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from me ;

Genl. A siglt molt pitiful in the meanest wretci: Steu. Slave, thou hast Nain me:-Villain, take Pait speaking of in a king Thou hast one

my purle ;

If ever thou wilt thrive, hury my body;
Who redeems nature from the general curse And give the lettere, which thou find'st about me,
Which twain have brought her to.

To Edinund earl of Glofter ; reek him out
Edy. Hail, gentle sir.

Upon the English party : -0, untimely death,
Geni. Sir, speed you: What's your will ?

death :

[Vies. Ed;. Do you hear aught, fir, of a battle toward : Edy. I know thee well : A serviceable villain ;

Geni. Mol sure, and vulgar : everyone hears that, As duteous to the vices of thy mistress, Which can dilinguish found.

As badness would derire. Edz. But, by your favour,

Glo. What, is he dead?
How near's the other army?

Edo. Sit you down, father : rest you.
Gent. Near, and on speedy foot; the main descry Let's see his pockets : these letters, that he speaks of,
Stands on the hourly thought'.

May be my friends.--He's dead ; I am only forry
Edz. 1 t139k you, fir : that's all. [ivere, He had no other death's-man. Let us fee :-
Gent. Though that the queen on special cause is Leave, gentle wax, and, manners, blame us not :
is movid on.

To kuow our enemies' minds, we'd sip their hearts; Edg. I thank you, sir.

[Exis Geni. Their papers are more lawful. Glo. You ever-gentle gods; cake my breath

Rand; the letter.

“ Let our reciprocal vows be remember'd. Let not my worfer spirit tempt me again “ You have many opportunities to cut him off : To die before you please !

“ if your will want not, time and place will be Edy. Well pray you, father.

“ fruitfully offered. There is nothing done, if he Gło. Now, good sir, wizat are you? [blows ;“ return the conqueror : Then am I the prisoner, Edg. A most poor man, ma le came to fortune's " and his bed my gaol; from the loath'd warnith Who, by the art of known and feeling forrows 2, “ whereof deliver me, and supply the place for Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,

your labour. I'll lead you to some biding.

“ Your (wife, so I would say) affectionate Gla. Hearty thanks :

« servant,

• GONERIL." The bounty and the benizon of heaven

O undistinguish'd space of woman's will !
To boot, and boot !

A plot upon her virtuous huíband's life;
Enter Steward.

And the exchange, my brother!

-Here,in the lands, Siv. A proclaim u prize! Most happy!

Thee I'll rake up 9, the most unfanétified That eveleis head of thine was first fram'd Aesh

Of murderous lechers : and, in the mature time, To raise my furtunes.- Thou old unhappy traitor, With this ungracious paper Itrike the fight s Briefly thyself remember 3 : --The sword is out

Of the death-practis'd 10 duke : For him 'tis well, That mult deitroy thee.

That of thy death and business I can tell. Glo. Now let ihy friendly hand

[Exit Edgay, removing the body. Put Itrength enough to it. [Edgar opposes.

Gla. The king is mad: How stiff is my vile Stew. Wherefore, bold peasant,

sense, Dar'lt thou support a publith'd traitor ? Hence ;

That I stand up, and liave ingenious feeling Left that the infection of his fortune take

Of my huge sorrows! Better I were distract : Like hold on thee. Let go his arm.

So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs ; 1.dg. Chill not let go, zir, without vurther 'cafion. And woes, by wrong imaginations, lote Stew. Let go, Dave, or thou dy'lt.

The knowledge of themselves. Edg. Good gentleman, go your gait 4, and let

Rc-enter Edgar. poor volk pass. And ch'ud ha' been zwagger'd out

Edg. Give me your hand : of my life, 'twould not ha' been zo long as 'tis Far off, methinks, I hear the beaten drum. by a vortnight. Nay, come nut near the old Come, father, I'll beltow you with a friend.

[Excunt. man; keep out, che vor'ye 5, or ife try whether your cottard o or my bat7 be the harder : Ch'ill

SCENE VII. be plain with you.

A Tent in the Frenib Cump. Stew. Out, dunghill !

Enter Cordelia, Kent, and Physician. Edg. Ch’ill pick your teeth, zir : Come ; no Cor. Othou good Kent, how thall I live and matter vor your fuyns 8. [Edgar knocks him down.! work,

I The main body is expelled to be defiry'd every hour. 2 i. e. sorrows past and present. 3. i. e. quickly recollect thc pait offences of thy life, and recommend thyself to heaven. you gaie is a common exprellion in the North. si.c. I warn you. Edgar counterfeits the western dialect. 6 i. c. head. 7i. e. club. 8 To foyn is to inake what we call a thrul

9 i. e. I'll cover. In Staffordrhire, to rake the fire, is to cover it with fuel for the night.

10 The duke of Albany, whose death is machinated by practice or trealon. nous feeling signifies a feeling from an understanding not disturbed or disordered, but which, repre jenting things as they are, makes the sense of pain the more exquisite.

. To

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in fencing

1! Ingen

To match thy goodness? My life will be too short, Do seald like molten lead.
And every measure fail mei.

Cor. Sir, do you know me!

[die? Kent. To be acknowledg'd, madam, is n'erpay'd. Lear. You are a spirit, I know: When did you All my reports go with the modest truth;

Cor. Still, Itill, far wide! Nor more, nor clipt, but 1o.

Phys. He's icarce awake; let him alone u hle. Cor. Be better suited 2 :

Lear. Where have I been? Where am I?There weeds are memories 3 of those worser hours ;

Fair day-lightI prythee, put them off.

I am mightily abusid 8.-I thould even die with Keni. Pardon me, dear madam;

pity, Yet to be known, shortenis my made intent 4 : To see another thus.--I know not what to 127.My boon I make it, that you know me not, I will not swear, there are my hands :-let's fst; 'Till time and I think meet,

I feel this pin prick. Would I were allu'd Cor. Then be it fo, my good lord.

Of my condicion! How does the king?

[To the Pbysiciar. Cer. o, look upon me, fir, Pbyl. Madam, sleeps ftill.

And hold your hands in benediction o'er me : Cor. O you kind gods,

No, sir, you must not kneel. Cure this great breach in his abused nature ! Lear. Pray do not mock me : The untun'd and jarring lenses, 0, wind up I am a very foolith fund old man, Of this child-changed s father!

Fourscore and upward ; Phys. So please your majeity,

Not an hour more, nor less : and, to deal planly, That we may wake the king ? he hath Nept long. I fear, I am not in my perfect mind. Cor. Be govend by your knowledge, and pro. Methinks, I should know you, and know this man ; ceed

Yet I am doubtful : for I am mainiy ignorant, l'the sway of your own will. Is he array'd ? What place this is; and all the skill I have Lar is brought in in a chair.

Remembers not there garments ; nor I know mt Gent. Ay, madam ; in the heaviness of his Neer, Where I did lodge lait night: Do not laugh a me; We put freth garments on him. [him ; For, as I am a man, I think this lady

Phys. Be by, good madam, when we do awake To be my child Cordelia. I doubt not of his temperance.

Cor. And to 1 am, I am. Freep not: Cor. Very well.

[sic there!

Lear. Be your tears wet? Yes, 'Faith. I pray, Phys. Please you, draw near. - Louder the mu. If you have poison for me, I will drink it.

Cor. O my dear father! Restoration", hang I know, you do not lore me; for your sisters Thy medicine on my lips; and let this kiss Have, as I do remember, done me wrong: Repair those violent harms, that my two sisters You have some caure, they have not. Have in thy reverence made !

Cor. No cause, no cause.
Kent. Kind and dear princess ! (Aakes Lear. Am I in France ?

Cor. Had you not been their father, these white Kent. In your own kingdom, fir.
Had challeng'd pity of them. Was this a face Ler. Do not abuse me.
To be expos'd against the warring winds ?

Pbxí. Be comforted, good madam : the great
To stand against the deep dread-holted thunder? You fee, is cur'd in him: and yet it is danger
In the most terrible and ninible stroke

To make him even o'er the time he has loft. Of quick, cross lightning! to watch (poor perdu!) Dehre him to go in ; trouble him no more, With this thin helm 7? Mine enemy's dog, 'Till further settling. Though he had bit me, should have itood that Cor. Willit please your highness walk? night

Lear. You must bear with me : Against my fire ; And wast thou fain, poor father, Pray you now, forget and forgive: I am old 204 To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn,

foolim. In short and multy straw? Alack, alack ! [Exeun! Lear, Cordelia, Pbyfician, and attendants 'Tis wonder, that thy life and wils at once

Gent. Hoids it true, sir,
Had not concluded all.--He wakes; speak to him. That the duke of Cornwall was so slain?
Pbyf. Madain, do you ; 'tis fittest.

Kont. Most certain, fir.
Cor. How does my royal lord ? How fares your Gent. Who is conductor of his people ?
majesty :

(grave : Keni. As it is said, the bastard son of Glofter. Lear. You do me wrong, to take me out o' the Gent. They say, Edgar, Thou art a foul in bliss; but I am bound

His banilh'd fon, is with the earl of Kent Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears In Germany.

Ti. c. All good which I shall ailoi thee, or measure out to thee, will be scanty. 2 i. e. Be better drest, put on a belter iuit of cloaths. 3 i.c. memorials, remembranceis. 4 An intent sna, is an intent formed. So we lay in common language, to make a depon, and to make a rejetaitea. si.e. changed to a child by his years and wrongs. Rizloration is retotery perfonified. 7 The allusion, Dr. Warburton says, is to the forlorn-hope in an army, which are put upon desperate adventures, and called, in French, enfans fuerius; the therefore calls her father, pour querde. $ I am Atrangely imposed on by appearances; I ain in a ftrange miit of uncertainty. i. c. to reconcile it io his apprehenfion.


Kent. Report is changeable.
[dom (Fare you well, fr.

TExit, 'Tis time to look about ; the powers o' the king Kent. My point and period will be throaghly Approach apace.

wrought, Gent. The arbitrement is like to be bloody. Or well, or ill, as this day's battle's fought. [Exit.

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Edm. KNOW of the duke, if his last purpose


Alb. Let us then determine The Camp of the British Forces, near Dover.

With the ancient of war on our proceedings.

Edm. I Thall attend you prefently at your tent. Enter, with drums and colours, Edmund, Regan,

Reg. Sitter, you'll go with us?
Gentlemen, and Soldiers.
Gon. No.

[us. Reg. 'Tis most convenient ; pray you, go with hold;

Gon. [-Afide.] o, ho, I know the riddle : I will Or whether since he is advis'd by aught

go. To change the course : He's full of alteration, As they are going out, enter Edgar disguised. And self-reproving :--bring his constant pleasurer. Edg. If e'er your grace had speech with man so Reg. Our fifter's man is certainly miscarry'd.

poor, Edm. 'Tis to be doubted, madam.

Hear me one word. Reg. Now, sweet lord,

Alb. l'll overtake you. --Speak. You know the goodness I intend upon you :

(Exeuni Edm. Reg. Gon. and Arrondants. Tell me,--but truly,--but then speak the truth, Edg. Before you fight the battle, ope this letter. Do you not love my lifter?

If you have victory, let the trumpet sound Edm. In honour'd love.

[way For him that brought it : wretched though I seem, Reg. But have you never found my brother's I can produce a champion, that will prove To the fore-fended 2 place?

What is avouched there : If you miscarry', Edm. That thought abuses you.

(junct Your business of the world hath to an end, Reg. I am doubtful that you have been con- And machination ceases. Fortune love you! And bosom’d with her, as far as we call hers. Alb. Stay 'till I have read the letter. Edm. No, by mine honour, madam.

Edy. I was forbid it. Rig. I never shall endure her: Dear my lord, When time Ihall serve, let but the herald cry, Be not familiar with her.

And I'll appear again.

[Exit. Edm. Fear me not :

Alb. Why, fare thee well; I will o'erlook She, and the duke her husband,

thy piper. Enter Albany, Goncril, and Soldiers.

Re-enter Edmund. Gon. I had rather lore the battle, than that fifter Edm. The enemy's in view, draw up your Should loosen him and me.

[ - Apide.

powers. Alb. Our very loving fitter, well be met. Here is the guess of their true strength and forces 3 Sir, this I hear, The king is come to his daughter, By diligent discovery ; but your haite With others, whom the rigour of our itate Is now urg'd on you. Where I could not be honest, Alb. We will greet the time.

[Exit. I never yet was valiant : for this business,

Edm. To both these fitters have I sworn my It toucheth us as France invades our land,

love; Not holds the king + ; with others, whom, I fear, Each jealous of the other, as the Atung Mott just and heavy causes make oppose.

Are of the adder. Which of them shall I take? Edin, Sir, you speak nobly.

Both ! one? or neither? Neither can be enjoy'd, Reg. Why is this reason'd

If buth remain alive: To take the widow, Gr. Combine together 'gainst the enemy :

Exasperates, m.ikes mad her sitter Goneril; For these domettic and particular broils

And hardly thall I carry out my sides, Are not to question here.

Her hulband being alive. Now then, we'll use

Forc'd to cry out.

" His filed resolution.

2 Fore-ferded means prohibited, forbidden. 3 The meaning of this {peech is, The king and others whom we have opposed are come io Cordelia. I could never be valiant but in a juit quarrel.

We must diftinguilh ; it is just in one sense and unjust in another. As France invades our land, I am concerned to repel himn; but as he holds, entertains, and supports the king, and others whom I fear many jut and heavy causes make, or compel, as it were, to oppose us, I elteem it onjutt to engage against them.

4 This business (fays Albany) touches us as France invades But lund, not as it bolds the king, &c. i. e. emboldens him to allert his former title. Si. e. bring ey purpofe to a fuccelsful ifuc

, to completion. Side deems here to have the sense of the French word Barbie, in prendre partie, to take his Tufumtion.


His countenance for the battle ; which being done, Edm. Take them away.
Let her, who would be rid of him, devise

Lear. l'pon such facrifices, my Cordeha,
His speedy rakirig off.
As for the mercy

The gods themselves throw incente. Have I cauza Which he intends to Lear, and to Cordelia,

thee The battle done, and they within our powei, lle, that parts us, Mall bring a brand from bearea, Shall never see his pardon : for my state

And fire us hence, like foxes 4. Wipe thine ees; Stands on me to defend, not to debate', [Exit. The goujcer, s thall devour them, fitth, and feli", S CE N E II.

Ere they thall make us weep : we'll see them

Itarve tirit.
A Field between the two Camps.

Come. [Exeun! Lear, and Cordelia, guarded Alarum within. Enier, with drum and colours, 1.dm. Come liither, captain ; hark.

Lear, Cordelia, and Soldiers over tjej age; and Take thou this note ; go, follow them to priíon : excunt.

One step 1 have advanc'd thee; if thou doit Enter Edgar, and Ger.

As this instructs thee, thou doft make thy way Edg. Here, father, take the shadow of this trce To noble fortunes: Know thou this,-thit men For your good hoft; pray that the right may thrive: Are as the time is : to be tender-minded If ever I return to you again,

Does not become a lu'ord :---Thy great employment 1'll bring you comfort.

Will not bear question ?; either fay, thou'lt do 'i, Glo. Grace go with you,

fir! [Exit Edgar. Or thrive by other means.
[Alarum, and retreat within.

Cap. I'll do't, my lord.
Re-enter Edgar.

Edm. About it; and write happy, when thoa Eds. Away, old man, give me thy hand, away ;

bait done. King Lear hath lost, he and his daughter ta'en : Mark,-- Lay, inftantly; and carry it so, Give me thy hand, come on.

As I have set it down. 4. No further, fir ; a man may rot even here. Capt. I cannot draw a cart, nor eat dry'd oats; Edg. What, in ill thoughts again? Men must If it be man's work, I will do it. [Exit Cape endure

Flourish. Enter Altany, Goweril, Regan, ard Soldiers. Their going hence, even as their coming hither : Alb. Sir, you have thewn to-day your att Ripeness 2 is all : Come on.

train, Gle. And that's true too.

[Exeunt. And fortune led you well: You have the captiva S CE N E

Who were the opposites of this day's Inte:

We do require them of you ; so to use them, Enter, in conqueft, with drum and colours, Edmund; As we thall find their merits and our safety Lear, and Cordelia, as prisoners; Solliers, Captain. May equally determine.

Edm. Some officers take them away : good guard; Edm. Sir, I thought it fit
Until their greater pleasures first be known To lend the old and miserable king
That are to censure them.

To fome retention, and appointed guard;
Cor. We are not the first,

Whose age has charms in it, whole title more, Who, with best meaning, have incuri'd the worst. To pluck the common bolom on his side, For thee, oppressed king, am I cast down; And turn our imprefts lances in our eyes Myselfcould elseout frown false fortune's frown.--- Which du command them. With him I fent the Shall we not see these daughters, and these futers?

queen ; Lear. No, no, no, no! Come, let's away to My reason all the {jme ; and they are ready prifon :

To-morrow', or at a further space, to appear
We two alone will sing like birds i' the case: ll'here you shall hold your setition. At this time.
When thou doft aik me blefling, i'll kneel down, le iweat, and bleed : the friend hath left his
And ask of thee forgivene's : So we'll live,

friend ;
And pray, and fing, and tell old tales, and laugh And the best quarrels, in the heat, are curs'd
At gilded butterflies, and hear poor ruglies By thofe that feel their sharpness :-
Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them 109,-- ! The question of Cordelia, and her father,
Who loses, and who wins ; who's in, who's out ;--- Requires a fitter place.
And take upon us the mystery of things,

-lb. Sir, by your patience,
As if we were God's spies : And we'll wear out, I hold you but a subject of this war,
11 a walld prison, packs cod fects of great ones, Not as a brother.
That ebb and flow by the moon.

Reg. That's as we lift to grace him. i Dr. Johnson thinks that for does not stand in unis place as a word of inference or caufality. The meaning is rather : Such is my dctermination concerning Lear; as for my fate it requires not', not deliberation, but defence and Surport. 2 i. e. To be ready, prepared. is all. 3 Packs is used for combinations or collection, as is a pack of cards. For jelzs,jeis might be more commodiously read. Thus we say, c#airsen now managed by a new let, 4 It is usualto like foxes out of their holes. si.c. Morbus Gallicus. Cruce

, Fra fignities one of the common women dicending a camp; and as that disease was first dispersed orer Evrope by the French army, and the women who followed it, the first name it obtained ainong us was ihe congeries, i.e. the difcale of the, 6.05. © Flesh and skin.

? The meaning is, that the important bulinds he now had in hand, did not admit of debate : he must inftantly resolve to do it, of

$ i. c. turn the launcemen which are pot fi'u into our service, against us.

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Methinks, our pleasure might have been demanded,

Enter a Herald.
Ere you had spoke so far. He led our powers ; Alb. Trust to thy single virtue; for thy soldiersy
Bore the commifion of my place and person ; All levied in my name, have in my name
The which immediacy 2 may well stand up, Took their discharge.
And call itself your brother.

Reg. This sickness grows upon me.
Gon. Not so hot :

Alb. She is not well ; convey her to my tent.
In his own grace 3 he doth exalt himself,

[Exit Regan, led. More than in your advancement.

Come hither, herald, Let the trumpet sound, -
Reg. In my rights,

And read out this.
By me invested, he compeers the best.

Cape. Sound crumpet. [A trumpet sounds.
Alb. That were the most, if he should husband you.

Herald reads.
Reg. Jetters do oft prove prophets.

“ If any man of quality, or degree, within the Gon. Holla, holla !

" lists of the army, will maintain upon Edmund, That

eye, that told you so, look'd but a-squint. “ supposed earl of Glofter, that he is a manifold Reg. Lady, I am not well; else I should answer“ traitor, let him appear by the third sound of the From a full-flowing stomach.-General,

“ trumpet : He is bold in his defence." Take thou my soldiers, prisoners, patrimony; Edm. Sound.

[i trumpet. Dispose of them, of me; the walls are thine 4 : Her. Again.

[2 trumpet Witness the world, that I create thee liere

Her. Again.

(3 trumpet. My lord and master.

[Trumpet answers, witbin. Gon. Mean you to enjoy him?

Enter Edgar, armed.
Alb. The let alone lies not in your good will 5. Alb. Alk him his purposes, why he appears
Edm. Nor in thine, lord.

Upon this call o'the trumpet.
Alb. Half-blooded fellow, yes.

Her. What are you?
Reg. Let the drum strike, and prove my title Your name, your quality ? and why you answer

[thee This present summons ?
Alb. Stay yet ; hear reason :--Edmund, I arrest Edg. Know, my name is loft ;
On capital treason ; and, in thy arrest,

By treason's tooth bare-gnawn, and canker-bit ;

[Pointing to Goncril. Yet am I noble, as the adversary
This gilded serpent :-for your claim, fair filter, I come to cope withal.
I bar it in the interest of my wife ;

Alb. Which is that adversary? [of Gloster ? 'Tis she is sub-contracted to this lord,

Edg. What's he, that speaks for Edmund earl And I, her husband, contradict your banes.

Edm. Himself ;-What fay'st thou to him?
If you will marry, make your love to me,

Edg. Draw thy sword ;
My lady is bespoke.

That, if my speech offend a noble heart,
Gon. Au interlude !

Thy arm may do thee justice : here is mine.
Alb. Thou art arm’d, Gloster :-Let the trum- Behold, it is the privilege of mine honours,
pet sound :

My oath, and my profession :-I protest,-
If none appear to prove upon thy person Maugre thy strength, youth, place, and eminence,
Thy heinous, manifeft, and many treasons, Despight thy victor sword, and fire-new fortune,
There is my pledge; I'll prove it on thy heart, Thy valour, and thy heart,-thou art a traitor :
Ere I taste bread, thou art in nothing less False to thy gods, thy brother, and thy father ;
Than I have here proclaim'd thee.

Conspirant 'gainst this high illustrious prince ;
Reg. Sick, O, fick!

And, from the extremelt upward of thy head,
Gon. If not, I'll ne'er trust poison.. [-Afide. To the descent and duft beneath thy feet,
Edm. There's my exchange: what in the world A most toad-spotted traitor. Say thou, No,
he is

This sword, this arm, and my best fpirits, are bent
That names me traitor, villain-like he lies : To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak,
Call by thy trumpet : he that dares approach, Thou lieit.
On him, on you, (who not :) I will maintain Edm. In wisdom, I should ask thy name;
My truth and honour firmly.

But, since thy out-ride looks so fair and warlike,
Alb. A herald, bo!

And that thy tongue some say 7 of breeding breathes, Edm. A herald, ho, a herald !

What safe and nicely I might well delay

I Commission, for authority. 2 Immediacy implies Supremacy, in opposition to subordination, 3 Grace here means accomplishments, or honours. 4 A metaphorical phraic taken from the camp, and lignitying, to furrender at d'firation. s Whether he thall not or shall, depends not on your choice. • The charge he is here going to bring againit the Baltard, he calls the privilege, &c. to understand which phraseology, we must confider that the old riies of knighthood are here alluded to; whose oath and profillon required him to discover all treasons, and whole privilege it was to have his challenge accepted, or otherwile to have his charge taken pro congeju. For if one who was no knight acculed another who was, that other was under no obligation to accept the challenge. On this account it was necessary, as Eigar came disguised, to tell the Bastard he was a kuight. for ejjay, some dhew or probability.



7 'Say,


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