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Yourself you so excel,
copious fume; except spelter, which fumes coWhen you vouchsafe to breathe my thought, piously, and thereby Aames.
Newton, That, like a spirit, with this spelí
TO SPEND. 7. a. (rpendan, Şaxon ; spero Of my own teaching I am caught. Waller.
dere, Italian.] Mild Lucina Then reach'd her midwife hands to speed the
1. To consume ; to exhaust; to waste.
Our cannons malice vainly shall be spent throes,
Against th' invulnerable clouds. Shakspeare, And spoke the pow'rful spells that babes to birth
I will very gladly spend and be spent for you. disclose. Dryden.
2 Corinthiansa 2. A turn of work; a vicissitude of labour.
There is oil in the dwelling of the wise, but a A low word.
foolish man spendeth it up.
Proverbia Their toil is so extreme as they cannot endure
We must exasperate it above four hours in a day, but are succeeded The almighty Victor to spend all his rage. Milt. by spells: the residue of the time they wear out Money is brought into England by nothing fat coytes and kayles.
but spending here less of foreign commodities To SPELL. v. a. pret. and part. pass.
than what we carry to market can pay for. Locke.
2. To bestow, as expence; to expend, as spelled or spelt. [spellen, Dutch.]
cost. 1. To write with the proper letters.
Wherefore do ye spend money for that which In the criticism of spelling, the word satire
is not bread?
Isaiab. ought to be with i, and not with y; and if this
be so, then it is false spelled throughout. Dryd. 3. To bestow for any purpose : often with 2. To read by naming letters singly.
u hon. I never yet saw man,
When we can intreat an hour to serve, How wise, how noble, young, how rarely featurd, Would spend it in some words upon chat business, But she would spell him backward; if fair fac'd, If you would grant the time. Sbakspeare. She'd swear the gentleman should be her sister. Eleutherius, perceiving that he was unwilling
to spend any more time upon the debate, thought 3. To charm.
not fit to make any mention to himn of the proI have you fast: posed opinion.
Boyte. Unchain your spirits now with spelling charms,
4. To effuse. And try if they can gain your liberty. Sbaksp.
Coward dogs This, gather'd in the planetary hour,
Most spend their mouths, when what they seem
to threaten With noxious weeds, and speli'd with words of pow'r,
Runs far before them.
Shakspeare. Dire stepdanies in the magic bowi infuse. Dryd. 5. To squander; to lavish. To SPELL, V. n.
The whole of our reflections terminate in this,
what course we are to take to pass our time; some 1. To form words of letters.
to get, and others to spend, their estates. Wake. What small knowledge was, in them did dwell; And he a god, who could but read or speil
. Dryd. 6. To pass; to suffer to pass away.
In those pastoral pastimes a great many days By pasting on the vowels and consonants on
were spent, to follow their flying predecessors. the sides of four dice, he has made this a play for his children, whereby his eldest son in coats
Sidney. has played himself into spelling.
They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.
Job. The Latin being written of the same charac
He spends his life with his wife, and rememter with the mother tongue, by the assistance
bereth neither father nor mother. 1 Esdras. of a spelling book it is legible. Spectator.
Say, for you saw us, ye immortal lights! Another cause, which hath maimed our lan,
How oft unwearied have we spent the nights, guage, is a foolish opinion that we ought to spell
Till the Ledæan stars, so fam'd for love, exactly as we speak.
Cowley. 2. To read.
When he was of riper years, for his farther If I read aught in heaven,
accomplishment, he spent a considerable part of Or heav'n write aught of fate, by what the stars, his time in travelling.
Pope. Voluminous or single characters,
7. To waste ; to wear out; to exhaust of In their conjunction met, give me to spell,
force. Sorrows and labours, opposition, hate, Attend thee.
The waves ascended and descended, till their When gowns, not arms, repell’d
violence being spent by degrees, they settled at
last. The tierce Epirore, and the African bold,
Burnet. Whether to settle peace, or to unfold
They bend their bows, they whirl their slings The drift of hollow states, hard to be spellid.
Milton. Heaps of spent arrows fall, and strew the ground. And may at last my weary age
Dryden. Find out the peaceful hermitage,
The winds are rais'd, the storm blows high; Where I may sit and rightly spell
Be it your care, my friends, to keep it up Of every star that heaven doch shew,
In its fullfury, and direct it right, And every herb that sips the dew. Milton.
Till it has spent itself on Cato's head. Addison. 3. To read unskilfully:
8. To fatigue ; to harass. As to his understanding, they bring him in
Nothing but only the hope of spoil did relieve void of all notion; a rude unwritten blank, them, having scarce clothes to cover their nakedsent into the world only to read and spell out a
ness, and their bodies spent with long labour God in the works of creation.
Or come your shipping in our ports to lay, To Spelt. v. n. To split; to break. A Spent and disabled in so long a way?
Dryden. bad word.
Our walls are thinly mann'd, our best men Feed geese with oats, spelted beans, barley
slain; meal, or ground malt mixed with beer. Mortim. The rest, an heartless number, spent with watchSPE'LTER. n. s. A kind of semimetal. Metals in fusien do not flame, for want of a
And harass'd out with duty.
Some spent with toil, some with despair ope very improperly called sperma, because press'd,
it is only the oil which comes from the Leap'd headlong from the heights; the flames
head of which it can be made. It is consum'd the rest.
changed from what it is naturally, the Wrestling with vice and faction; now thou see'st oil itself being very brown and rank.
The peculiar property of it is, to shoot Spent, overpower'd, despairing of success. Addis. into fakes, not much unlike the chry: To SPEND. V. n.
stallization of salts ; but in this state 1. To make expence.
it is yellow, and has a certain rankness, Henceforth your tongue must spend at lesser
from which it is freed by squeezing it berate, Than in its flames to wrap a nation's fate. Dryd.
tween warm metalline plates : at length He spends as a person who knows that he must
it becomes perfectly pure, inodorous, come to a reckoning.
South. faky, smooth, white, and in some mea. 2. To prove in the use.
Quincy. Butter spent as if it came from the richer soil. SPERMA'TICAL. adj. (spermatique, Fr.
Tempii. SPERMA’TICK. from sperm.] 3. To be lost or wasted.
1. Seminal; consisting of seed. The sound spendeth, and is dissipated in the
The primordials of the world are not mechaniopen air; but in such concaves it is conserved
cal, but spermatical or vital.
More. and contracted.
Metals and sundry meteors rude shapes have On mountains, it may be, many dews fall, that
no need of any particular principle of life, er spend before they come to the valleys. Bacon.
spermatical form, distinct from the rest or mo4. To be employed to any use.
tion of the particles of the matter. More. There have been cups and an image of Jupiter
2. Belonging to the sperm ; containing prade of wild vines; for the vines that they use for wine are so often cut, that their sap spendeth
sperm. into the grapes.
The moisture of the body, which did before SPE'NDER. n. s. [from spend.]
irrigate the parts, is drawn down to the spermatical vessels.
Bal.in. I. One who spends.
Two different sexes must concur to their geneLet not your recreations be lavish spenders of ration: there is in both a great apparatus of speryour time; but healthful, short, and apt to re- matick vessels, wherein the more spirituous part
Taylor. of the blood is by many digestions and circula2. A prodigal; a lavisher.
tions exalted into sperm.
Ray. Bishop Morton told the commissioners, who
To SPERMATIZE.V. n. (from sperm.] To were to levy the benevolence, if they met with any that were sparing, to tell them that they yield seed. must needs have, because they laid up; and if
Aristotle affirming that women do not sper they were spenders, they must needs have, be- matice, and confer a receptacle, rather than escause it was seen in their port and manner of sential principles of generation, deductively in. living.
Brows. SPE'NDTHRIFT. n. s. [spend and thrift.) SPERMATOCE'L E. n. s. [cniques and animit A prodigal ; a lavisher.
A rupture caused by the contraction of Bitter cold weather starved both the bird and the seminal vessels, and the semen falle the spendthrift.
Dryden. who gathers or treats of seeds. Dict. Most men, like spendthrift heirs, judge a little in hand better than a great deal to come. Locke.
TO SPERSE. v. a. (spersus, Lat.) To disThe son, bred in sloth, becomes a spendibrift, perse ; to scatter. Not in use. . a profligate, and goes out of the world a beggar.
The wrathful wind,
Which blows cold storms, burst out of Scythian SPE'R ABLE. adj. [sperabilis, Lat.] Such
That sperst those clouds, and in so short as as may be hoped. Not in use.
thought We may cast it away, if it be found but a
This dreadful shape was vanished to nought. bladder, and discharge it of so much as is vain
Spenser. and not sperable.
He making speedy way through spersed air, SPERM. n. s. [sperme, Fr. sperma, Lat.]
And thro' the world of waters wide and deep, Seed; that by which the species is con
To Morpheus' house doth hastily repair. tinued.
Fairy Queen. Some creatures bring forth many young ones To Spet. v. a. (spet in Scotland is a suat a burthen, and some but one: this may be
perabundance of water: as, that tide or caused by the quantity of sperm required, or by
fresh was a high spet.] To bring or pour the partitions of the womb, which may sever the
abundantly: sperm. There is required to the preparation of the
That ne'er art callid but when the dragon womb sperm of animals a great apparatus of vessels,
Of Stygian darkness spets her thickest gloom, many secretions, concoctions, reflections, and
And makes one blot of all the air, circulations.
Milton SPERMACE'TI. n. s. (Lat.] Corruptedly pronounced parmasitty.
To SPEW.v. a. (spepan, Sax. speuwen, A particular sort of whale affords the Dutch.] oil whence this is made; and that is 1. To vomit; to eject from the stomach.
A swordfish small him from the rest did sunder, finds fault with these authors, so far as they treat That in his throat him pricking softly under of matters within his spbere.
Addison His wide abyss, him forced forth to spew,
Ye know the spberes and various tasks assign'd That all the sea did roar like heaven's thunder, By laws eternal to th' ætherial kind. Pope. And all the waves were stain'd with filthy hue. The hermit's pray'r permitted, not approvd;
Spenser. Soon in an higher sýbere Eulogius mov'd. Harté 2. To eject; to cast forth.
TO SPHERE. v. a. [from the noun.]
The glorious planet Sol,
Amidst the rest, whose med'cinable eye And when the fouler bottom sperus the black, Corrects the ill aspects of planets evil. Sbaksp. The Stygian dye the tainted waters take. Dryd.
2. To form into roundness. 3. To eject with loathing.
Light from her native east Keep my statutes, and commit not any of these To journey through the airy gloom begin, abominations, that the land specu not you out. Spberd in a radiant cloud; for yet the sun Leviticus. Was not.
Milton, Contentious suits ought to be spewed out, as the surfeit of courts.
SPHERICAL. adj. [spherique, Fr. from TO SPEW. v. n. . To vomit; to ease the
1. Round; orbicular ; globular. He could have haul'd in
What descent of waters could there be in a The drunkards, and the noises of the inn:
spberical and round body, wherein there is nor But better 't was that they should sleep or space
high nor low?
Raleigh. Than in the scene to offend or him or you.
Though sounds spread round, so that there is Ben Jonson,
an orb or spherical area of the sound, yet they, SPE'w y. adj. [from spew.] Wet; fugxy.
go farthest in the forelines from the first local impulsion of the air.
Bacon. A provincial word.
By discernment of the moisture drawn up in The lower vallies in wet winters are so spervy, that they know not how to feed them. Mortim.
vapours, we must know the reason of the ospheric cal figures of the drops.
Glanville. To SPHA'CELATE. v. a. (from sphacelus, A Ruid mass necessarily falls into a spherical medical Latin.] To affect with a gan.
Where the central nodule was globular, the The long retention of matter spbacelates the
inner surface of the first crust would be spberick; brain.
acd if the crust was in all parts of the same thicke LO SPHA'CELATE. V. n. To mortify; to
ness, that whole crust would-be spberical.
W cadrvard. suffer the gangrene. . The skin, by the great distension, having been
2. Planetary ; relating to the orbs of the rendered very thin, will, if not taken away,
planets. spbacelate, and the rest degenerate into a can
We make guilty of our disasters the sun,
the cerous ulcer.
moon, and stars, as if we were villains by spberie SPHACELUS. n. s. [codx20; spbacele,
Sbak-peare. Fr.) A gangrene; a mortification. SPHE'RICALLY.adv. [from spherical.] In
It is the ground of inflammation, gangrene, form of a sphere. spbacelus.
Wizenan. SPHE'RICALNESS. 1. s. [from sphere.] SPHERE. n. so [sphere, Fr. sphera, Lat.] Sphericity. s Roundness ; rotun1. A globe ; an orbicular body; a body of
dity; globosity: which the centre is at the same distance Such bodies receive their figure and limits fron from every point of the circumference. such lets as hinder them from attaining to that First the sun, a mighty sphere, he fram'd sphericalness they aim at.
Digby. Milton. Water consists of small, smooth, spherical, 2. Any globe of the mundane system. particles: their smoothness makes 'em slip easily
What if within the moon's fair shining sphere, upon one another; the sphericity keeps 'em from What if in every other star unseen,
touching one another in more points than one. Of other worlds he happily should hear?
Cheynce Fairy Queen. SPHEROI'D. n. s. [opcīspa and 3 ; sphore And then mortal ears
oid-, Fr.) A body oblong or oblate, apHad heard the musick of the spheres. Dryden. proaching to the form of a sphere. 3. A globe representing the earth or sky.
They are not solid particles, by the necessity Two figures on the sides emboss'd appear; they are under to change their figures into obConon, and what's his name who made the
long spberoids, in the capillary vessels. Cheyne. sphere, And shew'd the seasons of the sliding year? Dry. SPHEROI’DICAL, adj. [from spberoid.] 4. Orb; circuit of motion.
Having the form of a spheroid. Half unsung, but narrower bound
If these corpuscles be spheroidical, or oval, Within the visible diurnal spber:. Milton,
their shortest diameters must not be much greater than those of light.
Cheyne. 3. [from the sphere of activity ascribed to
the power emanating from bodies.] Pro- SPHE'RULE. n.'s. [sphærula, Lat.) A little vince ; compass of knowledge or action;
Mercury is a collection of exceeding small, To be call'd into a huge sphere, and not to be vastly heavy, spberules.
Cheyne. seen to move in 't.
Shekspeare SPHINX, n. s. [opirs.) A famous monster of enemies he could not but contract good
in Egypt, that remainci by conjoined store, while moving in so high a sphere, and with so vigorous a lustre.
King Cbries. Nilus, having the face of a viririn, and Livery man, versed in any particulax business, the body of a lion.
$pr’AL. n. s. [espia!, Fr.) A spy; a scout ; newly extended or dressed at the cloth. a watcher. Obsolete.
iers, and spick and span is newly ex. His ears be as spials, alarum to crie. Tusser. tended on the spikes or tenters: it is He privy spials plac'd in all his way,
however a low word.) Quite new; To weet what course he takes, and how he fares.
now first used.
Spenser. For he by faithful spial was assur'd
While the honour thou hast got That Egypt's king was forward on his way.
Is spick and span new, piping hof,
Butler. Strike her up bravely.
Fairfax. Their trust towards them hath rather been as
They would have these reduced to nothing, to good spials and good whisperers, than good
and then others created spick and span new out Bacon. of nothing.
Burret. magistrates and officers. SPICE. n. s. [espices, French.)
I keep no antiquated stuff;
But spick and span I have enough. Swift: 1. A vegetable production, fragrant to the Spi'ckNEL or Spignel. n. s. [meum, Lat.] smell and pungent to the palate ; an aro
The herb maldmony or bearwort. Dict. matick substance used in sauces.
Spico'sity. n. so [spica,.Lat.) The quaDang'rous rocks, Which, touching but my gentle vessel's side,
lity of being spiked like ears of corn; Would scatter all the spices on the stream.
fulness of ears.
Dict. Shakspeare. Sei'cy. adj. [from spice.] Is not manhood, learning, gentleness, and vir- 1. Producing spice; abounding with arotue, the spice and salt that seasons a man? Shak.
maticks. Garlick, the northern spice, is in mighty re
Offat sea north-east winds blow quest among the Indians.
Sabaan odour, from the spicy shore High sauces and rich spices are fetched from
Of Araby the blest; with such delay the Indies.
Well pleas'd they slack their course; and many 2. A small quantity, as of spice to the
a league, thing seasoned.
Cheer'd with the grateful smell, old ocean smiles. Think what they have done,
Milton. And then run stark mad; for all
For them the Idumaan balm did sweat, Thy by-gone fooleries were but spices of it. And in hot Ceilon spicy forests grew. Dryden.
Sbakspeare. 2. Aromatick; having the qualities of spice. It containeth singular relations, not without The regimen in this disease ought to be of spicy some spice or sprinkling of all learning. Brown.
and cephalick vegetables, to dispel the viscosity. So in the wicked there 's no vice,
debutbrot. Of which the saints have not a spice. Hudibras. Under southern skies exalt their sails, TO SPICE. v. a. [from the noun.] To sea. Led by new stars, and borne by spicy gales. Pope. son with spice; to mix with aromatick SPIDER. 1. s. [Skinner thinks this word bodies.
softened from spinder, or spinner, from His mother was a vot'ress of my order,
spin: Junius, with his usual felicity, And in the spiced Indian air by night
dreams that it comes from origrov, to Full often she hath gossip'd by my side. Shaksp. extend; for the spider extends his web.
With a festivall
Perhaps it comes from spieden, Dutch, With flowrie poysons.
spesden, Danish, to spy, to lie upon the These hymns may work on future wits, and so catch. Dor, dona, Saxon, is a beetle, May great-grandchildren of thy praises grow; or properly a humble bee, or stingless bee. And so, though not revive, embalm and spice May not spider be spy dor, the insect The world, which else would putrify with vice.
that watches the dor?] The animal that
spins a web for dies.
More direful hap beride that hated wretch, Of cloves and nutmegs, and in cinnamon sail, If thou hast wherewithal to spice a draught,
Than I can wish to adders, spiders, toads. Shats When griefs prevail?
The spider's web to watch we'll stand,
And, when it takes the bee, Spi'cer. n.s. [from spice.] One who deals
We'll help out of the tyrant's hand in spice.
The innocent to free.
Draytas. Names have been derived from occupations, 25
Insidious, restless, watchful, spider, Salter and Spicer.
Fear no officious damsel's broom; Spi'ceRY. n. s. [espiceries, Fr. from spice.] Extend thy artful fabrick wider, 1. The commodity of spices.
And spread thy banners round my room: Their camels were loaden with spicery, and While I thy curious fabrick stare at, balm, and myrrh.
Raleigh. And think on hapless poet's fate,
Like thee contin'd to noisome garret,
And rudely banish'd rooms of state. Dr. Little. Europe and Africk, and the unknown rest,
The spider's touch how exquisitely fine! Were easily found. Donne. Feels at each thread, and lives along the line.
Popes 2. A repository, of spices.
The spicery, the cellar and its furniture, are SPI'DERCATCHER. n. s. [from spider and too well known to be here insisted upon. Addis. catcher ; picus murarius, Lat.) A bird. SPICK and Sean, [This word I should SPI'DERWORT. n. s. [sphalangium, Lat.]
not have expected to have found au- A plant with a lily-flower, composed of thorized by a polite writer. Span-new six petals.
Miller. is used by Chaucer, and is supposed to SPI'GNE1, n. s. A plant. See SPICKNÉL. come from spannan, to stretch, Saxon; SPI'GOT. n. s. [spijcker, Dut.) A pin or expandere, Latin ; whence span. Span- peg put into the faucet to keep in the nesu is therefore originally used of cluth liquor.
Base Hungarian wight, wilt thou the spigot
Friend or brother, wield
Sbakspears He forfeits his own blood that spillo another, Take out the spigot, and clap she point in
Sbakspeare. your mouth.
Swift. Themselves exact their cruelty, SPIKE. n. s. [spica, Latin.]
And I constrained am this blood to spill. Daniel. J. An ear of corn.
They having spill'd much blood, and dono Drawn up in ranks and files, the bearded spikes
much waste, Guard it from birds, as with a stand of pikes.
Subduing nations; and achiev'd thereby
Fame in the world, high eitles, and rich prey;
Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and He tramples down the spikes, and intercepts the
Medea must not draw her murth'ring knife, year.
Roscommon. Spike after spike, their sparing harvest pick.
Orbellan did disgrace
Thomson. 2. A long nail of iron or wood; a long
With treach'rous deeds our mighty mother's
race; rod of iron sharpened : so called from
And to revenge his blood, so justly spilt, its similitude to an ear of corn.
What is it less than to partake his guilt? Dryd. For the body of the ships, no nation equals
Nor the Centaur's tale England for the oaken timber; and we need not Be here repeated; how, with lust and wine borrow of any other iron for spikes, or nails to Infiam'd, they fought and spilt their drunken fasten them.
souls The head of your medal would be seen to At feasting hour.
Pbilipi. more advantage, if it were placed on a spike of 2. To destroy; to mischief. the tower.
Thus is our thought with pain of thistle tilled, He wears on his head the corona radiata, an- Thus be our noblest parts dried up with sorrow; other type of his divinity: the spikes that shoot Thus is our mind with too much minding spilled. out represent the rays of the sun. Addison,
Sidney. Spike.n. $. A smaller species of lavender. Why are you so fierce and cruel?
The oil of spike is much used by our artificers Is it because your eyes have power to kill? in their varnishes; but it is generally adulterat- Then know that mercy is the Mighty's jewel, ed.
Hill. And greater glory think to save than spill. Speris. To SPIKE. v. a. (from the noun.]
Thou all-shaking thunder, 1. To fasten with long nails.
Crack nature's mould, all germins spill at once Lay long flanks upon them, pinned or spiked
That make ingrateful man. Sbalspure. down to the pieces of oak on which they lie.
Be not angry with these fires;
For then their threats will kill me :
Nor look too kind on my desires; sing them down fast.
For then my hopes will spill me. B.Jonsor.
All bodies are with other bodies tillid; 2. To set with spikes.
But she receives both heav'n and earth together: A youth, leaping over the spiked pales, was
Nor are their forms by rash encounters spill'd; suddenly frighted down, and in his falling he was catched by those spikes.
For there they stand, and neither coucich either.
Davies. 3. To make sharp at the end.
3. To throw away. SPI'KENARD, n. s. [spica nardi, Lat.) A
This sight shall dampthe raging ruffian's breast, plant; and the oil or balsam produced The poison spill, and half-drawn sword arrest. from the plant.
Tickel. It grows plentifully in Java. It has To SPILL. V. n. been known to the medical writers of 1. To waste; to be lavish.
Hill. Thy father bids chee spare, and chides for A woman, having an alabaster box of oint- spilling:
Sidney. ment of spikenard, brake and poured it on his
2. To be shed ; to be lost by being shed. head.
Mark. He was so topfull of himself, that he let it He cast into the pile bundles of myrrh, and spill on all the company: he spoke well indeed, sheaves of spikenard, enriching it with every
but he spoke too long.
Watts. spicy shrub.
Spectator. SPI'LLER. n. s. [1 know not whence des SPILL. n. s. (spijlen, Dutch.]
rived.] A kind of fishing line. 1. A small sbiver of wood, or thin bar of In harbour they are taken by spillers made of iron.
a cord, to which divers shorter are tied at a The oysters, besides gathering by hand, have litele distance, and to each of these a hook is a peculiar dredge, which is a thick strong net,
fastened, with a bait: this spiller they sink in
the sea where those fishes have their accustomfastened to three spills of iron, and drawn at the boat's stern.
Carew, Have near the bunghole a little venthole, Spiltu. n. s. [from spill.] Any thing stopped with a spill.
Mortimer. poured out or wasted. 7. A small quantity of money. I know Our vaults have wept with drunken spilth of not whence derived.
Sbakspeare. The bishops, who consecrated this ground, To SPIN. v. a. pret. spun or span; part. were wont to have a spill or sportule from the spun. (rpınnan, Saxon ; spinnen, Dut.] credulous laity.
Ayliffe. 1. To draw out into threads. TO SPILL. v. a. [rpillan, Saxon; spillen, The women spun goats hair. Exodus. Dutch ; spilla, Islandick.)
2. To forin threads by drawing out and 1. To shed; to lose by shedding.
twisting any filamentous matier. Be satisfied, dear God, withour true blood, You would be another Penelope; yet all the Wiwicei, as thou know'st, unjustly must be spilt. yarn she spun, in Ulysse.'s absence, did but till Shuksp.ara. Ithaca full ot' moths.