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VI'CENARY. adj. [vicenarius, Latin.]
Verse sweetens toil, however rude the sound, Belonging to twenty.
All at her work the village maiden sings; VI'CEROY. n. s. [viceroi, French.) He
Nor, as she turns the giddy wheel around,
Revolves the sad vicissitude of things. Gifard. who governs in place of the king with Vi'CONTIELS. In law, vicontiel rents are regal authority,
certain farms for which the sheriff pays Shall I, for lucre of the rest unvanquish'd, Detract so rich from that prerogative,
a rent to the king, and makes what proAs to be cal!d but viceroy of the whole? Sbaks.
fit he can of them. Vicontiel writs are Mendoza, viceroy of Peru, was wont to say,
such writs as are triable in the county that the government of Peru was the best place court, before the sheriff. Bailey. the king of Spain gave, save that it was some VI'STIM. n. s. (victima, Latin.] what too near Madrid.
Bacon. We are so far from having a king, that even
1. A sacrifice ; something slain for a sacri.
fice. the viceroy is generaliy absent four fifths of his time.
All that were authors of so black a deed,
Be sacritic'd as victims to his ghost. Denbor. VICEROYALTY. n. s. (from viceroy.] Dignity of a viceroy.
And on the victim pour the ruddy wine.
Dryden. These parts furnish our viceroyalties for the
Clitumnus' waves, for triumphs after war, grandees; but in war are incumbrances to the
The victim ox, and snowy sheep prepare. Addis. kingdom.
2. Something destroyed. Vi'cety. n. s. [Of this word I know not Behold where age's wretched victim lies;
well the meaning or original : a nice See his head trembling, and his half-clos'd eyes thing is now called in vulgar language, VICTOR. n. s. [victor, Latin.)
Prier. point vice, from the French point devise, or point de vice; whence the barbarous 1. Conqueror; vanquisher; he that gains word vicety may be derived.] Nicety;
the advantage in any contest. Victor is exactness. A word not used.
seldom used with a genitive; we say the Here is to the fruit of Pem,
conqueror of kingdoms, not the victor of Grafted upon Stub his stem ;
kingdoms ; and never but with regard to With the peakish nicety,
some single action or person: as we never And old Sherewood's viccty.
say, Cæsar was in general a great victor, VI'CINAGE. n. s. [vicinia, Lat.] Neigh but that he was victor at Pharsalia. We bourhood; places adjoining.
rarely say Alexander was victor of Dariw, Vıcı'nal. 1 adj. ( vicinus, Latin.] Near; though we say he was victor at Arbela ; VICI'NE. S neighbouring.
but we never say he was victor of Persia. Opening other vicine passages might obliterate This strange race more strange conceits did any track; as the making of one hole in the
yield; yielding mud defaces the print of another near Who victor seem'd, was to his ruin brought;
Glanville. Who seem'd o'erthrown, was mistress of the Vici'NITY. n. s. (vicinus, Latin.]
field. 1. Nearness; state of being near.
Some time the flood prevails, and then the
wind, The position of things is such, that there is a vicinity between agents and patients, that the
Both tugging to be victors, breast to breast, one incessantly invades the other.
Yet neither conqueror, nor conquered. Sbakse. The abundance and vicinity of country seats.
Although the victor, we submit to Cæsar. Swift.
Sbakspears. 2. Neighbourhood.
Say where and when
Their fight; what stroke shall bruise the victer's
Milton ticles home, and fix them in their old vicinity.
Our Hebrew songs and harps in Babylon,
That pleas'd so welì our victor's ear, declare
That rather Greece from us these arts deriv'd wards to the vicinity of the sun. Bentley. Vi'cious. adj. [from vice.] See Vi. Their hearts at last the vanquish'd re-assume
Trous. Devoted to vice ; not addicted And now the victors fall. to virtue.
In love, the victors from the vanquish'd fy; He heard his heavy curse,
They fy that wound, and they pursue that die. Servant of servants, on his vicious race. Milt. VICI'SSITUDE, 1. s. (vicissitudo, Latin.]
Fortune 's unjust; she ruins oft the brave,
And him who súould be victor, makes the slave. 1. Regular change; return of the same things in the same succession.
Lose not a thought on me, I'm out of danger; It makes through heav'n
Heaven will not leave me in the victor's hand. Grateful vicissitude, like day and night. Milt.
The rays of light are alternately disposed to 2. Pope has used this word in a manner be reflected or retracted for many vicissitudes.
There, victor of his health, his fortune, friends, the result of the vicissitude of seasons, and is as
And fame, this lord of useless thousands ends.
Popl constant as is the cause of that vicissitude, the sun's declination.
Woodward. Victo'rious. adj. [victorieus, French.] 7. Revolution; change.
1. Conquering; having obtained conquest; During the course of the war, did the vicissie superiour in contest. tutes of good and bad fortune affect us with hu Victory doth more often fall by errour of the mility or thankfulness. Atterbury. vanquished, than by the valour of the victorious
The Son return'd victorious with his saints. VIDU'ITY. n. s. [from viduus, Latin.]
To Vie, v. a. (Of this word the etymoAnd I alone must view him rise in vain,
logy is very uncertain.] Without one ray of all his star for me. Dryden. 1. To show or practise in competition. 2. Producing conquest.
They vie power and expence with those that Sudden these honours shall be snatch'd away,
are too high.
L'Estrange, And curst for ever this victorious day. Pope .
You vie happiness in a thousand easy and 3. Betokening conquest.
Evelyn Now are our brows bound with victorious 2. In this passage the meaning seems to wreaths;
be, to add ; to accumulate. Our bruised arms hung up for monuments.
She hung about my neck, and kiss and kiss
Sbakspeare. She pied so fast, VICTO'RIOUSLY. adv. (from victorious.]
That in a twink she won me to her love. Shaks. With conquest ; successfully ; triumph- To Vie, v. n. To contest; to contend; antly.
to strive for superiority. That grace will carry us, if we do not wilfully In a trading nation, the younger sons may be betray our succours, victoriously through all dif placed in such a way of life, as may enable them ficulties.
Hammond. to vie with the best of their family. Addison. VICTO'RIOUSNESS. n. s. [from victori The wool, when shaded with Ancona's dye,
ous.] The state or quality of being vic May with the proudest Tyrian purple vie. torious.
Now voices over voices rise; VI'CTORY, n. s. (victoria, Latin.] Con
While each to be the loudest vies. Swift. quest ; success in contest ; triumph. At his nurse's tears
TO VIEW. v. a. [veu, Fr. from veoir, or He whind and roar'd away your victory,
voir.] That pages blush'd at him. Shakspeare. 1. To survey; to look on by way of exa
Then to the heaven of heavens he shall ascend, mination. With victory, triumphing o'er his foes. Milton.
Go, and view the country. Fosbur. Obedience is a complicated act of virtue, and
Th’almighty Father bent down his eye, many graces are exercised in one act of obedi
His own works and their works at once to vict. ence. It is an act of humility, of mortification,
Milton, and self-denial, of charity to God, of care of the
View not this spire by measures giv'n publick, of order and charity to ourselves. It is
To buildings rais'd by common hands. Prior. a great instance of a victory over the most re Whene'er we view some well-proportion'd fractory passions.
dome, Vi'ctress. n. s. [from victor.] A female No single parts unequally surprize;
All come united to th' admiring eyes. that conquers. Not used. I'll lead thy daughter to a conqueror's bed;
2. To see ; to perceive by the eye. And she shall be solo victress; Cæsar's Cæsar. They here with eyes aghast
View'd first their lamentable lot. Milton. Vr'ctUAL. n. s. (victuailles, French ;
No more I hear, no more I view; Vi'ctuals. } vittonaglia, Italian.] Pro
The phantom flies me, as unkind as you. Pope. vision of food; stores for the support
VIEW. n. s. [from the verb.] of life ; meat ; sustenance. Chapman
You should tread a course has written it as it is colloquially pro Pretty, and full of view; yea, haply, near nounced.
The residence of Posthumus.
Sbakspeare. He landed in these islands, to furnish himself Vast and indefinite vierus, which drown all with victuals and fresh water.
Abbot. apprehensions of the uttermost objects, are conYou had musty victuals, and he hath holp to demned by good authors. eat it: he hath an excellent stomach. Sbaksp. The walls of Pluto's palace are in view. A huge great flagon full I bore,
Dryden. And, in a good large knapsacke, victles store. Cut wide views thro' mountains to the plain,
Chapman. You 'll wish your hill a shelter'd hill again. Pope. He was not able to keep that place three days 2. Sight; power of beholding. for lack of victual.
I go, to take for ever from your view They, unprovided of tackling and victual, are Both the lov'd object, and the hated too. Dryd. forced to sea by a storm.
These things duly weighed, will give us a clear To Vi'ctUAL. v. a. (from the noun.] To view into the state of human liberty.
Locke. store with provision for food.
Instruct me other joys to prize,
With other beauties charm my partial eyes; I must go victual Orleans forthwith. Sbakspeare. Full in my view set all the bright abode, VI'CTUALLER. N. s. [from victuals.]
And make my soul quit Abelard for God. Pope
3. Intellectual sight; mental ken. 1. One who provides victuals.
Some safer resolution I've in view. Milton. They planted their artillery against the ha
4. Act of seeing. ven, to inpeach supply of victuals; yet the Eng
Th' unexpected sound lish victualers șurceased not to bring all things
Of dogs and men, his wakeful ear does wound; necessary.
Rouz'd with the noise, he scarce believes his ear, Their conquest half is to the victualler due.
Willing to think th' illusions of his fear
Had giv’n this false alarm; but straight his view 2. One who keeps a house of entertain
Contirms that more than all he fears is true. ment.
Denham, VIDE’LICET. adv. (Lat.) To wit; that 5. Sight; eye.
is. This word is generally written viz. Objects acar our view are thought greater
At sea successful, vigorous, and strong! Walır.
Though the beginnings of confederacies have
than those of a larger size, that are more re 3. Service used on the night before a holi
Locke. day. 6. Survey; examination by the eye.
No altar is to be consecrated without reliques, Tinie never will renew,
which placed before the church door, the orgils While we too far the pleasing parla pursue, are to be celebrated that night before them. Surveying nature with too nice a view. Dryden.
feet. 7. Intellectual survey.
The rivals call my muse another way, If the mind has made this inference by find To sing their vigils for th'ensuing day. Drgder. ing out the intermediate ideas, and taking a view 4. Watch ; forbearance of sleep. of the counection of them, it has proceeded ra Though Venus and her son should spare tionally.
Locée. Her rebel heart, and never teach her care; 8. Space that may be taken in by the eye; Yet Hymen may perforce her vigils keep, reach of sight.
And for another's joy suspend her sleep. Waller
, The fame through all the neighb'ring nations Nothing wears out a tine face like the vigils of fiew,
the card-table, and those cutting passions which When now the Trojan navy was in view. Dryd. attend them.
Addison. 9. Appearance ; show.
VI'GILANCE. I 1. s. [vigilance, Fr. vigi, In that accomplish'd mind,
VIGILANCY.) lantia, Lat.] Helpt by the night, new graces tind;
1. Forbearance of sleep. Which, by the splendour of her view Dazzled, before we never knew.
Ulysses yielded unseasonably to sleep, and Waller.
the strong passion for his country should bave 10. Display; exhibition to the sight or given him vigilance.
2. Watchfulness; circumspection; inces To give a right view of this mistaken part of liberty, would any one be a changeling, because . he is less determined by wise considerations than
Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilan,
Your deeds of war, and all our counsel die? a wise man? Locke.
Sbakspeara 11. Prospect of interest.
In this their military care, there were few se No man sets himself about any thing, but markable occasions under the duke, saying his upon some view or other which serves him for
continual vigilancy, and voluntary hazard of his Locke.
person. 12. Intention ; design.
Of these the vigilance He who sojourns in a foreign country, refers
I dread; and to elude, thus wrapt in mist what he sees to the state of things at home; with Of midnight vapour, glide obscure. Milton. that view he makes ail lis reflections. Atterbury. We are enabled to subdue all other creatures;
With a view to commerce, in returning from and use for our behoof the strength of the ol, his expedition against the Parthians, he passed the sagacity and vigilancy of the dog. Raj. through Egypt:
Arbutbuut. 3. Guard; watch. Fisher, the Jesuit, in the year 1636, seconded
No post is free, no place, the cardinal in the same plea, and upon the That guard and most unusual vigilanie same views Waterland. Does not attend my taking.
Sbatsperre VIEWER, 1. s. (from view.] One who
In at this gate none pass views.
The vigilance here plac'd, but such as come VIE'WLESS. adj. [from viesv.] Unseen;
Well known from heav'n. not discernible by the sight.
VI’GILANT. adj. [vigilans, Lat.] WatchTo be imprison'd in the vietvless winds, ful; circumspect; diligent; attentive. And blown with restless violence about
They have many prayers, but every of them The pendant world.
very short, as if they were darts thrown out with Each stair mysteriously was meant, nor stood
a kind of sudden quickness; lest that vigilant There always, but drawn up to heav'n sometimes
and erect attention of mind, which in prayer is Viewless.
very necessary, should be wasted of dulled Swift through the valves the visionary fair
through continuance. Repass'd, and viewless mix'd with common air. Take your places, and be vigilant:
If any noise or soldier you perceive,
Shaks pealt. Light-bounding from the earth, at once they
The treasurer, as he was vigilant in such cases, Their fvet half viewless quiver in the skies.
had notice of the clerk's expiration so soon, that Pope.
he procured the king to seud a message to the Vigesima'TION. n. s. [rigesimus, Lat.] VIGILANTLY. adv. [from sigil.ast.]
the act of putting to death every twentieth man.
Watchfully; attentively; circumspectly:
Thus in peace, either of the kings so sigi VI'GIL. ». s. [vigilia, Latin.]
lartly observed every motion of the others, as if 1. Watch ; devotions performed in the
they had lived upon the alarm. customary hours of rest.
VI'GOROUS. adj. [from vigor, Lat.) For: So chey in heaven their odes and vigils tun'd.
cible; not weakened; full of strength Shrines! where their vigils pale-ey'd virgins
and life. keep,
Famid for his valour young; And pitying saints, whose statues learn to weep.
Their appetite is not dulled by being gratified, 2. A fast kept before a holiday.
but returns always fresh and sigereus. Attenbary, He that outlives this day, and sees old age, Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours,
been always vigorous and successful
, their proAnd say, to-morrow is St. Crispian. Sbaksp.
gress has been generally feeble, and evene unfor And that which on the Baptist's vigil sends
tunate. Tupymphis and swains the vision of their friends. VIGOROUSLY. adv. [from vigour.] With
The prince had two giant ships:
How can I With his one so vigorously he pressid,
Forget my Hector, treated with dishonour, And few so home, they could not rise again. Depriv'd of funeral rites, and vilely dragg’d,
Dryden. A bloody corse, about the walls of Troy? If the fire burns bright and vigorously, it is no matter by what means it was at first kindled. VI'LENESS. n. s. [from vile.]
1. Baseness; meanness; despicableness. That' prince whose cause you espouse so vi His vileness us shall never awe: gorously is the principal in the war, and you but But here our sports shall be, a second.
Swift. Such as the golden world first saw, VIGOROUSNESS. n. s. [from vigour.] Most innocent and free.
Drayton. Force ; strength.
Reflect on the essential vileness of matter, and He hath given excellent sufferance and vigo its impotence to conserve its own being. Creech. rousness to the sufferers, armirg them with Considering the vileness of the clay, I wonstrange courage, heroical fortitude, invincible dered that no cribune of that age durst ever venresolution, and glorious pacience, Taylor. turc to ask the potter, What dost thou make?
Swift. VIGOUR. n. s. [vigor, Latin.]
2. Moral or intellectual baseness. 1. Force; strength.
Then, vileness of mankind !
Could none, alas! repeat me good or great, Would utmost vigour raise, and rais'd unite.
Wash my pale body, or bewail my fate? Prior.
Milton. Pernicious fire wither'd all their strength,
VI'LIFIER. n. s. [from vilify. ] One that And of their wonted vigour left them drain'd. vilifies.
Milton. To Vi'lify. v. a. [from vile.]
1. To debase ; to degrade; to make vile. Invincible, and vigour soon returns. Milton.
Their maker's image
Forsook them, when themselves they vilify'd
To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took The vigour of this arm was never vain :
His image whom they serv'd.
Milton, Witness these heaps of slaughter. Dryden.
2. To defame: to make contemptible. 2. Mental force; intellectual ability.
Tomalin could not abide 3. Energy; efficacy.
To hear his sovereign vilify'd. Drayton. In the fruitful earth
The displeasure of their prince those may exHis beams, unactive else, their vigour find.
pect, who would put in practice all methods to Milton. vilify his person.
Adelison. How does Cartesius all his sinews strain,
Many passions dispose us to depress and vilify The earth's attractive vigour to explain!
the merit of one rising in the esteem of manBlackmore. kind.
Addison, VILE. adj. [vil, Fr. vilis, Latin.] 1. Base; mean; worthless ; sordid; de. VII.L. n. s. (ville, Fr. villa, Lat.) A vil
Jage; a small collection of houses. Lit. spicable.
tle in use Our case were miserable, if that wherewith we most endeavour to please God were in his
This book gives an account of the manurable sight so vile and despicable as men's disdainful lands in every manor, town, or vill. Hale. speech would make it.
Hooker. Vi'LLA. n. s. (villa, Latin.] A country I dislaining scorn'd, and craved death,
seat. Rather than I would be so vile esteem’d.
The antient Romans lay the foundations of
Sbakspeare. their villas and palaces within the very borders He to-day that sheds his blood with me,
of the sea.
Addison, Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,
At six hours distance from Bizantium's walls, This day shall gentle his condition. Sbakspeare.
Where Bosphorus into the Euxine falls, Oye Pegasian nymphs, that, hating'viler
In a gay district, call'd th' Elysian vale, things,
A furnish'd villa stands, propos'd for sale. Harte. Delight in lofty hills, and in delicious springs !
All vast possessions; just the same the case, Drayton.
Whether you call them villa, park, or chace. The inhabitants account gold but as a vile
Abbot. VI'LLAGE. n. s. (village, Fr.] A small That sinful creature man elected is,
collection of houses in the country, less And in our place the heavens possess he must;
than a town. Vile man, begot of clay, and born of dust.
Fairfax. Beggars, with roaring voices, from low farms, A spontaneous production is against matter of Or pelting villages, sheep-coats, and mills, fact; a thing without example not only in man,
Inforce their charity.
Sbakspeare. but the vilest of weeds.
The early village cock
Hath twice done salutation to the morn, Sbaks, 2. Morally impure; wicked. Restor'd by thee, vile as I am, to place
You have many enemies, that know not Of new acceptance.
Why they are so; but, like the village curs,
Bark when their fellows do. Vi'le D. adj. [from vile; whence revile.] The country villages were burnt down to the Abusive ; scurrilous; defamatory:
Knolles. He granted life to all except to one, who had Those village-words give us a mean idea of the used viled speeches against king Edward.
Sean'do'er with wounds which his own sabre VI'LELY. adv. [from vile.] Basely ;
In the vile habit of a village slave. meanly; shamefully: The Volscians vilely yielded the town,
VillAGER. 1. s. from village.] An inSbakspeare,
habitant of the village.
Brutus had rather be a villager,
VI'LLANOUSLY. adv. [from villanous. ] Than to repute himself a son of Rome
Wickedly; bastly. Under such hard conditions. Sbakspeare. The wandering Numidian falsified his faith, When once her eye
and villanously slew Selymes the king, as he was Hath met the virtue of this magick dust,
Kneller, I shall appear some harmless villager,
VI'LLANOUSNESS. n. s. [from villanous.] Whom thrift keeps up about his country geer.
Baseness; wickedness. If there are conveniencies of life, which com
VI'LLANY. n. s. [from villain ; villonnie, mon use reaches not, it is not reason to reject old French.) them, because every villager doth not know Wickedness; baseness; depravity; them.
gross atrociousness. VI'LLAGERY. n. s. [from village.] Di Trust not those cunning waters of his eyes; strict of villages.
For villany is not without such a rheum:
And he, long traded in it, makes it seem
Like rivers of remorse and innocence. Sbalsp.
Sbakspeare. He is the prince's jester; and the commendaVI'LLAIN. n. s. [vilain, Fr. villanus, low
tion is not in his wit, but in his villang. Sbaksp. Latin.]
2. A wicked action; a crime. In this sense 1. One who held by a base tenure.
it has a plural. The Irish inhabiting the lands fully conquer
No villany, no flagitious action, was ever yet ed, being in condition of slaves and villains, did committed, but a lie was first or last the prio
cipal engine to effect it.
Soutb. render a greater revenue than if they had been made the king's free subjects.
Such villanies rous'd Horace into wrath; 2. A wicked wretch.
And 't is more noble to pursue his path,
Dryder We were prevented by a dozen armed knights, or rather villains, who, using this time of their VILLA'TICK. adj. [villaticus, Lat.] Beextreme feebleness, all together set upon them. longing to villages.
Evening dragon came, O villain! villain! his very opinion in the Assailant on the perched roosts, letter. Abhorred villain! unnatural, detested, And nests in order rang'd, brutish villain! Sbakspeare. Of tame villutick fowl.
Milton, What in the world,
VILLI. n. s. (Lat.] In anatomy, are the That names me traitor, villain-like he lies.
same as fibres; and in botany, small
Shakspeare. hairs like the grain of plush or shag, He was stabbed to the heart by the hand of a villain, upon the mere impious pretence of his
with which, as a kind of excrescence, being odious to the parliament. Clarendon. some trees do abound.
Quincy. Calm thinking villains, whom no faith could Vi'llous. adj. [villosus, Lat.] Shaggy; fix;
rough ; furry, Of crooked counsels, and dark politicks. Pope.
The liquor of the stomach, which with fasting VI'LLANAGE. n. s. (from villain.]
grows sharp, and the quick sensation of the is 1. The state of a villain ; base servitude. ward villius coat of the stomach, seem to be the They exercise most bitter tyranny
cause of the sense of hunger.
drtubade Upon the parts brought into their bondage:
VIMI'NEOUS, adj. [vimineus, Lat.) Made No wretchedness is like to sintul villanage.
of twigs. Upon every such surrender and grant, there
As in the hive's vimineous dome
Ten thousand bees enjoy their home;
Each does her studious action vary,
Prior. and were not fit to be sworn in juries. Davies. 2. Baseness ; infamy.
VI’NCIBLE. adj. [from vinco, Latin.) If in thy smoke it ends, their glories shine; Conquerable : superable. But infamy and villanage are thine. Dryden. He not vincible in spirit, and well assured that To VI'LLANIZE. v. a. (from villain.] To shortness of provision would in a short time
draw the seditious to shorter limits, drew his debase ; to degrade ; to defame.
Hayward Were virtue by descent, a noble name Could never villánize his father's fame;
Because 't was absolutely in my power to have But, as the first, the last of all the line,
attended more heedfully, there was liberty in Would, like the sun, ev'n in descending shine. the principle, the mistake which influenced the
action was vincible. These are the fools whose stolidity can bafile Vi'NCIBLENESS. n. s. [from vincible.] all arguments; whose glory is in their shame, in Liableness to be overcome. the debasing and villanizing of mankind to the Vi'nCTURE. n. s. [vinctura, Latin.) A condition of beasts.
Bentley. binding VI'LLANOU S. adj. (from villain.]
VINDE'MIAL. adj. (vindemia, Lat.) Be. 1. Base; vile; wicked.
longing to a vintage. 2. Sorry ; in a familiar sense.
To VINDE'MIATE. V. n. [vindemia, Lat.) Thou art my son; I have partly thy mother's
To gather the vintage. word, partly my own opinion; but chiefly a villunous trick of thine eye doch warrant me. Shak.
Now vindemiate, and take your bees towards 3. It is used by Shakspeare to exaggerate VINDEMIA’TION. n. s. [vindemia, Lat.]
the expiration of this month. any thing detestable.. We shall lose our time,
Grape-gathering. And all be turn'd to barnacles or apes,
T. VINDICATE. v. a. (vindico, Latin.] With foreheads villanous low, Sbakspeare. 1. To justify; to support; to maintain.