« הקודםהמשך »
prodigious knowledge, to oversee Persia and From amidst them forth he pass'd, Grecia of old; or if any such superintend the af Long way through hostile scorn; which he fairs of Great Britain now,
sustain'd SUPERINTENDENCE. I n. s. [from super Superior, nor of violence fear'd ought. Milten. SUPERINTE'NDENCY.S and intend.]
Here passion tirst I felt,
Commotion strange! in all enjoyments else Superiour care; the act of overseeing
Superior and unmov'd.
Milton, with authority.
There is not in earth a spectacle more worthy Such an universal superintendency has the eye than a great man superiour to his sufferings. and hand of Providence over all, even the most
Spectater. minute and inconsiderable things. South.
SUPE'RIOUR. n. s. One more excellent or The divine providence, which hath a visible
dignified than another. respect to the being of every man, is yet more
T'hose under the great officers of state have observable in its superintendency over societies.
more frequent opportunities for the exercise of An admirable indication of the divine super
benevolence than their supcriours. Spectator. intendence and management. Derbam. SUPERLATION. n. s. [superlatio, Latin.] SUPERINTE'NDENT. n. s.[superintendant, Exaltation of any thing beyond truth or
French ; from superintend.] One who propriety: overlooks others authoritatively.
There are words that as much raise a style as Next to Bsama, one Deuendre is the superin others can depressit; superlation and overmuchtendent deity, who hath many more under him. ness amplilies: it may be above faith, but not Stillingfeet. above a mean.
Ben Jensen. The worlů pays a natural veneration to men of virtue, and rejoice to see themselves con
SUPE'RLATIVE. adj. [superlatif, Fr. Stie ducted by those who act under the care of a perlativus, Latin.] Supreme Being, and who think themselves ac 1. Implying or expressing the highest decountable to the great Judge and Superintendent
gree. of human affairs.
It is an usual way to give the superlative unte SUPERIO'RITY, n. s. [from superiour.] things of eminence; and, when a thing is very Pre-eminence; the quality of being great, presently to define it to be the greatest of
Brooch. greater or higher than another in any
Some have a violent and turgid manner of respect.
talking and thinking; they are always in exBellarmine makes the formal act of adoration
tremes, and pronounce concerning every thing to be slujection to a superiour; but he makes
in the superlative,
Watk. the mere apprehension of excellency to include the formal reason of it; whereas mere excel
2. Rising to the highest degree. Jercy without superiority doth not require any
The high court ef parliament in England is subjection, but only estimation.
Bacon Stilling feet.
superlative. I'lle person who advises, does in that par
Martyrdoms I reckon amongst miracles; beticular exercise a superiority over us, thinking
cause they seem to exceed the strength of huus defective in our conduct or understanding.
man nature; and I may do the like of superlaSpectator.
tive and admirable holiness. SUPE'RIOUR. adj. [supérieur, French;
The generality of its reception is with many
the persuading argument of its superletive desuperior, Latin.]
sert; and common judges measure excellency by 1. Higher; greater in dignity or excel numbers.
Glanguillé. lence; preferable or preferred to an Ingratitude and compassion never cohabit in other.
the same breast; which shews the superlative In commending another, you do yourself
malignity of this vice, and the baseness of the
Sextb. right; for he that you commend is either supe
mind in which it dwells. riour to you in that you commend, or inferiour: SUPE'RLATIVELY. adv. [from superla. if he be inferiour, if he be to be commended, tive.] you much more: if he be superiour, if he be not to be commended, you much less glorious.
1. In a manner of speech expressing the Bacon.
highest degree. Although superior to the people, yet not supe
I shall not speak superlatively of them; but rior to their own voluntary engagements once
that I may truly say, they are second to none in passed from them.
the christian world. Heaven takes part with the oppressed, and
2. In the highest degree. tyrants are upon their behaviour to a superior Tiberius was bad enough in his youth; but power.
superlatively and monstrously so in his old age; Superior beings above us, who enjoy perfect happiness, are more steadily determined in their The Supreme Being is a spirit most excellently choice of good than we, and yet they are not less glorious, superlatively powerful, wise and good, happy or less tree than we are.
Bentley He laughs at men of far superior understand- SUPE'RLA TIVENESS. n. s. [from superla. ings to his, for not being as well dressed as him
tive.] The state of being in the highest 2. Upper; higher locally.
degree. By the refraction of the second prism, the SUPER LU'NAR. adj. [super and luno.] breadth of the image was not increased; but its Not sublunary; placed above the moon; superior part, which in the first prism suffered not of this world. the greater refraction, and appeared violet and The mind, in metaphysicks, at a loss, blue, did again in the second prism sotter a May wander in a wilderness of moss; greater retraction than its inferiour part, which The head that turns at superlurar things, appeared red and yellow.
Pois'd with a tail, may stéer ou Wilkins' wings 3. Free from emotion or concern; unCORquered ; unafiected.
SUPE'RN A L. adj. [supernus, Latin.]
1. Having a higher position ; locally above In sixty-three years there may be lost eigh
teen days, omitting the intercalation of one day us. By heaven and earth was meant the solid
every fourth year, allowed for this quadrant or six hours supernumerary.
Brown, matter and substance, as well of all the heavens
The odd or supernumerary six hours are not and orbs supernal, as of the globe of the earth, and waters which covered it.
Holder. 2. Relating to things above; placed above; Besides occasional and supernumerary adcelestial; heavenly.
dresses, Hammond's certain perpetual returns Thai supernal Judge that stirs good thoughts exceeded David's seven times a day. Fell. In any breast of strong authority,
The produce of this tax is adequate to the To look into the blots and stains of right. Shaks. services for which it is designed, and the adHe with frequent intercourse
ditional tax is proportioned to the supernumerary Thither will send his winged messengers,
expence this year.
Addison. On errands of supernal grace.
Milton. Antiochus began to augment his feet; but Both glorying to have scap'd the Stygian tlood, the Ruman senate ordered his supernumerary As gods, and by their own recover'd strength, vessels to be burnt.
Arbuthnot. Not by the suff'rance of supernal power. Milt. A supernumerary canon is one who does not SUPERNA'TANT. adj. [supernatans, receive any of the profits or emoluments of the Latin.] Swimming above.
church, but only lives and serves there on a fu. Whilst the substance continued fuid, I could ture expectation of some prebend. Ayliffe. shake it with the supernatant menstruum, with- SU'PER PLANT. N. s. [ super and plant.] A out making between them any true union. plant growing upon another plant.
Bayle. No superplant is a formed plant but misletoe. SUPERNATA’TION. n. s. [from supernato,
Bacon. Lat.] The act of swimming on the top
SU'PERFLUSAGE. ». 5. [super and plus, of any thing.
Lat.) Something more than enough. Touching the supernatation of bodies, take of After this there yet remained a superplusage aquafortis two ounces, of quicksilver two drams,
for the assistance of the neighbouring parishes. the dissolution will not bear a flint as big as a
Bacon. To SUPER PO'NDERATE. v. a. [super and Bodies are differenced by supernetation, as pondero, Lat.] To weigh over and above. floating on water; for chrystal will sink' in
Dict. water, as carrying in its own bulk a greater SUPER PROPO'RTION. n. s. [super and ponderosity than the space of any water it doth occupy; and will therefore oniy swim in molten proportio, Lat.] Overplus of proportion. metal and quicksilver.
No defect of velocity, which requires as great SUPERNA’TURAL, adj. (super and na a super proportion in the cause, can be overcome
in an instant. tural.] Being above the powers of na
SUPERPURGATION.n. s.[superpurgation, ture. There resteth either no way unto salvation,
Fr. super and purgation.] More purga. or, if any, then surely a way which is supern
tion than enough. tural, a way which could never have entered There happening a superpurgation, he declined into the heart of a man, as much as once to the repeating of that
Wiseman, sonceive or imagine, if God himself had not re SUPERREFLE’XION. n. s. [super and revealed it extraordinarily; for which cause we flexion.] Reflection of an image reterm it the mystery or secret way of salvation.
Place one glass before and another behind, When supernatural duties are necessarily ex
you shall see the glass behind with the image acted, natural are not rejected as needless.
within the glass before, and again the glass bea Hooker.
fore in that, and divers such superreflexions, till The understanding is secured by the perfection of its own nature, or by supernatural as
the species speciei at last die.
Bacon. Tillotson. SUPERSA'LIENCY. n. s. [super and salio, Ne san can give any rational account how ii Lat. This were better written superis posssible that such a general food should
siliencz.] The act of leaping upon any come, by any natural means. And if it be supernatural, that grants the thing I am proving,
Their coition is by supersaliency, like that of namely, such a supreme being as can alter the
horses. coure of nature. Wilkins.
Brown. What mists of providence are these,
To SUPERSCRI'BE.v.a. [super and scribo, Through which we cannot see?
Lat.] To inscribe upon the top or outSo saints by supernatural power set free
side. Are left at last in martyrdom to die. Dryden. Fabretti and others believe, that by the tico SUPER NA'TURALLY. adv. (from super Fortunes were only meant in general the god
natural.) In a manner above the course dess who sent prosperity or atřictions, and proor power of nature.
duce in their behalf an ancient monument, sie
Addison. The Son of God came to do every thing in miracle, to love supernaturally, and to pardon in
SÚPERSCRIPTION. 1. s. [super and scripfinitely, and even to lay down the Sovereign tio, Latin.] while he assumed the Saviour.
Soutb. 1. The act of superscribing. SUPER NU'MERARY. adj. [supernumeraire, 2. That which is written on the top or
Fr. super and numerus, Lat.] Being above outside. a stated, a necessary, an usual, or a
Doth this churlish superscription round number.
Portend some alteration in good will. Shaksp. Well if thrown out, as supernumerary
Read me the superscription of these letters; I To my just number found!
know not which is which. Shakspeare.
No s::perscriptions of fame,
1. Addicted to superstition ; full of idle Of honour or good name. Suckling
fancies or scruples with regard to reI learn of my experience, not by talk, How counterfeit a coin they are who friends
ligion. Bear in their superscription ; in prosperous days
At the kindling of the fire, and lighting of They swarm, but in adverse withdraw their head. candles, they say certain prayers, and use some
other superstitious rites, which shew that they hoe It is enough her stone nour the tire and the light.
Spenser. May honour'd be with superscription
Have I Of the sole lady, who had power to move
Been out of fondness superstitious to him? The great Northumberland.
Nature's own work it seemd, nature taught To SUPERSE'de, v.a. (super and sedeo,
art, Lat.] To make void or ineficacious by And, to a superstitious eye, the hauns superiour power; to set aside.
Of wood-gods and wood-nympbs. Milton. Passion is the drunkenness of the mind, and
A venerable wood, therefore in its present workings not controul
Where rites divine were paid, whose holy hair şble by reason; for as much as the proper etiect
Was kept and cut with superstitious care. Dryd. of it is, for the time, to supersede the workings of
2. Over-accurate; scrupulous beyond need.
South. SUPERSTITIOUSLY. adv. [from superstiIn this genuine acceptation of chance, nothing tious.] is supposed that can supersede the known laws of
1. In a superstitious manner; with errone. natural motion.
Bentley SUPERSE'DE AS. n. s. [In law.]
ous religion, A writ which lieth in divers and sun.
There reigned in this island a king, whose
memory of all others we most adore; not superdry cases; in all which it signifies a com stitiously, but as a divine instrument. Bacon. mand or request to stay or forbear the 2. With too much care. doing of that which in appearance of
Neither of these methods should be too scru. law were to be done, were it not for the
pulously and superstitiously pursued.
Watts. cause whereupon the writ is granted :
a. (super and for example, a man regularly is to have
strain.] To strain beyond the just surety of peace against him of whom stretch. he will swear that he is afraid ; and
In the straining of a string, the further it is the justice required hereunto cannot
strained, the less superstraining goeth to a note.
Bacon, deny him: yet if the party be formerly To SUPERSTRU'CT. v. a. [superstruo, bound to the peace, in chancery or else
superstructus, Lat.) To build upon any where, this writ lieth to stay the justice thing. from doing that which otherwise he Two notions of fundamentals may be conceir. might not deny.
Cowell. ed, one signifying that whereon our eternal bliss The far distance of this county from the court is immediately superstructed, the other whereon hath atíorded it a supersedeas from takers and our obedience to the faith of Christ is founded. purveyours. Carew.
If his habit of sin have not corrupted his prin. SUPER SE'RVICE ABLE. adj. [super and
ciples, the vicious christian may ihink it rea. serviceable.] Overoflicious; more than sonable to reform, and the preacher may hope is necessary or required.
to superstruct good life upon such a foundation. A glass-gazing, suporserviceablo, finical rogue.
Назя глеnd. Shakspeare. This is the only proper basis on which to see SUPERSTI'TION. n. s. [superstition, Fr. perstruct first innocency, and then virtue. superstitio, Latin.]
Decay of Pirty. 1. Unnecessary fear or scruples in reli. SUPERSTRUCTION. n. s. [from supergion; observance of unnecessary and un.
struct.] An edifice raised on any thing. commanded rites or practices; religion
I want not to improve the honour of the liv.
ing by impairing that of the dead; and my own without morality.
profession hath taught me not to erect new seu A rev'rent fear, such si:perstition reigns
Denban. Among the rude, ev'n then possess'd the swains. SÚPERSTRU'CTIVE, adj. [from super
perstructions upon an old ruin.
Dryden. 2. Rite or practice proceeding from scru
struct.) Built upon something else.
He that is so sure of his particular election, as pulous or timorous religion. In this
to resolve he can never fail, must necessarily resense it is plural.
solve, that what were drunkenness in another, They the truth
is not so in him; and nothing but the removing With supersiitions and traditions taint. Miltor. his fundamental error can rescue him froin the If we had a religion that consisted in absurd
superstructive, be it never so gross.
Hammonde superstitions, that had no regard to the perfectión of our nature, people might well be glad to SUPERSTRUCTURE. 1.s. [super and struchave some part of their life excused from it. ture.] That which is raised or built upon
Law. something else. 3. False religion ; reverence of beings not He who builds upon the present, builds upon
proper objects of reverence; false wor. the narrow compass of a point; and where the ship.
foundation is so narrow, the superstructure cannot be high and strong 100.
South, They had certain questions against him of their own superstition.
Purgatory was not known in the primitive
church, and is a superstructure upon the christo Over-nicety; exactness too scrupulous.
Tillsises. SUPERSTI'Tious. adj. [superstitieux, Fr. You have added to your natural endowment superstitiosus, Latin.]
the superstructures of study.
SUPERSUBSTA'NTIAL. adj. [s:sper and 3. Negligent; careless: indolent; drowsy;
substantial.] More than substantial. thoughtless; inattentive. SUPERVACA'NEOUS. adj. [superva.
These men suffer by their absence, silence, caneus, Latin.] Superfluous; needless;
negligence, or sapine credulity. King Charles.
Suspine amidst our flowing store unnecessary; serving to no purpose. We slept securely.
Supire in Sylvia's snowy arms he lies, SUPER VACA'NEOUSLY, adv. (from the And all the busy cares of life deties. Tatler. adjective.) Needlessly.
He became pusillanimous and supine, and SUPERVACA'NEOUSNESS. n. s. (from the
openly exposed to any temptation. ñ vodevard. adjective.] Needlessness. Bailey. Su'PINE. n. s. [supin, Fr. supinum, Latin. ) TO SUPERVENE. V
v. n. (supervenio, Lat.] In grammar, a term signifying a partis To come as an extraneous addition, cular kind of verbal noun.
His good-will, when placed on any, was so SUPI'NELY. adv. [from supine.] fixed and rooted, that even supervening vice, to 1. With the face upward. which he had the greatest detestation imaginable, could not easily remove it.
2. Drowsily; thoughtlessly; indolently. Such a mutual gravitation can never superveno
Who on the beds of sin supinely lie, to matter, unless impressed by a divine power.
They in the summer of their age shall die.
The old imprison'd king, SUPERVENIENT.adj. (superveniens, Lat.) Whose lenity first pleas'd the gaping crowd; Added ; additional.
But when long try d, and found sapinely good, If it were unjust to murder John, the super Like Æsop's log, they leape upon his back. venient oath did not extenuate the fact, or ob
Dryder. lige the juror unto it.
Brown. He panting on thy breast supine, lies, That branch of belief was in him supervenient While with thy heav’nly form he feeds his fato christian practice, and not all christian prace
Digurno tice built on that.
Wilt thou tben repine SUPERVENTION. n. s. [from supervene.]
To labour for thyself? and rather chuse The act of supervening.
To lie supinely, hoping heaven will bliss
Thy slighted fruits, and give thee bread unT. SUPERVI'SĖ. v. a. (super and visus,
Philips Latin.) To overlook; to oversee; to Beneath a verdant laurel's shade, intend.
Horace, immortal bard! suspinely said. Prior. M. Bavle speaks of the vexation of the super- SUPI'NENESS. n. s. [from supin..] vising of the press, in terms so feeling that they
Congreve. move compassion.
I. Posture with the face upward.
2. Drowsiness; carelessness; indolence. Supervi'sor. n. s. [from supervise.] An When this door is open to let dissenters in,
overseer; an inspector; a superintend considering their industry and our supintxess, ant.
they may in a very few years grow to a majority A supervisor may signify an overseer of the in the house of commons.
Szijn. poor, an inspector of the customs, a surveyor of SUPI'NITY. n. s. [from supine.] the highways, a supervisor of the excise. Watts.
1. Posture of lying with the face upward. How satisfy'd, my lord!
2. Carelessness; indolence; thoughtlessWould you be supervisor, grossly gape on?
Sbakspeare. I am informed of the author and supervisors
The fourth cause of errour is a supinity or of this pamphlet.
neglect of enquiry, even in matters wherciii we To SUPERVI'VE. v. n. (sufer and vivo,
doubt, rather believing than going to see.
Broton. Latin.] To live; to outlive. Upon what principle can the soul be imagined SUPPEDA’NEOUS. adj. [sub and pes, Lat.
Placed under the feet. to be naturally morial, or what revolutions in nature will it not be able to resist and super
He had slender legs, but encreased by riding vite?
after meals; that is, the humour descended upon SUPINA'TION. n. s. [supination, Fr. from
their pendulosity, they having no support or suppeduneous stability,
Brora, supino, Lat.] The act of lying, or state
SU'PPER. N. s. [souper, Fr. See Sup] of being laid, with the face upward. SUPINE. adj. [supinus, Latin.]
The last meal of the day;, the evening 1. Lying with the face upward : opposed
To-night we hold a solemn supper. Shaksp. to prone:
I'll to my book: Upon these divers positions in man, wherein
For yet, ere supper-time, must I perform the spine can only be at right lines with the
Shakspeare. thigh, arise those remarkable postures, prone, supine, and erect.
The hour of sopper comes unearn'd. Milton.
His physicians, after his great fever that he had 'At him he lanc'd his spear, and pierc'd his
in Oxford, required him to eat suppers.
Fell, breast; On the hard earth the Lycian knock'd his head, SUPPER LESS. adj. [from supper.] WantAnd lay supine; and forth the spirit ficd. Dryd. ing supper; fasting at night. What advantage hath a man by this erection
Suppose a man's going supperless to bed should above other animals, the faces of most of them
introduce him to the table of some great prince. being more supine than ours? Ray.
She ey'd the bard, where supperless he sat, 2. Leaning backward with exposure to the
And pin'd, unconscious of his rising fate. Pope. If the vine
TO SUPPLANT. v. a. [supplanter, Fr. On rising ground be plac'd, or hills supine,
sub and planta, Latin.] Extend tay loose battalions.
Dryden. I. To trip up the heels.
His legs entwining
To SU'PPLE. v. n. To grow soft; to grow Lach other, till supplanted down he fell;
pliant. A monstrous serpent on his beily prone. Milt.
The stones The thronging populace with lasty strides
Did first the rigour of their kind expel, Obstruct the easy way; the rocking town
And suppled into softness as they fell. Dryden. Supplants their footsteps; to and fro they reel.
SU'PPLEMENT. n. s. [supplement, Fr. 2. To displace by stratagem; to turn out.
supplementum, Latin. ] It is Philoclea his heart is set upon; it is my
1. Addition to any thing by which its de daughter I have borne to supplant me. Sidney.
fects are supplied. Upon a just survey, take Titus' part,
Unto the word of God, being in respect of that And so suppiant us for in ratitude. Sbakspeare. end for which God ordained it, perfect, exact, 2. To displace; to overpower; to force
and absolute in itself, we do not add reason as a away:
supplement of any maim or defect therein, but as If it be fond, call it a woman's fear;
a necessary instrument, without which we could Which fear, it better reasons can supplent,
not reap by the scriptures perfection that fruit
Hooter. I will subscribe, and say, I wrong'd the duke.
and benefit which it yieldeth. Sbarspeare.
His blood will atone for our imperfection, his Suspecting that the courtier had supplanted
righteousness be imputed in supplement to what
Fell. the friends
is lacking in ours.
Instructive sacire, true to virtue's cause! 4. The sense in this passage seems to be
Thou shining suf plement of publick laws! Young mistaken. For such doctrines as depend merely upon in
2. Store ; supply: Not in use.
We had not spent stitution and the instruction of others, men do
Our ruddie wine a ship-board; supplement frequently differ both from themselves and from
Of large sort each man to his vessel drew. one another about them; because that which
Cbapaan. can plant, can supplant.
SUPPLEME'NTAL. adj. [from suppleSUPPLA'NTER.n.s. [from supplant.] One SUPPLEME'NTARY. S ment.] Additional;
that supplants; one that displaces. such as may supply the place of what SU'PPLE. adj. [souple, French.)
is lost or wanting. 1. Pliant; flexible.
Supplemental acts of state were made to supe The joints are more supple to all feats of ac ply defects of law; and so tonnage and poundage uvity in youth than afterwards. Bacon.
were collected, Will ye submit your necks, and chuse to bend Divinity would not then pass the yard and The supple knee?
Milton. loom, nor preaching be taken in as an easier sup And sometimes went, and sometimes ran plementary trade, by those that disliked the pains With supple joints, as lively vigour led. Milton.
of their own.
Decay of l'isty. No women are apter to spin linen well than Provide his brood, next Smithfield fair, the Irish, who, labouring little in any kind with With supplemental hobby horses; their hands, have their fingers more supple and
And happy be their infant courses. Prior soft than other women of the poorer condition SUẤPPLEXESS, n. so [souplesse, Fr, from in England.
Temple. supple.] 2. Yielding; sost; not obstinate.
1. Pliantness; flexibility; readiness to take When we've stuff'd
any form. These pipes and these conveyances of blood
The fruit is of a pleasant taste, caused by the With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls suppleness and gentleness of the juice, being this Than in our priestlike fasts.
Sbakspears. which maketh the boughs also so tiexibie. Bacon. Ev'n sotter than thy own, of suppler kind, 2. Readiness of compliance ; facility. More exquisite of taste, and more than man re
Study gives strength to the mind, conversation fin'd.
grace; the first apt to give stiffness, the other If punishment reaches not the mind, and
Temple. makes not the will supple, it hardens the offender.
A compliance and suppleness of their wuls,
being by a steady hand introduced by parents, 3. Flattering; fawning ; bending,
will seem natural to them, preventing all occaThere is something so supple and insinuating sions of struggling.
Lecce. in this absurd unnatural doctrine, as makes it
extremely agreeable to a prince's ear. Addison. Su'PPLETOR Y. adj. [from suppleo, Lat.) 4. That which makes supple.
Brought in to fill up deficiencies. Each part depriy'd of supple government, ŞU'PPLETORY. n. s. [suppletorium, Lat.] Shall stiti, and stark, and cold appear, like death. That which is to fill up deficiencies.
Sladspeare. That suppletory of an implicit belief is by Roe To SU'PPLE. v.a. [from the adjective.] manists conceived sutficient for those not capa1. To make pliant; to make soft; to make ble of an explicit.
SU'PPLIANT. adj. [suppliant, Fr.] En. Poultices allaying pain drew down the hu treating ; beseeching ; precatory; submours, and suppled the parts, thereby making missive. the passages wider.
To those legions your levy
Must be suppliant.
To bow and sue for grace with suppliant knee. 2. To make compliant.
Miltsa. Knaves having, by their own importunate suit, The rich grow suppliant, and the poor grow Convinc'd or suppled them, they cannot chuse,
proud: But they must blab.
Shakspeare. Those offer mighty gain, and these ask more. A mother persisting till she had bent her
Dryden. daughter's mind, and suppled her will, the only
Constant to his first decree, end of correction, she established her authority To bow the haughty neck, and raise the sapo thoroughly ever after,