« הקודםהמשך »
1. Made of silk.
SI'LLYHOW. ^.s. (perhaps from relig, 2. Soft ; pliant.
happy, and beoft, the head.] The These kinds of knares, in plainnees,
membrane that covers the head of the Harbour more craft and more corrupter ends
fitus. Than twenty silky ducking observants,
Great concries are raised of the menıbranous That stretch their duties nicely. Sextspeare.
covering called the silphate, sometimes found SILL. s. n. [ryl, Saxon, sucil, Tr. sulla, about the heads of children upon their birth.
SLI. r. 1. s. Mud; slime.
Several trees of oak and fr stand in firm earth
below the mour, now Thorny, in all probability Con scarce get o'er the burn-door sill;
covered by inundation, and ihe silt and moorish
Hale. And hardly waddles forth.
earth eraud ipon them. SI'LLABU B. 12. s. This word has cser- Si'l.van.az/;. [from silva, Lat.] Woody;
cised the etymologists. Minshew thinks full of woods.
Appears agove, and groveston evergreen. Dryl. follows, deduces it from the Dutch SILTER. 1. so creoicen, Saxon ; silver, sulle, a pipe, and buyek, a paunch ; be
Dutch.] cause sillabubs are commonly drunk
1. A whiie and hard metal, next in weight
Waris. through a spout, out of a jug with a
Pallas, piteous of her plaintive cries,
In slumber clos'd her silver streaming cyes. Pope. gar; esil a bouc, vinegar for the mouth,
3. Money made of silver.
1. Made of silver.
Put my silver cup in the sack's mouth.Genesis.
Hence had the huntress Dian her dread bow,
Fair silver-shatted queen for ever chaste. Milt.
The silwer-shafica oddess of the place. Popco
2. White like silver.
Of all the race of silwer-winged fies
Was none more favourable, nor more fair,
Oid Salisbury, shame to thy silver hair, SI'LLILY. adr. [from silly.] In a silly
Thou mad misleader of thy brain-sick son.
Sbakspeare. manner; simply; foolishly.
The great in honour are not always wise, I wonder much what thou and I
Nor judgment under silver tresses lies. Sandys.
Others on silver lakes and rivers bath'd
Their dow ny breast.
Milton. Or slumber'd we in the seven sleepers den?
3. Having a pale lustre.
So sweet a kiss the golden sun gives not
To those fresh morning drops upon the rose,
As thy eye-beams, when their fresh rays have cent melancholy after an absolute defeat. Dryd. SI'LLISESS.n.s. s. from silly. ] Simplicity;
The night of dex that on my cheeks down
flows; weakness ; harpiless folly.
Nor shines the silver moon one half so bright, The siliiness of the person does not derogate Through the transparent bosom of the deep, from the dignity of liis character. L'Estrange. As doth thy face lirough tears of mine give Si'lly. ailj. Iselig, German. Skinner.)
Sbaispeare. 1. Harnilss; innocent; inoffuncive; plain; 4. Soft of voice. This phrase is Italian, artless.
VOCC argentina. 2. Weak; helpless.
From all the groves,
which with the heavenly After long storms,
noises In dread of death and dangerous dismay,
Of their street instruments were wont to sound, With which my silly bark was tossed sore,
and th' hollow bills, from which their silver I do at length descry the happy shore. Spenser.
Were wont redoubled echoes to rebound,
Dis now rebound with nought but rueful cries,
And yelling shrieks thrown up into tiie skies. Milton.
Spenser. The meanest subjects censure the actions of
It is my love that calls upon my name;
How silwer sweet sound lovers tongues by night! the greatest prince; the silliest servants, of the
Like softest musick to attending ears.
To SILVER. v. a. (from the noun.] what arises from a silly spirit of liberty, which I 1. To cover superficially with siiver. resolve to throw off.
Swift. There be fools alive, I wis, Such parts of writings as are stupid or silly, Silver'd o'er, and so was this. Sbukspeart. false or mistaken, should become subjects of oča The splendour of silver is more pleasing to casional criticism.
some eyes than that of gold; as in cioth of silHe is the companion of the silliest people in ver, and silvered rapiers.
Bacon. their most silly pleasure; he is ready for every Silvering will sully and canker more than impertineni entertainment and diversion. Lucu. gilding.
A gilder shewed me a ring silvered over with only expatiate in their similes, but introduce mercurial fumes, which he was then to restore
them too frequently.
Gartb. to its native yellow.
Boyle. SIMILITUDE. n. s. [similitude, Fr. simili2. To adorn with mild lustre.
iudo, Lat.] Here retir'd, the sinking billows sleep, 1. Likeness ; resemblance. And smiling calmness silver'd w'er the deep. Pope. Similitude of substance would cause attraction, SI'LVERBEATER.n. s. [silver and beai.] where the body is wholly freed from the motion One that foliates silver.
of gravity; for then lead would draw lead. Bacon. Silverbeaters chuse the finest cnin, as that
Our immortal souls, while righteous, are hy which is most extensive under the hammer.
God himself beautified with the title of his own Boyle. image and similitude.
Raleigh. SILVERLING, 7. Š. A silver coin.
Let us make man in our inage, man A thousand vines, at a thousand silverlings,
In our similitude, and let them rule shall be for briars and thorns.
Similitude to the Deity was not regarded in SI'I. VER LY. adv. (from silver.] With the
the things they gave divine worship to, and lookappearance of silver.
ed on as symbols of the god they worshipped. Let me wipe of this honourable dew
Stilling fleet. That silverly doth progress ou thy cheeks.
If we compare the picture of a man, drawn ac Stadspeare,
the years of seventeen, with that of the same SILVERSMITH, N. s. (silver and smith.] person at the years of threescore, hardly the One that works in silver.
least trace or similitude of one face can be found Demetrius, a silversmith, made shrines for
in the other.
Fate some future bard shall join SI'LVERTHISTLF. n. s. (acantbium vul
In sad similitude of griefs to mine;
Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore, gare, Lat.) o plant. SILVERWEED. 2. s. [argentina, Lat.] A
And image charms he must behoid no more. Popes plant.
2. Comparison : simile.
Plutarch, in the first of his tractates, by sunSILVERTREE. 1, s. [conocar podendron.] dry similitudes, shews us the force of education. A plant. Miller.
Wotton, SILVERY. adj. [from silver.] Besprinkled
Tasso, in his similitudes, never departed from with silver.
the woods; that is, all his comparisons were
taken from the country: A gritty stone, with small spangles of a white
Dryden. silvery talc in it.
Si'MITAR. n. s. (See CIMETER.] A crookOf all th' enameli'd race whose silv'ry wing
ed or falcated sword with a convex Waves to the tepid zephyrs of the spring, edge. Once brightest shind this child of heat and air. T. SI'21MER. V. n. [a word made probably
from the sound, but written by Skinner, SI'NAR. ». s. (simarre, Fr.] A woman's
simber.) To boil gently ; to boil with a robe.
gentle hissing. The ladies dress'd in rich simars were seen,
Place a vessel in warm sand, increasing the Of Florence satiin, lower'd with white and green.
heat by degrees, till the spirit simmer or boil a little.
Boyle. SI’MILAR. | adj. [similaire, Fr. from Their vital heat and moisture may always not SIMILARY. simili, Lat.)
only simber in one sluggish tenour, but some1. Homogeneous; having one part like umes boil up higher, and seeth over; the fire another; uniform.
of lite being more than ordinarily kindled upon Minerals appear to the eye to be perfectly simi- some emergent occasion.
More. lar, as metals; or at least to consist but of two SI'MNEL. n. s. (simnellus, low Latin.) A
or three distinct ingredients, as cinnabar. Boyle. kind of sweet bread or cake. 2. Resembling; having resemblance. SIMO'NIACK.N.s. (simoniaque, Fr. simo.. The laws of England, relative to those mar
niacus, Latin.] One who buys or sells ters, were the original and exemplar from whence
preferment in the church. those similar or parallel laws of Scotland were
If the bishop alleges that the person presented derived.
is a simoniack, or unlearned, they are to proceed SIMILARITY. n. s. [from similar.] Like
Aylife. ness; uniformity.
SIMONIACAL, adj. [from simoniac.] The blood and chyle are mixed, and by ato
Guilty of buying or selling ecclesiastitrition attenuated; by which the mixture acquires a greater degree of fluidity and similarity,
cal preferinent. or homogeneity of parts.
Add to your criminals the simoniacal ladies,
who seduce the sacred order into the difficulty $I'MILE. %. (simile, Lat.) A comparison
of breaking their troth.
Spectator. by which any thing is illustrated or
SI’MONY.n. s. (sinionie, Fr. simonia, Lat.] aggrandized. Their rhimes,
The crime of buying or selling church Full of protest, of oath, and big compare,
preferment. ] Want similes.
One that by suggestion
simony was fair play, Which runs himself, and catches for his ma- His own opinion was his law. Sbakspeare.
Many papers remain in private hands, of “A good swist simile, but something currish. which one is of simony; and I wish the world
Shalspeare. might see it, that it might undeceive some raIn argument,
trons, who think they have discharged that great Similes are like songs in love ;
trust to God and man, if they take no money They much describe, they nothing prove. Prior. for a living, though it may be parred with for Poets, to give a loose to a warm lancy, not
other ends less justifiable.
No simorzy nor sinecure is known;
Dick, simple odes too many show ye There works the bee, no honey for the drone. My servile complaisance to Chloe.
Gartb. SINPLE. n. s. (simple, French.) A single To Si'MPER. v. n. [from symbelan, Sax. ingredient in a medicine; a drug. It is to keep holyday, Skinner. He derives
popularly used for an herb.
The nature of each herb to know,
Drayton. may som to imitate the dimples of wa
Our foster nurse of nature is repose, ter gently boiling.) To smile, generally
The which he lacks; that to provoke in him, to simile foolishly.
Are many simples operative, whose power A made countenance about her mouth be- Will close the eye of anguish. Shakspeare. tween simpering and smiling, her head bowing
He would ope his leathern scrip somewhat down, seemed to languish with over- And shew me simples of a thousand names, much idleness.
Sidney. Telling their strange and vigorous faculties. I charge you, O men, for the love you bear to
Milion. wonicn, as i perceive by your simpering none of What virtue is in this remedy lies in the nakyou hate them, to like as much as pleases them. #ed simple itself, as it comes over from the InShakspeare. dies.
Temple. Stars above simper and shine,
Around its entries nodding poppies grow, As having keys unto thy love, while poor ! pine. And all cool simples that sweet rest bestow;
Herbert. Night from the plants their sleepy virtue drains, Let then the fair one beautifully cry,
And passing sheds it on the silent plants. Dryd. Or drese in smiles of sweet Cecilia shine,
Med’cine is mine : what herbs and simples grow With simpʻring angels, palms and harps divine. In fields and forests, all their pow'rs I know. Pope.
Dryden. SI'MPER. n. s. [from the verb.] Smile; To Sin:PLE. v. n. To gather simples. generally a foolish smile.
As once the foaming boar he chas'd, The wit at his elbow stared him in the face Lascivious Circe well che youth survey'd, with so bewitching a grimy, that the whistler re- As simpling on the flow'ry hiils he stray'd. Garth. laxed his fibres into a kind of simper, and at SI'MPLENESS. n. so įtrom simple.] The length burst out into an open laugh. Addison.
quality of being simple. Great Tibbald nods: the proud Parnassian
I'will hear that play: sneer,
For never any thing can be amiss, The conscious simper, and the jealous leer,
When simpleness and beauty tender it. Shaksp. Mix on his look.
Such perfect elements may be found in these Si'uPLE, adj. [simplex, Lat. simple, Fr.]
four known bodies that we call pure ones; for 1. Plain; artless ; unskilled; undesign
they are least compounded, and approach most
to the simpleness of the elements. ing; sincere ; harmless.
SI'N PLER. n. s. [from simpie. ] A simplist; Were it not to satisfy the minds of the simpler sort of men, these nice curiosities are not
an herbarist. worthy the labour which we bestow to answer SI’MPLESS. n. s. [simplesse, Fr.] Simplitieu.
Hooker. city ; silliness ; folly. Obsolete.
Their weeds becn not so nighly were,
Such simplesse mought them shend,
Hubberd's Tale. They been yclad in purple and pall, I am a simple woman, much too weak
They reign and rulen over all. Spenser. T oppose your cunning.
Sbakspeare. SI'MPLETON. n. s. [from simple.) A silly O Ethelinda,
mortal; a trifler; a foolish fellow. A My heart was made to fit and pair with thine,
low word. Simple and plain, and fraught with artless tenderness.
kowe. A country farmer sent his man to look after In simple manners all the secret lies;
an ox; the simpleton went hunting up and down, Be kind and virtuous, you 'll be blest and wise.
Those letters may prove a discredit, as lasting 2. Uncompounded; unmingled; single; as mercenary scribblers, or curious simpletons,
can make it. only onc: plain ; not complicated.
To make the compound pass for the rich metal SIMPLICITY. n. s. [simplicitas, Latin; simple, is an adulteration or counterfeiting. Bacon. simplicité, French.)
Simple philosophically signifies single, but vul- 1. Plainness ; artlessness; not subtilty; garly foolish.
Watts. not cunning ; not deceit. Among substances some are called simple, The sweet-minded Philoclea was in their desome compound, whether taken in a philosophi- gree of well-doing, to whom the not knowing of cal or vulgar sense. If we take simple and com- evil serveth for a ground of virtue, and hold pound in a vulgar sense, then all those are sim- their inward powers in better form, with an unPle substances which are generally esteemed uni- spotted simplicity, than many who rather cunform in their natures: so every herb is called a ningly seek to know what goodness i, than wille simple, and every metal a mineral; though the ingly take unto themselves the following of it. chymist perhaps may find all his several cle
Sidney. ments in each of them.
Watts, They keep the reverend simplicity of ancienter Let Netton, pure intelligence, whom God times.
Hooker. To mortals lent, to trace his boundless works,
In low simplicity
Shoésperre. 3. Silly; toi wise ; pot cunning.
Marquis Dorset, a man for his harmless since The simple believeth every word; but the plicity neither nuisliked nor much regarded, was prudent man looketh well to his going. Prov. created duke.
Simalation is a vice rising of a natural falseAt wisdom's gate, and to simplicity
ness, or tearfulness; or of a mind that hath some Resigns her charge.
Miltan. main faults; which, because a man must needs Of manners gentle, of affections mild;
disguise, it maketh him practise simulation. Bacon. In wit a man, simplicity a child.
From the unquestionable virtues of her perThe native elegance and simplicity of her
son and mind, he well expressed his love in an manners were accompanied with real benevo- act and time of no simulation towards his end, lence of heart.
bequeathing her all his mansion-houses, and a 2. Plainness; pot subtilty; not abstruse
power to dispose of his whole personal estate.
For distinction sake, a deceiving by word is Those enter into farther speculacion herein, which is the itch of curiosity, and content not
mmonly called a lye; and deceiving by actions, themselves with the si:plicity of that doctrine,
gestures, or behaviour, is called simulation or hypocrisy.
Soxib. within which this church hath contained herself.
SIMULTANEOUS. adj. [simultaneus, Lat.) 3. Plainness; not finery.
Acting together; existing at the same They represent our poet, when he left Man- time. tua for Rome, dressed in his best habit, too fine If the parts may all change places at the same for the place whenee lie came, and yet retaining
time, without any respect of priority or poscepart of its simplicity.
riority to each other's motion, why may not 4. Singleness ; not composition; state of
bulleis, closely crowded in a box, move by a like
mutual and siniultaneous exchange? Granville, being uncompounded. Mandrakes afford a papaverous unpleasant
Sin. n. s. (ryn, Saxon.] odour in the leaf or apple, discoverable in their
1. An act against the laws of God; a viosimplicity and mixture.
Brorin, lation of the laws of religion. We are led to conceive that great machine of It is great sin to swear unto a sin, the world to have been once in a state of greater But greater sin to keep a sinful oath.
Sbalsp. simplicity than now it is, as to conceive a watch
How hast thou the heart, once in its first and simple materials. Burnet. Being a divine, a ghostly confessor, s. Weakness; silliness.
A sin absolver, and my friend profest, Many that know what they should do, would To mangle me with that word banishment? nevertheless dissemble it, and, to excuse them
Shukspeare selves, pretend ignorance and simplicity, which
But those that sleep, and think not on their now they cannot.
sins, How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simp!ia
Shakspeare: city, and fools hate knowledge ? Proverbs.
'Thou knowest, Lord, that I am pure from ald sin with man.
Tobit. SI’MPLIST. n. s. [from simple.] One skill- 2. Habitual neglirence of religion. ed in simples.
Sin, death, and hell, have set their inarks upA plant so unlike a rose, it hath been mise aken
on him, by some good simplists för amomun. Brown. And all their ministers attend on him. Shaksp. Simply. adv. (trom simple.]
Dishonest shame 1. Without art; without subtilty; plain
Of nature's works: honour dishonourable; ly ; artlessly.
Sin-bred, how have you troubled all mankind!
Milton, 'Accomplishing great things by things deem'd weak;
I would not soil these pure ambrosial weeds, Subverting worldly strong and worldly wise
With the rank vapours of the sin-worn mould. By simply meek. Milton.
Is there no means, but that a sin-sick land 2. Of itself; without addition.
Should be let blood with such a boist'rous hand? This question about the changing of laws con
Daniel. cerneth only such laws as are positive, and do
Vice or virtue chiefly imply the relation of our make that now good or evil, hy being command
actions to men in this world: sin and holiness ed or forbidden, which otherwise of itself were not simply the one or the other. Hooker.
rather imply their relation to God and the other world.
Watts. 3. Merely ; solely.
Light from her thought, a summer's careless Under man, no creature in the world is canze
robe, ble of felicity and bliss; because their chiefest
Fell each afection of this sin. worn globe. Brooke. perfection consisteth in that which is best for
3. It is used by Shakspeare emphatically them, but not in that which is simply best, as ours doth.
for a man enormously wicked. I will eat and drink, and sleep as soft
Thy ambition, As captain shall; simply the thing I am
Thou scarlet sin, robb'd this bewailing land
Henry vill. To say or to do aught with memory and imi- TOSIN. v. n. [from the noun.] tation, no purpose or respect should sooner 1. To neglect the laws of religion; to vie move us, than simply the love of God and of olate the laws of religion. mankind. Milton. Stand in awe and sin not.
Psalms. 4. Foolishly; sillily.
Many also have perished, erred, and sinned, for
Esdras. SI'MULAR. N. s. [from simulo, Latin. ] One
He shall ask, and he shall give him life for that counterfeits.
them that sin not unto death.
1 John, Hide thee, thou bloody hand, Thou perjurer, thou simular of virtue,
2. To offend against righi.
I am a man That art incestuous.
More sinn'd against than sinning. Shakspeare. SIMULA'T108, n. s. (simulation, French; And who but wishes to invert the laws
simulatio, from simulo, Latiu.] That Of order, sins against th' eternal cause. part of hypocrisy which pretends that SINCE. adv. [formed by contraction from to be wbich is not.
sithence, or sith thence, from side, Sax.)
I. Because that.
That you may, fair lady, Since the clearest discoveries we have of other Perceive I speak sincerely, the king's majesty spirits, besides God, and our own souls, are im- Does purpose honour to you. Shakspears. parted by revelation, the information of them In your whole reasoning, keep your mind sinshould be taken from thence.
Locke. cerely intent in the pursuit of truth, Wetts. Since truth and constancy are vain,
SINCE'RENESS. n. s. [sincerité, French ; Since neither love, nor sense of pain,
SINCE'RITY. S from sincere.]
1. Honesty of intention ; purity of mind.
Jesus Christ has purchased for us terms of re: 2. From the time that.
conciliatio, who will accept of sincerity instead Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast
of perfection ; but then this sincerity implies our ridden ever since I was thine unto this day?
honest endeavours to do our utmost. Rogers.
Numbers. He is the most improved mind since you saw
2. Freedom from hypocrisy. bim that ever was.
In thy consort cease to fear a foe;
For thée she feels sincerity of woe. 3. Ago; before this.
SI'NDON.n. s. (Lat.] A fold; a wrapper; About two years since, it so fell out, that he
There were found a book and a letter, both was brought to a great lady's house.
Sidney. Spies held me in chace, that I was forc'd to
written in fine parchment, and wrapped in sindons of linen.
Bacon. wheel Three or four miles about; else had I, sir, SI'NE. n. s. [sinus, Lat.) A right sine, in Half an hour since, brought my report. Shaksp. geometry, is a right line drawn from one
A law was made no longer since than the end of an arch perpendicularly upon the twenty-eighth of Henry the Eighth. Davies. diameter drawn from the other end of How many ages since has Virgil writ! Roscom.
that arch ; or it is half the chord of SINCE. preposition. After; reckoning from twice the arch.
Harris. some time past to the time present.
Whatever inclinations the rays have to the He since the morning hour set out from plane of incidence, the sine of the angle of inciheav'n.
Milton. dence of every ray, considered apart, shail have If such a man arise, I have a model by which to the sine of the angle of refraction a constant he may build a nobler poem than any extant
Cbeyne. since the ancients.
Dryden. SI'NECURE. 1. s. [sine, without, and cura,
care.] An office which has revenue SINCE'RE, adj. [sincerus, Lat. sincere, Fr.] 1. Unburt; uninjured.
without any employment. He tried a tough well chosen spear;
A sinecure is a bencfice without cure of souls. Th'inviolable body stood sincere. Dryden.
No simony nor sinecure were known, 2. Pure; unmingitd.
Nor wouid the bee work honey for the drone. Pardon my tears, 't is joy which bids them flow,
Garth. A joy which never was sincere till now; That which my conquest golve I could not prize, SI'NEW. n. s. [renpe, Saxon ; senewen, Or 't was imperfect, till I saw your eyes. Dryde Dutch.]
The pleasures of sense beasts taste sincere and 1. A tendon; the ligament by which the pure always, without mixture or allay; without
joirits are moved. being distracted in the pursuit, or disquieted in
The torrent roar'd, and we did buffet it the use of them.
Atterbury. With lusty sinews.
The rooted fibres rose, and from the wound that, being reduced to ashes, they are perfectly Black Woody drops distill'd upon the grqund: insipid, and in that there is no sincere acid in any
Mute and amaz'd, my hair with terror stood; animal juice.
Fear shrunk my sinetus, and congeal'd my blood. In English I would have all gallicisms avoided,
Dryden. that our tongue may be sincere, and that we may A sinew cracked seldom recovers its former keep to our own language.
Lode. 3. Honest ; undissembling; uncorrupt. 2. Applied to whatever gives strength or
This top proud fellow,
compactness: as, money is the sinews From sincere motions by intelligence
of war. I do know to be corrupt.
Some other sinere's there are, from which that Nor troubled at these tidings from the carth, overplus of strength in persuation doth arise. Which your sincerest care could not prevent;
Hreker. Foretold so lately what would come to pass,
Such discouraging of men in the ways of an When first this tempter crossid the gulf from active conformity to the church's rules, cracks hell.
Miiton. the sinetes of government; for it weakens and The more sincere you are, the better it will damps the spirits of the obedient. South. fare with you at the great day of account. In
In the principal figures of a picture, the painter the mean while, give us leave to be sincere too, is to employ the sincrus of his art; for in them in condemning heartily what we heartily disap
consists the principal beauties of his work. Dryd. prove.
Weterland. 3. Muscle or nerve. Through the want of a sincere intention of The feeling pow'r, which is life's root, pleacing God in all our actions, we fall into such Through ev'ry living part itself doth shed irregularities of life as, by the ordinary means By sinews, which extend from head to foot;
of grace, we should have power to avoid. Law. And, like a net, all o'er the body spread. Davies. SINCE'RELY. adv. [from sincere.] Ho- To SI'New. v. a. (from the noun.] TO
nestly; without hypocrisy; with purity knit as by sincws. Not in use.
Ask the lady Bona for thy queen;
So shalt thou sinew both these lands together. worthier effects it" hatb in them who stedfastly and sincerely embrace it.
Hooker. SI'NEWED. adj. [from sinew.]