; skaaner, Danish, to spare.] To 'Tis hard to find out a woman that's of a just limit; to straiten.
scantling for her age, humour, and fortune, to You think make a wife of.
L'Estranges I will your serious and great business scant,
2. A certain proportion. For she is sith me.
The success, They need rather to be scanted in their nourishe Although particular, shall give a scantling rent than replenished, to have them sweet. Of good or bad unto the general. Shakspeare.
. We might do well to think with ourselves; 3. A small quantity.
Reduce desires to narrow scantlings and small what time of stay we would demand, and he bade
Taylor. Ls not to scant ourselves.
A scartling of wit lay gasping for life, and Looking on things through the wrong end of the perspecuse, which scants their dimensions,
groaning beneath a heap of rubbish. Dryden.
In this narrow scantling of capacity, we enjoy we neglect and contemn them. Glanville.
but one pleasure at once.
SCA'NTLY. adv. (from scant.]
England, in the opinion of the popes, was preI am scanted in the pleasure of dwelling on
ferred, because it contained in the ecclesiastical your actions.
division two large provinces, which had their SCANT. adj. (from the verb.)
several legati nati; whereas France had scantly
Camden. 1. Not plentiful; scarce ; less than what is proper or competent.
2. Narrowly ; penuriously; without amWhite is a penurious colour, and where mois
plitude. ture is stant: so blue violets, and other flowers,
My eager love, I'll give myself the lie; if they be starved, turn pale and white. Bacon.
The very hope is a full happiness, A single violet transplant:
Yet scantly measures what I shall possess. Dryd. The strength, the colour, and the size, SCA'NTNESS. n. s. (from scant.] NarrowAll which before was poor and scant,
ness ; meanness; smallness. Redoubles still and multiplies.
Donne. He was a man fierce, and of no evil disposition, To find out that,
saving that he thought scantness of estate too In such a scant allowance of star-light,
grcat an evil.
Hayward Would over-task the best land-pilot's art. Milt. Did we but compare the miserable scentness of 2. Wary ; not liberal; parsimonious. our capacities with the vast profundity of things, From this time,
truth and modesty would reach us wary language. Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence.
Glanville. Sbakspeare. SCA'nty. adj. [The same with scant.] SCAST. adv. from the adjective. ] Scarce I. Narrow ; small; wanting amplitude ; ly; hardly. Obsolete.
short of quantity sufficient. The people, beside their travail, charge, and As long as one can increase the number, he
will think iñe idea he hath a little too sean's for The viscera were counterpoised with the wei positive infinity. Locke. of the scapular part.
Derb. His dominions were very narrow and scanty; SCAR ni's. [from eschar, escare, Frenci for he had not che possession of a foot of land, loxopren] A mark made by a hurt drill he bought a field of the sons of Heth. Locke. Ivow scantier limits the proud arch confine,
fire; a cicatrix
Scratch thee but with a pin, and there remai And scarce are seen the prostrate Nile and
Some scar of it.
The soft delicious air, A small Eupárates through the piece is rollid;
To heal the scars of these corrosive fires, And liccle eagles wave their wigs in gold. Pape.
Shall breathe her balm.
Miltos 2. Small; poor; not copious; not ample.
niay be struck out of the omnisciency a Their language being crants, and accommodate
God, and leave no scer nor blemish behind. ed only to the few necessaries of a needy sim
More ple life, had no words in it to stand for a chou
This earth had the beauty of youth and bloomsand.
Locke. There remained few marks of the old tradi
ing nature, and not a wrinkle, scar, or fracture, on all its body.
Burnet. tio!), so they had narrow and scanty conceptions
In a hemorrhage from the lungs, stypticks are of providence.
Woodward. often insignificant; and if they could operate 3. Sparingly; niggardly; parsimonious upon the affected part, so far as to make a scar,
In illustrating a point of difficulty, be not too when that fell off, the disease would return. scanty of words, but rather become copious in
Arbutbnot, your language.
Watts. To $CAR. v. a. (from the noun.) To They with such scanty wages pay The bondage and the slavery of years. Swift.
mark as with a sore or wound.
Yet I 'll not shed her blood, T. SCAPE, v. a. (contracted from escape.] Nor scar that whiter skin of her's than snow, To escape ; to miss; to avoid ; to shun;
And smooth as monumental alabaster. Shaksp. not to incur; to fly.
SCA'R AB. n. so (scarabee, Fr. scarabæus, What, have I scaped love-letters in the holy Lat.) A beetle ; an insect with sheath. day time of my beauty, and am I now a subject
ed wings. for them?
Sbakspears. A small scarab is bred in the very tips of elmI doubt not but to die a fair death, if I scape leaves: these leaves may be observed to be dry hanging
Sbakspeare. and dead, as also turgid, in which lieth a dirty, What can 'scape the eye
whitish, rough maggot, from which proceeds a Of God all-seeing? Milton. beetle.
Derbam, To SCAPE. v. n. To get away from hurt SCA'R AMOUCA. n. m [excarmouche, Fr.] or danger.
A buffoon in motly dress. Could they not fall unpity'd on the plain,
It makes the solemnities of justice pageantry, But, siain, revive, and, taken,scape again? Dryd. and che bench reverend puppets or scaramouches SCAFE. 4. s. (from the verb.]
Collier, 1. Escape ; fight from hurt or danger; SCARCĘ. adj. [scarso, Italian ; sebaers,
the act of declining or running from Dutch] danger ; accident of safety.
1. Not plentiful; not copious. I spoke of most disast'rous chances,
A Swede will no more sell you his hemp for Of hair-breadth scapes in th' imminent deadly less silver, because you tell him silver is scarcer breach.
Sbakspeare. now in England, and therefore risen one-fifth in 2. Means of escape; evasion.
value, than a tradesman of London will sell his Having purpos'd falsehood, you
commodity cheaper to the Isle of Man, because Can have no way but falsehood to be true! money is scarce chere.
A thing which we so little hoped to see,
that And call them meteors, prodigies, and sigris. even they which beheld it done scarcely believed Sbakspeare. thcir own senses.
Hooker. 4. Loose act of vice or lewdness.
When we our betters see bearing our woes, A bearne! a very pretty bearne! sure some We scarcely think our miseries our foes Shaks. ssape: though I am not bookish, yet I can read Age, which unavoidably is but one remove waiting-gentlewoman in the scape. Shekspeare. froin death, and consequently should háve noThou lurk'dst
thing about it but what looks like a decent preIn valley or green meadow, to way-lay
paration for it, scarce ever appears, of late days, Some beauty rare, Calisto, Clymene:
but in the high mode, the flaunting garb, and ut
South. Too long thou laid'st thy scapes on names ador'd. most gaudery of youth.
Milton. You neither have enemies, nor can scarce have SC A' PULA. n. s. [Lat.] The shoulder
2. With difficulty. The heat went off from the parts, and spread He scarcely knew him, striving to-disown up higher to the breast and scapula. Wiseman. His blotted form, and blushing to be known.
Dryden, SCAPPULAR. adj. [scapulaire, Fr. from
Slo:vly he sails, and scarcely stems the tides; SCA'FULARY.S scapula, Lat.] Relating
The pressing water pours within her sides. or belonging to the shoulders.
Dryden The humours dispersed through the branches SCA'RCINESS. of the axillary artery to the scapulary branches.
12. s. [from scarce.] W'iseman.
SCA'RCELY. } adv. (from the adjective.]
I. Smallness of quantity ; not plenty ; The drum and trumpet, by their several penury.
sounds, serve for many kind of advertisements; Scarcity and want shall shun you;
and bells serve to proclaim a scarefire, and in Ceres' blessing so is on you.
Holder. Raphael writes thus concerning his Galatea: SCARF. 1. so [escharfe, Fr.] Any thing to paint a fair one, 't is necessary for me to see that hangs loose upon the shoulders or many fair ones; but, because there is so great a dress. scariity of lovely women, I am constrained to
The matrons flung their gloves, make use of one certain idea, which I have Ladies and maids their scarfs and handkerchiefs, farmed in my fancy. Dryden. Upon hin as he pass'd.
Sbakspeare. Corn does not rise or fall by the differences of Will you wear the garland about more or less plenty of money, but by the plenty or under your arm, like a lieutenant's scarf? and sercity that God sends. Locke.
Sbakspeare. In this grave age, when comedies are few,
Iris there, with humid bow,
Addison. Than her purfled scarf can show. Milton. They drink very few liquors that have not Titian, in his triumph of Bacchus, having placlain in fresco, insomuch that a scarcity of snow ed Ariadne on one of the borders of the picture, would raise a mutiny at Naples. Addison.
gave her a scarf of a vermilion colour upon a 2. Rareness; infrequency ; not common
The ready nymphs receive the crying child; DCSS. Thev that find fault with our store, should be
They swath'd him with their scarfs. Dryden. least willing to reprove our scarcity of thanks
My learned correspondent writes a word in detence of large scarves.
Hooker. Since the value of an advantage is enhanced
Put on your hood and scarf, and take your pleasure.
Swift. by its scarceness, it is hard not to give a man leave to love that most which is most service
TO SCARF. v. a. [from the noun.] able.
1. To throw loosely on. TO SCARE. v. a. (scorare, Ital. Skinner.]
My sca-gown scarft about me, in the dark To fright; to frighten ; to affright ; to
Grop'd I to find them out. Sbakspeare.
2. To dress in any loose vesture. terrify; to strike with sudden fiar.
How like a younker, or a prodigal,
The scarfed bark puts from her native bay,
Come, seeling night,
Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day. Shaksp. Will scare the herd, and so my shoot is lost.
SCALFSKIN. 1. s. [scarf and skin.] The Sbukspeare.
cuticle; the epidermis; the outer scaly Scarecrows are set up to keep birds from corn integuments of the body. and fruit; and some report that the head of a The scarfskin, being uppermost, is composed wolf, whole, dried, and hanged up in a dove of several lays of small scales, which lie thicker house, will scare away vermin.
Bacon. according as it is thicker in one part of the body • The wing of the Irish was so grievously either than another: between these the excretory ducts galled or scared therewith, that, being strangers, of the miliary glands of the true skin open. and in a manner neutrals, they had neither good
Cheyne. heart to go forward, nor good liking, to stand SCARIFICA’TION. n. s. [scarificatio, Lat. scill, nor good assurance to run away. Hayward.
scarification, Fr. from scarifj.] Incision One great reason why men's good purposes so often fail, is, that when they are devout, or scar
of the skin with a lancet, or such like ed, they then in the general resolve to live re
instrument. It is most practised in cupligiously. Calamy. ping.
Quincy. Let wanton wives by death be scar'd;
Hippocrates tells you, that, in applying of cups, But, to my comfort, I 'm prepar’d. Prior. the scarification ought to be made with crooked
instruments. SCA'R ECROW. n. s. [scare and crow.] An SCARIFICA’TOR. n. s. [from scarify.]
Arbuihnet. image or clapper set up to fright birds :
One who scarifies. thence any vain terrour.
SCA'RIFIER.n. s. [from scarify.]
1. He who scarifies. And with big thundering voice revil'd bim loud. 2. The instrument with which scarifica
Spenser. tions are made. No eye hath seen such scarecrow's: I'll not To SCA'RIFY. v. a. [scarifico, Lat. scarimarch through Coventry with them, that's flat.
fier, Fr.] To let blood by incisions of
Shakspeare. We must not make a scarecrow of the law,
the skin, commonly after the applicaSetting it up to fear the birds of prey,
tion of cupping-glasses. And let it keep one shape, 'till custom make it Washing the salts out of the eschar, and scariTheir pearch, and not their terrour. Shaksp. fying it, I dressed it.
Wiserran. Many of those great guns, wanting powder
You quarter foul language upon me, without and shot, stood but as cyphers and scarecromus.
knowing whether I deserve to be cupped and Raleigh. scarified at this rate.
Spectator. A marecrow set to frighten fools away. Dryd. SCARLET. n. s. [escarlate, Fr. scarlato, SCA'R EPIRE. n. s. [scare and fire.] A Italian.] A colorir compounded of red
fright by fire; a fire breaking out so as and yellow; cloth dyed with a scarlet to raise terrour.
colour. VOL. IV.
If we live thus tiniely,
They placed them in Rhodes, where daily do To be thus jaded by a picce of scarlet,
ing great scalb to the Turk, the great warrio Farewel nobility:
Sbakspeare. Soliman, with a mighty army, so overlaid then As a bull
that he won the island from them. Knolic Amid' the circus roars; provok'd from far
Still preserv'd from danger, harm, and scatb, By sight of scarlet and a sanguine war. Dryden. By many a sea and many an unknown shore. 'Would it not be insufferable for a learned pro
Fairf:1-5 fessor, and that which his scarlet would blush at, SCA'T HFUL. adj. [from scath.] Mis to have his authority of forty years standing in
chievous; destructive. an instant overturned?
A baw bling vessel was he captain of, SCA'R LET. adj. [from the noun.] Of the
For shallow draught, and bulk umprizable, colour of scarlet; red tinged with yel With which such scathful grapple did he make, low.
That very envy, and the tongue of loss,
Cried fame and honour on him. Sbakspeare By her high forehead and her scarlet lip. Shakop. To SCATTER. v.a. [scatenan, Saxon
"The Chinese, who are of an ill complexion, schatteren, Dutch.] being olivaster, paint their cheeks starlei. Bacon.
1. To throw loosely about ; to sprinkle. The scarlet honour of your peaceful gown. Teach the glad hours to scatter, as they fiy,
Prior. SCA'R LETBEAN. N. so [scarlet and bean.]
Corruption, still A plant.
Voracious, swallow'd what the liberal hand The scarletbean has a red husk, and is not the Of bounty scatter'd o'er the savage year. best to eat in the shell, as kidneybeans; but is reputed the best to be eaten in winter, when 2. To dissipate ; to disperse. dry and boiled.
Mortimer, A king, that sitteth in the throne of judgment, SCA'R LET OAK. 12. s. The ilex. A species scattereth away all evil with his eyes. Proverbs. of oak.
Samuel came not to Gilgal, and the people were scattered from Saul.
1 Samuel. SCA'RMAGE. n. s. [from skirmish. Spen.
Adam by this from the cold sudden damp SCA'R MOGE.) ser.] It is now pro
Recovering, and his scatter'd sp’rits return'd. nounced by the Londoners skirmige.
Milton. Such cruel game my scarmages disarms; 3. To spread thinly. Another war, and other weapons, I
Why should my muse enlarge on Libyan Do love, when Love does give his sweet alarms.
Spenser. Their scatter'd cottages and ample plains ? SCARP. 1. s. [escarpe, Fr.] The slope on
Dryden, that side of a ditch which is next to a 4. To besprinkle with something loosely fortified place, and looks towards the spread. fields.
Dict. Where cattle pastur'd late, now scatter'd lies SCATCH. 1. s. (escache, Fr.] A kind of With carcases and arms th' ensanguin'd field.
Milton. horsebit for bridles.
TO SCA'TTER. v. n. To be dissipated ; to SCA'TCHES. n. s. (chasses, Fr.] Stilts to
be dispersed. put the feet in to walk in dirty places.
Sound diffuseth itself in rounds; but if that Bailey.
which would scatter in open air be made to do SCATE.n.s. (skidor, Swedish; skid, Island
into a canal, it gives greater force to the sound. ick.] A kind of wooden shoe, with a
Bacon. steel plate underneath, on which they slide over the ice.
Shakes from his noon-day throne the scattering TÖ SCATE. v. n. (from the noun.] TO SCA'TTERINGI.Y. adv. [from scattering.]
Tbomson. slide on scates.
Loosely ; dispersedly. SCATE. n. s. [squatus, Lat.] A fish of the
The Spaniards have here and there scatteringa species of thornback.
ly, upon the sea.coasts, set up some towns. Abbot. SCA'T EBROUS. adj. [from scatebre, Lat.] Those drops of prettiness, scatteringly sprinkled Abounding with springs.
Dict. amongst the creatures, were designed to defecate To SCATH. v. a. (rceadan, scadan,
and exalt our conceptions, not to inveigle or de
tain our passions. Saxon; schacden, Dutch.] To waste;
Bayle. to damage; to destroy. Both the verb Sca’TTERLING. n. s. [from scatter.] A and noun are now obsolete.
vagabond ; one that has no home or sitAs when heaven's fire
tled habitation. An elegant word, but Hath scath'd the forest oaks, or mountain pines, disused. With singed top their stately growth, though Such losels and scatterlings cannot easily, by bare,
any ordinary officer, be gotien, when challengStands on the blasted heath.
Gathering unto him all the scatterlings and mage ; mischief; depopulation. Scath outlaw's out of all the woods and mountains, in in Scotland denotes spoil or damage : which they long had lurked, he marched forth
into the English pale. A
Spenser. as, he bears the scath and the scorn. proverb.
SCATU'RIENT. adj. [scaturiens, Latin.]
Springing as a fountain.
Dict. And all my hoped gain is turn'd to scalb.
SCATURI'GINOUS. adj. [from scaturigo,
Latin.] Full of springs or fountains. doing him all the scath that he could, and annoy. Sca'venger. *. so [from scafan, to
Dict. ing his territories,
shave, perhaps to sweep, Sax.) A petty magistrate, whose province is to keep the streets clean : more commonly the labourer employed in removing filth.
Since it is made a labour of the mind, as to inform men’s judgments, and move their affections, to resolve difficult places of scripture, to decide and clear off controversies, I cannot see how to be a butcher, scavenger, or any other such trade, does at all qualify men for this work.
South. Fasting 's nature's scavenger. Baynard. Dick the scavenger, with equal grace, Flirts from his cari the mud in Walpole's face.
Szeift. SCE'LERAT. n. s. (Fr. sceleratus, Lat.]
A villain; a wicked wretch. A word introduced unnecessarily from the French by a Scottish author.
Scelerats can by no arts stifle the cries of a wounded conscience.
Cbeyne. SCE'NARY. N. s. [from scene.
e.) 1. The appearances of place or things.
He must gain a relish of the works of nature, and be conversant in the various scenary of a country life.
Addison. 2. The representation of a place in which an action is performed.
The progress of the sound, and the scenary of the bordering regions, are imitated from Æn.vii.
on the sounding the horn of Alecto. Pope. 3. The disposition and consecution of the scenes of a play.
To make a more perfect model of a picture, is, in the language of poets, to draw up the scenary of a play.
Dryden. SCENE. 1. s. (scana, Latin; oxum; scene,
French.) 1. The stage ; the theatre of dramatick
poetry. 2 The general appearance of any action;
the whole contexture of objects; a display; a series ; a regular disposition.
Cedar and pine, and fir and branching palm, A sylvan scene; and as the ranks ascend shade above shade, a woody theatre Of stateliest view.
Milton. Now prepare thee for another scene. Milton.
A mute scene of sorrow, mixt with fear; itill on the table lay the unfinish'd cheer. Dryd.
A larger scene of action is display'd, und, rising hence, a greater work is weigh'd.
When rising Spring adorns the mead,
Addison. ay, shepherd, say, are these reflections true? Op: as it but the woman's fear that drew
Tk cruel scene, unjust to love and you? Prior. 3. Ert of a play.
It shall be so my care
Granville. 4. Si much of an act of a play as passes
between the same persons in the same place.
If his characters were good, The scenes entire, and ireed from noise and blood, The action great, yet circumscrit'd by time, The words not forc'd, but sliding into rhime, He thought, in hitting these, his business done.
Dryden. 5. The place represented by the stage.
The king is set from London, and the scene Is now transported to Southampton. Sbakspeare. 6. The hanging of the theatre adapted to the play.
The alteration of scenes feeds and relieves the eye, before it be full of the same object. Bacon. SCENICK. adj. (sceuique, Fr. froin scene.] Dramatick; theatrical. With scorick virtue charm the rising age.
Ănonymous, SCENOGRA'PHICAL. adj. [cms and ygépu.]
Drawn in perspective. ScenogRAPHICALLY.adv. [from scenographical.] In perspective.
If the workman be skilled in perspective, more than one face may be represented in our diagram scenographically.
Mortimer. SCE'NOGRAPHY. n. s. [rxon and reco: ;
scenographie, Fr.] The art of perspect
ive. SCENT. n. s. [sentir, to smell, Fr.] 1. The power of smelling; the smell.
A hunted hare creads back her mazes, crosses and confounds her former crack, and uses all
possible methods to divert the scent. Watts. 2. The object of smell; odour good or bad.
Belman cried upon it at the meerest loss, And twice to-day pick'd out the dullest scent.
Sbakspeare. The plague, they report, hath a scent of the smell of a mellow apple.
Bacon. Good scents do purify the brain, Awake the fancy, and the wits retine. Davies.
Partake The season, prime for sweetest scents and airs.
Milton. Exulting, 'till he finds their nobler sense Their disproportion'd speed does recompense; Then curses his conspiring feet, whose scent Betrays that safety which their swiftness lent.
Denham. Chearful health, His duteous handmaid, through the air improv'd,
With lavish hand diffuses scenis ambrosial. Prior. 3. Chace followta1 by the smell.
He gained the observations of innumerable ages, and travelled upon the same scent into Æthiopia.
Temple. TO SCENT. v. a. (from the noun.] 1. To smell; to perceive by the nose.
So scented the grim feature, and upturn'd His nostrils wide into the murky air,
Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Milton 2. To perfume ; or to imbue with odour good or bad.
Balm, from a silver box distillid around, Shall all bedew the roots, and scent the sacred ground.
Dryden. Actæon spies His op'ning hounds, and now he hears their cries; A gen'rous pack, or to maintain the chace,
Orsnuit'the vapour from the scentert gruss. Addis , SCE'NI! Ess. ad;. [from scent.] Inodor
ous; having no smell. SCE'PTICK. 7.s. See SKEPTICK,