« הקודםהמשך »
I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius,
Let his title be but great,
Spare out of lite parh. ps, and not repine;
Milton, SPANISH Broom. ni s. [genista juncea,
Ņow she might spare the ocean, and oppose Lat.] A plant so called, as being a na. Your conduct to the fiercest of her foes. Waller. tive of Spain.
Miller. The fair blessing we vouclısafe to send; SPANISH Fly. n. s. [cantharis, Lat.) A Nor can we spare you long, tho' often we may
Dryden. venomous ily that shines like gold, and breeds in the tops of ashes, olives, &c.
4. To omit ; to forbear. It is used to raise blisters.
We might have spared our coming. Milton.
Be pleas'd your politicks to spare; SPANISH Nut. n. s. (sisyrinchium, Lat.] A
I'm old enough, and can myself take care. Dryd. plant.
Miller, SPA'NKER. n. S. A small coin.
s. To use tenderly ; to forbear; to treat
with pity; not to afflict; not to de-
stroy; to use with mercy.
Common Prayer. carabine.
Who will set the discipline of wisdom over My prince's court is now full of nothing but
mine heart, that they spare me not for my ige buff coats, spanners, and musket-tests. Howel.
Ecclesiasticus. SPAR, 1. s.
Doth not each look a Aash of lightning fee', i. Marcasite.
Which spares the body's sheath, but melts the Spar is a mixed body, consisting of crystal, in- steel?
Cleaveland. corpurated sometimes with lac lune, ana some
Dim sadness did not spare times with other mineral, stony, earthy, or me,
Milton. ta ick matter.
Woodcvard. Less pleasure take brave minds in batties won Some stones, as spar of lead, dissolved in. Than in restoring such as are undone : proper menstruums, become saits. Newton, Tygers have courage, and the rugged bear; 2. (sparre, Dut.] A small beam ; the bar of But man alone can whom he conquers spare.
Waller, a gate. To SPAR. v. n. To fight with prelusive 6. To grant; to allow; to indulge.
Set me in the remotest place strokes,
That Neptune's frozen arms embrace; TO SPAR. v. a. (rpannan, Sax. sperren, Where angry Jove did never spare German.) To shut; to close ; to bar. One breath of kind and temperate air. Roscom.
And if he chance come when I am abroad, 7. To forbear to inilict or impose. Sparre the gate fast for fear of fraud;
Spare my remembrance; 't was a guilty day; Ne for all his worst, nòr for his best,
And still the blush hangs here. Dryden. Open the door at his request. Spenser. O spare this great, this good, this aged, king, Six gates i' th' city with massy staples,
And spare your soul the crime ! Dryden. And corresponsive and fulfilling bolis,
Spare my sight the pain Sper up the sons of Troy. Sbakspeare. Of sceing what a world of tears it cost you. Dryd. Yec for she yode thereat half agast,
TO SPARE, V. n. And Kiddie the door sparred after her fast. Spens. 1. To live frugally; to be parsimonious; SPA'RABLE, n. so [rparran, Saxon, to
to be not liberal. fasten.] Small nails.
H' has wherewithal: in him SPA'RADRAP. n. s. [In pharmacy.] А
Sparing would show a worse sin than in doctrine. cerecloth.
Sbakspeare. With application of the common sparadrap
Those wants, which they rather fearea tilan for issues, this ulcer was by a fontanel kept felt, would well enough be overcome by sparing open. Wiseman. and patience.
Knolles. TO 'SPARE. v. a. [rparan, Sax. sparren,
Inthese relations, although he be more spering, Dut. espargner, Fr.]
his predecessors were very numerous. Brorun.
Our labours late and early every morning, 1. To use frugally; not to waste; not to
Midst winter frosts; then, ciad and fed with consume.
sparing, 1 hou thy father'sthunder didst not spare. Milt. Rise to our toils.
Orruay. 2. To bave unemployed; to save from God has not been so sparing to men to make any particular use.
thein barely two-legged creatures, and lefut to All the time he could spare from the neces- Aristotle to make them rational. Locke. sary cares of his weighty charge, he bestowed on When they discover the passionate desire of prayer, and serving of God: he oftentimes spent faine in the ambivous man, they become sparing the night alone in church, praying; his head- and saving in their commendations; they envy piece, gorget, and gauntlets, lying by him. Knolles. him the satisfaction of an applause. Addison,
He had no bread to spare. L'Estrange Now a reservoir, to keep and spare;
Only the foolish virgins entertained this foolish The next a fountain spouting through his heir. fonceit, that there might be an overplus of grace
Pops sufficient to supply their want; but the wise knew No statute in his favour says not of any that they had to spare, but
How free or frugal I shall pass my davs; all that they had little enough. Tillotson, I who at sometimes spend, at others spare,
Let a pamphlet come in a proper juncture, Divided between carelessness and care. Pope. and every one who can spare a shilling shalt be 2. To forbear; to be scrupulous. a subscriber.
Swift. His soldiers spared not to say that they should s. To do without ; to lose willingly. be unkindly dealt with, if they were defranded I cou'd have better spar'da better man. Shaks.
of the spoil.
Kuolle. For his mind I do not care,
To pluck and eat my fiil I sparei not. Milion. That's a toy that I cou.d sport;
3. To use mercy; to forgive; to be tender. YOL, IV.
Spenser. 3. With abstinence.
Their king, out of a princely feeling, was Though sparing of his grace, to mischief benty Sparing and compassionate towards his subjects. He seldom does a good with good intent. Dryd.
Bacon, SPARE. adi.
SPA'RINGLY. adv. [from sparing.] 1. Scanty; not abundant; parsimonious;
1. Not abundantly.
Give us leave frugal.
Frecly to render what we have in charge ; He was spare but discreet of speech, better Or shall we sparingly shew' you far off conceiving than delivering; equally stout and The dauphin's meaning ?
The borders whereon you plant fruit-trees Men ought to beware, that they use not exer. should be large, and set with fine flowers; but cise and a spare diet both.
Bacon. Join with thee calm peace and quiet;
thin and sparingly, lest they deceive the trees.
Bacon. Spare fast, that oft with gods doth dict. Milton.
2. Frugally; parsimoniously; not lavishly. The masters of the world were bred up with pare diet ; and the young gentlemen of Rome
High titles of honour were in the king's mifelt no want of strength, because they ate but nority, sparingly granted, because dignity then once a day.
Hayward. 2. Superfluous; unwanted.
Commend but sparingly whom thou dost love;
But less condemn whom thou dost not approve. If that no spar: clothes he had to give,
Denbaile His own coat he would cut, and it distribute
glad. As any of our sick waxed well, he might be
Christians are obliged to taste even the innoremoved; for which purpose there were set
cent pleasures of life but sparingly. Atterburg. furth ten spare chambers.
Bacon. 4. Not with great frequency. Learning seems more adapted to the female The morality of a grave sentence, affected world than to the male, because they have more by Lucan, is more sparingly used by Virgil. spare time upon their hands, and lead a more
Dryden. sedentary life.
Addison. Our sacraments, which had been frequented In my spare hours you've had your part;
with so much zeal, were approached more sparLv'n now my servile hand your sovereign will
Norris. s. Cautiously ; tenderly: 3. Lean; wanting flesh; macilent.
Speech of touch towards others should be O give me your spare men, and spare me the sparingiy used; for discourse ought to be as a great ones.
field, without coming home to any man. Bacon. If my name were liable to fear,
SPARK. n. s. [rpearca, Sax. sparke, Dut.) I do not know the man I should avoid So soon as that spare Cassius. Sbakspeare.
1. A small particle of fire, or kindled His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare,
matter. His arms clung to his ribs.
If any marvel how a thing, in itself so weak, SPARE... (trom the verb.) Parsimony;
could import any great danger, they must confrugal use; husbandry. Not in use.
sider not so much how small the spark is that Since uncheck they may,
fieth up, as how apt things about it are to take fire.
Hooker. They therefore will make still his goods their.
I am about to weep; but thinking that
We are a queen, my drops of tears I'll turn
Sbakspears Our victuais failed us, though we had made I was not forgetful of the spark, which some good spare of them.
men's distempers formerly studied to kindle iz SPA'RER. n. s. [from spare.] One who parliaments.
In this deep quiet, from what source unknown By nature far from profusion, and yet a Those seeds of fire that fatal birth disclose; Greater sparer than a saver; for though he had And first few scatt'ring sparks about were such means to accumulate, yet his forts, gar
blown, risons, and his feastings, wherein he was only
Big with the flames that to air ruin rose. Dryde sumptuous, could not but soak his exchequer. Oh, may some spark of your celestial fire
The last, the meanest, of your sons inspire! SPA'RERIB. n. s. [pare and rib.] Ribs cut
Popes away from the body, and having on
2. Any thing shining. them spare or little flesh; as, a soarerib
We have, here and there, a litele clear light of pork.
some sparks of bright knowledge. Locke. SFARGEFA'CTION. n. s. [spargo, Latin.] 3. Any thing vivid or active. The act of sprinkling.
If any spark of life be yet remaining, SPA'RING. adj. (trom spare.]
Down, down to hell, and say I sent thce thither.
Sbakspeare 1. Scarce; little.
4. A lively, showy, splendid, gay man. It Of this there is with you sparing memory, or is commonly used in contempt. none; but we have large knowiedge thereof.
How many hulling sparks have we seen, that Bacan.
in the same day have been both the idols and the 2. Scanty; not plentiful.
scorn of the same slaves.
L'Estrange If much erercise, then use a plentiful diet ; A spark like thee, of the mankilling trade, and if sparing diec, chen iitele exercise. Bacon. Fell sick.
Dryater. Good air, solicary groves, and sparing dict, As for the disputes of sharpers, we don't read suficient to make you fancy yourself one of the of any provisions made for the honours of such fathers of the desere. Pope. sporés.
Collare 3. Parsimonious ; not liberal.
The finest sparks, and cleanest beaux, l'irgil being so very sparing of his words, and Drip from the shoulders to the coes. Priora leaving so innch to be imagined by the reader, 1, who have been the poet's spark to-day, can never be translated as he ought in any mo- Will now become the champion of his play. &tru congue. Drydene
Unlucky as Fungoso in the pay,
I have observed a manifestly greater clearness These sparks with aukward vanity display and sparklingness at some times than at others,
What the fine gentleman wore yesterday. Pope. though I could not refer it to the superficial 5. A lover.
clcarness or foulness of the stone. Boyle. To SPARK. v. n. (from the noun.) To SPA'RROW.n. s.[rpeanpa, Saxon; passer, emit particles of fire; to sparkle. Not
Lat.] A small bird. in use.
Dismay'd not this
Macbeth and Banquo ? Yes,
As sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion. Shaks. Or in her eyes the fire of love doth spark.
There is great probability that a thousand Spenser.
sparrows will fly away at the sight of a hawk SPA'R KFUL. adj. [fark and full.] Lively; SPARROW HAWK or Sparhawk. n. s.
Watts. biisk; airy. Not used. Hitherto will our sparkful youth laugh at their
[rpearhafoc, Sax.] The female of the great grandfather's English, who had more care
Hanmer. to do well than to speak minion-like. Camden. SPA'RROWGRASS. n. s. [corrupted from SPA'R KISH. adj. [from spark.]
asparagus.] 1. Airy ; gay. A low word. It is com- Your infant pease to sparrowgrass prefer, monly applied to men rather than Which to the supper you may best defer. King.
SPA'rk Y. adj. [from spar.] Consisting of Is any thing more sparkish and better hu- spar. moured than Venus's accosting her son in the In which manner spar is usually found heredesarts of Libya?
Walsh. in, and other minerals, or such as are of some 2. Showy; well dressed ; fine.
observable figure; of which sort are the sparry A daw, to be sparkish, trick'd himself up with
striæ, or içicles, called stalactitx. Woodward, all the gay feathers he could muster. L' Estrange. SPASM. n. s. [spasme, Fr.ctdspeas.] ConSPA'R KLE. n. s. [from spark.]
vulsion ; violent and involuntary conI. A spark ; a small particle of fire. traction of any part; He, with repeated strokes
All the maladies Of clashing iints, their hidden fires provokes; Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture, qualms Short flame succeeds; a bed of wither'd leaves
Of heart-sick agony:
Muiton. The dying sparkles in their fall receives :
Wounds are subject to pain, infiammation, Caught into life, in fiery fumes they rise,
Wiseman, And, fed with stronger food, invade the skies. Carminative things dilute and relax; because
Dryden. wind occasions a spasm or convulsion in some 2. Any luminous particle.
Arbuthnot. To detract from the dignity thereof, were to SPA'SMODICK. adj.[spasmodique, Fr.from injure even God himself, whó, being that light spasm.] Convulsive. which none can approach unto, hath sent out Spat. The preterit of spit. these lights whereof we are capable, even as so
And when hc hadspat on the ground, he anointmany sparkles resembling the bright fountain
Gospel. from which they rise.
Hooker. When reason's lamp, which, like the sun in
Spat. n. s. The young of shellfish. sky,
A reticulated film found upon sea-shells, and Throughout man's little world her beams did
usually supposed to be the remains of the vesispread,
cles of the spat of some sort of shell-fish.
Woodward, Is now become a sparkle, which doth lie Under the ashes, half extinct and dead. Davies.
To SPA'TIATE. v. n. (spatior, Lat.] To Ah! then chy once-lov'd Eloisa see!
rove; to range ; to ramble at large. Not It will be then no crime to gaze on me :
useel. See from my cheek the transient roses die,
Wonder causeth astonishment, or an immoveSee the last sparkle languish in my eye. Pope. able posture of the body, caused by the tixing of To SPA'R KLE. v. n. (from the noun.] the mind upon one cogitation, whereby it doth 1. To emit sparks.
not spatiate and transcur.
Bacon, 2. To issue in sparks.
Cóntined to a narrow chamber, he could spaThe bold design tiate at large through the whole universe.
Bentiry. Pleas'd highly those infernal states, and joy Sparkled in all their eyes.
Wilton. To SPA'TTER. v. a. [rpat, spit, Saxon.] 3. To shine ; to glitter.
1. To sprinkle with dirt, or any thing ofa A hair seen in a microscope loses its former fensive. colour, and is in a great measure pellucid, with The pavement swam in blood, the walls a mixture of some bright sparkling colours, such
around as appear from the refraction of diamonds. Locke. Were spalterid o'er with brains. Addison.
Politulus is a fine young gentleman, who 2. To throw out any thing offensive. sparkles in all the shining things of dress and His forvard voice now is to speak well of his equipage.
friend ; his backward voice is to spaiter foul 4. To emit little bubbles as liquor in a speeches, and to detract.
3. To asperse; to defame. SPA'R KLINGLY. adv. [from sparkling.] TO SPA'TTER: v. n. To spit; to sputter With vivid and twinkling lustre.
as at any thing nauseous taken into the Diamonds sometimes would look more spark- mouth. lingly than they were wont, and sometimes far
They fondly thinking to allay more dull than ordinary.
Boyle. Their appetite with gust, instead of fruit SPA'RKLINGNESS.nis. (from sparkling.] Chew'd bitter ashes, which th' ottended taste Vivid and twinkling lustre.
With spattering noise rejected.
ed his eyes.
SPA'TTERDASHES. n. s.[spatter and dash.] 1. To produce eggs as fish.
spawned before, the fry that is kept off.
goes down hath had about three months growth SPA'TTLING Poppy. n. s. (papaver spu.
under ground, when they are brought up again.
im.] White behen: a plant which is a species of campion.
2. To issue ; to proceed. In contempt. SPA'TUL A. n. s. [spatha, spatbula, Lat.)
It is so ill a quality, and the mother of so
many ill ones that spawn from it, that a child A spattle or slice.
should be brought up in the greatest abhorrence Spatula is an instrument used by apothecaries of it.
Locke. and surgeons in spreading plaisters or stirring SPA'WNER. n. s. [from spawn.] The femedicines together.
Quincy. male fish. In raising up the hairy scalp smooth with my spatula, I could discover no fault in the bone.
The barbel, for the preservation of their sced, Wiseman.
both the spawner and the melter, cover their spawn with sand.
Walton. SPA'VIN, N. s. [espavent, Fr. spavano, Ital.] This disease in horses is a bony To SPAY. v. a. (spado, Lat.) To castrate
female animals. excrescerice, or crust as hard as a bone, that grows on the inside of the hough,
Be dumb, you beggars of the rythming trade; not far from the elbow, and is generated
Geld your loose wits, and let your muse be spay'd.
Cleaveland. of the same matter by which the bones The males must be gelt, and the sows spayed; or ligaments are nourished : it is at first the spayed they esteem as the most profitable, like a tender gristle, but by degrees
because of the great quantity of fat upon the incomes to hardness.
Mortimer. They ’ve all new legs and lame ones; one TO SPEAK. v. n. preterit spake or spoke ;
would take it, That never saw them pace before, the spavin
participle passive spoken. [rpecan, Sax. And spring halt reign'd among them. Sbaksp.
spreken, Dutch.] If it had been a spavin, and the ass had peti
1. To utter articulate sounds; to express tioned for another farrier, it might have been thoughts by words. reasonable.
Speaking is nothing else than a sensible er. SPAW. n. s. (from Spaw in Germany.) A pression of the notions of the mind, by several place famous for mineral waters ; any
discriminations of utterance of voice, used as mineral water.
signs, having by consent several determinate șignificancies.
Holder. To SPAWL. v. n. [rpærlian, to spit, Sax.] Hannah spake in her heart; only her lips To throw moisture out of the mouth. moved, but her voice was not heard. 'I Samuel. He who does on iv'ry tables dine,
2. To harangue; to make a speech. His marble floors with drunken spawling shine. Many of the nobility made themselves popu
Dryden. lar by speaking in parliament against those things What mischief can the dean have done him, which were most grateful to his majesty, and That Traulus calls for vengeance on him? which still passed, notwithstanding their contraWhy must he sputter, spawl, and slaver it, diction.
Clarendon. In vain, against the people's fav'rite? Swift. Thersites, though the most presumptuous SPAWL, n. s. (rparl, Saxon.) Spittle ; Greek, moisture ejected from the mouth.
Yet durst not for Achilles' armour speak. Drya. Of spittle she lustration makes;
3. To talk for or against ; to dispute., Then in the spawl her middle finger dips,
A knave should have some countenance at his Anoints the temple, forehead, and the lips.
friend's request. An honest man, sir, is able to SPAWN. 1. so [spêne, spenne, Dutch.]
speak for himself, when a knave is not. Sbaksp.
The general and his wife are talking of it ; 1. The eggs of fish or of frogs.
And she speaks for you stoutly. Sbakspeare Masters of the people,
When he had no power, Your multiplying spawn how can he flatter He was your enemy; still spaks against That's thousand to one good one? Sbakspears. Your liberties and charters. Sbakspear.. God said, let the waters generate
4. To discourse; to make mention. Reptile, with spawn abundant, living soul !
Were such things here as we do speak about!
Or have we eaten of the insane root,
Sbakspeare. with frogs, and a great deal of spawn. Ray. 2. Any product or offspring. In contempt.
Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law.
Genesio. 'T was not the spaton of such as these
The fire you speak of, That dy'd with Punick blood the conquer'd seas, If any flames of ic approach my fortunes, And quash'd the stern Æacides, Roscommon. I'll quench it not with water, but with ruin. This atheistical humour was the spawn of the
Ben Jongen. gross superstitions of the Romish church and
The scripture speaks only of those to whom it
Tillotson. speaks. T. SPAWN. v. a. [from the noun.]
They could never be lost but by an universal 1. To produce as fishes do eggs.
deluge, which has been spoken to already; Some report a sea-maid spawn'd him. Sbaks. 2. To generate ; to bring forth. In con.
Lucan speaks of a part of Cæsar's army, that temp.
came to him from the Leman-lake, in the beWhat practices such principles as these may
ginning of the civil war. spawn, vihen they are laid out to the sun, you
Had Luther spoke up to this accusation, yet may determine,
Chrysostom's example would have been his deSwift. fence.
Atterbury T. SPAWN. V. H.
5. To give sound.
Make all your trumpets speak, give them all I have disabled myself, like an elected speaker breath,
of the house.
Drylon. Those clam'rous harbingers of blood and death. SPEAKING Trumpet. n. s. A stentòropho
Sbakspears. nick instrument; a trumpet by which 6. TO SPEAK with. To address ; to con
the voice may be propagated to a great verse with.
distance. Thou canst not fear us, Pompey, with thy sails,
That with one blast through the whole house We'll speak witb thee at sea. Sbakspeare.
does bound, I spake with one that came from thence,
And first taught speaking trumpet how to sound. Thai freely render'd me these news for true.
Dryden, Sbakspeare. SPEAR. n. s. [3s-per, Welsh; rpere, Sax. Nicholas was by a herald sent for to come into the great bassa; Solyman disdaining to speak
spere, Dutch; spare, old Fr. sparum, low witb him himself.
Knolles. Latin.) TO SPEAK. v. a.
1. A long weapon with a sharp point, used 1. To utter with the mouth; to pro• in thrusting or throwing; a lance.
Those brandishers of speares, Mordecai had spoken good.
From many cities drawn, are they that are our Consider of it, take advice, and speak your
Th' Ægyptian, like a hill, himself did rear, They sat down with him upon the ground,
Like some tall tree ; upon it seem'd a spear. and none spake a word. Job.
Nor wanted in his grasp When divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude,
What seem'd both shield and speur.
Milton. he departed.
The flying spear
Sung innocent, and spent its force in air. Pope. Have known and tried me, speak I more than
The rous d-up lion, resolute and slow, truth?
Advances full on the protended spear. Thomson. What you keep by you, you may change and 2. A lance, generally with prongs, to kill mend,
fish. But words once spoke can never be recall’d. The borderers watching, until they be past
Waller. up into some narrow creek, below them cast a Under the tropick is our language spoke, strong corded net athwart the stream, with And part of Flanders hath receiv'd our yoke. which, and their loud shouting, they stop them
from retiring, until the ebb have abandoned He no where speaks it out, or in direct terms them to the hunters mercy, who, by an old cuscalls them substances.
Locke. tom, share them with such indifferency, as, if a Colours speak all languages, but words are un- woman with child be present, the babe in her derstood only by such a people or nation. womb is gratified with a portion: a point also ob
Spectator. served by the spear hunters in taking of salmons. 2. To proclaim ; to celebrate.
Caren. It is my father's musick
To SPEAR. v.n. (from the noun.) To kill To speak your deeds, not little of his care
or pierce with a spear. To have them recompensed. Sbakspeare. To SPEAR.v.a. To shoot or sprout. This 3. To address; to accost.
is commonly written spire. If he have need of thee, he will deceive thee,
Let them not lie lest they should spear,
and smile upon thee, put thee in hope, speak thee
the air dry and spoil the shoot. Mortimer. fair, and say, What wantest thou? Ecclesiasticus.
SPEA'R GRASS. n. s. [spear and grass.] 4. To exhibit; to make known. Let heav'u's wide circuit speak
Long stiff grass. The Maker's bigh magnificence. Milton,
Tickle our noses with speargrass to make SPE’AKABLE. adj. (from speak.]
them bleed; and then beslubber our garments with it.
Sbakspeare. 1. Possible to be spoken. 2. Having the power of speech.
SPEA'RMAN. n. s. [spear and man.] One Say,
who uses a lance in fights How cam'st thou speakable of mute? Milton. The spearman's arm, by thee, great God, diSPEA'KER. n. s. [from speak.]
Prior. 1. One that speaks.
"These fames grew so general, as the authors SPEA'RMINT.n.s. (mentha Romana, Lat.) were lost in the generality of speakers. Bacon. A plant ; a species of mint.
In conversation or reading, find out the true SPE'ARWORT.n. s. [ranunculus flammeus, sense, the idea which the speaker or writer af- Lat.] An herb.
Ainsworth. fixes to his words.
SPECIAL. adj. [special, Fr. specialis, Lat.) Common speakers have only one.set of ideas, and one set of words to clothe them in; and
1. Noting a sort or species. these are always ready at the mouth. Srvift.
A special idea is called by the schools a species,
Walis. 2. One that speaks in any particular man
2. Particular; peculiar. Horace's phrase is,“ torret jecur ;"
Most commonly with a certain special grace And happy was that curious speaker. Prior.
of her own, wagging her lips, and grinning instead of smiling.
Sidney. 3. One that celebrates, proclaims, or
The several books of scripture, having bad mentions.
each some several occasion and particular purAfter my death, I wish no other herald, pose which caused them to be written, the cosa No other speaker of my living actions,
tents thereof are according to the exigence of To keep mine honour from corruption. Shaksp. that special end whereunto they are interded. The prolocutor of the commons.