« הקודםהמשך »
1. Placed or situate under.
a verb is called by grammarians the subTh' eastern tower, ject of the verb.
Clarke. Whose height commands, as subject, all the vale
SÚBJECTION. 1. s. [from subject.) To see the fight.
1. The act of subuluing: 2. Living under the dominion of anoiher. Esau was never subject to Jacob, but founded
After the conquest of the kingdom, and suba distinct people and government, and was him.
jection of the rebels
, enquiry was made who there Locke.
were, that, tisliting against the king, had saved self prince over them.
themselves by night.
Hak. Christ, since his incarnation, has been subject
2. [sujetiion, French.) The state of being to the laticr; and will be so also in his human capacity, after he has delivered up his mediato under government. rial kingdom.
Waterland. Because the subjection of the body to the will 3. Exposed ; liable ; obnoxious.
is by natural necessity, the sinjection of the will Most subject is the fattest soil to veeds;
unto God voluntary, we therefore stand in need
of direction after what sort our wilis and desires And he the noble image or my youth
Shakspears. Is overspread with thein.
Hooker. may be righily conformed is lis.
How hard it is now for him to frame himself All human things are subject to decay, And when fate summons monarchs must obey.
to subjection, that, having once ser before his eyes Dryden.
the hope of a kingdom, nath found encourage4. Being that on which any action operates,
Euth in subjection now to sensual appetite. whether intellecival or material.
M:110n. I enter into the subject matter of my discourse. SUBJECTIVE. adi. [from subiect.] Re.
lating not to the object, but the subject. SU'BJECT. n. s. [sujet, French ]
Certainty, according to the schools, is distin1. One who lives under the dominion of
guished into objective and subjective: object. another : opposed to governour.
ive is when the proposition is certainly true Every subject's duty is the king's,
in itself; and subjective, when we are certain of But every subject's soul is his own. Shakspeare. the truth of it.
Wis. Never subject long’d to be a king,
SUBINGRESSION. n. s. [sub and ingressus, As I do long and wish to be a subject. Sbaksp.
Latin.) Secret entrance. Those I call subjects which are governed by the
The pressure of the ambient air is strengthened ordinary laws and magistrates of the sovereign.
upon the accession of the air sucked out; which
forceth the neighbouring air to a violent satisie We must understand and confess a king to be
gression of its parts.
Besk. a father, a subject to be a son; and therefore ho
TO SUBJOIN. v. a. [sub and joindre, Fr. nour to-be by nature most due from the natural subject to the natural king.
subjungo, Latin.) To add at the end; to The subject must obey his prince, because add alterward. God commands it, human law's require it. Szvift.
He makes an excuse from ignorance, the only Were subjects so but only by their choice, thing that could take away tile fack; namely, And not from birth did forc'd dominion take, that he knew not that he was the high-priest, Our prince alone would have the publick voice. and subjuins a reason.
Soutb. Dryden. SUBITANEOUS. adj. [subitaneus, Lat.) Heroick kings, whose high perfections have Sudden ; hasty. made them awful to their sishjects, can struggle TO SUBJUGATE. v. a. [subjuguer, Fr. with and subdue the corruption of the times.
subjugo, Lat.) To conquer; to subdue; 2. That on which any operation, cither to bring under dominion by force.
O fav’rite virgin, that hast warm'u the breast mental or material, is performed. Now spurs the lated traveller apace
Whose sov'reign dictates subjugate the east !
Prior. To gain the timely inn, and near approaches
Sbakspeare. The subject of our watch.
He subjugated a king, and called him his vassal.
Baker. This subject for heroick song pleased me.
SUBJUGA’TION. n. s. [from subjugate.] Here he would have us fix our thoughts; nor The act of subduing. are they too dry a subject for our contemplation. This was the condition of the learned part of
Decay of Picty. the world, atier their subjugation by the Turks. I will not venture on so nice a subject with niy
Hale. severe style.
More. SUBJU'NCTION. n. s. [from subjung, Make choice of a subject beautiful and noble, Latin.] The state of being subjoined ; which, being capable of all the graces that co
the act of subjoining. lours and elegance of design can give, shall af
The verb undergoes in Greek a different form. ford a perfect art, an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate.
ation ; and in dependence upon, or subjunction to, some other verb.
Clarke. The subject of a proposition is that concern. ing which any thing is atlirmed or denied. SUBJU'NCTIVE, adj. (subjunciivus, Lat.
Watts. subjonctif, French.] My real design is, that of publishing your 1. Subjoined to something else. praises to the world; not upon the subject of 2. In grammar.
The verb undergoes a different formation, to 3. That in which any thing inheres or signify the same intentions as the indicative, exists.
yet not absolutely, but relatively co some other Anger is certainly a kind of baseness, as it ap. verb, which is called the subjunctive mood. pears ivell in the weakness of those subjects in
Clarke. whom it rcigns, children, wmen, old toles, sick SUBLA PSA’RIAN. 1 ad;. (sub and lapsiis, folks.
SUB LAPSARY. I Laiin.] Done after 4. į In gramrar.] The nominative case to the fall of man.
your noble birth.
The decree of reprobation, according to the
Shall he pretend to religious attainments, who sublapsarian doctrine, being nothing else but a is defective and short in moral, which are but meré preteri:ion or non-election of some per
the rudiments and first draught of religion; as sons whom God left as he found, involved in religion is the perfection, refinement, and subthe guilt of the first Adam's transgression, with limation, of morality?
South. out any actual personal sin of their own, when SUBLIME. adj. [sublimis, Latin.] he withdrew some others as guilty as they.
Hammond. 1. High in place ; exalted aloft. SUBLA'TION. n. s. [sublatio, Latin.] The
They sum'd their pens, and soaring th' air act of taking away.
With clang despis'd the ground. Miltort. SUBLEVA'Tion, ni s. [sublevo, Latin.]
Sublime on these a tow'r of steel is rear'd, The act of raising on high.
And dire Tisiphone there keeps the ward. SUBLI'M ABLE, adj. [from sublime.] Pos
Dryder. sible to be sublimed.
2. High in excellence ; exalted by nature. SUBLI'M A BLENESS. n. s. [from sublima My earthly strained to the height ble.] Quality of admitting sublimation.
In that celestial colloquy sublime. Milton. He obtained another concrete as to taste and
Can it be, that souls sublime
Return to visit our terrestrial clime? smell, and easy sublimableness, as common salt armoniack.
And that the gen'rous mind, releas'd by death, To SU'BLIMATE. v. a. [from sublime.]
Can covet lazy limbs?
Dryden, 1. To raise by the force of chymical fire. 3. High in style or sentiment; lofty; 2. To exalt; to heighten; to elevate.
grand. And as his actions rose, so raise they still their
Easy in stile thy work, in sense sublim.. vcin
Prior. In words, whose weight best suits a sublimated 4. Elevated by joy. strain.
Drayton. All yet left of that revolted rout, Not only the gross and illiterate souls, but Heav'n-fall'n, in station stood or just array, the most aerial and sublimated, are rather the Sublime with expectation.
Milton, more proper fuel for an immaterial fire.
Their hearts were jocund and sublime,
Decay of Piety. Drunk with idolatry, drunk with wine. Milton, The precepts of christianity are so excellent 5. Lofty of mien ; elevated in manner. and refined, and so apt to cleanse and sublimate He was sublime, and almost tumorous, in his the more gross and corrupt, as shews flesh and
looks and gestures.
Wotton. blood never revealed it. Decay of Fiety. His fair large front and eye sublime declar'd SU'BLIMAT E, n. s. [from sublime.]
Milton. 1. Any thing raised by fire in the retort. SUBLI'ME. n. s. The grand or lofty style. Enquire the manner of subliming, and what
The sublime is a gallicism, but now nametals endure subliming, and what body the sube limate makes.
turalized. 2. Quicksilver raised in the retort.
Longinus strengthens all his laws,
And is himself the great sublime he draws. Pope. SU'BLIMATE, adj. Raised by fire in the
The sublime rises from the nobleness of vessel,
thoughts, the magnificence of the words, or the The particles of mercury, uniting with the. harmonious and lively turn of the phrase ; the acid particles of spirit of salt, compose mercury perfect sublime arises from all three together. sublimate; and, with the particles of sulphur,
Newton. To SUBLI'ME, v. a. [sublimer, French; SULIMA’TION. n. s. [sublimation, Fr. from the adjective.] from sublimate.]
1. To raise by a chymical fire. 1. A chymical operation which raises bo
Study our manuscripts, those myriads dies in the vessel by the force of fire. Of letters, which have past 'twixt thee and me;
Sublimation differs very little from distillation, Thence write our annals, and in them lessons be excepting that in distillation only the fiuid parts To all, whom love's subliming fire invades. of bodies are raised, but in this the solid and
Donne. dry; and that the matter to be distilled may be 2. To raise on high. eittier solid or fluid, but sublimation is only con Although thy trunk be neither large nor cemed about solid substances. There is also an
strong, other difference, namely, that rarefaction, which
Nor can thy head, not help'd, itself sublime, is of very great use in distillation, has hardly any Yet, like a serpent, a tall tree can climb. room in sublimation ; for the substances which
Denbam. are to be sublimed, being solid, are incapable of 3. To exalt; to heighten; to improve. rarefaction; and so it is only impulse that can
Flow'rs, and then fruit, raise them.
Man's nourishment, by gradual scale sublim'd, Separation is wrought by weight, as in the To vital spirits aspire.
Milton. settlement of liquors, by heat, by precipitation,
The fancies of most are moved by the inward or sublimation ; that is, a calling of the several
springs of the corporcal machine, which, even in parts up or down, which is a kind of attraction.
the most sublimed intellectuals, is dangerously Bacon. influential.
Glanville. Since oil of sulphur per campanam is of the
Art, being strengthened by the knowledge of same nature with oil of vitriol, may it not be inferred that sulphur is a mixture of volatile and
things, may pass into nature by slow degrees,
and so be sublimed into a pure genius, which is fired parts, so strongly cohering by attraction, as
capable of distinguishing betwixt the beauties of to ascend together by sublimation? Newton.
nature and that which is low in her. Dryden. 1. Exaltation ; elevation ; act of heighten Meanly they seek the blessing to confine, ing or improving.
And force that sun but on a part to shine;
Which not alone the southern wit sublimes, Bodies to spirits, by oublimation strange. Davies. But ripens spirits in cold northern climer. Pope
TO SUBLI'ME. v. n. To rise in the chymi marine plants, but also the lithophyta, affect cal vessel by the force of fire.
this manner of growing, as I observed in corals. The particles of sal ammoniack in sublimation
kas. carry up the particles of antimony, which will TO SUBME'RGE. v. a. [submerger, Fr. pot sublime alone.
Newton, submergo, Latin.] To drown; to put This sa't is tixed in a gentle fire, and sublimes under water. in a great one.
Arbuthnot. So half my Fgypt was submerg'd, and made SUBLI'MELY.adv. [from sublime. ] Lofti A cistern for scald snakes. Sbakspeare ly · grandly.
SUBME'RSION. n. s. [submersion, French; In English lays, and all sublimely great, from submersuus, Latin.] The act of Thy Homer charms with all his ancient heat.
drowning; state of being drowned. Parnell.
The great Atlantick island is mentioned in Fustian's so sublimely bad;
Plato's Timæus, almost contiguous to the west It is not poetry, but prose run mad. Pope. SUBLI-MENESS. n. s. [sublimitas, Lat.]
ern parts of Spain and Africa, yet wholly swal
lowed up by that ocean; which, if true, might The same as sublimity.
afford a passage from Africa to America by land SUBLIMITY. 1. s. [from sublime ; sub
before that submersion.
Hale. limité, French; sublimita , Latin.) TO SUBMI'NISTER. 1 v. a. [submini1. Height of place ; local elevation. To SUBMINISTRATE. I
stro, Latin.) 2. Height of nature ; excellence.
To supply ; to afford. Not much in As religion looketh upon him who in majesty and power is infinite, as we ought we account Some things have been discovered, not only by not of it, unless we esteem it even according to the industry of mankind, but even the inferior that very height of excellency which our hearts
animals have subministered unto man the insenconceive, when divine sublimity itself is rightly
tion of many things, natural, artificial, and meconsidered. Hooker. dicinal.
Hal. In respect of God's incomprehensible sublimity Nothing subministrates apter matter to be and purity, this is also true, that God is neither
converted into pestilent seminaries, than steams a mind nor a spirit like other spirits, nor a light
of nasty folks.
Harvey. such as can be discerned.
Raleigh. To SUBMI'NISTER. v. n. To subserve; 3. Loftiness of style or sentiment.
to be useful to. Milton's distinguishing excellence lies in the sublimity of his thoughts, in the greatness of
Passions, as fire and water, are good servants, which he triumphs over all the poets, modern
but bad masters, and subminister to the best and and ancient, Homer only excepted.
L'Estrange Addison. SUBLINGUAL. [sublingual, French; SU5mi'ss. adj. [from submissus, Latin.]
sub and lingua, Lat.] Placed under the Humble; submissive ; obscquious. tongue.
King James, mollified by the bishop's submiss Those subliming humours should be inter and eloquent letters, wrote back, that though he cepted, before they mount to the head, by sub were in part moved by his letters, yet he should lingual pills.
Bacon. SUBIU'NAR. I adj. [sublunaire, French; Nearer luis presence, Adam, though not aw'd,
sub and luna, Latin.] Yet with submiss approach, and reverence meek, Situate beneath the moon; earthly; ter As to a superior nature, bowed low.
Milten. restrial ; of this world.
Rejoicing, but with awe,
In adoration at his feet I fell
Submiss: he rear'd me.
Milten, Whose soul is sense, cannot admit Of absence, 'cause it cannot remove
SUBMISSIOx. 12. s. [sownission, French ; The thing which elemented it.
froin submissus, Latin.] Night measur’d, vith her shadowy cone, 1. Delivery of himself to the power of anHalt way up hill this vast sublunar vault. Milt. other. Through seas of knowledge we our course Submission, dauphin! 't is a mere French advance,
word; Discov'ring still new worlds of ignorance; We English warriors wot not what it means. And these discov'ries make us all confess
Shakspeare That sublunary science is but guess. Denbom. The cülescial bodies above the moon, being
2. Acknowledgment of inferiority or deBoc subject to chance, remain in perpetual or
pendance; humble or suppliant beder, while all things sublunary are subject to
In all submission and humility
York doth present himself unto your highness. Of strolling gods, whose usual trade is,
k speart. Under pretence of taking air,
Great prince, by that subuzission you'll gain To pick up sublunary ladies.
Than e'er your haughty courage won before. Where in a box the whole creation lies;
Halifax. She sees the planets in their turns advance, 3. Acknowledgment of a fault; confession
And scorns, Poitier, this sublunary dance. Young. of errour. SU'BMARINE, adj. (sub and mare, Lat.] Be not as extreme in submission, as in offence. Lying or acting under the sea.
This contrivance may seem difficult, because 4. Obsequiousness; resignation ; obedie these submarine navigators will want winds and tides for motion, and the sight of the heavens No duty in religion is more justly required by for direction.
Wilkins. God Almighty, than a perfect submission to his Not only the herbaceous and woody sub will in all things.
SUBMI'SSIVE. adj. [submissus, Latin.] tiple of 21, as being contained in it sever Humble ; testifying submission or infe times exactly,
Su BO'CTAVE. adj. [sub and octavus, On what sabmissive message art thou sent ? SUBO'CTUPLES Latin ; and octuple.)
Sbakspeare. Containing one part of eight. Her at his feet submissive in distress
As one of these under pulleys abates half of He thus with peaceful words iprais'd. Milton.
that heaviness of the weight, and causes the Sudden from the golden throne
power to be in a subduple proportion; so two With a submissive step I hasted down;
of them abate half of that which remains, and The glowing garland from my hair I cook,
cause a subquadruple proportion, three a subLove in my heart, obedience in my look. Prior.
sextuple, four a suboctuple.
Wilkins. SUBMI'SSIVELY. adv. (from submissive.] Had they erected the cube of a foot for their Humbly; with confession of inferiority. principal concave, and geometrically taken its The goddess,
suboctave, the congius, from the cube of half a Soft in her tone, submissively replies. Dryden. foot, they would have divided the congius into
But speech ev'n there submissively withdraws eight parts, each of which would have been reFrom rights of subjects, and the poor man's gularly the cube of a quarter foot, their wellcause ;
known palm: this is the course taken for our Then pompous silence reigas, and stills the noisy gallon, which has the pint for its suboctave. laws. Popes
Arbuthnot, SUBMI'SSIVENESS.n.s.[from submissive.] SUBO'RDINACY. n. s. [from subordi
Humility ; confession of fault or infe. SUBO'RDINANCY.S nate. Subordinacy riority.
is the proper and anlogical word.] If thou sin in wine and wantonness,
1. The state of being subject. Boast not thereof, nor make thy shame thy Pursuing the imagination through all its ex glory;
travagancies is no improper method of correcto Frailty gets pardon by submissiveness,
ing, and bringing it to act in subordindcy to reaBue he that boasts shuts chat out of his story;
Spectator. He makes flat war with God, and doth defy, 2. Series of subordination. With his poor clod of earth, the spacious sky.
The subordinancy of the government changing Herbert,
hands so often, makes an unsteadiness in the SUBMI'ssly. adv. [from submiss.] Hum. pursuit of the publick interests. Tempic. bly; with submission.
SUBO'RDINATE. adj. [sub and ordinaHumility consists, not in wearing mean clothes,
tus, Latin.] and going softly and submissly, but in mean opi
1. Inferiour in order, in nature, in dignity, nion of thyself.
Taylor. TO SUBMIT. v. a. (soumettre, French
It was subordinate, not enslaved, to the undersubmitto, Latin.)
standing; not as a servant to a master, but as a 1. To let down ; to sink.
queen to her king, who acknowledges a subjecSometimes the hill submits itself a while
tion, yet retains a majesty.
South. In small descents, which do its height beguile; Whether dark presages of the night proceed And sometimes mounts, but so as billows play, from any latent power of the soul during her Whose rise not hinders but makes short our way. abstraction, or from any operation of subordinate Dryden. spirits, has been a dispute.
Addison. Neptune stood,
2. Descending in a regular series. With all his hosts of waters at command,
The two armies were assigned to the leading Beneach them to submit th' officious flood,
of two generals, rather courtiers than martial And with his trident shov'd them otf che sand.
men, yet assisted with subordinate commanders Dryden. of great experience.
Bacon. 2. To subject ; to resign without resist
His next subordinate ance to authority.
Aurak'ning, thus to him in secret spake. Milt. Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself un These carry such plain characters of disagreeder her hands.
Genesis. ment or affinity, that the several kinds and subChristian people submit themselves to con ordinate species of each are easily distinguished, formable observance of the lawful and religious
Woodword. constitutions of their spiritual rulers. W bite. To SUB O'RDINATE. v.a. (sub and ordino, Will ye submit your neck, and chuse to bend
Lat.] To range under another. Not in The supple knee?
use, but proper and elegant. 3. To leave to discretion ; to refer to
If I have subordinated picture and sculpture to judgment.
architecture, as their mistress, so there are other Whether the condition of the clergy be able inferior arts subordinate to them. Wotton. to bear a heavy burden, is submitted to the house. SU BOʻRDINATELY. adv. [from subordi
Swift. TO SUBMI'T. v. n. To be subject ; to
nate.] In a series regularly descending:
le being the highest step of ́il, to which all acquiesce in the authority of another ; others subordinately tend, one would think it to yield.
could be capable of no improvement. To thy husband's will
Decay of Piety. Thine shall submit: he over thee shall rule. SUBORDINAʼtion. n. s. [subordination,
Fr. from subordinate.] Our religion requires from us, not only to forego pleasure, but to submit to pain, disgrace,
1. The state of being inferiour to another. and even death.
Nor can a council national decide,
Rogers. SUB MU'LTIPLE. n. 5. A submultiple num
But with subordination to her guide. Dryden. ber or quantity is that which is con
2. A series regularly descending:
The natural creatures having a local subordia tared in another number a certain num. nation, the rational having a political, and somebu of times exactly : thus 3 is submulo times a sacred.
3. Place of rank.
truth which would have prevented the If we would suppose a ministry where every
Bailey. single person was of distinguished piety, and all
To SU'BROGATE. v. a. [subrogo, Lai.] great officers of state and law diligent in chusing
See SURROGATE. persons who in their several subordinations would be obliged to follow the examples of their supe- To SUBSCRI'BE. v. a. [souscrire, Fr. subriors, the empire of irreligion would be soon de scribo, Latin.) stroyed.
Swift. 1. To give consent to, by underwriting T. SUBOʻRN. v. a. (suborner, Fr. suborno,
the same. Latin.]
They united by subscribing a covenant, which 1. To procure privately ; to procure by they pretended to be no other than had been secret collusion.
subscribed in the reign of king James, and that His judges were the self-same men by whom
his majesty himseif had subscribed it; by which his accusers were subor ned.
Clarendon. Fond wretch! thou know'st not what thou
selves in it.
The reader sees the names of those persons speak'st,
Addiser. Or else thou art suborn'd against his honour
by whom this letter is subscribed. In batetul practice.
2. To attest by writing the name. Reason may meet
Their particular testimony ought to be better Some specious object, by the foe suborn'd, credited, than some other subscribed with an And fall into deception.
Prior. Contin'd to exhibition ! all is gone. Sbakspeare: 2. To procure by ir direct means.
TO SUBSCRI'BE. V. n.
1. To give consent. Those who by ling'ring sickness lose their Osius, with whose hand the Nicene creed was breath,
set down, and framed for the whole christian And those who by despair suborn their death. world to subscribe unto, so far yielded in the end,
Dryden. as even with the same hand to ratify the Arians SUBORNA’TION. n. s. [subornation, Fr. confession.
Hocker. from suborn.] The crime of procuring
Advise thee what is to be done, any to do a bad action.
And we will all subscribe to thy advice. Sbaksp. Thomas earl of Desmond was through false
If wolves had at thy gate howl'd that stern subornation of the queen of Edward iv. brought to his death at Tredagh most unjustly. Spenser.
Thou shouldst have said, Go, sorter, turn the You set the crown
All cruels clse subscrib'd, Upon the head of this forgetful man,
Sbakspeare. And for his sake wear the detested blot
So spake much humbled Eve; but fate
Subscrib'd not : nature fust gave signs, impressid Of nurd'rous subornation. S.5.7kspeare.
On bird, beast, air.
Milte. The fear of punishment in this lite will preserve men from few vices, since some of the
2. To promise a stipulated sum for the blackest often prove the surest steps to favour ; promotion of any underiaking. such as ingratitude, lypocrisy, treachery, and SUBSCRIBER. n. s. [from subscriptio, suborratian.
suborn.] One that procures a bad action 2. One who contributes to any underto be done.
taking. SUBPOE'N A. n. so [sub and pæna, Lat.) A Let a pamphlet come out upon a demand in
writ commanding attendance in a court, a proper juncture, every one of the party who under a penalty.
can spare a shilling shall be a subscriber. Saeift. SUBQUADRU'PLE. adj. [sub and quadru. SUBSCRI'PTION. n. s. [from subscriptio, ple.] Containing one part of four.
Latin.) As one of these under puileys abates half of 1. Any thing underwritten. that heaviness the weight hath in itself, and
The man asked, Are ye christians? We ancauses the power to be in a subduple proportion swered we were; fearing the less because of unto it, so two of them abate halt of that which the cross we had seen in the subscription. Bacon, remains, and cause a subquadruple proportion. 2. Consent or attestation given by under
Wilkins. writing the name. SUBQUIXTU'PLE. adj. [sub and quintuple.] 3. The act or state of contributing to any Containing one part of five.
undertaking If uuto the lower pulley there were added an
The work he plied ; other, then the power would be unto the weight Stocks and subscriptions pour on ev'ry side. in a subquintuple proportion. Wilkins.
Pogle. SUBRE'CTOR. n. s. [sub and rector.] The South-sea subscriptions take who please, rector's vicegerent.
Leave me but liberty.
Pope He was chosen subrector of the college. 4. Submission ; obedience. Not in use.
Walton, I tax nor you, you elements, with unkindness; SUBRE'PTION. n. s. [subreption, Fr. sube I never gave you kingdom, cail'd you children; reptus, Lat.] The act of obtaining a fa
You owe me no subscription. Sbaespeare. vour by surprise or unfair representa. SUBSE'CTIOX. n. s. [sub and sectio, Lat.) tion.
Dict. A subdivision of a larger section into a SUBRE PTI'Tious. adj. [surreptice, Fr. lesser; section of a section.
Dict. surreptitius, Lat.? Frandulently obtained SUBSECUTIVE, adj. [from subsequor, from a superiour, by concealing some Lat.] Following in train.