« הקודםהמשך »
ver rings about the leg of a hawk, on which the owner's name is engraved.
Dict. T. VARY. v. a. (varior, Latin ; varier,
Let your ceaseless change
Milton. 2. To change to something else.
Gods, that never change their state, Very oft their love and hate.
Waller. The master's hand, which to the life can trace The airs, the lines, the features of the face, May, with a free and bolder stroke, express, A vary'd posture, or a fatt'ring dress. Derbam.
We are to vary the customs, according to the time and country where the scene of action lics.
Dryden. He varies every shape with ease, And tries all forms that may Pomona please.
Pope. 3. To make of different kinds.
God hath divided the genius of men according to the different affairs of the world; and varied their inclinations, according to the variety of actions to be performed.
Brown. 4. To diversity ; to variegate.
God hath here Vary'd his bounty so with new delights. Milt. T. VA'R Y. V. n. 1. To be changeable ; to appear in differ. ent forms.
Darkling stands The varying shore o' th' world. Slakspeare. 2. To be unlike each other. Those who made laws, had their minds
polished above the vulgar: and yet unaccountably
the public constitutions of nations vary. Collier. 3. To alter ; to become unlike itself.
He had a strange interchanging of large and inexpected pardons, with several executions; which could not be imputed to any inconstancy, but to a principle he had set unto himself, that he would vary, and try both ways in turn.
That each from other differs, first confess; Next, that he varies from himself no less. Pope. 4. To deviate ; to depart,
The crime consists in violating the law, and varying from the right rule of reason. Locke. 5. To succeed each other.
While fear and anger, with alternate grace, Pant in her breast, and vary in her face.
Addison 6: 'To disagree ; to be at variance.
In judgment of her substance thus they vary, And vary thus in judgment of her seat;
For some her chair up to the brain do carry, Some sink it down into the stomach's heat.
Davies. 7. To shift colours.
Will the falcon, stooping from above,
passion ; Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon beaks, With every gale and wary of their masters.
VA'SCULAR. adj. [from vasculum, Lat.) Consisting of vessels ; full of vessels.
Nutrition of the solids is performed by the circulating liquid in the smallest vascular solids.
Arbutbret. VASCULIFEROUS. adj. (vasculum and
fero, Latin.] Such plants as have, beside the common calyx, a peculiar vessel to contain the seed, sometimes divided into cells; and these have always a monopetalous flower, either uniform or dif. form.
Quinos: VASE. 11. s. (vase, French; vasa, Latin.) 1. A vessel ; generally a vessel rather for show than use.
The toilet stands unveild,
Pope. 2. It is used for a solid piece of ornamental
marble. VA'SSAL. n. s. [vassal, French; vassalle,
Italian. 1. One who holds of a superiour lord.
Every petty prince, vassal to the emperor, can coin what money he pleaseth. Swift.
The vassals are invited to bring in their com. plaints to the viceroy, who imprisons and chastises their masters.
Addisa. 2. A subject ; a dependant.
She cannot content the lord with performance of his discipline, that hath at her side a vassal, whom Satan hath made his vicegerent, to cross whatsoever the faithful should do.
Hoeker, Such as they thought fit for labour, they res ceived as vassals; but imparted not the benefit of laws, but every one made his will a law unto his own vassal.
Spenser The common people were free subjects to the king, not slaves and vassals to their pretended lords.
Davies. The mind hath not reason to remember, that passions ought to be her vassals, not her masters
Dryden. He subjugated a king, and called him his case sal. 3. A servant; one who acts by the will of another.
I am his fortune's vassal, and I send him
Skakspeare. 4. A slave; a low wretch.
Thou swear'st thy gods in vain,
Sbakspest. VA'SSALLAGE. n. s. [vasselage, French;
from vassal.] The state of a vassal;
He renounc'd the vassalage
They would have brought the Achæans from the condition of followers and dependents unto mere vassalage.
Let us not then pursue,
I can call spirits from the vasty deep. Sbaksp. First idoliz'd till love's hot fire be o'er,
VAT. n. s. [vat, Dutch ; fat, Saxon.) A Then slaves to those who courted us before. vessel in which liquors are kept in the
immature state. VAST. adj. [vaste, French; vastus, Lat.] Plumpy Bacchus, with pink eyen, I. Large; great.
In thy vats our cares be drown'd. Sbakspeare. What the parliament meant to attempt with Let him produce his vats and tubs, in oppothose vast numbers of men, every day levied. sition to heaps of arms and standards. Addison.
Clarendon. Wouldst thou thy vats with gen'rous juice That is an ample and capacious mind, which
should froth, takes in vast and sublime ideas without pain. Respect thy orchats.
Plilips. Watts. VATICIDE. n. s. [vates and cædo, Lat.] His open stores,
A murderer of prophets. Though vast, were little to his ampler heart.
The caitiff vaticide conceived a prayer. Pope, Tbomson,
To VATI'CINATE. v. n. (vaticinor, Lat.] 2. Vitiously great; enormously extensive
To prophesy; to practise prediction. or capacious.
The most admir'd of all prophane prophets, The vicious language is vast and gaping,
whose predictions have been so much cried up, swelling and irregular; when it contends to be
did vaticinate here.
Howel. high, full of rock, mountain, and pointedness.
VA'VASOUR. n. s. [vavasseur, Fr.] One So bore the ship aloft her fiery bound,
who himself holding of a superiour lord, About whom rusht the billowes, blacke and has others holding under him. vaste.
Chapman, . Names have been taken of civil honours, as They view'd the vast unmeasurable abyss. king, knight, valvasor, or vavasor, squire. Milton.
Camden. Others with vast Typhean rage, more fell, VA'UDEVIL. n. s. (vaudeville, Fr.) A song Rend up both rocks and hills, and ride the air
common among the vulgar, and sung In whirlwind, hell scarce holds the wild uproar.
about the streets. Trev. A ballad; a
Milton. Vast. N. so [vastum, Latin.] An empty VAULT. n. s. [voulte, Fr. volta, Italian ;
trivial strain. waste. They shook hands, as over a vast; and em
voluta, low Latin.] braced, as from the ends of opposed winds. I. A continued arch.
O, you are men of stone! Through the vast of heav'n it sounded. Milt. Had I your tongues and eyes, I'd use them so The watry vist,
That heaven's vault should crack. Sbakspeare, Secure of storms, your royal brother past. Pope. The word signifies an orb or sphere." And VASTA'TION. n. s. (vastatio, froin vasto,
this shews us both the form of the Mosaical
abyss, which was included within this voult; and Latin.] Waste ; depopulation.
the form of the habitable earth, which was the This wild-fire made the saddest vastations, in
outward surface of this vault, or the cover of the the many fatal outrages which these eager con
Burnet, tentions occasion.
Decizy of Piety. VASTI'DITY. n. s. [vastitas, Latin; from
2. A cellar.
Creep into the kill-hole. vasty.] Wideness ; immensity. A bar
He will seek there; neither press, well, vault, barous word.
but he hath an abstract for the remembrance of. Perpetual durance,
Sbakspeare. Through all the world's vastidity. Shakspeare. The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees VA'STLY. adv. (from vast.] Greatly; to Is left this vault to brag of. Shaispearia a great degree.
Whether your fruitful fancy lies
To banish rats that haunt our vault. Holland's resolving upon its own defence,
Swift. without our share in the war, would leave us to 3. A cave ; a cavern. enjoy the trade of the world, and thereby grow The silent vaults of death, unknown to light, vastly both in strength and treasures. Temples And hell itself, lie naked to his sight. Sandys. They may and do vastly differ in their man
4. A repository for the dead. ners, institutions, customs; but yet all of them Shall I not be stified in the vault, agree in having some deity to worship. Wilkins. To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes It is vastly the concern of government, and of
Sbakspeare. themselves too, whether they be morally good To VAULT. v. a. (voûter, Fr. from the or bad.
noun.] VASTNESS.n. s. (from vast.] Immensity;
1. To arch ; to shape to a vault. enormous greatness.
Hath nature given them eyes Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheav'd To see this vauited arch, and the rich cope His vastness.
Of sea and land, which can distinguish 'twixt She by the rocks compell’d to stay behind,
The fiery orbs above, and the twinn'd stones Is by the vastness of her bulk confin'd. Waller.
Upon the humbled beach? Sbakspeare. When I compare this little performance with
2. To cover with an arch. the vastness of my subject, methinks I have
Over-head the dismal hiss brought but a cockle-shell of water from the
Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew;
And flying vaulted either host with tire. Miltot. Ariosto observed not moderation in the vaste ness of his draught.
To VAULT.V. n. [voltiger, Fr. volte aziart's Hence we may discover the cause of the Italian. vastness of the ocean.
Bentley. J. To leap; to jump. VA'sty. adj. [from vast.] Large ; enor Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself, mously great.
And falls on th' other.
The pretty vaulting sea refus'd to drown me, Sir John Perrot bent his course not to that Knowing that thou would'st have me drown'd point, but rather quite contrary, in scorn, and on shore.
Sbakspeare. in vain vaunt of his own counsels. Spenser, He is varilting variable ramps,
Him I seduc'd In your despite; upon your purse. Sbakspeare. With other promises and other vaunts. Miiten.
If I could win a lady by vaulting into my sad Such vaunts as his who can with patience dle with my armour on, I should quickly leap
read, into a wife.
Sbakspeare. Who thus describes his hero when he's dead? Leaning on his lance, he vaulted on a tree, In heat of action slain, he scorns to fall,
Dryden. Bur still maintains the war, and fights at all. If a man should leap a garret, or vault down
Glanville the monument, would he leave the memory of VAUNT. n. s. [from avant, French.] The a hero behind him?
first part. Not used. Lucan vaulted upon Pegasus with all the heat and intrepidity of youth.
Leaps o'er the vaunt and firstlings. Sbakspeart. 2. To play the tumbler or posture-master. VAULT.'n. s. [from the verb.] A leap; a
VA'UNTER. n. s. [vanteur, French; from jump.
vaunt.] Boaster ; braggart ; man given
to vain ostentation. VA'ULTage. n. s. [from vault.] Arched
Some feign cellar. Not in use.
To menage steeds, as did this vaunter; but in He'll call you to so hot an answer for it,
Spenser. That caves and womby vaultages of France
Tongue-valiant hero! vaunter of thy might! Shall chide your trespass, and return your mock In threats the foremost, but the last in fight. In second accent to his ordnance. Sbakspeare.
Dryder Va'ULTED. adj. (from vault.] Arched; VA’UNTFUL. adj. [vaunt and full.] concave.
Boastful; ostentatious. Restore the lock! she cries, and all around Whiles all the heavens on lower creatures Restore the lock! the vaulted roofs rebound.
Pope. Young Clarion, with vauntful lustihed, VA'ULTER. n. s. (from vault.) A leaper; After his guise did cast abroad to fare. Spenser. a jumper; a tumbler.
VA'UNTINGLY. adv. [from vaunting.) VA'Ulty. adj. [from vault.] Arched ;
Boastfully; ostentatiously. concave. A bad word.
I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak'st it, I will kiss thy detestable bones,
That thou wert cause of noble Gloster's death. And put my eye-balls in thy vaulty brows,
Sbakspeare, And ring these fingers with thy household worms. VA'UNTMURE. x. s. (avant mur, French.)
Shakspeare. I'll say that's not the lark, whose notes do
A false wall; a work raised before the beat
main wall. The vaulty heav'ns so high above our heads.
With another engine named the warwolfe, he Sbakspeare. pierced with one stone, and cut, as even as a
Cander, TO VAUNT. v. a. [vanter, French.) To
thread, two vauntmures.
This warlike captain, daily attempting the boast; to display with ostentation. Not that great champion
vanmures, in the end by force obtained the Whom famous poets' verse so much doth vaunt,
same; and so possessed of the place, desperately And hath for twelve huge labours high extollid,
kept it till greater help came running in ; who,
with wonderful expedition, clapt up a strong So many furies and sharp hits did haunt.
covering betwixt the wall and the vanmuri. Spenser.
Knolles. Not any damsel which her vauntetb most
VA'WARD. N. s. [van and ward.) ForeIn skilful knitting of soft silken twine. Spenser. My vanquisher, spoil'd of his vaunted spoil. part. Obsolete.
Since we have the vaward of the day, T. VAUNT. V. n.
My love shall hear the musick of my hounds.
Sbakspeare. 1. To play the braggart ; to talk with
Marcius, ostentation; to make vain show; to Their bands i' th' vaward are the Antiates boast.
Of their best trust.
Sbakspeart. You say, you are a better soldier;
He desired nothing more than to have conLet it appear so; make your vaunting true. firmed his authority in the minds of the vulgar,
by the present and ready attendance of the The illusions of magick were put down, and vayvod.
Knolles. their vaunting in wisdom reproved with disgrace. U'BERTY. n. s. [ubertas, Latin.) Abun
dance ; fruitfulness. So spake th' apostate angel, though in pain;
UBICATION. I n. s. (from ubi, Latin.] Vaunting aloud, but rack'd with deep despair.
UBI'ETY, Local relation; where. Pride, which prompts a man to vaunt and
A scholastick term. overvalue what he is, does incline him to dis Relations, ubications, duration, the vulgar
value what he has. Government of the Tongue. philosophy admits to be something; and yet to 2. I scarcely know in what sense Dryden enquire in what place they are, were gross.
has used this word, unless it be miswrit. ten for vaults.
UBIQUITARY. adj. [from ubique, Lat.] "T is he! I feel him now in ev'ry part ;
Existing every where. Like a new world he vaunts about my heart.
For wealth and an ubiquitary commerce, none Dryden.
can exceed her. VAUNT. N. s. [from the verb.] Brag; UBIQUITARY. n. s. [from ubique, Latin.] boast; vain ostentation.
One that exists every where.
How far wide is Aquinas, which saith, by 1. To let out. the same reason that an angel might be in two As it is a great point of art, when our matter places, he might be in as many as you will ? requires it, to enlarge and veer out all sail; so to See now, either Xavier is every where, or else take it in and contract it, is of no less praise the carcass of a friar is more subtile than the when the argument doth ask it. Ben Jonson. nature of an angel. To conclude, either Aqui- 2. To turn; to change. nas is false, or the papists ubiquitaries. Hall.
I see the haven nigh at hand, UBIQUITY, n. s. (from ubique, Latin.] To which I mean my weary course to bend;
Omnipresence ; existence at the same Veer the main-sheet, and bear up with the time in all places.
Spenser. in the one there is attributed to God death,
Sailing farther, it seers its lily to the west, Whereof divine nature is not capable; in the
and regardeth that quarter wherein the land is other, ubiquity unto man, which human nature
nearer or greater.
Brown. admiteth not.
Hooker. VEGETABI'LITY. n. s. [from vegetable.) Pem, she hight,
Vegetable nature; the quality of growth A solemn wight,
without sensation, As you should meet
The coagulating spirits of salts, and lapidifical In any street
juice of the sea, entering the parts of the plant, In that ubiquity.
Ben Jonson. overcome its vegetability, and convert it unto a Could they think that to be infinite and im
Brown. mense, the ubiquity of which they could thrust VEGETABLE. n. s. [vegetabilis, school into a corner of their closet?
Latin ; vegetable, French.) Any thing UDDER. n. s. (uden, Sax. uder, Dutch;
that has growth without sensation, as uber, Latin.] The breast or dugs of a
plants. cow, or other large animal.
Vegetables are organized bodies, consisting of A lioness, with udders all drawn dry,
! Lay couching head on ground. Sbakspeare.
various parts, containing vessels furnished with
different juices; and taking in nourishment from Sithence the cow
without, usually by means of a root fixed to the Produc'd an ampler store of milk; the she-goat,
earth, or to some other body, as in the generality Not without pain, dragg'd her distended udder.
of plants; sometimes by means of pores distri. Prior.
buted over the whole surface, as in sub-marine U'D DERED. adj. [from udder.] Furnished
Hili, with udders.
Let brutes and vegetables that cannot drink, Marian soft could stroke the udder'd cow, Sa far as drought and nature urges, think. Gay.
Waller. VEAL. n. s. [veel, a calf, veeler, vesler, to
There are several kinds of creatures in the bring forth a calf, old French; vitellus, world, and degrees of dignity amongst them; Latin.] The flesh of a calf killed for the
some being more excellent than others, animate
more than inanimate, sensitives more than vegetable.
tables, and men more than brutes.
Wilkins. Wouldst thou with mighty beef augment thy In vegetables it is the shape, and in bodies not meal,
propagated by seed it is the colour, we most fix Seek Leadenhall; St. James's sends thee veal.
Locke. Gay. Other animated substances are called vegetaVE'CTION.
n. s. (vectio, vectito, bles, which have within themselves the principle
Latin.] The act of of another sort of life and growth, and of various carrying, or being carried.
productions of leaves, flowers and fruit, such as Enervated lords are softly lolling in their cha
we see in plants, herbs, trees.
Watts. riots; a species of vectitation seldom used among
VEGETABLE. adj. (vegetabilis, Latin.] the antients.
Arbuthnot. I. Belonging to a plant. VE'CTURE, n. s. [vectura, Latin.] Car The vegetable world, each plant and tree, riage.
From the fair cedar on the craggy brow, Three things one nation selleth unto another; To creeping moss.
Prior. the commodity as nature yieldeth it, the manu
Both mechanisms are equally curious, from facture, and the vecture or carriage. Bacon, one uniform juice to extract all the variety of T. VEER. v. n. [virer, French.] To turn
vegetable juices; or from such variety of food to
make a fluid very near uniform to the blood of about.
Arbuthnota Nigh river's mouth, where wind Vers oft, as oft he steers and shifts her sail.
2. Having the nature of plants. Milton.
Amidst them stood the tree of life,
High eminent, blooming ambrosial fruit
That vegetative terrestrial hath been ever For the sad prospect of a just despair. Roscommon.
the standing tund, out of which is derived the I have no taste of the noisy praise
matter of all animal and vegetable bodies.
Woodward, Of giddy crowds, as changeable as winds; Servants to change, and blowing with the tide
T. VE'GETATE. V. n. [vegeto, Latin.] To Of swoln success; but veering with its ebb. grow as plants; to shoot out; to grow
Dryden. without sensation. A-head the master-pilot steers,
Rain-water may be endued with some vegeAnd as he leads, the following navy veers. Dryd. tating or prolifick virtue, derived from some saIt is a double misfortune to a nation given to line or oleose particles.
Ray. change, when they have a sovereign that is prone As long as the seeds remained lodged in a nato fall in with all the turns and veerings of the tural soil, they would soon vegetate, and send people. Addison, forth a new set of trees.
W codzvarila The wind veered about to north-west. Derbam. See dying vegetables life sustain; TO VEER. V. l.
See life dissolving vegetate again.
VEGETA'TION. n. s. [from vegeto, Lat.)
earnestness and vebemency of expression more than ordinary.
Clarendon. 1. The power of producing the growth of
This pure cause would kindle my rapt spirits plants.
To such a flame of sacred vebemence,
That dumb things would be mov'd to sympa. matter proper for the rourishment of plants,
Milton. being little entangled with mere mineral matter, He hurries on his action with variety of that was unfit for vegetation.. Woodward.
events, and ends it in less compass than two The sun, deep-darting to the dark retreat
months. This vehemence of his is most suitable Of vegetation, sets the steaming power
to my temper.
Drydere At large.
Marcus is over-warm; his fond complaints Love warbles through the vocal groves, Have so much earnestness and passion in them, And vegetation paints the plain. anonymous. I hear him with a secret kind of horror, 2. The power of growth without sensa And tremble at his vehemence of temper. tion.
Addison. Plants, though beneath the excellency of crca- VE’HEMENT. adj. [vehement, French; tures endued with sense, yet exceed them in
1. Violent; forcible.
A strong imagination hath more force upon
Ray. must also be.
light and subrile motions, than upon motions vehement or ponderous.
Bacon. VE'GETATIVE. adj. [vegetatif, French ;
Gold will endure a oebement fire for a long from vegetate.]
time, without any change.
Greta 1. Having the quality of growing without
2. Ardent; eager; fervent.
By their vebement instigation,
. 2. Having the power to produce growth
I find in plants.
In all things else delight indeed; but such
As, us'd or not, works in the mind no change,
1. Forcibly. Homer makes deities of the vegetative facul.
2. Pathetically; urgently.
The christian religion inculcates kindness
more vebemently, and forbids malice and hatred tive.] The quality of producing growth. more strictly, than any religion did before. VEGE'T E. adj. [vegetus, Lat.] Vigorous;
Tillotsos. active ; sprightly.
Ve'HICLE. n. s. [vehiculum, Latin.] The soul was vegete, quick and lively; full of 1. That in which any thing is carried. the youthfulness and spriteliness of youth.
Evil spirits might very properly appear
South. vehicles of tiame, to terrify and surprize. The faculties in age must be less vegete and
Addisor, nimble than in youth.
2. That part of a medicine which serves VE'GETIVE. adi. [from vegeto, Latin.] to make the principal ingredient pota. Vegetable; having the nature of plants. ble. Nor rent off, but cut off ripe bean with a That the meat descends by one passage, the knife,
drink, or moistening vebicle, by another, is a For hindering stalke of hir vegetive life. Tusser.
popular tenet. VE'GETIVE. n. s. (from the adjective.] A 3. That by means of which any thing is vegetable.
conveyed. Hence vegetives receive their fragrant birth,
The gaiety of a diverting word serves as a And clothe the naked bosom of the earth.
vebicle to convey the force and meaning of a Sandysa thing.
. The tree still panted in th' unfinish'd part, Not wholly vegetive; and heav'd her heart.
To Veil, v. n. (velo, Lat.] See Vail.
Dryden. 1. To cover with a veil, or any thing which .
conceals the face.
Her face was veild; yet, to my fancied sight, 1. Violence; force.
Love, sweetness, goodness, in her person shin'd.
It became the Jewish fashion, when they
went to pray, to veil their heads and faces.
Boyle 2. Ardour ; mental violence; fervour.
2. To cover; to invest.
From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill,
Hooker. 3. To hide ; to conceal.
Of darkness visible so much be lent,
As half to shew, half veil the deep intent. Pepco
n. s. (velum, Latin.) Would it apply well to the vebemence of your I. A cover to conceal the face. affection, that I should win what you would en
To feed his fiery lustful eye, Sbakspeare. He snatch'd the veil that hung her face before
. The extremity of the condition produced some