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What valuators will the bishops make use of ? Vanity, or a desire of valuing ourselves by Swift. shewing others faults.

Temple. VA'LUE. n. s. [value, Fr. valor, Latin. ] VA'LUE LESS. adj. (from value.] Being of I. Price; worth.

no value. Ye are physicians of no value. Job.

A counterfeit Learn to live for your own sake, and the ser Resembling majesty ; which, touch'd and tried, vice of God; and let nothing in the world be of Proves valueless,

Sbakspears. any value with you, but that which you can VA'LUER, 1. s. [from value.] He that turn into a service to God, and a means of your values. future happiness.

Hammond was no valuer of trifles.

Fell. 2. High rate.

VALVE. n. s. (valva, Latin.]
Cæsar is well acquainted with your virtues,
And therefore sets this value on your life:

1. A folding door. Let him but know the price of Cato's friendship,

Swift through the valves the visionary fair And name your terms.


Popes Addison.

Opening their valves, self-mov'd on either 3. Rate; price equal to the worth of the

side, thing bought.

The adamantine doors expanded wide : He sent him money; it was with this obliging When death commands they close, when death testimony, that his design was not to pay him

commands divide.

Harte. the value of his pictures, because they were

2. Any thing that opens over the mouth above any price.


of a vessel. To Vaʼlue. v. a. [valoir, Fr. from the This air, by the opening of the valve, and fornoun.]

cing up of the sucker, may be driven out. Boyle. 1. To rate at a certain price.

3. '[In anatomy.) A kind of membrane, When the country grows better inhabited, the which opens in certain vessels to ad. tithes and other obventions will be more aug mit the blood, and shuts to prevent its mented, and better valued.

Spenser. regress. A mind valuing his reputation at the due

The arteries, with a contractile force, drive price, will repute all dishonest gain much infe

the blood still forward; it being hindered from rior thereunto.


going backward by the valves of the heart. God alone values right the good. Milton.

Arbuthnot. 2. To rate highly; to have in high esteem. VA’LVULE. n. s. [valvule, Fr.] A small

Some of the finest treatises in dialogue, many valve. very valued pieces of French, Italian, and Eu- VAMP. n. s. The upper leather of a shoe. glish appear.

Addison. He values himself upon the compassion with

Ainsworth. which he relieved the aflicted. Atterbury.

T. VAMP. v. a. (This is supposed proTo him your orchard's early fruits are due, bably enough by Skinner to be derived A pleasing off'ring, when 't is made by you; from avant, Fr. before ; and to mean He values these.

laying on a new outside.] To piece an 3. To appraise; to estimate.

old thing with some new part. If he be poorer than estimation, the priest

You wish shall valve him.


To vamo a body with a dangerous physick, 4. To be worth; to be equal in worth to. That's sure of death without. Sbakspeers. The peace between the French and us not

This opinion hath been vamped up by Carjan. values

Bentley. The cost that did conclude it. Shakspeare. · I had never much hopes of your vampi plav. s. To take account of.

Swift. If a man be in sickness, the time will seem VA'MPER. 1.5. [from vamp? One who longer without a clock with; for the mind

pieces out an old thing with something doth value every moment.

Bacon. 6. To reckon at, with respect to number VÁN. n. s. [from avant, French.] : or power.

1. The front of an army; the first line. The queen is valued thirty thousand strong:

Before each van prick forth the airy knights. Her faction will be full as strong as ours.,

Milton, Sbakspeare.

The foe he had survey'd, 7. To consider with respect to import Arrang'd, as t'him they did appear, ance; to hold important.

With var, main battle, wings and rear. Hudib. The king must take it ill,

Van to van the foremost squadrons meet, So slightly valued in his messenger. Shakspeare. The midmost battles hast'ning up behind. Drid.

Neither of them valued their promises, ac 2. [van, Fr. vannus, Latin.] Any thing cording to rules of honour or integrity,


spread wide by which a wind is raised; 8. To compare with respect to price, or

The other token of their ignorance of the sea excellence.

was an oar, they call it a corn-van. Broome. It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir.

3. A wing with which the air is beaten.

His sail-broad vans 9: To raise to estimation. This is a sense He spreads for flight, and in the surging smoke not in use.

Up-litted, spurns the ground.

Milton. She ordered all things, resisting the wisdom

A fiery globe of the wisest, by making the possessor thereof Of angels on full sail of wing drew nigh, miserable; valuing the folly of the most foolish, Who on tbeir plumy vans receiv'd him soft by making the success prosperous. Sidney. From his uneasy station, and upbore,

Some value themselves to their country by jea As on a floating coach, through the blithe air. lousies of the crown. Templeo

Milton. VOL. IV.





a fan.




His disabled wing unstrung:

Here I may well shew the vanity of that which He wheel'd in air, and stretchd his vans in vain; is reported in the story of Walsingham. His vans no longer could his flight sustain.

Sir J. Davies. Dryden. S. Empty pleasure; vain pursuit; idle The vanes are broad on one side, and nar

show ; unsubstantial enjoyment; petty rower on the other; both which minister to the


object of pride. progressive motion of the bird. To Van. vi a. (from vannus, Lat. vanner,

Were it not strange if God should have made

such store of glorious creatures on earth, and French.] To fan; to winnow. Not in

leave them all to be consumed in secular vanity,

allowing none but the baser sort to be employThe corn which in vanning lieth lowest is the ed in his own service?

Hooker. best.


I must VA'NCOURIER. n. s. (avantcourier, Fr.] Bestow upon the eyes of this young couple A harbinger ; a precursor.

Some vanity of mine art.

Sbatspears VANE. n. s. [vaene, Dut.) A plate hung

Cast not her serious wit on idle things;

Make her free will slave to vanity. Davier on a pin to turn with the wind.

Sin with vanity had fill'd the works of men. A man she would spell backward;

Milter. If tall, a lance ill-headed;

The eldest equal the youngest in the vanity If speaking, why a vane blown with all winds.

of their dress; and no other reason can be given

Sbakspeare. of it, but that they equal, if not surpass, them in VANGUARD. n. s. [avant garde, Fr.] the vanity of their desires. The front, or first line of the army.

Think not, when woman's transient breath is The king's vant-guard maintained fight against


That all her vdities at once are dead;
the whole power of the enemies.
The martial Idomen, who bravely stood before

Succeeding vanities she still regards,
In vant-guard of his troops, and marcht, for And though she plays no more, o'erlooks the
strength a savage

cards. Chapman.

Pepe Vanguard to right and left the front unfold.

6. Ostentation ; arrogance.

Milton. The ground-work thereof is true, however 'VANI'LLA. n. s. [vanille, Fr.) A plant. they, through vanity, whilst they would not The fruit of those plants is used to

seem to be ignorant, do thereupon build many

forged ltistories of their own antiquity. Spencer, scent chocolate.


Whether it were out of the same vanity When mixed with vanillios, or spices, choco

which possessed all those learned philosophers late acquires the good and bad qualities of aro

Arbuthnot. matick oils.

and poets, that Plato also published, not under the

right authors' names, those things which he had To VA'NISH. V. n. [vanesco, Lat. evanouir, read in the scriptures; or fearing the severity of French.]

the Areopagite, and the example of his master Socrates, I cannot judge.

Raleigé. 1. To lose perceptible existence.

High honour is not only gotten and born by 7. Petty pride ; pride exerted upon sligắt pain and danger, but must be nursed by the like, grounds; pride operating upon smal or else vanisbeth as soon as it appears to the


Sidney. Can you add guilt to vanity, and take
While fancy brings the vanish'd piles to view, A pride to hear the conquests which you make?
And builds imaginary Rome anew.

Drydes. 2. To pass away from the sight ; to dis 'T is an old maxim in the schools,

That vanity's the food of fools;
Whither are they vanisb'd?

Yet now and then your men of wit

Will condescend to take a bit.
Into the air; and what seem'd corporal

Melted as breath into the wind.


The corruption of the world indulges woirea Now I have taken heart, thou vanishest.

in great vanity; and mankind seem to consider Shakspeare.

them in no other view, than as so many painted He cut the cleaving sky,

idols, that are to allure and gratify their pase And in a moment vanisb'd from her eye. Pope. TO VANQUISH. v.a. [vaincre, French.)

sions. 3. To pass away ; to be lost. All these delights will vanish.

Milton. 1. To conquer; to overcome; to subdue. That spirit of religion and seriousness, by

Were 't not a shame, that, whilst you live at which we had distinguished ourselves, vanished jar, all at once, and a spirit of infidelity and pro

The fearful French, whom you late vanquished,

Atterbury. phaneness started up.

Should make a start o'er seas, and vanquisb you?

Sbakspeare. VA'NITY. n. s. [vanitas, Lat. vanité, Fr.]

They subdued and vanquished the rebels in all 1. Emptiness ; uncertainty; inanity.

Clarendon. Vanity of vanities, all is vanity. Ecclus, The gods the victor, Cato the vanquisb'd chose : 2. Fruitless desire ; fruitless endeavour. But you have done what Cato could not do,

Vanity possesseth many who are desirous to To chuse the vanquisb'd, and restore him to, know the certainty of things to come. Sidney,

Drgács. Thy pride,

2. To confute. And wand'ring vanity, when least was safe,

This bold assertion has been fully senquisbed Rejected my forewarning.


in a late reply to the bishop of Meaux's treatise. 3. Trifling labour.

F. Atterbury: To use long discourse against those things which VA'NQUISHER. n. s. [from vanquishe] are both against scripture and reason, might Conqueror; subduer. rightly be judged a vanity in the answerer, not

He would pawn his fortunes much inferior to that of the inventor. Raleigh. To hopeless restitution, so he might 4. Falschood; untruth.

Be cail'd your vanquisber.



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I shall rise victorious, and subdue

The food which is most vaporous and perspic My vanquisber; spoil'd of his vaunted spoil. rable, is the most easily digested. Arbutbrot,

Milton. A little tube, jetting out from the extremity Troy's vanquisher, and great Achilles' son. of an artery, may carry off these vaporcus steam's A. Pbilips. of the blood.

Cheyne. VA'NTAGE. n. s. [from advantage.] 1. Gain; profit.

VAʼPOUR. n. s. [vapeur, Fr. vapor, Lat.] What great vantage do we get by the trade of

1. Any thing exhalable ; any thing that a pastor?


mingles with the air. 2. Superiority; state in which one hath

Jove a dreadful storm call'd forth better means of action than another.

Against our navy; covered shore and all
With gloomy vapours.

With the vantage of mine own excuse,
Hath he excepted most against my love. Shaks.

Vapour, and mist, and exhalation hot. Milt.

When first the sun too pow'rful beams displays, He had them at vantage, being tired and harassed with a long march.

It draws up vapours which obscure its rays: Bacon,

But ev'n those clouds at last adorn its way, The pardoned person must not think to stand

Reflect new glories, and augment the day. Popes upon the same vantage of ground with the inno

2. Fume ; steam. South.

The morning is the best, because the imagirra3. Opportunity; convenience.

tion is not clouded by the vapours of meat. Be assured, madam, 't will be done With his next vantage.

Dryden. Sbakspeare: To VA'NTAGE. v. a. [from advantage.]

In distilling hot spirits, if the head of the still

be taken off, the vapour which ascends out of To profit. Not in use.

the still will take fire at the flame of a candle, We yet of present peril be afraid;

and the fame will run along the vapour from For needless fear did never vantage none. Spens. the candle to the still.

Newton. VA'NT BRASS, 1. s. (avant bras, French.]

For the imposthume, the vapour of vinegar, Armour for the arm.


any thing which creates a cough, are proper. I'll hide my silver beard in a gold beaver,

Arbuthnof. And in my vantbrace put this wither'd brawn. 3. Wind ; fatulence.


In the Thessalian witches, and the meetings of Put on vantbrass, and greves, and gauntlet.

witches that have been recorded, great wonders,

Milton. thcy tell, of carrying in the air, transforming VA'PID. adj. [vapidus, Latin.] Dead;

themselves into other bodies. These fables are

the effects of imagination: for ointments, it laid having the spirit evaporated ; spiritless;

on any thing thick, by stopping of the pores, mawkish ; flat.

shut in the vapours, and send them to the head Thy wines let feed a-while


Bacan. On the fat refuse; lest, too soon disjoined, From spritely it to sharp or vapid change.

4. Mental fume; vain imagination ; fancy Philips.

unreal. The effects of a vapid and viscous constitution If his sorrow bring forth amendment, he hath of blood are stagnation, acrimony, and putre the grace of hope, though it be clouded over with faction.

Arbuthnot. a melancholy vapour, that it be not discernible VA'PIDNESS. n. s. [from vapid.) The

even to himself.

Hammond. state of being spiritless or mawkish ; s. [In the plural.] Diseases caused by mawkishness.

flatulence, or by diseased nerves; hyVapor'A'TION. n. s. [vaporation, Fr. va. pochondriacal maladies; melancholy ;

poratio, Lat. from vapour.] The act of spleen. escaping in vapours.

To this we must ascribe the spleen, so freVA'PORER. n. s. [from vapour.] A boast

quent in studious men, as well as the vapours,

to which the other sex are so often subject. er; a braggart.

Spectator, This shews these vaporers, to what scorn they expose themselves.

Government of the Tonguć. To VA'POUR. v. n. [vaporo, Latin.] Va'porish, adj. (from vapour.]

1. To pass in a vapour or fume; to fly off 1. Vaporous ; full of vapours.

in evaporations. It proceeded from the nature of the vapourisb.

When thou from this world wilt go, place.


The whole world vapours in thy breath. Donne. 2. Splenetick; peevish; humoursome. 2. To emit fumes. Pallas grew vap 'rish once and odd,

Swift running waters vapour not so much as She would not do the least right thing. Pope.

standing waters.

Bacon, VA'POROUS. adj. [vaporeux, lr. from va. 3: To bully; to brag: pour. ]

Not true? quoth he. Howe'er you vapour,

I can what I affirm make appear. Hutbras. 1. Full of vapours or exhalations ; fumy.

These are all the mighty pow'rs
The vaporous night approaches. Sbakspeare.
This shifting our abode froin the warmer and

You vainly boast, to cry, down ours;

And what in real value's wanting, more vaporows air of the vallies, to the colder and more subtile air of the hills, is a great bene.

Supply with vapouring and ranting. Hudibras. fit to the valetudinarian part.

That I might not be vapoured down by insigDerban.

nificant testimonies, I used the name of your 2. Windy; fatulent.

society to annihilate all such arguments. Glanv. If the mother eat much beans, or such vafo

Be you to us but kind; rous food, it endangereth the child to become

Let Dutchmen vapour, Spaniards curse, lunatick.

No sorrow we shall find.

E. Dorset, Some more subtile corporeal element may so equally bear against the parts of a little vaporous

T. VA'POUR. V. A. To effuse, or scatter moisture, as to form it into round drops. Murr,

in fuines or vapour.

If the sun's light consisted of but one sort of

rays, there would be but one colour in the whole i

Break off this last lamenting kiss,

in time as much as place, by the perpetual 92Which sucks two souls, and wapours both away. riations of our speech.

Swift. Donne. There is but one common matter, which is He'd laugh to see one throw his heart away, diversified by accidents; and the same numeriAnother signing vapour forth his soul,

cal quantity, by variations of texture, may conA third to melt hiniself in tears. Ben Jonson. stitute successively all kinds of body. Bentley.

Opium loseth some of its poisonous quality, if 2. Difference ; change from one to anvapoured out, and mingled with spirit of wine.


Bacon. It must be bolpen by somewhat which may fix

lo some other places are more females born the silver, never to be restored, or vapoured

than males; which, upon this variation of proaway, when incorporated into such a mass of

portion, I recommend to the curious. Graust. gold.


Each sea had its peculiar shells, and the same

variation of soils; this tract affording such a ter. VARIABLE. adj. (variable, Fr. varia restrial matter as is proper for the formation of

bilis, Lat.] Changeable ; mutable; in one sort of shell-fish; that of another. Westw. constant.

3. Successive change. O swear not by the inconstant moon,

Sir Walter Blunt, That monthly changes in her circled orb,

Stain'd with the variation of each soil Lest that thy love prove likewise variable. Betwixt that Holmedon and this seat of ours. Sbakspeare.

Sbakspears Haply countries different,

4. [In grammar.] Change of termination With variable objects, shall expel

of pouns. This something settled matter in his heart.

The rules of grammar, and useful examples of

Shakspeare. By the lively image of other creatures did

the variation of words, and the peculiar form of those ancients represent the variable passions of

speech, are often appointed to be repeated. Watts mortals; as by serpents were signified deceivers. 5. Change in natural phenomenons.


The duke ran a long course of calm prosperity, His heart I know how variable, and vain,

without any visible eclipse or wane in himself


Westes. Self-left.

amidst divers variations in others.

Milton. VARIABLENESS. n. s. (from variable.]

6. Deviation. 1. Changeableness; mutability.

He observed the variation of our English from You are not solicitous about the variableness

the original, and made an intire translation of

the whole for his private use. of the weather, or the change of seasons. Addis.

If we admit a variation from the state of his 2. Levity ; inconstancy.

creation, that variation must be necessarily after Censurers subject themselves to the charge of

an eternal duration, and therefore within the variableness in judgment.


compass of time. VARIABLY. adv. [from variable.] I may seem sometimes to have varied from Changeably; mutably; inconstantly;

his sense; but the greatest variations may be

fairly deduced from him. uncertainly.

7. Variation of the compass; deviation of VARIANCE. 1, s. [from vary.] Discord ; the magnetick needle from an exact padisagreement; dissension.

rallel with the meridian. I come to set a man at variance against his fa- VA'ricous. adj. [varicosus, Latin.] Dise ther.

Mattbew. A cause of law, by violent course,

eased with dilatation. Was,from a variance, now a war become. Daniel,

There are instances of one vein only being Set not any one doctrine of the gospel at va

varicous, which may be destroyed by tying it above and below the dilatation.

Skart riance with others, which are all admirably consistent. Spratt. TO VA’RIEGATE. v. a. [variegatus

, She runs, but hopes she does not run unseen: school Latin.] To diversify; to stain While a kind glance at her pursuer flies,

with different colours. How much at variance are her feet and eyes!

The shells are filled with a white spar, which

Pope. If the learned would not sometimes submit to

variegates and adds to the beauty of the stone. the ignorant; the old to the weaknesses of the young; there would be nothing but everlasting

They had fountains of variegated marble in

their rooms. variance in the world.

Srvift. Ladies like variegated tulips show;
Many bleed,
By shameful variance betwixt man and man.

'T is to the changes haif the charms we owe: Thomson.

Such happy spots the nice admirers take,
Fine by defect, and delicately weak.

Popes Who are they that set the first and second articles at variance with each other, when for

VARIEGA'TION. n. s. (from variegate.) fourteen centuries, and niore, they have agreed

Diversity of colours. most amicably together?


Plant your choice tulips in natural earth, some. VARIATION. n. s. [variatio, Latin ; vari

what impoverished with very fine sand; else they

will soon lose their variegations. ation, French.) 1. Change; mutation ; difference from it.

VARI'ETY. n. s. [varieté, Fr. varietas,

Latin.] self.

After much variation of opinions, the prisoner 1. Change ; succession of one thing to an was acquitted of treason, but by most voices found

other; intermixture of one thing with guilty of felony.


another, The operation of agents will easily admit of All sorts are here, that all th' earth yields; intension and remission; but the essences of Variety without end. things are conceived not capable of any such

Variety is nothing else but a continued no variation.

Locke. velty. The fame of our writers is confined to these two islands; and it is hard it should be limited








world, nor would it be possible to produce any deviated from its original meaning, as new colour by reflections or refractions; and by

fur in Latin. consequence that the variety of colours depends

I am the veriest varlet that ever chew'd. upon the composition of light. Newton.

Sbakspeare. One thing of many by which variety is Where didst thou leave these varlets? Sbaks. made. In this sense it has a plural.

Thou, varlet, dost thy master's gains devour; The inclosed warmth which the earth hath

Thou milk'st his ewes, and often twice an hour. in itseit, serred up by the heat of the sun, assiste

Dryden. eth nature in the speedier procreation of those When the Roman legions were in a disposition

varieties which the earth bringeth forth. Raleigh. to mutiny, an impudent varlet, who was a pri3. Difference ; dissimilitude.

vate centinel, resolved to try the power of his There is a variety in the tempers of good men, eloquence.

Addison. with relation to the different impressions they VA'R LETRY. n. s. [from varlet.] Rabreceive from different objects of charity.

F. Atterbury.

ble; crowd ; populace. 4. Variation ; deviation; change from a

Shall they hoist me up,

And shew me to the shouting varletry former state

Of cens'ring Rome?

Sbakspeare. It were a great vanity to reject those reasons dra'yn from the nature of things, or to.go about VARNISH. n. s. [vernis, French; verto answer those reasons by suppositions of a va nix, Latin.] riety in things, from what they now appear, 1. A matter laid upon wood, metal, or


other bodies, to make them shine. 5. Many and different kinds,

We'll put on those shall praise your excelHe now only wants more time to do that va

lence, riety of good which his soul thirsts after. Law.

And set a double varnish on the same. Sbaksp. VARIOUS. adj. [varius, Latin.]

The fame of Cicero had not borne her age so 1. Different ; several ; manifold.

well, if it had not been joined with some vanity. Then were they known to men by various

Like unto varnish, that makes ceilings not only shine, but last.

Bacon. names, And various idols, through the heathen world.

This the blue varnish, that the green endears,
The sacred rust of twice ten hundred years.

Pope. 2. Changeable; uncertain ; unfixed; un

2. Cover; palliation. like itself.

The names of mixed modes want standards To VA'RNISH. v. a. (vernisser, vernir, Fr. in nature, whereby to adjust their signification;

from the noun.] therefore they are very various and doubtful. 1. To cover with something shining.


O vanity! 3. Unlike each other.

To set a pearl in steel so meanly varnisbd. He in derision sets

Sidney. Upon their tongues a various spirit,

Clamber not you up to the casements, To rase quite out their native language. Milton. Nor thrust your head into the publick street,

So many and so various laws are given. Milt. To gaze on christian fools with varnisb'd faces. Vast crowds of vanquish'd nations march along,

Sbakspeare. Various in arms, in habit, and in tongue. Dryd. 2. To cover; to conceal cr decorate with Various of temper, as of face or frame,

something ornamental. Each individual; his great end the same.


Specious deeds on earth which glory excites; 4. Variegated; diversified.

Or close ambition varnisb'do'er with zeal. Herbs sudden flower'd,

Milton, Opening their various colours, Milton.

Young people are used to varnish o'er their VA'RIOU>LY. adv. (from various.] In a

non-performance and forbearance of good ac. various manner.

tions by a pretence unto humility. Fell:

His manly heart was still above Having been variously tossed by fortune, di

Dissembled hate, or varnish'd love.

Dryden. rected his course to a safe harbour. Bacon, Various objects from the sense,

Men espouse the well-endowed opinions in

fashion, and then seek arguments to make good Variously representing.


their beauty, or varnish over and cover their deThose various squadrons, variously design'd;


Locke, Each vessel freighted with a several load; Each squadron waiting for a several wind;

3. To palliate; to hide with colour of All find but one, to burn them in the road.


Dryden. They varnish all their errors, and secure Different aliments, while they repair the Huids The ills they act, and all the world endure. and solids, act variously upon them according to

Denbam. their different natures.

Arbutbitot, Cato's voice was ne'er employ'd VARIX. n. s. (Latin ; varice, French.] A To clear the guilty, and to varnish crimes.

Addison. dilatation of the vein.

Speak the plain truth, and varnish not your In ulcers of the legs, accompanied with varices

crimes !

Pbilips. or dilatations of the veins, the varix can only be assisted by the bandage.

Sbarp. VA'RNIsher. n. s. [from varnish.] VA'RLET. n. s. [varlet, old French, now 1. One whose trade is to varnish. valet. ]

An oil obtained of common oil may probably Ji Anciently a servant or footman.

be of good use to surgeons and varnishers. Buyle. Such lords ill example do give,,

2. A disguiser ; an adorner. Where varlets and drabs so may live. Tusser. Modest dulness lurks in thought's disguise; They spy'd

Thou varnisber of fools, and cheat of all the A varlet running towards them hastily. Spenser.


Pope. 2. A scoundrel; a rascal. This word has VA'RVELS. No s. [vervelles, French.] Sile

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