« הקודםהמשך »
in a chimney corner, the motion of which may
Begone, ye criticks, and restrain your spite; be applied to the turning of a spit. Wilkins.
Codrus writes on, and will for ever write: Pose. With Peggy Dixon thoughtful sit,
2. SPITE of, or In SPITE of. NotwithContriving for the pot and spit. Swifi. 2. Such a depth of earth as is pierced by
standing; in defiance of. It is often one action of the spade.
used without any malignity of meaning.
I'll guard thee free, Where the earth is washed from the quick,
And save thee in her spite. face it with the first spit of earth dug out of the
Blessed be such a preacher, whom God made ditch.
use of to speak a word in season, and saved me TO SPIT. v. a. preterit spat ; participle
in spite of the world, the devil, and myself
. Souib. pass. spit or spitted. [from the noun.] In spite of me I love, and see too late 1. To put upon a spit.
My mother's pride must find my mother's face. I see my cousin's ghost
Dryden. Seeking out Romeo, that did spiš his body For thy lov'd sake, spite of my boding fears, Upon a rapier's point.
Sbakspeare. I'll meet the danger which ambition brings. 2. To thrust through.
Rore. I spitted frogs, I crush'd a heap of emmets.
My father's fate,
In spite of all the fortitude that shines
Before my face in Caco's great example,
Subdues my soul, and fills my eyes with tears. Danish.) To eject from the mouth.
Addison. A large mouth, indeed,
In spite of all applications, the patient grew That spits forth death and mountains. Shaisp. worse every day.
Arturbrot, Conmissions which compel from each The sixth part of his subsiance, make bold To SPITE. v. a. [from the noun.] mouths,
1. To mischief ; to treat maliciously; to Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts vex; to thwart malignantly. freeze
Beguild, divorc'd, wrong'd, spighted, slain, Allegiance in them.
Sbakspeare. Most detestable death, by thee. Sbakspeare The sea thrusts up her waves,
I'll sacritice the lamb that I do love, One after other, thicke and high, upon the To spight a raven's heart within a dove. Sbalsp. groaning shores ;
2. To fill with spite; to offend. First in herseit loud, but oppos'd with banks and rocks, she rores,
So with play did he a good while fight against And all her backe in bristles set, spits every
the fight of Zelmane, who, more spited with way her fome.
that courtesy, that one that did nothing should
be able to resist her, burned away with choler TO SPIT. V. n. To throw out spittie or
any motions which might grow out of her own moisture of the mouth.
Sidney. Very good orators, when they are here, will Darius, spited at the magi, endeavoured to spit.
Sbakspeare. abolish not only their learning but their lanI dare meet Surrey,
Temple, And spit upon him whilst I say he lies. Shaks. The wat'ry kingdom, whose ambitious head
Spi'TEFUL. adj. [spite and full.] MaliSpits in the face of heaven, is no bar
cious; malignant. To stop the foreign spirits; but they come.
The Jews were the deadliest and spitefullest Sbakspeare.
enemies of christianity that were in the world, He spat on the ground, made clay of the spittle, and in this respect their orders to be shuoned. and anointed the eyes of the blind man. John.
Hooker. A maid came from her father's house to one
All you have done of the tribunals of the Gentiles, and, declaring
Hath been but for a wayward son, herself a Christian, spit in the judge's face. Spiteful and wrathful.
Shalsprare. South. Our public form of divine service and worship A drunkard men abher, and would even spit is in every part thereof religious and holy, at him, were it not for fear he should do some maugre the malice of spiteful wretches who have thing more than spit at them. South. depraved it.
White. Spit on your finger and thumb, and pinch the Contempe is a thing made up of an undervasnuff till the candle goes out.
luing of a man, upon a belief of his urter use. SPI'TTAL. n. s. [corrupted from hospital.]
lessness, and a spiteful endeavour to engage the
rest of ihe world in the same slight estcem of A charitable foundation, In use only in him.
South. the phrases, a spittal sermon, and rob The spiteful stars have shed their venom down, not the spittal.
And now the peaceful planets take their turn. TO SPI'TCHCOCK. v. a. To cut an eel
Dryden. in pieces and roast him. Of this word I Spi'T E FULLY. adv. [from spiteful.] Mafind no good etymology.
liciously; malignantly. No man lards sale pork with orange peel, Twice false Evadne, spitefully forsworn! Or garnishes his lamb with spitchcockt cel. King. That fatal beast like this I would have torn, SPITE. n. s. [spuit, Dutch ; despit, Fr.]
W'aller. 1. Malice; rancour; hate; malignity;
Vanessa sat, malevolence.
Scarce list ning to their idle chat, This breeding rather spite than shame in her,
Further than sometimes by a frown,
When they grew pert, to pull them down:
At last she spitefully was bent
To try their wisdom's full extent. Swift. Bewray they did their inward boiling spite,
SPI'TEFULNESS. n. s. [from spiteful.] Each stirring others to revenge his cause. Daniel. Malice; malignity ; desire of vexing. Done all to spite
It looks more like spitefulness and ill-nature, The great Creator ; but their site still serves than a diligent search after truth. His glory to augment, Milton.
Keil against Burneta
A fit of anger.
SPI'TTED. adj. [from spit.] Shot out in His solemne queen, whose spleene he was disto lengih.
pos'd Whether the head of a deer, that by age is
To tempt yet further, knowing well what anger more spitted, may be brought again to be more
it inclos'd, branched.
It she must teem,
Create her child of spleen, that it may live 1. One who puts meat on a spit.
And be a thwart disnatur'd torment to her, 2. One who spits with his mouth.
Sbakspeare. 3. A young deer.
Ainsworth. Kind pity checks my spleen; brave scorn forSPI'TTLE. n. s. (corrupted from hospital,
bids and therefore better written spital, or
Those tears to issue, which swell my eye-lids.
Donne. spiltal.) A hospital. It is still retained
All envied; but the Thestyan brethren show'd in Scotland.
The least respect, and thus they vent their To the spittle 6,
spleen aloud : And from the powdering tub of infamy
Lay down those honour'd spoils. Dryden. Ferch forth the lazar kite of Cressid's kind.
In noble minds some dregs remain, Sbakspeare. Not yet purgʻd off, of spleen and sour disdain. This is it
Popes That makes the waned widow wed again; She whom the spittie house, and ulcerous sores,
Charge not in your spleen a noble person, Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices
And spoil your nobler soul. Sbakspeare. To th' April-day again.
Sbakspeare: Cure the spittle world of maladies. Cleaveland.
4. A sudden motion ; a fit.
Brief as the lightning in the collied night, SPI'TTLE. n. s. [rperlian, Sax.] Moist
That in a spleen unfolds both heav'n and earth; ure of the mouth.
And, ere a man hath power to say, behold! The saliva or spittle is an humour of eminent The jaws of darkness do devour it up. Sbaksp.
Ruy. 5. Melancholy; hypochondriacal vapours. Mænas and Atys in the mouth were bred,
The spleen with sullen vapours clouds the brain, And never hatch'd within the lab'ring head;
And binds the spirits in its heavy chain; No blood from bitten nails those poems drew, Howe'er the cause fantastick may appear, But shurn'd like spittle from the lips they flew. 'Th'effect is real, and the pain sincere. Blackm.
Dryden. The spittle is an active liquor, immediately dc
Spleen, vapours, and small-pox above them all.
Pope. rived from the arterial blood: it is saponaceous.
Bodies chang’d to recent forms by spleen. Pepe. dro.tbnot.
6. Immoderate merriment. A genius for all stations fit, Whose meanest talent is his wit :
They that desire the spleen, and would die with His heart too great, though fortune little,
Sbakspeare: To lick a rascal statesman's spittle. Szift
. SPLE'NED. adj. [from spleen.] Deprived Spi'I VENOM. n. s. [spit and venom.]
of the spleen. Poison ejected from the mouth.
Animals spleened grow salacious. Arbutbrot. The spitvenom of their poisoned hearts SPLE'ENFUL. adj. (spleen and full.] An. breaketh out to the annoyance of others. Hooker. gry; peevish; fretful; melancholy. SPLANCHNO'LOGY. n. s. (splanchnologie,
The commons, like an angry hive of bees
That want their leader, scatter up and down: Fr, σπλάγχνα and λόγΘ.] A treatise or
Myself have calm'd their spleenful mutiny. description of the bowels. Dict.
Sbakspeare. To SPLASH. v. a. (plaska, Swedish. The cheerful soldiers, with new stores supplied, They have both an affinity with plash.]
Now long to execute their spleesful will. Dryd. To daub with dirt in great quantities.
If you drink tea upon a promontory that over•
hangs the sea, the whistling of the wind is bete SPLA'SHY. adj. [from splash.] Full of
ter musick to contented minds than the opera dirty water; apt to daub.
to the splcenful.
Paper TO SPLAY, V. a. To dislocate or break SPLE'ENLESS. adj. [from spleen.] Kind; a horse's shoulder bone.
gentle ; mild. Obsolete. SPLA'Y FOOT. adj. (splay, or display, and Mean time flew our ships, and streight we
fetcht foot.] Having the foot turned inward.
Though still some traces of our rustic vein The syrens isle; a spleenless wind so stretcht And splayfuot verse remain'd, and will remain.
Her wings to waft us, and so urg'd our keel. Pore.
Chapman. SPLA'YMOUTH, n. s. [splay and mouth.] SPLE'ENWORT. n. s. (spleen and wort ; Mouth widened by design.
asplenion, Lat.] A plant ; miltwaste. All authors to their own defects are blind :
The leaves and fruit are like those of Hadst thou but, Janus-like, a face behind, the fern ; but the pinnulæ, are eared To see the people when splaymouths they make, at their basis.
Miller. To mark their fingers pointed at thy back,
Safe passid the gnome through this fantastick Their tongues lollid out a foot. Dryden.
band, SPLEEN. n. s. (splen, Latin.]
A branch of healing spleenwort in his hand. Pope. 1. The milt; one of the viscera, of which SPLE'En Y. adj. (from spleen.] Angry;
the use is scarcely known. It is sup peevish; humorous.
And well deserving; yet I know her for If the wound be on the left hypochondrium, A splecny Lutheran, and not wholesome to under the short ribs, you may conclude the spleen
Wiscmax. SPLE'NDENT.adj. (splendens, Lat.) Shin2. Anger ; spite ; ill-humour.
ing; glossy; having lustre.
They assigned them names from some re
Yourselves you must engage markable qualities, that is very observable in Somewhat to cool your spleniso rage, their red and spiendent planets.
Brown. Your grievous thirst; and to assuage Metallick substances may, by reason of their That first, you drink this liquor. Dragton. great density, reflect all the light incident upon SELENITIVE, adj. [from spleen.] Huti them, and so be as opake and splendent as it is fiery ; passionate. Not in use. possible for any body to be.
Take thy fingers from my throat; SPLE'NDID. adj. (splendide, Fr. splen.
For though I am not splenitive and rash, didus, Lat.) Showy; magnificent ; Splext. n. s. (or perhaps splint ; spio
Yet I have in me something dangerous. Shaks. sumptuous ; pompous. Unacceptable, though in heav'n, our state
nella, Italian.) Of splendid vassalage.
Splents is a callous hard substance, or an in. Deep in a rich alcove the prince was laid,
sensible swelling, which breeds on or adheres to And slept beneath the pompous colonade:
the shank-bone of a horse, and, when it grows Fast by his side Pisistratus lay spread,
big, spoils the shape of the leg. When there is In age his equal, on a splendiú bed. Pope.
but one, it is called a single splent; but when SPLE'NDIDLY, adv. [from splendid.)
there is another opposite to it, on the outside of
a shank-bone, it is called a pegged or pinned Magnificently; sumptuously; pom splent.
Farrier's Dict. pously. Theii condition, though it look splendidly, yet,
To SPLICE. v. a. [splisslen, Dutch; plico, when you handle it on all sides, it will prick
Latin.] To join the two ends of a rope your fingers.
without a knot. You will not admit you live splendidly, yet if SPLINT. n. s. (splinter, Dutch.) cannot be denied but that you live neatly and elegantly.
1. A fragment of wood in general. How he lives and eats,
2. A thin piece of wood, or other matter, How largely gives, how splendidly he treats. used by chirurgeons to hold the bone
Dryden. newly set in its place.
The ancients, after the seventh day, used Splendidly frugal, sits whole nights devoid
splints, which not only kept the members steady, Oi sweet repose.
Pbilips. but straight; and of these some are made of tin, SPLE'NDOUR. n. s. (splendeur, French ;
others of scabbard and wood, sowed up in linen cloths.
Wiseman. splendor, Latin.]
TO SPLINT. 1. Lustre; power of shining.
v. a. (from the noun.] Splendour hath a degree of whiteness, especially if there be a kettle repercussion; for a 1. To secure by splints. looking-glass, with the steel' behind, looketh This broken joint intreat her to splinter, and whiter than glass simple.
Bacon. this crack of your love shall grow stronger than The dignity of gold above silver is not much ; it was before.
Sbakspeare. the splendour is alike, and more pleasing to some 2. To shiver; to break into fragments. eyes, as in cloth of silver.
SPLI’NTER. n. s. (splinter, Dutch.] The first symptoms are a chilness, a certain splendour or shining in the eyes, with a little 1. A fragment of any thing broken with moisture.
violence. 2. Magnificence ; pomp.
He was slain upon a course at tilt, one of the Romulus, being to give laws to his new Ro splinters of Montgomery's staff going in at his
Bacon. mans, found no better way to procure an esteem and reverence to them, than by first procuring
Amidst whole heaps of spices lights a ball, it to himself by splendour of habit and retinue. And now their odours arm'd against them fly;
Some preciously by shatter'd porcelain fall, T is use alone that sanctifies expence,
And some by aromatick splinters die. Dryden. And splendour borrow's all her rays from sense.
2. A thin piece of wood. Pope.
A plain Indian fan, used by the meaner sort,
made of the small stringy parts of roots, spread SPLE’NETICK. adi. Isplenetique, French.] out in a round Hat form, and so bound toge
Troubled with the spleen; fretful; pee ther with a splinter hoop, and strengthened vish.
with small bars on both sides.
Grew. Horace purged himself from these splenetick TO SPLINTER. v. n. (from the noun.] reflections in odes and epodes, before he under To be broken into fragments; to be took his satires.
shivered. This daughter silently lowers, t'other steals a kind look at you, a third is exactly well behaved, To SPLIT. v. a. pret. and part. pass. and a fourth a splenetick.
Tatler. split. (spletten, splitten, Dutch.] You humour me when I am sick;
1. To cleave; to rive; to divide longitu. Why not when I am splenetick?
dinally in two. SP1.E'NICK.adj. [splenique, French; splen, Do't, and thou hast the one half of my heart; Latin.] Belonging to the spleen.
Do 't not, thou split'st thine own. Sbakspeare. Suppose the spicen obstructed in its lower
That self hand parts and splenick branch, a potent heat causeth
Hath, with the courage which the heart did the orgasmus to boil.
lend it, The spleniek vein hath divers cells opening Splitted the heart.
Sbakspenre. into it near its extremities in human bodies; but Wert thou serv'd up two in one dish, the rather in quadrupeds the cells open into the trunks of To split thy sire into a double father ? Cleavel. the splenick veins.
Cold winter split the rocks in twain. Dryden. SPLENISH. adj. [from spleen.] Fretful;
A skull so hard, that it is almost as easy to split
a helmet of iron as to make a fracture in it. Riga peevish.
This effort is in some earthquakes so vehe
This mount, ment, that it splits and tears the earth, making cracks or chasms in it some miles. Woodward. With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift.
Milton. 2. To divide; to part.
Their logick has appeared the mere art of 2. To plunder; to strip of goods : with of wrangling, and their metaphysicks the skill of before the thing taken. splitting an hair, of distinguishing without a dif. Yielding themselves upon the Turks faith, ference.
Watts. for the safeguard of their liberty and goods, One and the same ray is by refraction dis they were most injuriously spoiled of all that they turbed, shattered, dilated, and split, and spread had.
Knolles. into many diverging rays.
Newton. Thou shalt not gain what I deny to yield, He instances Luther's sensuality and disobe Nor reap the harvest, though thou spoil'st the dience, two crimes which he has dealt with;
Prior. and, to make the more solemn shew, he split My sons their old unhappy sire despise, 'em into twenty.
Atterbury. Spoil'd of liis kingdom, and depriv'd of eyes. Oh! would it please the gods to split
Popa Thy beauty, size, and years, and wit,
3. To corrupt; to mar; to make useNuage could furnish out a pair
less. (This is properly spill; spillan, Of nymphs so graceful, wise, and fair ;
Beware lest any man spoil you, through philosophy and vain deceit.
Colossians: 3. To dash and break on a rock.
Spiritual pride spoils many graces.
Taylor. God's desertion, as a full and violent wind,
Women are not only spoil:d by this educadrives him in an instant, not to the harbour, but on the rock where he will be irrecoverably split
tion, but we spoil that part of the world which
would otherwise furnish most instances of an Decay of Piety. eminent and exalted piety.
Law. Those who live by shores with joy behold
TO SPOIL. V. n.
England was infested with robbers and out. And seek the tempests which the others fly. laws, which, lurking in woods, used to break
Spenser. 4. To divide; to break into discord.
They which hate us spoil for themselves.
Psalms, In states notoriously irreligious, a secret and irresistible power splits their counsels, and 2. To grow useless; to be corrupted. smites their inost refined policies with frustra He that gathered a hundred bushels of acorns, tion and a curse.
South. or apples, had thereby a property in them: he
was only to look that he used them before they TO SPLIT. v. n.
spoiled, else he robbed others.
Locke. 1. To burst in sunder; to crack; to suf- Spon. n. s. [spolium, Lat.] fer disruption.
1. That which is taken by violence; that A huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split which is taken from an enemy; plunder; asunder by congealed water.
pillage ; booty. Who never sail on her unfaithful sea,
The cry of Talbot serves me for a sword;
For I have loaden me with many spoils,
Using no other weapon but his name. Sbaksp. The road that to the lungs this store transmits,
2. That which is gained by strength or Into unnuinber'd narrow channels splits.
Blackmore. But grant our hero's hopes long toil 2. To burst with laughter.
And comprehensive genius crown, Each had a gravity would make you split,
Each science and each art his spoil, And shook his head at M—y as a wit. Pope.
Yet what reward, or what renown? Bentley. 3. To be broken against rocks.
3. That which is taken from another. After our ship did split, When you, and the poor number sav'd with you,
Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Hung on our driving boat.
Native perfumes, and whisper whence they These are the rocks on which the sanguine
stole tribe of lovers daily split, and on which the po
These balmy spoils.
Milton. litician, the alchymist, and projector, are cast 4.
The act of robbery ; robbery ; waste. away.
Spectator. The man that hath not musick in himself, The seamen spied a rock, and the wind was Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, so strong that we were driven directly upon Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spails. Sbaks, it, and immediately split.
Too late, alas! we find
The softness of thy sword, continued through SPLITTER. n. s. [from split.] One who
thy soil, splits.
To be the only cause of unrecover'd spoil
. How should we rejoice, if, like Judas the first,
Dragten. Those splitters of parsons in sunder should
Go and speed! burst!
Swift. Havock, and spoil, and ruin, are my gain. Milt. SPLU'TTER. n. s. Bustle ; tumult. A 5. Corruption; cause of corruption. low word.
Company, villainous company, hath been the To SPOIL. v. a. [spolio, Latin ; spolier,
spoil of me.
6. The slough ; the cast-off skin of a ser1. To seize by robbery; to take away by
Snakes, the rather for the casting of their Yi took joyfully the spoiling of your goods,
spoil, live till they be old.
Bacon. knowing w Libres tual ye have ir: neaven
SPU'LLER. M. s. [from spoil.] an enduring substance,
Hebr.ws. I. A robber; a plunderer ; a pillager.
Such ruin of her manners Rome
Sponges are gathered from the sides of rocks, Doch suffer now, as she's become
being as a large but tough moss. Bucon , Both her own spuiler and own prey. Ben Jonson. They opened and washed part of their sponges. Providence, where it loves a nation, concerns
Sindyr. itself to own and assert the interest of religion, Great officers are like sponges : they suck till by blasting the spoilers of religious persons and they are full, and, when they come once to be places.
South. squeezed, their very heart's blood coines away. Came
To To waste, to plunder, out of mere compassion? blot; to wipe away as with a sponge. Is it humanity that prompts you on?
Except between the words of translation and Happy for us, and happy for you spoilers, the mind of scripture itself there be contraHad your humanity ne'er reach'd our world!
diction, very little difference should not seem
A. Pbilips. an intolerable blemish necessarily to be spunged 2. One who mars or corrupts any thing.
Hooker. SPO'ILFUL. adj. [spoil and full.] Waste. To SIONGE. v. n. To suck in as a sponge; ful; rapacious.
to gain by mean arts. Having oft in battle vanquished
The ant lives upon her own, honestly gotten; Those spoilful Picts, and swarming Easterlings, whereas the fly is an intruder, and a common Long time in peace his realin established.
smell-feast, that spunges upon other people's Fairy Queen. trenchers.
L'Estrange. SPOKE, n. s. [rpaca, Saxon; speiche, Ger Here wont the dean, when he's to seek,
man.] The bar of a wheel that passes To spunge a breakfast once a week. Swift. from the nave to the felly.
SPO'NGER. n. so įtrom sponge. ] One who All you gods,
hangs for a maintenance on others. In general synod take away her
generous rich man, that kept a splendid Break all the spokes and fellies of her wheel, and open table, would try which were friends, And bowl the round nave down the hill of and which only trencher-Hics and spungers. heav'n. Sbakspeare,
L'Estrange No heir e'er drove so fine a coach;
SPO'NGiness. n. s. [from spongy.) SoftThe spokes, we are by Ovid told,
ness, and fulness of cavities, like a Weré silver, and the axle gold. Swift. SPOKE. The preterit of speak.
The lungs are exposed to receive all the dropThey spoke best in the glory of their conquest. pings from the brain : a very fit cistern, because
SPO'NGIOUS, adj. [spongieux, Fr. from 2 Kings.
sponge.) Full of small cavitics like a The original of these signs for communica
sponge. tion is found in viva voce, in spoken language.
All thick bones are hollow or spongeous, and
Holder. contain an oleaginous substance in little vesiSPO'KESMAN. n. s. (spoke and man. ] One
cles, which by the heat of the body is exhaled who speaks for another.
through these bones to supply their fibres.
Cheyne. 'T is you that have the reason. -To do what?
SPO'NG Y. adj. [from sponge.] -To be a spokesman from madam Silvia.
1. Soft and full of small interstitial holes. Sbakspeare.
The lungs are the most spongy part of the He shall be thy spokesman unto the people.
body, and therefore ablest to contract and dilate Exodus. itseit.
Bacon, TO SPOʻLIATE. v. a. [spolio, Lat.) To
A spongy excrescence groweth upon the roots
of the laser-eree, and upon cedar, very white, rob; to plunder.
light, and friable, called agarick. Bacon, SPOLIA’TION. n. s. [spoliation, Fr. spo The body of the free being very spongy with
liatio, Lat.] The act of robbery or pri in, though hard without, they easily contrive vation.
More. An ecclesiastical benefice is sometimes void de Into earth's spungy veins the ocean sinks, jure fucts, and sometimes de facto, and not Those rivers to replenish which he drinks. de jure; as when a man sutiers a spoliation by his
Denbar. own act.
Return, unhappy swain ! SPO'NDEE. n. s. [spondé-, Fr. spondxus,
The spunty clouds are tilld with gath’ring rain. Lat.) A foot of two long syllables.
Dryden. We see in the choice of the words the weight
Her bones are all very spongy, and more reof the stone, and the striving to heave it up the
markably those of a wild bird, which flies much, mountain: Homer clo:s the verse with spondces,
and long together.
Grew. and leaves the vowels open.
2. Wet; drenched; soaked; full like a SPO'NI YLE. 1. s. [onovda •; spondile, Fr.
When their drench'd natures lie as in a death, spondylus, Lat.) A vertebre; a joint of What cannot you and I perform upon the spine.
Th’unguarded Duncan? What not put upon It hath for the spine or back-bone a cartilagi His spungy officers, who shall bear the guilt? nous substance, without any spondyles, processes,
Shakspeare. or protuberances.
Brown. SPONK. n. s. [a word in Edinburgh which SPONGE. n. s. [spongia, Latin.) A soft denotes a match, or any thing dipt in
porous substance, supposed by some the sulphur that takes fire : as, Any sponks nidus of animals. It is remarkable for will ye buy?) Touchwood. sucking up water. It is too often writ- Sro'ysal. adj. [sponsalis, Lat.] Relating ton spunge. See SPUNGE.